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Anxiety Disorders Treatment Tips

Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder!

Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Homeopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Psychotherapy Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Surgical Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
Other Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder
What is General Anxiety Disorder
Symptoms of General Anxiety Disorder
Causes of General Anxiety Disorder
Risk factors of General Anxiety Disorder
Complications of General Anxiety Disorder
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of General Anxiety Disorder
Precautions & Prevention of General Anxiety Disorder
Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Homeopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Homeopathy is excellent safe natural and effective treatment of anxiety. Homeopathic remedies are helpful in both physical and psychological complaints of anxiety. It reduces the feeling of nervousness, restlessness, weakness, trembling, and mental dullness. There are several homeopathic remedies for anxiety disorder.

Aconitum
Argentum nit
Arsenicum alb
Gelsemium
Lycopodium
Natrum mur

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Acupuncture uses sterile, disposable, single-use, and hair thin needles which are inserted into points on the body that have scientifically and empirically validated therapeutic effects on the brain, nervous system, blood circulation, internal organs, and hormones. The acupuncture session would target those areas and balance Qi, thereby resulting in stress relief.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Two common forms of psychotherapy utilized for treatment of anxiety disorders are behavioral and cognitive therapy. The therapist will help the patient to combat undesirable behaviors which often come hand in hand with anxiety. in cognitive therapy, the therapist helps the patient to adapt his or her problematic thought patterns into those which are healthier. Hypnotherapy has excellent record in curing anxiety. It calms mind and works on deep subconscious mind to effectively cure anxieties.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of General Anxiety Disorder

Different types of medications that are used to treat generalized anxiety disorder are Antidepressants such as Paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft) and venlafaxine (Effexor). These medications influence the activity of brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) thought to play a role in anxiety disorders.

What is General Anxiety Disorder?

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety disorder that involves chronic worrying, nervousness, and tension. It’s possible to develop generalized anxiety disorder as a child or as an adult.

Symptoms of General Anxiety Disorder

Constant worrying or obsession about small or large concerns
Inability to relax
Difficulty concentrating or focusing on things
Fatigue
Irritability
Shortness of breath
Muscle tension or muscle aches
Trembling, feeling twitchy or being easily startled
Trouble falling asleep
Sweating, nausea or diarrhea

Causes of General Anxiety Disorder

Imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain
Stress
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Heart disease
Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
Menopause

Risk factors of General Anxiety Disorder

Genetics
Childhood trauma
Being female
Sleep deprivation, sleep inconsistency
Drug or alcohol abuse
Serious illness, such as cancer

 Complications of General Anxiety Disorder

Depression
Substance abuse
Negative effects on work and relationships
Suicide
Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
Digestive or bowel problems
Headaches
Teeth grinding (bruxism) 

Diagnosis of General Anxiety Disorder

Diagnosis of general anxiety disorder consists of detailed questions about your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may also do a physical examination to look for signs that your anxiety might be linked to an underlying medical condition. In some cases, mental health providers use psychological questionnaires to help identify what’s going on.

Precautions & Prevention of General Anxiety Disorder

You can reduce anxiety by carefully managing your time and energy
Avoid unhealthy substance use
Get early treatment

1 person found this helpful

Know More About Anxiety!

Dr. Sandip Patel 90% (397 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda, Ph.d Arthritic Disorder
Ayurveda, Surat
Know More About Anxiety!

Anxiety is a psychological and physiological state categorized by somatic, emotional, cognitive, and behavioural components. The basic meaning of the word anxiety is 'to vex or trouble'. Anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness, nervousness, or fright. The foundation of this uneasiness is not always known or recognized, which can add to the suffering you feel.

  Symptoms :

Symptoms of anxiety disorders are often chronic, and include difficulty in concentrating, high irritability, tense muscles, disturbed sleep, and trouble overcoming worries.

Treatment :

If no physical illness is found, you may be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist, mental health professionals who are specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses. Treatment for anxiety most often includes a combination of medicine and cognitive-behavioural therapy.

