Thyroid is a small gland situated in front of the neck and secretes hormones like thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). These hormones control various functions of our body like heart, blood pressure, digestion, metabolism, growth, blood formation, brain function etc. Any fluctuation in the functioning of the thyroid gland can have a great impact on health.
The thyroid gland is primarily responsible for energy and metabolism. This gland triggers the genes that make all the cells in the body conduct their specific jobs. But over a period of time, the optimum functioning of the thyroid may reduce because of specific reasons. The gland may start to under-produce or overproduce the thyroid hormone, which may lead to conditions known as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, respectively.
Complications of Thyroid Disorder
Hypothyroid and hyperthyroid can cause a number of complications if patients don’t take medications. It is important for you to not to ignore any of the aforementioned symptoms and speak to your doctor as soon as possible.
Depending on the condition of the thyroid condition, it requires different ways to manage it. The conventional TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) and T-4 (thyroxine) blood tests will be advised and the results should provide a reasonable confirmation of the condition. If doubts still persist an ultrasound or scan can also be ordered.
The thyroid may be a small gland but plays a large role in the functioning of the body. It is located just below the voice box. Along with producing hormones that help in the transportation of blood, it also helps regulate metabolism, keeps the organs functioning optimally and helps the body conserve heat. In some cases, when the gland produces excessive hormones or when it develops structural problems, it may become necessary to remove the thyroid gland.
There are several ways of removing the thyroid gland. The most common amongst these are:
A lobectomy is performed when only half the thyroid gland is affected. In such a case, the doctor will remove only one of the two lobes.
2. Subtotal Thyroidectomy
In such cases, the doctor will remove the thyroid gland but leave behind a small amount of thyroid tissue. This tissue can preserve some thyroid function but hormone supplements are often required to supplement the production of hormones.
3. Total Thyroidectomy
You will need to be admitted into a hospital for a thyroid removal surgery. Once admitted, meet the surgeon and anesthesiologist to answer any questions you may have about the procedure. It is important not to eat or drink anything after midnight on the night before your surgery. The surgery is performed under anesthesia so you will not feel a thing. Once you are asleep, the surgeon will make an incision in your throat and remove a section or all of the thyroid gland. This procedure can take between 2-3 hours. After the surgery, you will be kept in observation for 24-48 hours.
The surgery can result in a slightly raised scar that can take upto 6 weeks to heal. You can resume normal daily activities a day after the surgery. However, it is advised to wait for a week before undertaking any strenuous activities. Your throat may feel sore for a few days following the surgery. This can be treated with over the counter pain medication. You may also develop hypothyroidism.
The most major risk of a thyroid removal surgery is an allergic reaction to anesthesia. Other risks of this surgery are damage to the nerves connected to the vocal cords and damage to the glands controlling calcium levels in the body.
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism-
Causes of Hypothyroidism-
Risk factors of Hypothyroidism-
Complications of Hypothyroidism-
Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism
Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism includes following
Precautions & Prevention of Hypothyroidism-
Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Homeopathic Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Homeopathy is known for balancing hormonal system. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some homeopathic medicines for hypothyroidism are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy treatment creates positivity in mind and is very effective for your mind and soul. It has been said that a mind that is free from all negative thoughts is the best treatment for overall health problems.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Treatment of hypothyroidism in allopathy is Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) which compensates the insufficiency of the hormone that the thyroid gland is unable to produce.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Other Treatment of Hypothyroidism-
Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all the metabolic processes in the human body. These include how fast one burns calories and how fast the heart beats. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer.
Types of Thyroid: The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Excessive thyroid hormone results in a condition called hyperthyroidism and insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism – If a person has hyperthyroidism, it means the thyroid is overactive and produces too much of a hormone called thyroxine. It can significantly speed up the metabolism and cause unpleasant symptoms. Some common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include being irritable or nervous, weight loss, fatigue, trouble sleeping, hand tremors, mood swings, rapid and irregular heartbeat, frequent bowel movements or diarrhoea and goiter.
