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Tooth Decay Tips

दांतों में कैविटी कारण और इलाज - Danto Mein Cavity Karan Aur Ilaj!

दांतों में कैविटी कारण और इलाज - Danto Mein Cavity Karan Aur Ilaj!

कैविटी, जिसे दांत का सडन भी कहा जाता है, एक छेद होता है जो आपके दांत में बनता है. जब इसका उपचार नहीं किया जाता हैं तो यह कैविटी और धीरे-धीरे बड़ी होने लगती हैं. क्योंकि कई गुहाएँ शुरुआत में दर्द का कारण नहीं होती हैं, इसलिए इसे महसूस करना मुश्किल हो सकता है. नियमित डेंटल अपॉइंटमेंट से दांतों की सड़न का जल्द पता लगाया जा सकता है. कैविटी और दांतों की सड़न दुनिया की सबसे सामान्य स्वास्थ्य समस्याओं में से एक हैं. दांतों में कैविटी बच्चे से लेकर बड़ो तक को हो सकता हैं.

टूथ कैवटी के लक्षण:

कैविटी के लक्षण सङन के गंभीरता पर निर्भर करता है. इसमें शामिल है:
1. दांतों में संवेदना
2. दांत दर्द
3. दांत में छेद होना
4. दांत पर काले या सफेद दाग

डेंटल कैविटी के कारण:

डेंटल कैविटी प्लाक के कारण होते हैं, यह एक चिपचिपा पदार्थ होता है जो दांतों को बांध कर रखता है. पट्टिका का संयोजन है:

* जीवाणु
* लार
* अम्ल
* भोजन के कण

हर किसी के मुंह में बैक्टीरिया होते हैं. शुगर के साथ खाद्य पदार्थ खाने या पीने के बाद, आपके मुंह में बैक्टीरिया चीनी को एसिड में बदल देते हैं. कुछ भी मीठा खाने या पीने से जल्द ही आपके दांतों पर प्लाक बनने लगते हैं. यही कारण है कि नियमित रूप से ब्रश करना महत्वपूर्ण है.

प्लाक आपके दांतों से चिपक जाता है और प्लाक में मौजूद एसिड धीरे-धीरे दांतों के इनेमल को मिटा सकता है. तामचीनी आपके दांतों पर एक मजबूत, सुरक्षात्मक कोटिंग है जो दांतों की सड़न से बचाता है. जैसे-जैसे आपका दांत इनेमल कमजोर होता है, सङन होने का खतरा बढ़ जाता है.

हर किसी को कैविटी का खतरा होता है, लेकिन कुछ लोगों में इसका खतरा अधिक होता है. जोखिम कारकों में शामिल हैं:

* बहुत सारे शर्करा या अम्लीय खाद्य पदार्थ और पेय
* खराब मौखिक स्वच्छता दिनचर्या, जैसे कि रोजाना ब्रश या फ्लॉस नहीं करना
* पर्याप्त फ्लोराइड नहीं मिलना
* शुष्क मुँह
* आहार विकार, जैसे एनोरेक्सिया और बुलिमिया
* एसिड भाटा रोग, जो आपके दाँत तामचीनी पहने हुए पेट में एसिड हो सकता है

डेंटल कैविटी के लिए उपचार के विकल्प
अपने डॉक्टर को दांतों की संवेदनशीलता या दर्द जैसे असहज लक्षणों के बारे में बताएं. आपका दंत चिकित्सक मौखिक परीक्षा के बाद दांतों की सड़न की पहचान कर सकता है. हालाँकि, मौखिक परीक्षा से कुछ गुहाएँ दिखाई नहीं देतीं. इसलिए, आपके डेंटिस्ट सङन को देखने के लिए डेंटल एक्स-रे का उपयोग कर सकते हैं.

