मानसिक रोग भी आज के भागदौड़ से भरे जीवन की एक कड़वी सच्चाई है. इस रोग की सबसे हैरान करने वाली बात है इससे इनकार करना या इसे लेकर जागरूकता की घोर कमी. दरअसल हमारे यहाँ ऐसी मानसिकता निर्मित हो गई है कि मानसिक बिमारी को हम शर्मिंदगी से जोड़ कर देखते हैं. जबकि इस चक्कर में न जाने कितना नुकसान हो जाता है. कई लोग तो इसके लक्षणों को भी नहीं जानते हैं जिससे कि इसकी पहचान करके इसका इलाज करा सकें. आज का हमारा लेख मानसिक रोग के प्रकारों और उसके लक्षणों को ही चिन्हित करेगा.
1. मनोभ्रंश रोग
लक्षणों में भूलना, सीमित सामाजिक मेलमिलाप और सोचने की कमज़ोर क्षमता शामिल हैं, जिससे रोजमर्रा के कामकाज प्रभावित होते हैं. याददाश्त जाना, समय के साथ दिमाग का कम काम करना, ठीक से बोलने और समझने में परेशानी, बातें बनाना, भटकाव, शाम के समय भ्रम की स्थिति, सामान्य चीज़ें न पहचान पाना, या सुध-बुध खोना.
उदासी या दिलचस्पी खोने की सतत भावना जैसी गंभीर अवसाद की विशेषताएं कई व्यावहारिक और शारीरिक लक्षणों की ओर ले जा सकती हैं. इनमें नींद, भूख, ऊर्जा स्तर, एकाग्रता, दैनिक व्यवहार, या आत्मसम्मान में परिवर्तन शामिल हो सकते हैं. अवसाद आत्महत्या के विचार के साथ भी जुड़ा हो सकता है.
3. ध्यानाभाव एवं अतिसक्रियता विकार के लक्षण
लक्षणों में किसी बात में कम ध्यान दे पाना और अति-सक्रियता शामिल हैं. व्यवहार संबंधी: अतिसक्रियता, अत्यधिक संवेदनशीलता, आक्रामकता, खुद पर नियंत्रण में कमी, चिड़चिड़ापन, बिना सोचे-समझे जल्दबाज़ी में काम करना, बेचैनी से शरीर हिलाना-डुलाना, या शब्दों या क्रियाओं को लगातार दोहराना.
4. जुनूनी बाध्यकारी विकार के लक्षण
ओसीडी अक्सर कीटाणुओं के डर या चीज़ों को रखने के एक ख़ास तरीके जैसे विषयों पर केंद्रित होता है. लक्षण आमतौर पर धीरे-धीरे शुरू होते हैं और जीवन भर बदलते रहते हैं. लगातार कुछ करने से खुद को रोक न पाना, किसी काम को करने के अपने तरीके से हटकर काम ना कर पाना, खुद के शब्दों को बेमतलब दोहराना, गतिविधियों को दोहराना, चीज़ें जमा करने से खुद को रोक न पाना, बिना सोचे-समझे जल्दबाज़ी में काम करना, व्याकुलता, शब्दों या क्रियाओं को लगातार दोहराना, सामाजिक अलगाव, या ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा सतर्कता बरतना.
5. द्विध्रुवी विकार
उन्मादी होने पर रोगी में अत्यधिक ऊर्जा, नींद की ज़रूरत महसूस न होने, वास्तविकता से नाता न रखने जैसे लक्षण होते हैं. अवसाद से घिरने पर रोगी में ऊर्जा की कमी, खुद को प्रेरित न कर पाना और दैनिक गतिविधियों में रुचि न होने जैसे लक्षण मिल सकते हैं. मिज़ाज बदलते रहने की ये प्रक्रिया एक बार में कई दिनों से लेकर महीनों तक चलती है और इसमें आत्महत्या करने जैसे विचार भी आ सकते हैं.
6. स्वलीनता के लक्षण
अलग-अलग लोगों में लक्षणों की सीमा और गंभीरता बहुत ज़्यादा अलग हो सकती हैं. आम लक्षणों में शामिल हैं बातचीत करने में कठिनाई, सामाजिक रूप से जुड़ने में कठिनाई, जुनूनी दिलचस्पियां और बार-बार दोहराने का व्यवहार. अनुपयुक्त सामाजिक संपर्क, आंखों से आंखें कम मिलाना, खुद को नुकसान पहुंचाना, गतिविधियों को दोहराना, बिना सोचे-समझे जल्दबाज़ी में काम करना, लगातार कुछ करने से खुद को रोक न पाना, या शब्दों या क्रियाओं को लगातार दोहराना.