One should use, apply Ayurvedic Massage Oils such as Hibril Oil

  • Appliance of Paste of Ayurvedic Herbs (Tagara, Vacha, Rakta-chandan and Nilotapala-these four herbs mixed with luke warm Ghee).Take ayurvedic medicines internally, such as,
  • Ashwagandha which is one of the most effective ayurvedic resource
  • Vacha (Acorus calamus),
  • Jyotishmati (Celestrus paniculatas),
  • Shankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis),
  • Tagara( Valeriana jatamansi),
  • Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi),
  • Brahmi (Centella asiatica),
  • Haritaki ( Terminalia chebula) etc.
  • In addition, relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and biofeedback, may help to control the muscle tension that often accompanies anxiety.

 

6 people found this helpful

Anxiety Disorders, Phobias and Their Management

Dr. Anuneet Sabharwal 89% (156 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Anxiety Disorders, Phobias and Their Management

Anxiety is one of those things that almost every individual faces at some point of time in his/her life. You can be anxious about many things. Sometimes, however, these can lead to a more complex set of problems called ‘phobias; where a person develops anxiety towards a seemingly benign object/situation. For example, a person would be uncomfortable in water, and develop a phobia of swimming, or a person can be allergic to insects and get a phobia/fear of insects. 

Anxiety can lead to an emotional pain - a pain where there are no physical attributes. Having an anxiety disorder can hamper a person from performing his/her regular activities. Let us have an in-depth look into anxiety disorders, and their possible management. 

Understanding Anxiety: 

Sometimes, there may be no underlying cause of anxiety. Sometimes, the environment or the incidents a person experiences in his lifetime, can precipitate anxiety disorders. There are several symptoms of anxiety, and some of them can include mood swings, confusion, decreased self-esteem, fatigue, weakness, and general fear of one's surroundings, lack of concentration, and a general feeling of helplessness. The person's sleep pattern gets disturbed, and as a result, insomnia sets in. He/she might be unable to perform the activities that they were able to earlier. Anxiety sometimes causes the blood pressure to shoot up, and can result in heart-related complications. In severe cases, anxiety can lead to depression and complete helplessness, and this can result in suicidal tendencies. 

Anxiety is one of the most common mental health problems that individuals face today. Our changing lifestyle too has contributed a great deal towards it. Modern day urban living is highly stressed with long working hours, unhealthy diet, and frequent smoking and drinking, all of which can trigger anxiety disorders. 

Treatment: 

Anxiety management is not a single step process, and it involves layers of planning. The primary part of the treatment involves the evaluation of the patient first. The underlying cause of the anxiety has to be addressed first and evaluated. The trauma related to that particular cause has to be analyzed, and only then can the physical treatment start. The psychiatrist can help only if the person who is suffering is more open to treatment. Medication certainly works, and anti-depressants, as advised by the physician, should be initiated. Sometimes, a change of job or the environment can help a great deal in minimizing anxiety levels. Friends and family members should also pitch in, offering the support the individual needs. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

5623 people found this helpful

How to Cope with Anxiety and Depression Disorder

Dr. Shyam Mithiya 90% (713 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, MBBS
Sexologist, Mumbai
How to Cope with Anxiety and Depression Disorder

Unlike what you may think, anxiety is a common emotional response in a situation where we are worried about an outcome. It is, in fact, beneficial to us as it keeps us alert and charged for a reaction. Anxiety disorder, however, comes when you lose control over your reaction and let it take control of your life in a way that disables you from living a normal life. 
The first thing to do as a positive step is to accept that you have a disorder. Mental health problems are as big as physical problems. Just like the body needs to be treated to cure a disease, the mind too can be treated to cure you of your problems. The next thing to do is to know what type of disorder you are suffering from to get specific treatment for it.

Connection between anxiety and depression:
Anxiety is not just incessant worrying. It is sometimes an obsessive compulsive disorder that can takeover your life or a terrifying phobia that can prevent you from doing things that are routine for others. Over a period of time, living with such a disorder can take an emotional toll leading to depression.  Chance of developing depression in addition to anxiety is quite high. In fact, almost half of all people with major depression also suffer from severe and persistent anxiety. In many cases people suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are also victims of depression.