उपचार के विकल्प गंभीरता पर निर्भर करते हैं. कैविटी के इलाज के कई तरीके हैं.
* टूथ फीलिंग

इसमें डेंटिस्ट एक ड्रिल का उपयोग करता है और दांत से सङन सामग्री को निकालता है. इसके बाद डेंटिस्ट आपके दांतों में एक पदार्थ से भरता है, जैसे कि चांदी, सोना, या मिश्रित राल.
* क्राउन
ज्यादा गंभीर सङन के लिए, आपका डेंटिस्ट दांत के प्राकृतिक क्राउन को बदलने के लिए दाँत के ऊपर एक कस्टम-फिट कैप लगा सकता है. इस प्रक्रिया को शुरू करने से पहले डेंटिस्ट क्षययुक्त दांत सामग्री को हटा देता है.
* रूट केनाल
जब दाँत क्षय आपकी नसों की मृत्यु का कारण बनता है, तो आपका डेंटिस्ट आपके दाँत को बचाने के लिए एक रूट कैनाल लगता है. वे नर्व टिश्यू, ब्लड वेसल्स टिश्यू और आपके दांत के किसी भी क्षयग्रस्त क्षेत्र को हटा देते हैं. आपका दंत चिकित्सक तब संक्रमण की जाँच करता है और आवश्यकतानुसार दवा को दांतों के जड़ों में लगाता है. अंत में, वे दांत को भरते हैं और उस पर एक क्राउन भी रख सकते हैं.
* प्रारंभिक चरण उपचार
यदि आपका दंत चिकित्सक अपने प्रारंभिक चरण में डेंटल कैवटी का पता लगाता है, तो एक फ्लोराइड उपचार आपके दाँत तामचीनी को रिस्टोर कर सकता है और आगे होने वाले सङन को रोक सकता है.

Dental Health In Elderly People - How Vital Is It?

Dental Health In Elderly People - How Vital Is It?

It is said that oral health is the best indicator of a person's health. A bad oral hygiene translates down to the rest of the organs, reflecting poor health. And, like all other organs of the body, the oral cavity also is ageing and therefore, requires extra attention to maintain good health and requires longer time to heal and get back to its original state. So, as the old adage goes, prevention is better than cure.

The following are some reasons why oral health in older patients is very important:

Food/Nutrition: Be it the regular decay or the more rare cases of oral cancers, poor oral health means reduced food intake. In the elderly, the tissues supporting the teeth (periodontium) deteriorates, leading to loosening of the teeth and inability to eat and chew food. This gets into a vicious cycle, and for the elderly, good healthy nutrition is very important for overall health. If decayed teeth and weak teeth are not allowing them to eat well, the overall health takes a toll too.

Overall health: Poor oral health is associated with higher incidence of diabetes and heart disease. Also, in diabetics especially, the periodontal tissue is easily affected and prone to infection. This leads to not just tooth mobility but also root caries. The incidence of abscess and cyst associated with root caries is much
higher than decay in the crown portion of the tooth. The simple logic is that there is more tooth structure covering the crown than the root, and therefore, the decay reaches the pulp a lot more quickly.

Medications and side effects: Dental pain, those who have experienced will swear to be one of the worst pains to go through. And in old age, it is something that is best avoided. So, better oral care and hygiene measures become all the more important. Once pain sets in, the antibiotics and painkillers become necessary, bringing with them a host of side effects.

Simple Management tips:

- Brush twice a day using fluoridated toothpaste
- Rinse with each meal with a mouthwash is possible, else with plain water
- Floss regularly to prevent interdental caries 
- Routine bi-annual visits to the dentist, especially if you are prone for decay or have dry mouth. Whether it is a small decay or a lesion, the dentist will be able to detect it early and arrest and/or treat it
- Don't ignore lumps or sore throat that is persistent 
- Quit smoking, use of tobacco (if applicable) 
- Healthy diet that is rich in fiber 

To avoid the vicious cycle of dental symptoms and complications and their effect on general health, it is advisable to do some basic hygiene measures.

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Dental Health - Why Is Nutrition Important?

Dental Health - Why Is Nutrition Important?

Almost everything you eat and drink has an impact on your oral health, especially your teeth. This impact is not just due to the food's nutritional value, but also because parts of the mouth come in direct contact with the food that is taken. For example, if the teeth come in contact with a compound that has a pH value lower than 5.5, the enamel of teeth can get softened.

The following is a list of the foods, which are good for your teeth:

  1. Dairy productsMilk and most other dairy products are rich in calcium and protein. The cells called osteoblasts absorb calcium and create the protein tissues, which are the building blocks of the skeleton. An added advantage of these foods is that they are low in sugar content, which is beneficial for the teeth.
  2. Water: Fluoridated water is extremely good for bone and dental health. Minerals like chlorine, calcium, phosphorus and fluorine can prevent damage caused by acidic foods.
  3. Dry fruits: Most nuts are protein rich. The processes of biting and chewing also stimulate the salivary glands and saliva helps to clean the mouth and maintain oral health.
  4. Meat: Meat is also high in protein content and so it helps to protect the teeth and replenish the dissolved enamel. Fish and eggs are similarly helpful.