स्किज़ोफ्रेनिया के लक्षणों में सच्चाई से परे दिखाई देने वाले विचार या अनुभव होना, अव्यवस्थित बोलना या व्यवहार करना, और दैनिक गतिविधियों में कम भाग लेना शामिल हैं. ध्यान केंद्रित करने और बातें याद रखने में कठिनाई भी मौजूद हो सकती है. बेतरतीब व्यवहार, सामाजिक अलगाव, अत्यधिक संवेदनशीलता, आक्रामकता, खुद को नुकसान पहुंचाना, खुद पर नियंत्रण में कमी, गतिविधियों को दोहराना, दुश्मनी, लगातार कुछ करने से खुद को रोक न पाना, या व्याकुलता.
लक्षणों में मामूली घटना के लिए भी बहुत ज़्यादा तनाव होना, चिंता करना छोड़ न पाना और बेचैनी शामिल हैं. थकान, पसीना आना, या बेचैनी. चिड़चिड़ापन या ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा सतर्कता बरतना. अनचाहे खयाल या विचारों का बहुत जल्दी-जल्दी आना या बदलना. चिंता सताना, अत्यधिक चिंता, कमजोर एकाग्रता, धकधकी, निकट भविष्य में विनाश की आशंका, नींद न आना, भय, मतली, या विकंप.
9. अभिघातज के बाद का तनाव विकार के लक्षण
लक्षणों में बुरे सपने या पुरानी यादों की अनुभूति, आघात में वापस ले जाने वाली स्थितियों से दूर रहने की कोशिश, उत्तेजित होने पर ज़रुरत से ज़्यादा प्रतिक्रिया, चिंता या फ़िर खराब मूड शामिल हो सकते हैं. चिड़चिड़ापन, व्याकुलता, खुद का विनाश करने वाला व्यवहार, दुश्मनी, सामाजिक अलगाव, या ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा सतर्कता बरतना. पहले हुई किसी घटना को अचानक, बिना इच्छा के, फिर से अनुभव करना, गंभीर रूप से चिंता करना, डर, या संदेह. गतिविधियों में रुचि न होना या आनंद न आना, अकेलापन, या अपराधबोध. अनिद्रा या बुरे सपने, अनचाहे विचार या संवेगात्मक अनासक्ति.
Being a perfectionist is not wrong until it does not stop you from working according to your priorities. However, when you struggle to go on with your regular routine and seem to concentrate on one particular thing, again and again, it is time you seek expert advice.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a medical term that refers to obsessions or excessive thoughts leading to compulsions of repetitive behaviours. A person suffering from OCD usually has recurring thoughts that he or she has no control over, which leads to developing uncountable urge of repeating behaviours over and over.
The condition is long-lasting and chronic, and when not attended to as early as possible, usually brings in difficulties to the patient in leading a normal life. Continue reading to know about its symptoms and how it can be diagnosed.
The symptoms of OCD can be divided into two types, symptoms of obsession and the other is symptoms of compulsion.
Diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive behaviour may consist one or various medical examinations that include,
Affecting people of all ages, OCD traps its victims in a cycle of compulsions and obsessions. Though a complete cure to this illness has not yet been discovered, still, with right treatment at the right time can be very effective in controlling of the symptoms while helping the patient to lead a normal life.
Depending upon the condition of the patient, the severity, and type of OCD, a psychiatrist can offer the best treatment in the form of therapies or talk sessions, or medications or a combination of both.
If you are suffering from nervous diseases, you can choose the Dashamoola Ksheera Dhara therapy as an ideal treatment method. Ksheera Dhara treatment involves the flow of herbal milk in place of oil over your head and body. It is similar to Shirodhara in some ways, but is different as Ksheera Dhara has cooling effects on the body. This therapy is most suitable to be undertaken during the summer and when the weather conditions demand a cooling, relaxing effect on the body. This therapy is indicated when you are suffering from health conditions such as intense stress, and hair and skin problems.