Symptoms of anxiety and depression disorder
Constant fear and worry
Loss of interest in normal life, hobbies and activities
Insomnia and fatigue with inability to relax

Panic attacks
Feeling of sadness and worthlessness

Coping with anxiety and depression disorder
The first and most important thing to know is that both conditions are treatable and patients who get regular care, medication and support from friends and family can come back to living a normal life. Here are some of the treatments available:

1. Medication: Taking proper medication is very important as it acts quickly and is quite safe. Most people do not take medication, such as sleeping pills, fearing they might get addicted to them, which is a myth. Also, medications prescribed by your doctor are safe and specific that is why they have been prescribed.

2. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): It is used to first figure out what the cause behind the anxiety or depression. It is then used to teach people to manage their fears, anxieties, and depressive symptoms and also learn how to take control of their emotions. Another therapy used for treating depression is Emotive Behaviour therapy.

3. Lifestyle modification: In order to overcome, anxiety and depression, certain lifestyle changes are required, such as one should exercise daily at least for 30 minutes and eat a healthy diet.

4. Counselling: Counselling helps the person to overcome the oppressive thoughts and cope up with the feeling of worthlessness.

5. Group therapy: Knowing you are not alone with your pains and fears can often come as a big relief. Not only will the patient benefit from joining a local support group, the care giver will also learn how to cope with the developments of the disorder and how they can continue to provide care and support to their loved ones.

3549 people found this helpful

All You Need To Know About Various Forms Of Anxiety Disorders!

Sarvam Global Healthcare 91% (163 ratings)
Psychiatrist, Delhi
All You Need To Know About Various Forms Of Anxiety Disorders!

All You Need To Know About Various Forms of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety and stress are regular occurrences that happen to all individuals in certain situations. But if these become habitual and take place in excessive frequency, then it is symptomatic of a psychological problem. Anxiety disorders require proper treatment through counseling and therapy for leading a healthy stress-free life.

Anxiety impacts each person at a different level and is accompanied by various types of irrational phobias. Hence it differs from case to case. There are a few general types into which anxiety disorders can be categorized. Some of these types are as follows:

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
This kind of anxiety is constant and vague and does not appear to stem from any specific factor. Those suffering from it are affected during all waking hours and even in sleep when it is disturbed and irregular due to unending stress.

2. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A person suffering from ocd experiences uncontrollable compulsions and is unable to keep from obsessing over issues of trivial nature. This manifests itself in definite behavioral patterns which become rigid and inflexible.

3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
This is an extreme form of anxiety disorder that is caused when the patient experiences a traumatic event or life-threatening accident that leaves a mental scar. It takes the form of panic attacks, nightmares, sudden mental breakdowns, hyper vigilance, and excessive nervousness.

4. Panic Disorder
The patients of this disorder experience sudden panic attacks which occur frequently without any specific trigger. It is also accompanied by the fear of having such attacks, as well as a fear of being in places from where it is difficult to escape in the event of an attack.

5. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
Also known as social phobia, sad causes a person to be in constant fear of being negatively viewed by people. It involves constant fear of public humiliation and also gives rise to performance anxiety or stage fright.

How to Recognize An Anxiety Disorder?

There are many symptoms of anxiety disorders which have both physical and emotional symptoms. Following are the most common signs of chronic anxiety:

4076 people found this helpful

What Are Anxiety Disorders?

Dr. Meghna 88% (104 ratings)
Phd, Mphil, MSc, Bed, BA (Clinical Psychologist and Parent Child Relationship Expert)
Psychologist, Noida
What Are Anxiety Disorders?

Does the fear of the exam get your heart racing? Does a tensed feeling grip you as you are about to make that big presentation to the board? Feeling anxious and worried is a common reaction is such situations. It is, however, different, when anxiety moves to the level of a disorder that debilitates you from living a normal life. 

