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Heroin Addiction Tips

How Addiction Affects You?

Dr. Deepak Kelkar 83% (89 ratings)
MBBS, DPM, MD, DNB
Psychiatrist, Akola
How Addiction Affects You?

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.

Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of drugs and alcohol. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbency leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

Various medical tests can diagnose addiction. People subjected to addiction can be treated easily by proper medications and therapies. If addiction is in the initial stage, it can be quickly addressed by counselling process, and if it is severe, then the counselling sessions along with certain medications are needed to curb the addiction habit. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2625 people found this helpful

All About Sugar Addiction

Dr. Sunil Kumar 86% (25 ratings)
Ph.D - Psychology, M.Phil - Clinical Psychology, MA - Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
All About Sugar Addiction

Scientists have concluded that sugar stimulates the exact same centers of the brain, which derive pleasure out of heroin or cocaine. For those who are addicted to sugar, getting off it leads to intense cravings and withdrawal symptoms. If you have an uncontrollable urge to devour something sweet, you probably have sugar addiction too. Sugar is known to release dopamine and opioids, which not only makes it addictive, but makes it extremely difficult for you to overcome the withdrawal symptoms. 

Mentioned below are 5 signs to figure out if you are addicted to sugar: 

  1. Despite being full or not hungry, you consume certain foods due to cravings
  2. You worry about consuming certain foods and cutting down on them 
  3. You overeat and then feel fatigued or sluggish 
  4. Despite negative consequences that affect your health and cause social problems, you continue eating or overeating certain foods
  5. You try to eliminate any negative emotion by consuming the foods you crave and experience pleasure. 

If you suffer from the aforementioned problems, you should seriously consider sugar detox or food rehab. Sugar and foods containing high levels of sugar causes behavioral changes, nutrient deficiency or imbalance, impairs your body and immunity system leading to an increased risk of illnesses and diseases. Sugar is also known to feed cancer cells and obesity. Fungi, which are living organisms, thrive on sugar and feed on it to reproduce and function properly leading to most infections. However, it is never too late to break your sugar habit. 

Mentioned below are 5 ways to fight your sugar addiction:

  1. Substitute sweets with whole foods
  2. Ditch artificial sweeteners 
  3. Clean your house
  4. Create a backup plan 
  5. Manage your magnesium levels 

Although, sugar withdrawal symptoms vary from individual to individual, they usually last for about 3 to 4 weeks. Withdrawing from sugar can be extremely difficult and causes the following symptoms in you, which will sorely tempt you into giving in to your cravings: 

  1. Feeling lightheaded
  2. Craving for sugar 
  3. Binge eating 
  4. Anxiety 
  5. Depression 
  6. Headaches
  7. Irritability and moodiness
  8. Fatigue and tiredness
  9. Muscular aches
  10. Flu symptoms
4543 people found this helpful

Are You Addicted To Your Smartphone?

Dr. Sarfaraz Alam 89% (578 ratings)
DHMS (Diploma In Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)
Homeopath, Dhanbad
Are You Addicted To Your Smartphone?

The advent of smartphones has made mobile phones far more pervasive in your life. You can now remain connected with friends and family on social media for much longer, share your life events through pictures and videos, stay on track with professional information and generally remain updated about information from all around the world. However, this constant barrage of information and the over dependence on the smartphone for work and personal affairs has taken epidemic proportions where people are unable to log off. It has now been classified as a general anxiety disorder commonly known as nomophobia which is "the fear or being away from your cellphone".

Addiction and the validity of Nomophobia

While cell phone addiction is a valid disorder, the designation of nomophobia is loosely attributed to the anxiety disorders connected to not being able to use cell phones. It’s less of a phobia and more of an addiction as you cannot be without it. These can be better enumerated by the typical symptoms when not being able to use a mobile phone.

Symptoms of mobile phone addiction: 

  1. The ability to spend hours and hours on the cell phone without realizing how much time has passed by.
  2. Forced attempts to separate from the cell phone result in more time being spent with it (akin to a drug addiction).
  3. Incremental usages in a number of hours as you end up spending more and more hours on the phone.
  4. Personal and professional lives being hampered due to excessive mobile phone usage.
  5. Surfacing of withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, restlessness, anger and depression.

How mobile phone addiction affects people?

