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Dissociative Amnesia - Understanding All About It!

Dissociative Amnesia - Understanding All About It!

In many cases, the body responds to a stressful or traumatic situation by disassociating with it. This can result in the development of a dissociative disorder. A dissociative disorder or dissociative amnesia is a mental illness that involves the breaking down of memory, consciousness, identity and perception. It can interfere with a person's general functioning, social life and relationships. People suffering from dissociative amnesia can have long gaps in their memory of the accident and the time before and after it. 

Women are at a higher risk of suffering from this condition as compared to men. It has also been found to have a genetic link as people suffering from this condition often have other members of their family who experience something similar. Manmade and natural disasters such as wars, floods, earthquakes etc that cause overwhelming stress is said to trigger this disease. 

The inability to recall past events is a primary symptom of this disease. Other symptoms include

Treatment for this disease is a two step process. The first step involves relieving symptoms and controlling any behavioral changes. The second step aims at helping the person to recall and process their memories. Developing coping skills and rebuilding relationships is also focused on. Depending on the individual and the severity of symptoms showcased a doctor may choose to treat the patient using any of the following forms of treatment. 

  1. Psychotherapy: This form of treatment is designed to encourage communication and give the person insight into their problems. It uses a number of psychological techniques. 
  2. Cognitive therapy: Changing dysfunctional thinking patterns and their resulting emotions and behavior patterns is the focus of this form of treatment.  
  3. Medication: Dissociative amnesia patients who also suffer from depression or anxiety can benefit from medication such as anti depressants and anti anxiety drugs. However, this medication does not treat the dissociative amnesia itself. 
  4. Family therapy: In some cases, along with the patient it is also necessary to counsel the family. Family therapy involves educating the family members about the disorder and symptoms of recurrence. 

Clinical hypnosis: This type of treatment uses intense relaxation and focused attention techniques to access the unconscious part of the mind and allow people to explore their thoughts, emotions and repressed memories.

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Family Therapy - How Essential Is It For Mental Health Disorder In Kids?

Family Therapy - How Essential Is It For Mental Health Disorder In Kids?

Often, issues faced by dysfunctional families take a toll on a child’s mental health, and various factors can lead to a child's mental health problems. Physical and verbal abuse and parental divorce are among other causes of mental health problems in children. Family therapy is one of the proven effective psychiatric procedures that help a child cope with mental health issues, and helps to direct the child’s life.

The Role of Family Therapy
Family therapy is also known as family focus therapy or family systems therapy works with families, to help them in dealing with a wide range of family problems. One such problem is a child’s mental illness.

Children, pre-teens and teens are continually going through a developmental phase during their formative years. This is the time when they are most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of life. Sometimes parents are not equipped to deal with the suffering child properly. This is where family therapy can significantly benefit families and children. The psychological process can help children in dealing with major issues such as bad conduct, mood disorders, drug abuse, and eating disorders.

It can include individual sessions amidst a series of family meetings, and when required. At times, even the social networks around families can be included.

Mental Issues That Family Therapy Focuses
Family therapy offers a possible treatment for a wide range of conditions including a long-term illness such as depression. It is based on two principles. Mental illness is made only worse by a dysfunctional family. Immediate family relationships are the strongest support system for a child. This is what makes them most important during long-term treatments.

Family therapy focuses on treating and molding the way families, and parents interact with the child facing mental issues. It helps in strengthening parent and child bond, and also helps instil faith and confidence in the child dealing with mental issues. All these measures combined to bring the child on the road to recovery.

How Does It Work?
Family therapy is not a time-bound process, so its effectiveness depends on the child and family. The therapy has its various forms and can be integrated with one another, as and when the psychiatrist thinks it is necessary. Among its multiple forms are teaching coping skills, psychoeducation, behavioral models, structural family therapy, systematic models, and solution-focused therapy.

Family therapy has proven most effective during the childhood and adolescent stages, where it has shown significant improvement among children suffering from anorexia, inattention, hyperactivity and severe long-term illnesses such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, drug abuse and anxiety disorders among others. Family therapy can be very effective in a wide range of psychiatric conditions.

I recently shifted from nexito plus to forte, I feel heavy legs, should I worry or it takes little time for adjustment?

