Hallucinations, in simple words, can be described as the perceptions or sensations that are experienced by a person when they are awake which seem to be real, but they are not actually real, they are created by the brain. How actually you experience hallucinations cannot be predicted that means, you may see something, you may hear something, you may taste something which isn’t real, you may smell something or feel something which does not exist.
Some common signs of hallucinations are, seeing objects which are not real, hearing voices when there is no one around or when people around do not speak, a sensation of skin crawling, etc.
Hallucination is completely different from dreams. In dreams, you are not awake, but in hallucinations you are awake. Basically, hallucinations are medical conditions or psychiatric conditions of the brain.
Signs and Symptoms of Hallucinations:
There are many reasons for hallucinations and it varies from person to person. Mental illness is one of the main reasons for hallucinations. A recent breakup of a relationship or a loss of someone close can cause hallucinations. Substance abuse is said to be a common cause for hallucinations such as too much alcohol or drug abuse. An overdose of medicine or misuse of medicine or lack of proper sleep can also be a reason. Seek immediate medical help when you experience any of the signs in yourself or in someone close to you. Medical help can make things better.
Older people are at a higher risk of developing mental disorders as with age the neurology of the brain tends to deteriorate. Various physical illnesses such as chronic pain and bone disorders which are common in older people can restrict their ability to live an independent life. Most of the diseases that affect older people tend to require long term care.
Other causes of mental disorders are events like the death of near ones, disabilities or a reduction in socioeconomic status. These factors can make them isolated and lonely leading to psychological problems in the elderly. Physical diseases such as heart problems may also lead to mental problems.
With respect to the above points, you may follow these pointers to stay away from mental disorders-
1. Physical exercise
It is very important to stay active as it has multiple health benefits. A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in the body. In case of movement restrictions, focus on doing simple activities like walking and moving about as a replacement for regular exercise.
Food is important to mental health as they provide the necessary nutrients to the body. Add almonds to your diet as they contain vitamin B6 which is very good for the brain. Omega 3 and Omega 6 acids in almonds also contribute to brain health. Eat a diet that is low in fat, focus on simple and natural foods.
Take up a hobby or participate in social gatherings to get more involved with people. These activities will keep your mind occupied and stimulate your brain. It will reduce the risks of depression and related disorders.
4. Remove negative emotions
Try to avoid negative emotions as they are the major source of depression. Take up meditation as their effect on improving mental health is well known. Focus on the positives in every experience to be content and happy. Negative emotions can lead to serious mental problems such as depression and anxiety disorders.
Depression is a mental health disorder where one experiences lack of interest in activities and has a continuously depressed mood. This can lead to serious impairments in the daily life of the affected person. Day by day, the number of patients suffering from depression is increasing. More than the facts, it is various myths people hear about depression that make them vulnerable.
Below are the five common myths and facts regarding depression-
Myth #1: Lazy people suffer from depression
People who have a lethargic life suffer from depression and hardworking people never experience it. This is probably one of the most widely believed myths about depression. However, in reality, it is excessive work pressure, overwork, the feeling of being bound with responsibilities and being exploited at the workplace that causes depression. Anyone can develop this mental condition, and workload and lifestyle do not always have something to do with depression.
Myth #2: Women are the main victims of depression
Another popular myth regarding depression is that it is women who mainly suffer from it. Yes, it is true that women are more sensitive than men, but developing depression has nothing to do with gender. Anyone, at any age, at any time, can suffer from depression.
Myth #3: Talking can never help in easing depression
There are some people who believe that depression is a mental health disorder. It is only treated with psychiatric medicines that can help in dealing with this condition. However, what they don't understand is that doing something constructive and having positive conversations with their loved ones can actually benefit their mental health. Even psychiatrists believe that talking sessions are one of the ways of treating depression.
Myth #4: Depression is the same as sadness
People who are constantly unhappy are often considered as being depressed. However, the fact is that sadness and depression are two different things. While one can get over the former condition of feeling low and sad, suffering from depression leads to chemical changes inside the brain, causing changes in the behaviour, thinking, etc. of the affected person, thereby persistently damaging one’s life.
Myth #5: There’s no link between depression and physical exercise
Many people assume that physical exercise isn't helpful in dealing with depression since it's a mental illness and not a physical condition. However, the fact is that a moderate amount of physical exercise not only helps in improving mental traits but also boosts the concentration power of the person, while preventing lethargy.
