Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body. Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.
Causes of hypothyroidism:
The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.
Other causes of the condition are as follows:
Risks factors of hypothyroidism:
Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:
If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.
Thyroid is a small, ‘butterfly shaped’ gland, situated just below the larynx (voice box) in the lower part of the neck, just above the collar bones.
What Is The Function Of Thyroid Gland?
The purpose of the thyroid gland is to take iodine from foods that we consume and convert them into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
T4 and T3 are responsible for the metabolism of every cell, proper growth, development and repair of the body. It is important for the development of the central nervous system, regulation of blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen utilization, and weight maintenance.
How Does Thyroid Influence Fertility Potential?
Thyroid problems can interrupt the complex process of the menstrual cycle and can result in an irregular menstrual cycle. This, in turn, results in failure of fertilization of an egg by the sperm and thus, failure in conception.
How can you still be Pregnant?
Increased intake of iodine-rich food: Whole fat yogurt, raw dairy product, strawberries, potatoes with the skin left on, zinc with vitamins E, A, B, C, and selenium are responsible for thyroid hormone manufacture.
Stress results in elevated levels of cortisol. Increased cortisol level will inhibit the conversion of T4 to the active T3 hormone and will stop the active T3 entering cells sufficiently. Stress Management techniques like meditation, Yoga is required.
Exercise is beneficial as it will stimulate thyroid hormone secretion and increase tissue sensitivity to thyroid hormones.