Here is a list of things that you should consume in regulated quantities to maintain dental health:

  1. Citrus fruits: Fruits like lemons, oranges, grapes etc contain citric acid. Acidic foods erode the tooth enamel and so these kinds of fruits should be included in your daily diet in small portions.
  2. Carbonated drinks: Most soft drinks and beverages contain large quantities of sugar. The sugar can be used by the dental plaque (mass of bacteria growing on the inside on the mouth) to produce acids and over time, which gives rise to a thick yellow layer on the teeth, damaging them.
  3. Candied sugar: Foods that are sticky can remain stuck in between the teeth for a very long time and cause decay of the enamel and harm the gums.

Tooth Decay - How To Stop It?

Tooth Decay - How To Stop It?

Your mouth is the breeding place for various bacteria. These bacteria use the sugar in food and turn them into acids. These acids then react with a tooth, gradually drilling a hole in it, which is infamously known as a tooth cavity. 

You might wonder why exactly this happens. When your teeth are subjected to acid frequently, the repeated acid attacks on the enamel, the enamel starts losing its minerals. The first sign of tooth decay is when a white spot appears on the tooth. This white spot is the area from where the enamel has lost its minerals. If not taken care of from the time this early sign of decay makes an appearance, then the decay just gets more serious and the white spot will turn into a cavity. Here are some tips to avoid tooth decay altogether:

1. Use fluoride based toothpaste and mouthwash: Fluoride prevents tooth decay from maturing. It can even reverse or stop tooth decay which is in its early stage. It also protects the tooth from further decay and replenishes the lost minerals from the enamel and prevents any further loss. It also reduces the acid making ability of the bacteria present in the mouth.

2. Keep a check on food: Keep a study check on what you are eating. If you eat too much junk food or food which contains a lot of sugar regularly, then suffering from tooth decay is inevitable. Try to limit those foods to maybe once or twice a week.

3. Brush your teeth: Brush your teeth regularly, preferably with fluoride toothpaste. Not only will the fluoride toothpaste protect your teeth, but the toothbrush will also take out any food particle stuck between two teeth.  Brush at least twice a day or preferably after every meal and before bed.

4. Use dental floss: Clean in between your teeth with dental floss.

5. Eat cheese: Cheese contains casein which prevents tooth decay or cavity formation.

6. Visit your dentist regularly: Make sure you visit your dentist regularly to keep your teeth healthy.

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Tooth Pain - How To Get Rid Of It?

Tooth Pain - How To Get Rid Of It?

Those who have experienced it would vouch for the fact that toothache is one of the worst pains. There could be times when the attack happens out of nowhere and you are crying for relief.

The tooth has 2 parts - the visible part called the crown and the invisible part called the root which is embedded in the jaw bone and covered by the gums.  

Both the crown and the root have 3 layers from inside out. The crown has enamel, dentin, and pulp. The enamel is the mineralized part of the tooth, dentin has fine sensory dentinal tubules, and the pulp receives nerve and blood supply to the tooth through a small orifice at the end of the tooth called the apex. On the root surface, instead of enamel, there is a softer substance called cementum.  The dentin and the pulp continue through the tooth but are thinner in the root portion of the tooth.

The mouth has the largest amount of bacteria in the body. These act on the food deposits on the tooth and produce acid which leads to the breakdown of the enamel. The only symptom when enamel breakdown happens is food lodgment, and it continues until treatment ensues. Once the breakdown reaches the dentin, sensitivity sets in, and most people go for treatment then. If not, the next layer is the pulp, when there is severe pain. This acute pulpitis causes pain in spurts and can be unbearable.

On the root surface, if there is periodontal disease and the gum line goes down, then cementum gets worn off (far more easily than enamel) and decay reaches the dentin and pulp (again faster than in the crown).

Whatever the case, the treatment would be the same:

  • Dental examination, clinical testing, and x-rays would be diagnostic. Tapping the tooth would reproduce the same pain and that is indicative of acute pulpitis.
  • Antibiotics and pain killers would be given to control the pain.
  • Once the infection subsides, root canal therapy is initiated.  Using the decayed portion to gain access to the root, thin instruments called reamers and files are used to clean out the pulp space completely. They are then shaped to accommodate an inert substance called gutta percha which ensures the infection does not seep into the tooth again.
  • With RCT, the tooth is weakened, and therefore a crown needs to be placed. This could either be a ceramic crown or a full metal crown based on economic and aesthetic reasons.

The best way to avoid this is regular visits to a dentist so that decay is identified in the early stages and treated with the minimal cost and maximum natural tooth preservation.

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Fluoride Products - How Vital Is It For Your Teeth?

Fluoride Products - How Vital Is It For Your Teeth?

Fluoride products for the teeth have immense importance in dentistry. Fluoride is one such chemical, the balance of which is highly required for strong and healthy teeth. However, there is an optimum amount of fluoride needed for teeth. Anything lesser than that or greater than that can cause harm and serious teeth and gum problems and tooth decay. The best option, therefore, is to get a fluoride-based toothpaste or mouthwash, which will keep on providing the teeth with the optimum quantity of its daily dose of fluoride.

The benefits of fluoride products
Before delving into the types of fluoride products available, let's have a look at the benefits of fluoride on teeth. Fluorides actually save the teeth from dental caries. It happens such that fluoride makes a certain mineral bonding on the teeth which is called fluoropatite. This is not normally found in human teeth, but when teeth damage is done, then to heal it fast this compound is needed to repair the damages. This adds to the mineral bonding in the teeth and strengthens the teeth.  

The fluoride products

The various fluoride based products which you may use are as follows:

- Fluoridated water- fluoridating water is a simple process where the optimum amount of fluoride is mixed with drinking water so that drinking the water automatically keeps on adding fluoride to the body and keeps in contact with teeth. This therapy alone is enough and needs no more therapies generally. But not all water reserves contain this, and it's not possible to add fluorides to all water reserves. That is why the other fluoride treatments are needed.

- Fluoride toothpaste- This is one of the most common forms for fluoride treatments. Every common daily use toothpaste contains a 0.22 to 0.312 percent of fluoride, and this is highly beneficial to the teeth for the healing of decay and fast repairs. It lets the teeth get stronger. 

- Mouth Rinses- Fluoride mouth rinses are an option. The sodium fluorides commonly used in the rinses are used in small amounts in the product which is used just like toothpaste and washed off.

- Fluoride foams and gels- The foams and gels are used when the teeth of the child or adult are under high risk of cavities. The foam or gel is rubbed on the teeth, and kept for a while and then washed off. The typical application time is 30 minutes. 

- Varnishes- the fluoride varnishes are just like gels, and they are also used on the tooth surface similarly. It's the choice of the dentist or patient as to which one they want to go with.

Besides these slow fluoride releasing devices, medical supplements and lozenges are also there, which slowly release the optimum amount of fluorides to keep the teeth strong and healing.

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Dental Health Tips!

Dental Health Tips!

Using an appropriate toothpaste is very necessary for the health of our teeth. Toothpaste which contains fluoride help in keeping the teeth healthy by reducing the risk of tooth decay.

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Severe Toothache - How To Get Relief From It?

Severe Toothache - How To Get Relief From It?

Those who have experienced it would vouch for the fact that a toothache is one of the worst pains. There could be times when the attack happens out of nowhere and you are crying for relief.

The tooth has 2 parts - the visible part called the crown and the invisible part called the root which is embedded in the jaw bone and covered by the gums.  

Both the crown and the root have 3 layers from inside out. The crown has enamel, dentin, and pulp. The enamel is the mineralized part of the tooth, dentin has fine sensory dentinal tubules, and the pulp receives nerve and blood supply to the tooth through a small orifice at the end of the tooth called the apex.  On the root surface, instead of enamel, there is a softer substance called cementum.  The dentin and the pulp continue through the tooth but are thinner in the root portion of the tooth.

The mouth has the largest amount of bacteria in the body. These act on the food deposits on the tooth and produce acid which leads to the breakdown of the enamel. The only symptom when enamel breakdown happens is food lodgment, and it continues till treatment ensues. Once the breakdown reaches the dentin, sensitivity sets in, and most people go for treatment then. If not, the next layer is the pulp, when there is severe pain.  This acute pulpitis causes pain in spurts and can be unbearable.