No matter how mild or serious the form of depression one suffers from, opting for psychiatric help becomes crucial to avoid risks of deterioration of the condition in any way. After all, a professional psychiatrist can not only help one suffering from depression by treating them with necessary medications and therapies but also help in differentiating the facts from the myths thoroughly.
Take your mental health as your big priority.
When you are mentally and physically fit only then you can call yourself a healthy person. Generally, we only know about our physical health we often take care of it but we always ignore our mental health issues. You should know that our mental health is a big thing for ourself and we should take it as our first priority. We should talk about it as it is okay not to feel okay.
This year our mental health week's topic is #suicide #prevention. Let's talk about it.
Suicide is a major cause of death in our country. Approximately 800, 000 people die by suicide every year. And it is the second leading cause of death in 15 to 29-year-olds. People experiencing anxiety, depression and hopelessness, helplessness and may feel that there is no other option to cope with their feelings and problems except suicide. But this is not the truth. There are a lot of options to cope with it. We should take professional help or talk with a closed one about your feelings can help.
The majority of suicide have been preceded by warning signs, whether verbal or behavioural so it is important to understand what warning signs are.
Some individual risk factors are:-
• a previous suicide attempt
• mental disorders
• harmful use of alcohol and other
• job or financial loss
• chronic pain and illness
• family history of suicide
• genetic and biological factors
Some key facts & figures:-
• one person dies by suicide every 40 seconds.
• a prior suicide attempt is an important risk factor for suicide.
• suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15 to 29-Year-olds.
• suicide affects people of all age groups in all countries.
• suicide is preventable.
What can reduce risk:-
• good physical and mental health.
• strong supportive relationships with friends and family.
• being willing and able to ask for help when it's needed.
• having a meaning and purpose in life.
• have fun and do what you love to do.
Heightened suicide risk is often short-term and situation-specific. While suicidal thoughts may return, they are not permanent and an individual with previously suicidal thoughts and attempts can go to live a long and happy life.
Talking openly about suicide can give an individual other option to cope with their problems and the time to rethink his/her decision. Which may help in preventing suicide.
1. probiotics and preboitics: mental health and gut health has close relationship with each other which means the health of one affects the health of another vice versa.
2. Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables
Beta-carotene: aprocots, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, peaches, pumpkin, spinch, sweet potato.
* the food that help and hurt your mental health
1. Get your starch fix with whole grain and legumes.
2. Fill up on plenty of fruits and veggies.
3. Focus on eating fatty fish, like salmon or albacore tuna, in place of red meat.
4. Add in healthy fats, like raw nuts and olive oil.
5. Enjoy sweets and wine in moderation.
3. Good quality dark chocolate or cacao: rich in antioxidant, flavonoids, and magnesium_ a square or two of good quality dark chocolate or cacao can go a long way in uplifting your food. It's a food of choice to tame pms (premenstrual syndrome), menopausal mood swings.
Make good relationship with food to cure mental health.
We have heard people talk about diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol with no guilt or embarrassment. This is despite the fact that these are lifestyle-induced and could have easily been prolonged or prevented with some lifestyle modifications. However, we do not hear people talk about depression or anxiety disorder or any other mental disorder with such candidness. For example, depression is extremely common, with a greater number of younger people taking to subscription medications for the condition. However, it is not yet acceptable to say that they are taking medications or are undergoing counselling to overcome depression.
Stigma is when you are looked at differently because you have a particular trait or a feature. This is a strongly ingrained characteristic, where we are used to making fun about people who are physically different – could be fat, thin, tall, stout, dark, different hair, etc. The list can be too long.
Features of stigma
When a person with mental illness is ignored, the stigma triggers off the following reactions.
How to overcome this stigma
While it is perfectly okay to talk to a nutritionist about how to handle the bodily changes, why not a psychiatrist for a quick chat about mental well-being? Think about it!
Narcissistic personality disorder is a mental syndrome in which individuals have their very own inflated feeling of self-significance, a deep requirement to be inspired and an absence of compassion for others. However, behind this cover of ultra-confidence mask, lies a delicate self-esteem that is helpless against the slightest criticism.
A narcissistic personality disorder causes issues in numerous areas of life, for example, work, school, relationships or monetary issues. Here are a few signs and symptoms that can show if a person is suffering from this disorder: