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Communicable Disease In Aviation Tips

Non Communicable Disease

Dr. Jagdish Prasad Mehrotra 91% (1702 ratings)
MBBS, D.P.H
General Physician, Gurgaon
Non Communicable Disease

NCD's are emerging as a major global problem which can controlled by taking certain measures. It's a non infectious disease resulted from hereditary factors, lifestyle factors (diseases of affluence) e. g. Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases, Cancer and mental health problems, Asthma, Atherosclerosis allergy. It is responsible for almost 60% of World deaths and constitute 43% of the Global burden of diseases.

If we see Rising Chronic Disease Burdens of following Diseases in India, the data are alarming and requires urgent intervention in policy matter.

Disease

Year 2007

Year 2025

Hypertension

125 Million

214 Million

Diabetes

41 Million

69 Million+

Tobacco

1 Million

2 Million+

Can I prevent CVD? Yes by evaluating overself

Risk Factors Associated With Heart Disease

 

 

 

 

S. No

Risk Factors

High Risk

Low Risk

No Risk

1

Walk(Minimum 35 Minutes)

Nil

3-4 days/week

5-7 days / week

2

Obesity(BMI)

>26

<25

<24

3

Smoking(Tobacco)

>1 / day

1/ day

Nil

4

Yoga

Nil

3 -4 days/ week

5-7 days/week

5

Stress

150%

100%

50%

6

Meditation

Nil

3 -4 days/week

5-7 days/week

7

Zero Oil

70%

90%

100%

8

Vegetarianism

>6 days

<6 days

100%

9

Fruits, Salad and Vegetable Intake

Nil

15%

>50%

10

Milk and Dairy(Double Toned Milk)

>300 ml

300 ml

200 ml

11

Serum Cholesterol

180 ml/dll

150 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

12

Serum Triglycerides

160 ml/dll

130 ml/dll

100 ml/dll

13

HDL

<40 mg/ dll

<50 mg/dll

>60 mg/dll

14

LDL

>190 mg/dll

>130 mg/dll

<100 mg/dll

15

Cholesterol HDL Ratio

>6:1

> 5:1

<4:1

16

BP Systolic/ Diastolic

>140/ >100mm/hg

>130/ >190 mm/hg

120 / 80 mm/hg

17

Blood Sugar Fasting / PP

>110/ >200

<110/ <160

<100/ <140

Regular blood tests are recommended for people who are at higher risk of developing high cholesterol. Routine cholesterol testing may be necessary if you:

  1. Are a man over 40
  2. Are a woman over 50
  3. Are a postmenopausal woman
  4. Have heart disease or have had a stroke
  5. Have diabetes
  6. Have a close relative (mother, father, sister, brother) with heart disease or high cholesterol
  7. Are overweight, physically inactive, smoke and/or drink excessively
  8. Have physical signs of high cholesterol such as fatty deposits on your skin or tendons
  9. Have high blood pressure
9 people found this helpful

Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

Dr. Ketan Malvi 89% (129 ratings)
MD - Family Medicine, MBBS, Pain & Palliative Care Specialist
General Physician, Anand
Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

Modern society is getting rid of communicable diseases like malaria, typhoid, cholera, measles, chickenpox etc. Diseases of 21st century are ncds like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, cholesterol, coronary artery diseases, stroke and mental illnesses.

Do consultant family physician for these ncds. It is most important to do preventive health check up' every year once you cross 40 years.

1 person found this helpful

Lifestyle Diseases and Its Prevention

BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Lifestyle Diseases and Its Prevention

Inherently linked to daily fitness and dietary control, lifestyle diseases like Type 2 Diabetes, obesity, hypertension and high cholesterol should be actively avoided from an early age. Gone are the days when these were considered areas of interest for an older generation.

Ask yourself what causes you stress easily. It could be a work deadline, a heated argument, partner troubles, the list is endless. Though these may look like simple daily worries, experts suggest that it is these daily life events that trigger flight or fight reactions in the body, which in turn lead to debilitating mental conditions such as depression. A depressed person feels like a failure and sees little hope for an If you think that diabetes is an old man’s disease and you are safe from it, then we beg you to think again. Overweight, over-stressed and poor lifestyle observers are easy targets for this lifestyle disease, even at the young age of 20. While diabetes can be genetic, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) can be prevented by following a proper lifestyle. 

If you’ve been wondering about commonly used cholesterol terms like HDL and LDL, or good cholesterol and bad cholesterol, then you’ve come to the right place. For instance, did you know that cholesterol deposits in your lower body’s arteries could give you foot ulcers? 
That frequent headache you ignore could just be a migraine - headache that can affect anyone, anytime and anywhere. It is a painful condition that can interfere with your day-to-day activities. Though causes for migraine headaches are unknown, the symptoms can be made less severe and can even be prevented. 