On the root surface, if there is periodontal disease and the gum line goes down, then cementum gets worn off (far more easily than enamel) and decay reaches the dentin and pulp (again faster than in the crown).

Whatever the case, the treatment would be the same:

  • Dental examination, clinical testing, and x-rays would be diagnostic. Tapping the tooth would reproduce the same pain and that is indicative of acute pulpitis
  • Antibiotics and painkillers would be given to control the pain
  • Once the infection subsides, root canal therapy is initiated.  Using the decayed portion to gain access to the root, thin instruments called reamers and files are used to clean out the pulp space completely. They are then shaped to accommodate an inert substance called gutta percha which ensures infection does not seep into the tooth again.
  • With RCT, the tooth is weakened, and therefore a crown needs to be placed. This could either be a ceramic crown or a full metal crown based on economic and esthetic reasons.

The best way to avoid this is regular visits to a dentist so that decay is identified in the early stages and treated with the minimal cost and maximum natural tooth preservation.

2 people found this helpful

Know More About Methods And Results Of Laser Dentistry!

Know More About Methods And Results Of Laser Dentistry!

A very interesting thing, that most people would have noticed during their visit to the clinic is the white light that is used on the teeth. This is laser light, which is used extensively over the last couple of decades in dentistry for a variety of treatments. The following are some procedures where the laser is commonly used.

  1. Whitening teeth: In-office bleaching is done by applying the whitening agent on the tooth and activating it by laser light. This instant result is whiter teeth and a brighter smile.

  2. Caries: In some cases, laser light is used to remove the decayed portion of the tooth and shape the surrounding healthy tooth to receive the restorative material.

  3. Restorations: When composite resins are used to fill the space left by tooth decay, the decayed portion is removed and the enamel etched to improve adhesion. The composite material is then filled in the tooth space to achieve the desired shape and then light-cured.

  4. Veneers: Where a thin layer of the existing tooth is removed to provide a whiter tooth, then laser light is used. These chemicals are inactive and only become activated when exposed to laser light. In cases of both restorations and veneers, one big advantage is it gives sufficient working time for the dentist to shape the material to the desired form and then activate it.

  5. Gingivitis: Laser is also used in gum diseases where bacteria are removed and the gums are reshaped. Using the laser on the root surfaces ensures better removal of the hardened calculus and promotes gum reattachment of the gums to the tooth surfaces.

  6. Root canal therapy: In the root spaces, if there was an infection, laser light can help remove the bacteria before filling up the root canal with gutta percha.

  7. Soft tissue biopsy or lesion removal: Biopsies of the lips, gums, and tongue can be done using laser light. If the lesions are too small and require removal, it can be done by laser, thereby avoiding the need for surgery

Results: In all the above procedures, the laser is more effective than the conventional method that it is replacing. Some advantages include:

  1. Less painful

  2. Anesthesia not required

  3. Avoids tooth drilling in some cases of very minor decay, so the patient is at ease

  4. Reduces bleeding and swelling when dealing with soft tissues

  5. Reduces the amount of tooth removal during cavity preparation

Not all situations can be managed with a laser treatment though and conventional biopsies and drills will be required in some cases. As with all other dental situations, a detailed discussion with the dentist on the pros and cons and the patient condition will help make an informed decision.

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Problems With Sensitive Teeth - Know In-depth About It!

Problems With Sensitive Teeth - Know In-depth About It!

Is the taste of ice cream or a sip of hot coffee sometimes a painful experience for you? does brushing or flossing make you wince occasionally? if so, you may have sensitive teeth. 

Possible causes include:

  • Tooth decay (cavities)
  • Fractured teeth 
  • Worn fillings 
  • Gum disease 
  • Worn tooth enamel 
  • Exposed tooth root 

Sensitive teeth can be treated. The type of treatment will depend on what is causing the sensitivity. One of the following treatments may be provided: -desensitizing toothpaste. This contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve, and usually requires several applications before the sensitivity is reduced.

  • Fluoride gel - An in-office technique which strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the transmission of sensations.
  • A crown, inlay or bonding - These may be used to correct a flaw or decay that results in sensitivity.
  • Surgical gum graft - If gum tissue has been lost from the root, this will protect the root and reduce sensitivity.
  • Root canal - If sensitivity is severe and persistent and cannot be treated by other means, your dentist may recommend this treatment to eliminate the problem. 

Proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing sensitive-tooth pain. 

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