Different age groups are affected differently by mobile phone addiction; although some of the symptoms are fairly common. The effect tends to be far more severe on children and teenagers. Let’s look at how different age groups are affected by mobile phone addiction:

Children – Increasingly, younger children are carrying cellphones, especially smartphones. This tends to disrupt their lives as they get easily distracted and thus addicted to chatting with friends and connecting on social media. With children, appetite as well as mental development, is also hindered. In a study in the U.K., it was found that young children with mobile phones had less nutritional intake and thus had lesser and slower physical development than normal. It also affects their eyes. Direct exposure to blue light – like the one that comes from cellphone screens – can cause damage to the retina of the eye.

Teenagers –

  • Development: Apart from the similar problems mentioned with children, the performance in school tends to suffer the most along with other developmental disabilities in the brain. The human brain is still forming till the age of 25 and many of the finer faculties that develop during the teenage years get badly affected. Holistic development like hobbies, sports, communication skills are greatly hindered.
  • Information overload: Teenagers also tend to be very impressionable and thus are at a risk of predation from sources all-round the internet. While aggressively watching porn, the adolescent brain is being shaped around a sexual experience that is isolating, visceral, and completely void of any love or compassion. This has the potential to lead to great problems in sexual compulsivity and sex addiction throughout the adolescent boy's life because his brain gets shaped to expect the "heroin-like" porn dopamine rush from all of his real-life sexual experiences. 
  • Peer pressure: Teenagers seek more and more expensive phones in order to compete or to fit in with the crowd. this not only puts more financial strain on the parents but also leads to disharmony at home.
  • Friends! Let's stay connected: Very often parents complain that their teenager can do nothing else but sit by their mobile phone waiting for calls or text messages. They no longer communicate with family members and its not uncommon! Catching teenagers staying up till early hours of the morning texting or talking with friends. Their studies greatly suffer, hobbies no longer take priority and problems like irritability, poor concentration, bunking classes and other health issues are on alarming rise due to lack of sleep.
  • Emotional issues: In the era where assignments, notes, outing plans, party invites and important messages are passed on in Whatsapp groups. Getting a phone call or a text message implies an importance, ‘Somebody wants Me’!! It boosts the receivers self-esteem and self-worth. The phone also feeds the desire for attention, acceptability and satisfies a teenager’s emotional drive.
  • Life on Social media: Nowadays teenagers are more focussed on their Vitual lives rather than enjoying the real moments. Their Life and happiness is all about social display of every single activity and number of likes and comments on posted pictures/ status.This is particularly true for teenagers who are struggling with their identity and social status. Phone usage does not only increase the opportunity to bond with friends and to organise a social life on the move, it also provides a symbol for acceptance. This is important to a teenager’s individuality and confidence. The mobile phone feeds the personal requirements of a teenager - they provide a sense of worth ensuring popularity.
  • Strained relation with parents: A great number of teens do not let anyone touch their phones. Most teenagers turn rebellious and aggressive when parents try to limit their mobile usage. When they lose their phones, they show signs of aggression which results in constant mood swings, feeling of unhappiness, and irritation on little things.

Adults – Adults, in general, tend to suffer more from disruptions at work as well as problems in their personal lives. Shortening of attention spans, irritable behavior, fatigue, inability to communicate, breakdowns in spousal relationships or even with friends and family are fairly common consequences. However, the biggest concern is the contribution to depression and anxiety which may run into non-mobile phone related extensive disorders as well.

  • Communication Gap in Marriage: Believe it or not, smartphones are damaging and even ending relationships. If you are emotionally attached to your smartphone and rely on it every waking minute, it may be harming your relationship. Psychologists claim that increasing numbers of people in long-term partnerships are having to compete with their partner’s smartphone for attention, making it the ‘third wheel’ in their relationship. A survey found that almost three quarters of women in committed relationships feel that smartphones are interfering with their love life and are reducing the amount of time they spend with their partner. Spouses spend more time in social networkings like Whatsapp, Facebook and days passby without talking to each other. Do you really remember your spouse's phone number or have you just saved it in your iPhone?
  • Impact on Child Bearing: Parents stay so busy with their mobiles that they don't spend quality time with their children and fill in the Lacunae by splurging on costly gifts and give them tablets/TV for passing kissing their spare time. 