In this process, milk is poured continuously on the forehead and on the body, which cools down the entire system from inside. Ksheera Dhara treatment is very effective in the treatment of headaches, mental irritability and insomnia. The pouring of medicated milk on your body leads to the stimulation of the hypothalamus. It also gets soothed and hence, the functions of the pituitary gland are regulated along with induced sleep. The milk is made to flow at a slow rate over the forehead for a certain duration, specially over the glabellar region along with a mild, stimulating massage. A small cloth is usually tied around your head, above the eyebrows. For the Ksheera Dhara treatment, a traditional bronze vessel known as the “kindi” is used. As the treatment is based on milk, it is referred to as milk treatment.
The Ksheera Dhara therapy relaxes the entire nervous system. This leads to mental calmness and reduction of stress to a great extent. The milk acts as a moisturizing agent and makes your skin healthy and glowing. It is also beneficial for eliminating fatigue, restoring vitality, improving your memory and for establishing dosha equilibrium.
In addition to all these, this therapy also helps in lubrication of the joints, relieving pain, stiffness of muscles and joints, and easing of spasms. It is proven to have benefits in the treatment of several cases of arthritis. Ksheera Dhara is also beneficial in several neurological conditions, in which a burning sensation and numbness are experienced. The entire body gets nourished and rejuvenated as a result of this Ayurvedic therapy.
If you are a healthy person, you can still undertake Ksheera Dhara therapy. Usually the treatment takes about 30 to 45 minutes per session. It is carried out in a course such as 7 days, 14 days or according to the instructions of your Ayurvedic physician. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
"Get off the mobile and go outside" - are these words being heard more commonly nowadays than at any point in time before? Humanity has just stepped into one of the newest psychiatric disorders. What is worse is that the medical world is divided on whether this should be considered as a disorder, or simply be passed off as a generation gap. Let us look a little deeper about the disorder.
What is internet addiction?
Only recently did Internet addiction and phone addiction became a part of the diagnostic and statistical manual of the mental disorders i.e. Internet addiction is now effectively considered a psychiatric disorder, and there are chances of identifying and treating it using medically approved means. As the name suggests, internet addiction and phone addiction means that the person is using his creative and designated time on a medium when he is no longer required to. Simply put, it becomes an obsessive habit on part of the person to look into his/her phone and use the internet as a routine activity. Long term addiction can lead to many psychological factors such as withdrawal symptoms, depression, and general loss of awareness about the surroundings. For most people, the syndrome can be an underlying factor of an even more severe health condition that the person is trying to mask by whiling away his/her time on the internet and mobile.
Addiction in today’s world
As of now, only two countries, South Korea and China have identified the disorder, and treatments are administered. Europe and the United States have also categorised it as a disorder, and research is being done on it. The general treatment plan that exists presently, aims to understand the patient first. The psychiatric treatment tries to successfully bridge the user and his/her addiction. From practicing different times of using the internet, to suggesting new schedules and goals, the person can be slowly be eased back into society. The purpose of psychiatric intervention is not to block the internet/ mobile usage completely, but to limit it. A person is educated to get his satisfaction in other forms, like relationships, outdoor activities.
Though still in its early stages, the medical world has made it clear that its contribution towards these mental addictions would increase many fold in the very near future. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Human beings are designed to relish contact and interaction with one another. After all, it is what makes us different from quite a few members of the animal kingdom. Having said that, sometimes, separation between people is a fact of life and it does have an impact on the lives of the people who get separated.
One of the interesting things about separation is when it occurs between couples is not only a feeling of sadness, but also a feeling of insecurity. It is to be kept in mind that the entire process of adjusting is not only one that is to be gone through by the couple, but also by their children. While it can prompt children to become independent and not overly reliant on their parents’ love, separation can also lead to a deficit or inadequate love being provided to them in the years that they are in the greatest need of it. This is quite an unfortunate aspect of separation.
There are a range of feelings which a person is likely to feel when separation occurs and there is a lot to be done by the way of working through these emotions. The mix can include resentment, disappointment, as well as a longing for the partner, even for quite some time after the divorce has taken place. In a number of cases, the most tormenting phase of separation is the time leading up to separation and the few days following it. Facing legal challenges, letting friends and family know about their decision and undergoing the entire role change leaves the couple as well as their children fatigued.
It may be ironic, but the fact of the matter remains that a person is not always rational after a divorce. Whimsically, it can be said that a separation of a marital bond does often affect the person’s ability of separation of rationality from irrationality!