Although India has been successful in managing communicable diseases like polio and cholera, the number of cases related to lifestyle diseases has increased drastically in recent times. The main factors responsible for this significant increase are unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, poor sleeping habits, smoking and susceptibility to stress. It is for this reason that our young population (adults and teenagers) is more prone to lifestyle diseases. The only way to prevent the progression of these diseases is through making some simple changes in your daily routine (lifestyle changes). 

Here are top 5 lifestyle diseases you should be aware of:
Type 2 diabetes:

Known as the diabetes capital of the world, India has 61.3 million people suffering from this dreadful lifestyle disease. Type 2 diabetes is caused due to high blood sugar levels in the body resulting from an inability to utilise insulin (hormone produced by the pancreas). One can easily prevent diabetes by effectively controlling its various risk factors such as smoking, obesity and inactive lifestyle. 

Heart disease:
The most common cause of heart disease is increased levels of cholesterol (LDL – low density lipoprotein) and triglycerides in the body. Consumption of processed foods and junk foods, smoking and drinking coupled with a lack of exercise is the main reason why an increasing number of people, including younger adults are suffering from heart diseases. 

Hypertension:
More than 100 million individuals living in India suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure. The increased blood pressure levels (more than 120/80 mm Hg) in the body are caused mainly due to increased intake of salt, high stress levels and obesity. People suffering from hypertension are at increased risk of other health complications like diabetes and heart disease. 

Obesity:
Obesity is a detrimental disease condition which makes you more susceptible to other lifestyle diseases like diabetes and heart disease. Indians, especially the younger generation are at a higher risk of developing this metabolic syndrome due to unhealthy eating, smoking, alcohol consumption, inactivity, stress and lack of sleep. There is nothing like an ideal weight for people unless one can maintain a healthy weight and lead an active lifestyle to prevent obesity and other health issues. 

Cancer:
Although genetic factors are a large determinant in your risk for cancer, smoking and unhealthy eating habits are known to be the biggest culprits, increasing your risk of suffering from this deadly disease. One can lower their chances of developing cancer by following some preventive measures like eating healthy foods (rich in omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants), maintaining a healthy weight, quit smoking and drink only in moderation. 

Prevention:
Lifestyle diseases are preventable for children if parents set them on the correct path, as our early life decisions and influences can impact us later on in life. Lifestyle diseases can be prevented through reduction in smoking of tobacco. Overweight and obesity can be prevented through a well balanced lifestyle through healthy eating and exercise. Prevention can come about by a person undertaking 30 minutes of moderate exercise daily or by doing 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise a week. Examples of moderate exercise includes a brisk walk, swim, bike ride or it can also be everyday life activities like mowing the lawn or house cleaning. All causes of lifestyle disease can be prevented through giving up smoking and other drugs, reducing ones intake of alcohol, processed meats (like bacon and sausages), red meats (like pork, beef and lamb), fatty foods and by engaging in daily exercise.

Type Diabetes

GUM DISEASE

Dr. Yasmin Asma Zohara 92% (26179 ratings)
MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentist, Chennai
GUM DISEASE
Periodontal disease can affect your hear & body.

Gum Disease

Dr. Premendra Goyal 90% (821 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
Gum Disease
Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.

If you notice any of the following, visit your dentist immediately

Gums that bleed easily
Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
Persistent bad breath or bad taste
Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Any change in the fit of partial dentures

It is possible to have gum disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important

Remember: You don’t have to lose teeth to gum disease. Brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits for a lifetime of healthy smiles.
10 people found this helpful

How do I know if I have gum disease?

BDS
Dentist, Mumbai
How do I know if I have gum disease?

How do I know if I have gum disease?
Gum disease is generally painless, even though it damages the bone supporting the teeth. Gum disease (gingivitis) will usually show itself as red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or clean between your teeth. Many people are worried when they notice their gums are bleeding and then brush more gently, or stop altogether. In fact, it is important that you continue to clean regularly and thoroughly if you are to fight the gum disease. If the bleeding does not go away within a few days see your dental team to ask for their advice.

1 person found this helpful

Disease

Dr. Rohit Shukla 87% (11 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lucknow

Ahaar And vihaar is 2 main causative factor for any disease.

Gum Diseases

Dr. Jyoti Ranjan 90% (541 ratings)
Post-Graduate Certificate in Endodontics, B.D.S
Dentist, Cuttack
Gum Diseases

Gum diseases can be treated and reversed in their initial stages very easily. By getting the accumulated tartar and plaque removed by a dentist, there is a chance that they can get better without much ado.

1 person found this helpful

Gum Diseases

Dr. Manan . S . Kotak 87% (106 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Navi Mumbai
Gum Diseases

Gum diseases can be treated and reversed in their initial stages very easily. By getting the accumulated tartar and plaque removed by a dentist, there is a chance that they can get better without much ado.

1 person found this helpful

Gum Diseases

Dr. Chinmay Gokhale 87% (84 ratings)
BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentist, Pune
Gum Diseases

Researchers have shown people with gum diseases are twice as likely to suffer from heart problems than others.

2 people found this helpful
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