Mobile Use During Driving And Safety Hazards

There is considerable concern that using a mobile phone while driving creates a significant accident risk, to the user and to other people on the road, because it distracts the driver, impairs their control of the vehicle and reduces their awareness of what is happening on the road around them. When using a hand-held mobile phone, drivers must remove one hand from the steering wheel to hold and operate the phone. They must also take their eyes off the road, at least momentarily, to pick up and put down the phone and to dial numbers.While using a hand-held phone, the driver must continue to simultaneously operate the vehicle (steer, change gear, use indicators, etc) with only one hand.

Some tips for de-addiction

Some easy tips that you can follow to start your de–addiction process are mentioned below –

  1. Ensure that the first 30 minutes of the day after waking up are only for you. Don’t be tempted to look at the phone immediately after you wake up.
  2. Create specific no phone time zones in a day where no matter how big the urge is, you don’t check your phone. These could be during any time of the day and try incrementally stretching the amount of time that you can be without your phone each time.
  3. Use driving as an excuse to turn off your phone. This not only helps in fighting addiction but also lowers the chances of automobile accidents caused due to distracted driving.
  4. Keep a cutoff time for phone usage and switch your phone off at least an hour before your hit the sack. This will stop you from playing late night games and help you sleep better as well. When you feel the urge to check your phone, close your eyes and take a deep breath.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

7606 people found this helpful

Throw Away The Addictions Without Any Side Effects!

Dr. Sajidurrahman.C 90% (33 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Malappuram

The most commonly abused drugs include:

* marijuana
* lsd
* cocaine
* heroin

Marijuana 

Marijuana is a plant indigenous to asia, and is commonly consumed in three forms:

* hashisha the resin of the plant,usually reddish brown to black in colour
* ganjaa refers to the leaves and stem, and is usually greenish in colour
* bhang a dark brown or black preparation of marijuana leaves and flowers and other additives such as herbs and spices

Common terms and definitions:

* hashish is also known as hemp, hash, charas, cream, malana cream, afghan snow, kasa, bombay black
* other terms for ganja are pot, grass, dope, mary jane, weed, blunt, herb
* spliff: marijuana cigarette
* bong: water pipe for smoking
* joint / bob: marijuana cigarette made of rolling paper
* ganga-jamuna: marijuana-hash combination

How is it consumed?

Bhang is usually eaten or mixed with a cold drink of milk and dry fruits. Hashish and ganja are crushed and mixed with tobacco. The mixture is rolled in a cigarette and smoked.

Visible signs

* bloodshot eyes
* extreme form of anxiety or fear
* uncontrollable bouts of laughter
* lack of clear and orderly thought or behaviour
* sluggish speech
* eating binges
* peculiar herbal smell in hair, clothes, or in the area where the drug was consumed
* presence of marijuana seeds, smoking devices (chillums and bongs), smoking paper'roaches' (rolled-up cardboard to create an artificial filter)

Health risks

* it is estimated that one marijuana cigarette is equivalent to five tobacco cigarettes in terms of damage to the body.
* a marijuana abuser risks all the dangers of smoking and many more, including brain damage, infertility, and loss of memory.
* marijuana is a gateway drug, which means that prolonged abuse of marijuana leads to a higher tolerance to the drug, resulting in the abuser trying dangerous drugs such as heroin and cocaine.

Lsd 

Lysergic acid diethylamide (lsd) is a popular party drug, which is extremely potent even in small quantities. This odourless, tasteless, and colourless drug can induce strong hallucinations where the user sees different colours and has strange experiences.

Common terms and definitions: acid, stamp, lucy, sunshine, microdots

How is it consumed? lsd is usually licked or swallowed. It is sold as tablets, capsules, or in its liquid form added to sugar cubes, postage stamps'windowpanes' (gelatine or cellophane), blotters (small pieces of paper).

Visible signs
* high body temperature
* dilation of pupils
* increased heart beat and blood pressure
* sweating
* loss of appetite

Health risks

* the worst effect of lsd is what is known as a'bad trip' in which users develop extreme forms of paranoia and fear.
*'flashback' or a sudden recurrence of the user's experience can trigger traumatic or strange experiences, even after many hours or months of abstaining from the drug.
* fatal accidents can occur with lsd usage, especially while driving.
* schizophrenia and severe depression may occur with long-term use.