While life as a single mother is quite tough, it is intriguing that women are the ones who initiate divorce twice as often as men do! After a divorce takes place, women are the custodians of the children they had in 90% of the cases; so it is true that women do have a high level of concern for their children. Often people in a separation emotionally act the same way children do when separated from their parents. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Life is filled different kinds of challenges, where it tends to test people’s resolve, determination and will power for enabling them live up to all those challenges. Still, there are some, which can become so overbearing that it seems to be impossible for one to move on. So, a psychologist can be of great help in those situations, who can make people feel that help is available from where they can get solutions to whatever life throws at them.
Reasons Which Tend To Lead People Towards Psychologists
Let us see some of those situations that lead people to the psychologists:
1. Stress and Anxiety:
There are certain facets of life, which become very stressful and a number of situations, from an interview for job to problems in relationship, can really cause people to feel extremely anxious. Now, this kind of stress and anxiety, if left alone can lead to depression, isolation from the society and a range of other problems.
Everyone knows that death is inevitable in life but still this fact does not allow people to deal with this easily. Each and every individual handles the loss of their loved ones in their own manner. To grieve openly about the loss is common but if one avoid the realities of loss, then that could result in problems which could linger.
Some of the common signs of depression are overwhelming feelings of helplessness. Depression is a very common disorder where people lose interest in things, feel fatigued and also face trouble in controlling their emotions.
Some people are afraid of heights or any kind of insects, which are quite common but we also come across some, who have fears which tend to be completely unfounded or uncalled for. These can create some seriously problems in one’s life.
Unhealthy habits like smoking, drinking and drug abuse are often taken as refuge for moving away from problems in life. Over a period of time, these habits develop into addictions and completely ruin one’s life from all quarters, financially as well as personally. Psychologist can come to the rescue of all these people and help them lead a healthy life. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Delusional disorder refers to the condition in which an individual experiences non-bizarre delusions that are beliefs in things that aren't actually true. The delusions involve situations that take place in real life like being deceived or stalked, conspired against, etc but in actuality, these situations may be highly exaggerated or not true at all as they involve the misinterpretation of experiences or observations. This health problem tends to take place during the middle or later part of your life and is said to affect women more than men.
What are the symptoms associated with this condition?
There are certain signs that you can look out for to easily identify this condition and there are:
What causes it to happen?
The root cause of the disorder is still not known, but experts are of the opinion that a variety of biological, genetic, environmental and psychological factors can cause it to occur.
Some of these causes include:
Panic disorder or panic attacks are common among people. We have come across this term many times before in our lives. So this article will deal with panic attacks and more about them.
What is panic disorder?
A panic attack is a sudden intense wave of extreme fear or anxiety which comes unexpectedly without any prior warning. There may not be any definite reason for the attack. It can also arrive when you are sleeping. The panic episodes usually stop after one but some people experience continuous episodes as well. Panic attacks are very dangerous to experience and it gives you a feeling of losing control or having a heart attack. A person who experiences panic attacks more often is said to have panic disorders.
Symptoms of panic disorder:
There are many important and identifiable symptoms related to Panic attacks and disorders. Let us have a look-
Causes for panic disorder:
Some quick tips
Panic attacks are sudden and unexpected. But there are a few things which you can do to prevent yourself from facing such a disorder.
If no improvement with these tips meet a psychiatrist. He can provide treatment in form of either psychotherapy (counseling) or medicines (which are safe and effective). In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The first question when you greet somebody is 'how are you' and this often refers to our state of well-being. While most answers would be great, awesome or good, we usually think of how we are doing physically. While some of us may talk about physical conditions (say things like feverish, have a cold, etc.), not many would think of talking about mental health conditions. However, mental health is very important for overall well-being.
Can you think of someone who is severely depressed or anxious all the time and have a good physical health? Chances are very bleak, and if you consider the overall health as a mix of mental and physical balance, this is not possible. Read on to understand how important mental health is and why you should start paying more attention to it.
Whatever the effect, mental health needs to be addressed as equally as we do physical problems, using medications, counselling, or lifestyle changes. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Do you have the habit of breaking into violent outbursts, accompanied by repeated episodes of impulsive, violent, and aggressive behavior? These are indications of intermittent explosive disorder, which makes you react grossly in a situation. Such violent outbursts can cause great distress to you, by negatively affecting your daily activities and personal relationships.
It is important to treat violent outbursts to avoid getting into big troubles, which are quite likely.
How can you control your anger?
For dealing with violent outbursts, it is important for you to change your environment. Try to leave certain situations to which you reacted violently in the past. You need time on your own, and should take a peaceful break in order to normalize your impulsive nature. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!