Types: Different type of anxiety disorders include
a) Generalized anxiety disorder: People suffering from this disorder generally have a persistent fear or worry of everyday matters. Will you manage to get to office on time? Will you be able to make the money you need? Will you be able to get sleep tonight! -All of which are valid thoughts which convert into an anxiety problem if you dwell on them too long and too hard.
b) Phobia: This is the largest category in anxiety disorders characterized by the fear of an object, person or situation. 
c) Panic disorder: The unfortunate part of this disorder is a panic attack that can be triggered by an object of fear or an intense situation which can cause the person to have difficulty in breathing, tremble, shake and often disable them for anything between 10 minutes to a few hours. 
d) Agoraphobia: Want to escape from the room but your feet won't cooperate? That's agoraphobia -a fear linked with panic disorder which makes you feel trapped.
e) Social anxiety disorder: Most of us may have experienced a form of this fear when we had to go on stage for a performance or speaking assignment. When it escalates to become a disorder, the fear manifests itself with physical symptoms and sometimes aggravates to social isolation. 
f) Post traumatic stress disorder: This is the aftermath of being in a traumatic situation like combat, natural disaster, rape and hostage situation. 

g) Other anxiety disorders: These include separation anxiety (from being separated from a person or place), situational anxiety (like claustrophobia that happens when a person is in a situation of tightly crowded places) and obsessive compulsive disorders where a person follows compulsive rituals to get relief from the anxiety. 

Causes
Anxiety disorder is a mental illness. It is not a result of personal weakness, a character flaw, or poor upbringing. Though exact causes are unclear, scientists say that disorders are caused by a combination of factors, including changes in the brain and environmental stress. Drugs, alcohol abuse, certain medical conditions and genetics are also possible triggers for anxiety disorder. 

Symptoms: It mostly includes one or more of symptoms like restlessness, irritability, concentration problems, fatigue, muscle tension and sleep disturbance

Diagnosis:
Anxiety disorders are often 'caught in the act' during a flare up or a high stress situation when the victim is unable to cope with the situation. Standardized screening clinical questionnaires such as the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale or the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale can be used to detect anxiety symptoms, and the need for a formal diagnostic assessment of anxiety disorder may be suggested. 

Treatment: It generally includes lifestyle changes, medication and therapy. If you are looking for help for an anxiety disorder, book a private appointment with us. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.

4247 people found this helpful

Dealing With Anxiety Disorders in Youngsters

Dr. Mehak Nagpal 91% (143 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Dealing With Anxiety Disorders in Youngsters

In today's fast paced world, the number of cases of teenagers with serious mental health problems like anxiety disorders have quadrupled. An anxiety disorder affects the thinking, feelings as well as the behaviour of a young person. It is important to seek professional help if one sees any of the warning signs of anxiety disorder in a youngster. Most of the normal anxiety issues are short lived and the feelings may last for few hours. However, an anxiety problem becomes an anxiety disorder when anxious feelings are very intense, severe and last for weeks or months. They start interfering in a youngster's ability to socialise, learn and daily activities.

Let's talk specific:

1. Aviophobia: Fear of flying, also known as aviophobia, is an anxiety disorder classified as a situational Specific Phobia. The person with fear of flying, heights has a continuing and excessive fear triggered by flying or the thought of flying or heights. Typically, flying is avoided or endured with intense anxiety, which may take the form of a panic attack.

2. Claustrophobia: Claustrophobia is a fear of being in an enclosed space. Thus, being trapped in a lift scare those who have such phobia. Also, travelling through a tunnel or metro makes people anxious if you have claustrophobia. A person suffering can often feel distressed just with the thought of being in a bus, train or plane. Usually any small, enclosed space would trigger a panic attack, especially if you felt trapped.

The problem with this way of thinking is it spreads to other places. Subways, lifts, small rooms are the classic scenario, but the intense fear of the person  is not restricted just to these places. The fear and the panic can be experienced in any place where the person perceives a confinement, closeness or trapped feeling.

If anxiety disorder in a youngster is ignored and left untreated, it can have long-term consequences on the mental health and can hamper development. The first step is to talk with the youngster and others who might be able to help like a general practitioner, school counsellor, family members or other parents. Identification of a teenage anxiety problem is difficult as youngsters are good at hiding their feelings and thoughts. They are able to mask those feelings with aggressive behaviour or withdrawal.

Young people might be diagnosed with more than one type of anxiety disorder. Social phobia or social anxiety disorder occurs when one develops an intense fear of being judged or embarrassed in public. Excessive worry about everyday situations is called as generalised anxiety disorder. Panic disorder is repeated, unexpected panic attacks where one encounters panic in a situation where most people wouldn't be afraid. Excessive fear of being separated from home or a loved one is separation anxiety disorder.