Cocaine 

Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It is usually a white crystalline powder. Crack, a cheaper form of cocaine, is even more addictive and dangerous than cocaine. Even a single dose is enough to trigger addiction. Cocaine abusers typically develop a tolerance to the drug, and take in higher doses to maintain the same high.


Common terms and definitions: coke, namak (salt in hindi), coca, flake, snow, heaven dust, crack

How is it consumed?

Cocaine is either snorted or dissolved in a liquid and then injected. Some also mix cocaine with cannabis and tobacco and smoke it.

Visible signs

* fast speech or talkativeness
* increased heart rate and blood pressure
* dilated pupils
* panic
* runny or bloody nose
* restlessness, irritability, sleeplessness
* bouts of high energy followed by exhaustion

Health risks

* seizure, cardiac arrest, respiratory problems that can lead to death
* hallucinations
* severe paranoia
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles

Heroin 

Heroin is a highly addictive derivative of morphine, an extract from the poppy plant. In its purest form, it is a white powder but can also be brown in colour because of the presence of impurities. However, heroin is never sold in its pure form, and is often mixed with talcum powder, starch, sugar, powdered milk, or quinine. As the drug is adulterated, it is difficult to determine the actual dose of heroin, which can be fatal. 

After just few hours or days of the last administration, withdrawal symptoms such as intense craving for the drug, restlessness, pain, sleeplessness, vomiting, and kicking can be seen in the average heroin abuser.

Common terms and definitions: smack, horse, junk, h, skag

How is it consumed?

A tin foil containing heroin powder is heated underneath. This results in the solid powder turning into a liquid. Users either inhale the fumes or inject the liquid. Heroin is also smoked.

Visible signs 

The heroin addict typically rushes to the bathroom in the morning for his morning dose. Heroin abuse also often causes constipation, leading to prolonged use of the bathroom.

Here are other visible signs of heroin abuse:

* runny nose, coughing, sneezing, fever, chills
* mental confusion
* staggered gait
* lack of hygiene
* poor appetite
* vomiting
* scratch marks
* pupil dilation
* calmness (when high) and restlessness (when not high)

Health risks

* coma
* death
* hiv and other diseases resulting from infected needles
* collapsed veins
* infections

Other drugs 

Identifying a drug abuser is not easy because there are several drugs with different effects and health risks. Some drugs are available for research, medical, and other legal uses, but are often abused. If you spot any suspicious behaviour in your child, do not panic, but consult a qualified medical professional with experience in drug abuse treatment.

A few other commonly abused groups of drugs include:

* opiods: opium and morphine, along with heroin, belong to the group of drugs derived from the poppy plant. 
* hallucinogens: in addition to ecstasy, drugs like mescaline and psilocybin are often used to induce altered states of perception. 
* inhalants: paint thinners, petrol, gases (butane, propane, and laughing gas) are easily available but highly dangerous, causing death within seconds. Every year, several teenagers accidentally inhale these substances, with some developing an addiction over time.

1 person found this helpful

Drug Addiction (Substance Abuse)!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Drug Addiction (Substance Abuse)!

Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Homeopathic Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Psychotherapy Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Surgical Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Other Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
What is Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Symptoms of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Causes of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Risk factors of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Complications of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Precautions & Prevention of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Homeopathic Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Homeopathy treatment is an effective against heroin, opium, morphine, cocaine, nicotine, alcohol, caffeine, or any other addictive drug. It is thought that homeopathic remedies are able to stimulate a person’s bodily systems to deal with stress and illness more efficiently. Homeopathy helps at three levels, detoxification, the present physical condition and the actual state of mind. Some common homeopathic medicines for drug addiction (substance abuse) are:

Avena
Cham
Lach
Nux V
Passi

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Acupuncture and auriculopuncture are worldwide popular for curing drug addiction (substance abuse). Electroacupuncture at the specific point effectively reduced the alcohol-drinking behavior. Acupuncture not only handles the symptoms and craving, but it also reduces fears and hostilities that usually upset drug abuse treatment options.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Psychologist, psychiatrist or addiction counselor may help you resist the temptation to resume using addicting drugs. Behavior therapies can help you develop ways to deal with your drug cravings, suggest strategies to avoid drugs and prevent relapse, and offer recommendations on how to deal with a relapse if it takes place. Hypnotherapy is excellent in curing dependence, subconscious urges as well as withdrawal symptoms.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Allopathic medicines of drug addiction (substance abuse) help defeat addictive craving. They compete with cells in the brain and cause reversal of drug effects. Such medicines are Buprenorphine and Suboxone. Methadone has been used for decades to withdraw addicts from severe heroin dependence and has a history of successful maintenance therapy.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

High-fiber diet with plenty of complex carbohydrates
Take vitamin and mineral supplements.