Hypothyroidism – It occurs when a person’s thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism often begins slowly. Anyone can have an underactive thyroid, however, it is more common in women, people with other thyroid problems, and those who are above sixty years of age. Common symptoms include fatigue, unplanned weight gain, muscle weakness, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, pale and dry skin, puffy face, joint pain, stiffness or swelling, brittle hair and fingernails, forgetfulness, and constipation.
Diagnosis of Thyroid: In case a person witnesses symptoms of an underactive or overactive thyroid, a healthcare provider must be contacted immediately. A diagnosis is confirmed after a thorough review of the patient’s symptoms, medical and family history, risk factors, physical examination and most effectively – a blood test. A blood test will be done to measure the amount of thyroid hormone and TSH in the blood.
Treatment of Thyroid:
Hyperthyroidism – Several treatments exist for hyperthyroidism, including radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid medications, beta blockers, and surgery. The best approach for treatment, however, depends on the age, physical condition, the underlying cause of hyperthyroidism, personal preference and the severity of the disorder.
Hypothyroidism – The standard treatment for hypothyroidism is the administration of synthetic thyroid hormone. One can take the supplement daily in the pill form. This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, thus reversing the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Can thyroid be prevented or avoided?
The thyroid is known as a metabolic master as it controls every single cell in the human body. Any kind of problem with the thyroid affects everything from weight to mental health, fertility, heart disease risk, and many other important aspects of your day-to-day health. While there is definitely a genetic component to thyroid disease, it doesn’t exclude the fact that certain lifestyle habits can slow your thyroid dose.
What is Hormonal Disorder?
Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. You may have a hormone disorder when your hormone levels are too high or too low.
Symptoms of Hormonal Disorders-
Causes of Hormonal Disorders-
Risk factors of Hormonal Disorders-
Complications of Hormonal Disorders-
Diagnosis of Hormonal Disorders-
Diagnosis of hormonal disorders is done through the observation of the noticeable signs and symptoms, or through blood and tissue testing.
Precautions & Prevention of Hormonal Disorders-
Treatment of Hormonal Disorders
Homeopathic Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Homeopathy is safe, natural and effective treatment of hormonal disorders. Homeopathic medicines are very effective in treating hormonal imbalances like hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, cushing syndrome, prolactinemia etc. It relieves complaints and helps to correct the constitution of a person. Following are some homeopathic medicines for treatment of hormonal disorders.
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Acupuncture therapy is effective in correcting many hormonal disorders which can lead to obesity, reduced fertility or infertility, breast tenderness, acne, digestive disturbances and problems of sexual function.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy treatment of hormonal disorders include sessions that teach individuals how to manage their time, stress, and anger.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Conventional or allopathic medicine aims to reduce the hormonal disorders symptoms. Allopathic medicines depend upon the type of hormonal imbalance.
Surgical Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
There are different types of surgeries for different types of hormonal disorders. Each surgery depends upon the type of hormonal disorder. After surgery hormone levels return to normal.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Other Treatment of Hormonal Disorders-
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is not producing the thyroid hormones adequately. This is a fairly common condition.
What is thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located just below Adam’s apple. It encircles the windpipe or the trachea. It is about 4 cms in height and weighs about 18 gms. This gland is responsible for the secretion of thyroid hormones. Hormones are chemicals produced by special glands like thyroid, adrenals, ovaries etc. They act as messengers and are carried by the blood to the various target organs.
What are the hormones produced by thyroid gland and what do they do?
The thyroid hormones are of two types – T3 (Tri iodo thyronine) and T4 (Thyroxine). These hormones are mainly responsible for the body’s metabolism - a process in which food is converted into energy in the cells. They influence growth and development and regulate various bodily functions which are mentioned below:
What is Hypothyroidism?
Inadequate production of hormones by the thyroid gland is termed as hypothyroidism. This is also called Underactive thyroid state. Hypothyroidism can make the body’s development to slow down and reduces metabolism rates.
Hypothyroidism can be caused by a number of factors:
What are the different types of hypothyroidism?