I recently shifted from nexito plus to forte, I feel heavy legs, should I worry or it takes little time for adjustment?
Hello, Yes definitely if there is change in dosage of drug, you tend to experience some bodily symptoms which subside over a period of 7 to 14 days. Always maintain water intake and dietary habits.
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Depression In Adults - How To Track It?

Depression In Adults - How To Track It?

Alternating between being happy and sad as you go through life's ups and downs is normal, but if you're sad most of the time, it could be a sign of being depressed.  Depression takes the joy out of all your activities, and can make merely getting through a day feel overwhelming. The first step to overcoming this problem is to understand its symptoms and causes.  Not everyone experiences depression the same way, but here are a few questions that can help tell you if you are depressed or not.

Do you feel helpless?

It is common for depressed people to feel helpless and that everything around them is out of their control. As a result, the person may either stop participating in activities all together or try to control things they can't. Both situations are cyclic and lead to further depression.

Have you lost interest in daily activities?

The feeling of helplessness is one of the main reasons depressed people lose interest in activities. Another reason is that activities that were once enjoyed now do not seem interesting enough. In most cases, this leads to the person isolating himself and withdrawing from all his family and friends.

Do you often feel angry or irritated?

Depression is almost always accompanied by irritability and anger. Small annoyances that would usually be overlooked quickly, take on an inappropriate significance. This can lead to poor impulse control, substance abuse and anxiety disorder. In most cases, anger and depression are related by the person trying to take accountability for things that are out of his control and hence feeling helpless.

Is there a change in your sleep pattern?

Your sleep quality is very closely related to the way you feel. Depressed people often suffer either from insomnia or oversleeping. Depressed people can have trouble going to sleep as well as staying asleep. This can cause drowsiness and lethargy during the day. Sleep apnea is also linked with depression. As you can imagine, if this is left untreated, it will only worsen your depression.

Do you feel tired?

When the body does not get adequate sleep, you begin the day feeling tired. Thus depressed people often feel fatigued and complain of a number of muscle and joint pains.  This is because the body has not had enough time to regenerate cells during the night. This is usually complemented by complains of persistent headaches and stomach aches, both of which are emotionally connected to the way you feel.

The nature of depression is such that it lowers a person's self esteem to the point of interfering with his ability to seek help. Hence if you have a positive response to the above questions, it is time to address your problem before it worsens.

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Depression In Adolescents - How To Administer It?

Depression In Adolescents - How To Administer It?

It is a serious mental disorder that effects and impacts the brain. It is also referred to as a mental health disorder, a psychiatric condition. Specifically, it is a mood disorder characterized by the persistently low mood in which there is a feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Depression is known by different medical terms, some of which signifies a particular diagnosis:

  1. Depression can affect appetite.
  2. Clinical depression.
  3. Major depression.
  4. Major depressive disorder.
  5. Persistent depressive disorder.
  6. Dysthymia.
  7. Dysphoric disorder.


  1. Genetic.
  2. Biological – with changes in noradrenergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmitter levels theorized.
  3. Environmental.
  4. Psychological and social/psychosocial.

Why do adolescents get it?

There are multiple reasons that account for depression in young ones. Some of them are:

  1. Life events – for example, unemployment, divorce, poverty, although these events lead to lasting, severe depression.
  2. Personality. Failure of adaptive mechanisms strategies to stressors.
  3. Genetic factors. First-degree relatives of depressed patients are themselves at higher risk, and occurrence of depression between identical twins is high.

Childhood trauma can cause long-term brain changes affecting responses to fear and stress. Other history also raises the risk, including a suicide attempt, or any form of abuse.

Abuse of recreational drugs including alcohol, amphetamines.

  1. A past head injury
  2. Past diagnosis of depression.

Symptoms of depression include:

  1. Depressed mood.
  2. Reduced interest or pleasure in activities.
  3. Unintentional weight loss (without dieting) or low appetite
  4. Insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping).
  5. Psychomotor agitation (for example, restlessness, pacing up and down), or psychomotor retardation (slowed movements and speech).
  6. Fatigue.
  7. Feelings of guilt.
  8. Worsened ability to think, concentrate or make decisions.
  9. Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or attempt at suicide.