What is Drug addiction (substance abuse)?

Drug addiction (substance abuse) is a chronic relapsing disorder characterized by persistent drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviours. Common addictive drugs are barbiturates, alcohol, and morphine and other opioids, especially heroin.

Symptoms of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

You may need the drug just to feel good.
Using the drug becomes a habit
Failing in your attempts to stop using the drug
Spending money on the drug, even though you can’t afford it
Doing things to obtain the drug that you normally wouldn’t do, such as stealing
Feeling that you need the drug to deal with your problems
Doing risky activities when you’re under the influence of the drug
Causes of Drug addiction (substance abuse)
Personality and peer pressure
Severe Anxiety
Depression

Risk factors of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Inherited
A lack of attachment with your parents
Psychological problem such as depression or hyperactivity disorder

Complications of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Physical health problems
Commit suicide
Accidents
Communicable disease 

Diagnosis of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Your physician may ask concerns about the consistency of drug use, whether any family member has criticized your drug use or whether you’ve ever thought you might have an issue. Mental health professionals diagnose the mental conditions.

Precautions &Prevention of Drug addiction (substance abuse)

Talk to your children about the risks of drug use and abuse
Strengthen your relationship with your children
Stick with your treatment plan

3 people found this helpful

Addiction - Understanding Its Effects!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Addiction - Understanding Its Effects!

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.

Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of drugs and alcohol. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accambance leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

There are various medical tests to detect drug use by the person but so fas as Addiction is concern it is a pattern of drug use which affect behaviour, causes withdrawal, tolerance, craving ects. 

Treatment of Addiction
In Acute phase, detoxification is done in which withdrawal symptoms are addressed. Detoxification may last upto 3 to 4 weeks depending upon severity of symptoms and amount of drug use. Later in maintenance phase basically craving, behavioural changes is handled along with insight building psychotherapy is used. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4396 people found this helpful

Addiction - How It Affects You?

Dr. Milind Barhate 87% (208 ratings)
DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Addiction - How It Affects You?

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.

Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of alcohol and drugs. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbency leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

Various medical tests can diagnose addiction. People subjected to addiction can be treated easily by proper medications and therapies. If addiction is in the initial stage, it can be quickly addressed by counselling process, and if it is severe, then the counselling sessions along with certain medications are needed to curb the addiction habit. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

3485 people found this helpful

Ways On How To Fight Back Addiction!

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5801 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Ways On How To Fight Back Addiction!

Addiction is a brain ailment that is characterized by irrational engagement in satisfying stimuli despite of argumentative circumstances. Addiction is an ailment where the brain's Reward system malfunctions and only responds to persistently greater level of addictive stimulus like morphine, cocaine, etc.

There are many varieties of addiction like alcoholism, gambling, sexual intercourse, etc. These force a person to isolate himself from the entire society and indulge in his or her addictions. If they are not supplied with the drugs they may react violently and may even die.

Drug treatment is a type of treatment which is intended to aid the abused users stop the uncontrollable usage of drugs and protect them from the adverse effects of it. This treatment has a variety of forms and takes a lot of time as the drug abuse is a chronic disorder and cannot be treated in a short term. Below mentioned are some of the ways by which you can fight back addiction effectively.

• For individuals who are addicted to drugs such as opium and nicotine (Tobacco) are treated with drugs such as methadone, naltrexone for opium addicted individuals and with varenicline and bupropion for tobacco addicted people.

• For individuals who are greatly addicted to alcohol Disulfiram and acamprosate are the best medications that are available.

• Many individuals are addicted to the prescribed drugs and their treatment is the same as that of drug abuse that affects the brain. Like the medicine buprenorphine, can be used to treat both heroin obsession and addiction to medications for opium pain treatment.