One classification is based on whether the defect is with the thyroid gland or not:
Another classification is based on the symptoms and levels of the thyroid hormones and TSH:
Who are at risk of developing Hypothyroidism?
What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Symptoms vary from person to person. They may also mimic other conditions and hence be difficult to diagnose. Symptoms may also develop very slowly over a span of moths-years. Some of the characteristic symptoms of this disease are:
What are the symptoms to look for in a baby if you suspect hypothyroidism?
Infants suffering from congenital hypothyroidism may show no symptoms or exhibit signs of excessive drowsiness, cold hands, cold feet, constipation, hoarse cry, poor growth or absent growth, poor appetite, bloating of abdomen, puffiness of face, swollen tongue, persistent jaundice.
How to diagnose hypothyroidism?
What is the treatment of hypothyroidism?
Overt hypothyroidism is treated by synthetic Thyroxin hormone which should be taken every day on an empty stomach at least 30 – 45 minutes before breakfast. The treatment is continued for the rest of the patient’s life. Regular thyroid function tests are done once every 8 weeks-12 weeks to adjust the dose of the thyroxine in the initial period of diagnosis. Once the thyroxine dose is stabilised, the tests can be done even once a year. This treatment is quite effective.
Sub-clinical hypothyroidism is only treated if the patient is a woman and is contemplating pregnancy, in patients with symptoms or if the TSH is quite high.
What are the side-effects of thyroxine medication?
There are few side effects if any. Most people tolerate these medications quite well. An important consideration before starting medication is to check if the patient has chest pain/angina. These people are started on the least available dose. If these patients are started on a higher dose they notice a worsening of their angina pains.
Side effects mainly occur if the thyroxine dose is high which leads to hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of this could be palpitations 9increased heart beat), weight loss, profuse sweating, anxiety, irritability etc.
What are the complications of hypothyroidism?
If untreated hypothyroidism can lead to:
Preventive health check-ups have become more indispensable to positive health in the 21st century than even a healthy diet and regular exercise. This is because a number of factors have cropped up and factored into human health maintenance, which is beyond people’s control. These factors include environmental pollution, faulty genes, and adulterated food products.
Therefore, to ensure that your health is really fine, and if not, to diagnose diseases as early as possible, regular health check-ups are something you should do without fault. These are the most important types:
1. A complete body check: You should get your body fully checked once every year. This acts as a blanket test for all your organs, including the visceral and the internal, from head to foot.
2. Thyroid examination: This helps clear up doubts related to an under or over-performing thyroid gland, or hormonal deficiencies. You should drop by for this test once after every five years.
3. Blood pressure: This has risks related to heart diseases and even fatal strokes, so you should get your levels checked every month.
4. Liver function: This comprises of a total of 11 tests that detect possible problems with your liver, and otherwise testifies to its healthy functioning. It mainly tests bilirubin, albumin, and serum globulin levels.
5. Kidney function: This comprehensively tests your kidney functioning through five extensive tests. This tests for calcium, urea nitrogen, and uric acid levels.
6. Lipid profile: This is a very important test for you in terms of your entire body. It checks for normalcy of triglyceride and cholesterol levels, that can get lethal if garbles.
7. Iron deficiency profile: This checks for iron functioning and deficiencies in your body, checking for important parameters like serum iron and its total binding capacity.
8. Diabetes profile: This is also a very essential test as diabetes paralyses millions of Indian lives across the country every year. This tests for blood glucose levels.
9. Complete blood count: This checks for all kinds of important blood cells you have in your body, which are essential for basic bodily functions like defence against infection, oxygen production and hemoglobin level maintenance in blood. It checks for red and white blood cells, platelets, and all their sub-branches.
10. Vitamin D total: This checks for deficiencies or otherwise normal levels of vitamin D in your body. Vitamin D is a very important element and its deficiency causes rickets.
11. Vitamin B12: This checks for normalcy of vitamin B12 levels in your body. Vitamin B12 is also integral to your body’s healthy functioning. It helps in DNA production and in keeping your nerve and blood cells in good shape.