There are many things that one can do to support the youngster mentally and reduce the risk. 

Strong family support and relationships have shown to help protect youngsters from anxiety disorders. Seeking professional help early for the youngster is the best thing one can do when symptoms are seen or the youngster is experiencing severe anxious feelings which are interfering with his normal activities.

One must not ignore or dismiss youngster's fears.

Encourage him gently to do things that make him anxious, but do not push him to situations that he does not want to face. Also, praise him for doing things he's anxious about. Refer the youngster as brave and not anxious or shy. Set up a role model for him by managing your own stress and anxiety. A professional help for an anxiety disorder is vital for youngster's healthy development. Psychological treatment concentrates on strategies to help youngsters cope up with anxiety. Anti-depressants drugs are used to reduce the symptoms of anxiety disorders. One should also stop or reduce consumption of caffeine products such as coffee, tea, cola, energy drinks and chocolate.

5012 people found this helpful

Role Of Homeopathy In Treating Anxiety Disorder

Dr. Chhavi Bansal 90% (1082 ratings)
Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, M.Sc - Psychology, BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Role Of Homeopathy In Treating Anxiety Disorder

All of us undoubtedly experience the hasty pace of life. There are invariable pressures at work and home which load us up with fear and worries, but when this anxiety becomes a disruptive force in our life and begins to dominate our behavior, and starts interfering with work, school, family life it calls for treatment. Anxiety is an emotional turmoil that may incorporate many different feelings and symptoms.

Adults are not the only ones who get stressed out, children are also vulnerable to stress. Some children experience anxiety and may struggle to amend to new situations such as school and friendships, may feel unusually insecure or have intense fear of the dark, insects, animals or other creatures.

Causes of Anxiety Neurosis:

The reason why it occur is very difficult. It is illunderstood also. Socio-economic reason is also precipitating factor - like loss of job, continues target or goals in jobs which are increasing everyday pressure.

  1. Heredity.

  2. Imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain.

  3. Emotional trauma.

  4. Lifestyle choices.

  5. Alcohol, caffeine and certain drugs.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder (neurosis):

  1. Unnecessary, unrealistic and uncontrollable worry about everyday things.

  2. Shortness of breath.

  3. Increased heartbeat.

  4. Trembling and dizziness.

  5. Headaches.

  6. Fatigue.

  7. Muscle stiffness.

  8. Restlessness.

  9. Sleep disturbances.

  10. Mood changes.

  11. Diarrhea.

  12. Feeling of hopelessness and Pessimism.

  13. Sexual impotence.

Homoeopathic Treatment:

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat anxiety but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved homeopathy medicines are available for treatment of anxiety disorders that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.

If you do not want to opt for allopathic medicines or go into immediate counselling to relieve yourself of anxiety disorders, then the best option for you at hand would be to try and follow homoeopathy. Homeopathy is often seen as an alternate form of medicine and does not have any side effects as such. Thus, it is often preferred by many people.

Anxiety should not be left to accumulate in the body. Thus, it is necessary to treat it as soon as possible with whichever means that would suit your body. Homeopathy is just one form of treatment. It is advised if the results are not as you desire, then you should opt for a medical practitioner who might be able to help you further.

7813 people found this helpful

Anxiety And Depression Disorders - How To Cope With Them?

Dr. N A Khan (Unani Specialist) 90% (818 ratings)
Doctor In Unani Medicine(D.U.M.B.I.M)
Sexologist, Delhi
Anxiety And Depression Disorders - How To Cope With Them?

Unlike what you may think, anxiety is a common emotional response in a situation where we are worried about an outcome. It is, in fact, beneficial to us as it keeps us alert and charged for a reaction. Anxiety disorder, however, comes when you lose control over your reaction and let it take control of your life in a way that disables you from living a normal life. 
The first thing to do as a positive step is to accept that you have a disorder. Mental health problems are as big as physical problems. Just like the body needs to be treated to cure a disease, the mind too can be treated to cure you of your problems. The next thing to do is to know what type of disorder you are suffering from to get specific treatment for it.