Behavioral treatments may help people to take part in drug abuse therapies and teach ways to cope up with drugs and help them to against relapse if it occurs.

• Group therapies are the latest form of treatment that is advised to the addicted individuals. Group therapies provide the individual social support and help in enforcing behavioral incidents that will help the lead a non-drug-using lifestyle.

• Lastly individuals who are greatly addicted to alcohol or drug abuse or any kind of addictions suffer from depression and also face social, legal and family problems.

 

4 people found this helpful

How Addiction Can Ruin Your Life?

Dr. Amol Kelkar 86% (10 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Akola
How Addiction Can Ruin Your Life?

Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.



Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of drugs and alcohol. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.

How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.

Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbency leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.

Various medical tests can diagnose addiction. People subjected to addiction can be treated easily by proper medications and therapies. If addiction is in the initial stage, it can be quickly addressed by counselling process, and if it is severe, then the counselling sessions along with certain medications are needed to curb the addiction habit.

2637 people found this helpful

Drug Addiction and It's Interventions!

Ms. Pallavee Walia 91% (88 ratings)
PGDRP Rehabilitation Psychology , M.A Clinical Psychology, Certificate in Guidance and Counselling (CGC)
Psychologist, Agra

 Why do drug addicted person keep using drugs?

Nearly all addicted individuals believe at the outset that they can stop using drugs on their own, and most try to stop without treatment. Although some pedrug are successful, many attempts result in failure to achieve long-term abstinence. Research has shown that long-term drug abuse results in changes in the brain that persist long after a person stops using drugs. These drug-induced changes in brain function can have many behavioral consequences, including an inability to exert 

Characteristic of addiction.

Understanding that addiction has such a fundamental of achieving and maintaining abstinence without treatment. Psychological stress from work, family problems, psychiatric illness, pain associated with medical problems, social cues (such as meeting individuals from one’s drug-using past), or environmental cues (such as encountering streets, objects, or even smells associated with drug abuse) can trigger intense cravings without the individual even being consciously aware of the triggering event. Any one of these factors can hinder attainment of sustained abstinence and make relapse more likely. Nevertheless, research indicates that active participation in treatment is even the most severely addicted individuals.

 Treatment for drug abuse 

Drug addiction treatment can include medications, behavioral therapies, or their combination.Treatment medications, such as methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone (including a new long-
Acting formulation), are available for individuals addicted to opioids, while nicotine preparations (patches, gum, lozenges, and nasal spray) and the medications varenicline and bupropion are available for individuals addiction to medications available for treating alcohol dependence, 1which commonly co-occurs with other drug addictions, including addiction to prescription medications. 

Treatments for prescription drug abuse tend to be similar to those for illicit drugs that affect the same brain systems. For example, buprenorphine, used to treat heroin addiction, can also be used to treat addiction to opioid pain medications. Addiction to prescription stimulants, which affect the same brain systems as illicit stimulants like cocaine, can be treated with behavioral therapies, as there are not yet medications for treating addiction to these types of drugs. 

Behavioral therapies can help motivate people to participate in drug treatment, offer strategies for coping with drug cravings, teach ways to avoid drugs and prevent relapse, and help individuals deal with relapse if it occurs. Behavioral therapies can also help people improve communication, relationship, and parenting skills, as well as family dynamics.

How long does drug addiction treatment usually last? 

Individuals progress through drug addiction treatment at various rates, so there is no predetermined length of treatment. However, research has shown unequivocally that good outcomes are contingent on adequate treatment length. Generally, for residential or outpatient treatment, participation for less than 90 days is of limited effectiveness maintaining positive outcomes. For methadone maintenance, 12 months is considered the minimum, and some opioid-maintenance for many years.Good outcomes are contingent on adequate treatment length.

Treatment dropout is one of the major problems encountered by treatment programs; therefore, motivational techniques that can keep patients engaged will also improve outcomes. By viewing addiction as a chronic disease and offering continuing care and monitoring, programs can succeed, but this will often require multiple episodes of reatment and readily readmitting patients that have relapsed.


What helps people stay in treatment?

Because successful outcomes often depend on a person’s strategies for keeping people in treatment are critical. Whether a patient stays in treatment depends on factors associated with both the individual and the program. Individual factors related to engagementand retention typically include motivation to change drug-using behavior; degree of support from family and friends; and, frequently.

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