What treatments can be used to overcome it?

  1. PsychotherapyPsychological or talking therapies for depression include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy and problem-solving treatment.
  2. Antidepressant medications.
  3. Support: ranging from discussing practical solutions to contributing stresses, to educating family members.
  4. Electroconvulsive Therapy: Severe cases of depression that have not responded to drug treatment may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which is particularly effective for psychotic depression.St. John’s wort, exercise and other therapies
  5. St. John’s wort is a herbal treatment (Hypericum perforatum) that may be effective for mild depression although the evidence is mixed.
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10 Ways To Cope Better With Emotionally Upsetting Thoughts!

10 Ways To Cope Better With Emotionally Upsetting Thoughts!

Life has its ups and downs, but often we hold on to the downs for much longer than the actual event. While the trigger or anger, pain and hurt are beyond our control, the amount it can affect us is well within reach. Here are a few ways to cope better with emotional upsets.

  1. Give yourself a window to be upset: Be realistic and give yourself a time frame to give in to your emotions. Whether, angry, sad or frustrated tell yourself that you have only 1 day to be upset. In a way, this will diffuse the anger and frustration and once this time is over, you can start planning ahead.
  2. Take responsibility: Try analysing what you may have done to make the other person react in the way he or she did. Focus on what you could have done better and you will find yourself feeling more empowered.
  3. Get physical: Exercise and other forms of physical activity decrease stress hormones and increases the productions of endorphins or happy hormones that elevate the mind. Exercising also gives you time to focus on yourself without distractions.
  4. Express yourself: Whether it’s through art or writing, find an outlet for your emotions. This keeps it from being bottled up inside and gets the pain and frustration out of your system.
  5. Breathe: Breathing techniques like ujayii and anulom vilom can help calm the mind down when it is troubled and upset. These breathing techniques also keep your emotions from escalating.
  6. Get company: It is never a good idea to isolate yourself when you’re feeling blue. Instead, find people who you can open up to and share your thoughts with. This will give you a fresh perspective on what is going on.
  7. Look at both sides: No event is ever completely bad. No matter what may be troubling you look at both the good and bad sides of it. This can help minimise your loss and make it easier to let go of the problem.
  8. Do something different: The best way to get your mind off something is to give it something else to focus on. If you’re troubled by something that happened at work, go for a drive or play a sport. Similarly, if you’re having relationship trouble, go out with a few friends or read a book to take your mind off it.
  9. Visualize: Imagine the person or the event that is upsetting you as an object in your mind and visualise it melting away. Remind yourself that the anger or frustration you are feeling is worse than the person or event itself.
  10. Clean up: Organise your desk, your room or start cleaning up space around you. This will take attention away from whatever is troubling you and give you something to do.
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My sister suffering from dispersion please help me doctors suggest medicine lurastar but not relief.

My sister suffering from dispersion please help me doctors suggest medicine lurastar but not relief.
Hello lybrate-user. Didn't understand dispersion better consult with proper details. You can consult me at Lybrate for homoeopathic treatment.
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When I look in the mirror. I began to question my existence. I lost my mind and think that who I am? I began to frustrate.

When I look in the mirror. I began to question my existence. I lost my mind and think that who I am? I began to frust...
You must visit psychologist for few counselling sessions do meditation, yoga & deep breathing exercises do gentle aerobic exercises.
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I am taking amitriptyline 75 mg at night, tolaz2.5 mg, etilaam pro 40 and topamac25. I am 50 years old woman, 57 kg weighs. Am I talking over doses?

I am taking amitriptyline 75 mg at night, tolaz2.5 mg, etilaam pro 40 and topamac25. I am 50 years old woman, 57 kg w...
We appreciate that you have been taking the medications, however, you do not mention the psychiatric condition for which the medications are being taken nor the reasons for why you would ask about taking overdoses of the medications if you are stable with regards to your emotional health with taking the medications? There may be some side effects of the medications that are undesirable and we, therefore, recommend that you take the medications as instructed if they are helping you. We also appreciate any questions you may have, that may be asked with a second opinion. Look forward to hearing from you. If you need help with booking an appointment online with me on this website either text, audio, or video appointment for a confidential and private consultation you may do so by contacting the help desk of Lybrate.
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