Connection between anxiety and depression:
Anxiety is not just incessant worrying. It is sometimes an obsessive compulsive disorder that can takeover your life or a terrifying phobia that can prevent you from doing things that are routine for others. Over a period of time, living with such a disorder can take an emotional toll leading to depression

The chances of developing depression in addition to anxiety is quite high. In fact, almost half of all people with major depression also suffer from severe and persistent anxiety. In many cases people suffering from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are also victims of depression.

Symptoms of anxiety and depression disorder

  • Constant fear and worry
  • Loss of interest in normal life, hobbies and activities
  • Insomnia and fatigue with inability to relax
  • Panic attacks
  • Feeling of sadness and worthlessness

Coping with anxiety and depression disorder
The first and most important thing to know is that both conditions are treatable and patients who get regular care, medication and support from friends and family can come back to living a normal life. Here are some of the treatments available:

1. Medication: Taking proper medication is very important as it acts quickly and is quite safe. Most people do not take medication, such as sleeping pills, fearing they might get addicted to them, which is a myth. Also, medications prescribed by your doctor are safe and specific that is why they have been prescribed.

2. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): It is used to first figure out what the cause behind the anxiety or depression. It is then used to teach people to manage their fears, anxieties, and depressive symptoms and also learn how to take control of their emotions. Another therapy used for treating depression is Emotive Behaviour therapy.

3. Lifestyle modification: In order to overcome, anxiety and depression, certain lifestyle changes are required, such as one should exercise daily at least for 30 minutes and eat a healthy diet.

4. Counselling: Counselling helps the person to overcome the oppressive thoughts and cope up with the feeling of worthlessness.

5. Group therapy: Knowing you are not alone with your pains and fears can often come as a big relief. Not only will the patient benefit from joining a local support group, the care giver will also learn how to cope with the developments of the disorder and how they can continue to provide care and support to their loved ones.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6762 people found this helpful

Social Anxiety Disorder - How It Can Be Treated?

Dr. Manish 90% (14 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Social Anxiety Disorder - How It Can Be Treated?

While many of us may feel the pressure of appearing in large social gatherings, there are those who feel positively crippled at the very thought of showing up and interacting with many people at a time. There is a difference between the two scenarios where one may down to an introverted nature, and the other may be a symptom of a greater problem like social anxiety disorder. So what exactly is this condition all about? Here is everything you need to know!

Definition: By definition, social anxiety disorder is marked with many issues including the feeling of pressing self-consciousness, as well as anxiety, fear and embarrassment. All of these may be caused in the natural course of everyday interactions as well. It is a condition where the patient cannot cope with normal interactions without the support of medication and therapy.

Symptoms: There are a number of symptoms which can help in recognizing this condition. Constant worry and concern that one may end up humiliated on a public platform or while having the most mundane discussions at work or at a party, is one of the most pressing symptoms of this condition. Further, the patient will also be fearful of offending people he or she may be interacting with. Also, after an interaction or presence at a gathering, one may sit down to analyze the performance in great detail and be constantly critical of the same. Anxiety may also make the patient avoid any kind of social situation in extreme cases.

Causes: There are a number of things that may cause such a condition. The genetic makeup of the patient may make this an inherited condition that may happen if there were one or more people in the direct family who were suffering from this condition. Also, it may be caused due to changes in the amygdala, which is the part of the brain that controls one’s responses to fear. A person with an overactive amygdala may end up feeling more scared than normal of the most everyday things. Social anxiety disorder can also be a learned behaviour which may come up due to environmental issues like being reared by parents who have been severely overprotective of their children.

Treatment: There are many ways of treating this condition. To begin with, one can turn to psychotherapy. With the help of such therapy, the symptoms can be handled with the help of proper discussions and the programming of new ideas into the brain so that the fear and anxiety gradually recede. Cognitive behavioural therapy is one of the most favoured forms of therapy that psychiatrists consider in such cases. Medication like norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors may also be prescribed for the patient so as to control the amygdala. Further, one may also have to sue antidepressants prescribed by a medical practitioner so as to deal with the anxiety and fear on an everyday basis. Also, one may use beta blockers that affect the way adrenaline functions, by curbing the excess production of the same. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

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