Preventive and regular health check-ups have become an integral need for good health in current times. If you are ready with the results of the 12 above, you can comfortably go to bed each night, feeling good about your body instead of pressurized.
Cow Urine Therapy has been in practice for many health problems in India for centuries. In India, cow is a symbol of spirituality and cow urine is not only used in devotional practices, but also comes packed with a bunch of health benefits.
'Kamadhenu' is worshipped for thousands of years as the Goddess who fulfils desire. In Ayurveda, cow is considered as the mother of all entities as the products obtained from cow are beneficial to all mankind in many ways. The milk, urine, curd, ghee and dung obtained from cow are beneficial in different ways as food supplement and medicine. Cow urine or Gomutra destroys the poisonous effects of residues and makes body disease free. The medicinal usage of Panchgavya, especially cow urine is practiced in Ayurveda which is classified as complementary and alternative medicine.
The two Indian epics, Shushruta samhita and Charaka samhita, have described that the consumption of cow urine produces body warmth. In modern medical science, it has been well established that the thyroid hormones are responsible for producing body warmth. The oral administration of cow urine has thyroid stimulating effect and therapeutic value of urinary iodine present in the cow urine is immense. Cow urine or Gomutra contains iodine, which is easily absorbable from the gastrointestinal tract. The mean urinary iodine levels in dairy cows may vary from 79.2 to 94.8 micrograms of iodine per litre of urine depending upon their physiological conditions. Iodine is an essential element to produce thyroid hormones such as triiodothyronine and thyroxine. These are catabolic hormones that generate heat and cause body warmth. It has been proven that the cow urine contains iodine in required level for normal functioning of thyroid gland.
Urinary iodine concentration in cow urine varies depending upon its biological status and it could stimulate the patient's thyroid gland activity on oral administration of iodine. Thyroxine stimulates more oxygen utilization and heat production by many different cells of the body.
During iodine deficiency, the pituitary gland secretes enhanced amounts of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which causes compensatory adjustment.This leads in the production of more extensive secretory epithelium which in turn will result in enlargement of the thyroid gland and loss of colloid material in the thyroid follicles. In this scenario, exogenous supplementation of iodine brings back the normal thyroid status.
The administration of cow urine, which contain good levels of iodine, can keep the thyroid gland activity on a better footing. We now have the support of scientific validation for the experience of warming up of the human body after consumption of cow urine or Gomutra.
Thyroid, a small butterfly-shaped gland is present at the lower frontal region of the neck, right beneath the voice box. It produces hormones which regulate metabolism (the breakdown of food by the body to convert it into energy). It even plays a pivotal role in boosting organ functions as well as in helping the body sustain heat. However, too much of hormone production by the thyroid gland might yield structural problems, for instance, growth of nodules (abnormal tissue growth) or cysts (non-cancerous sac-like structures containing fluid) and swelling. Hence, a thyroid surgery is a must once these problems occur. The surgery, administered with general anesthesia, eliminates the thyroid gland either wholly or partially.
Why is surgery required?
Types of surgeries available
What is Hashimoto’s disease?
Hashimoto’s disease is a disorder that affects the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is part of your endocrine system, which produces hormones that coordinate many of your body’s activities.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease-
Causes of Hashimoto’s disease-
No one knows what causes your immune system to attack your thyroid gland. A combination of factors, including heredity, sex and age, may determine your likelihood of developing the disorder. Hashimoto’s disease is most common in middle-aged women and tends to run in families.
Risk factors of Hashimoto’s disease-
Complications of Hashimoto’s disease-
Diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease-
Diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease is based on your signs and symptom and the following tests:
Treatment of Hashimoto’s disease-
Homeopathic Treatment of Hashimoto’s Disease-
Homeopathy controls the immune system and relieves complaints of Hashimoto’s disease. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of Hashimoto’s disease are:
Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hashimoto’s disease-
Acupuncture has worldwide reputation in treatment of immunological disorders. It balances energy system of the body. Disease specific acupoints are stimulated by therapist to relieve both acute and chronic complaints.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hashimoto’s disease-
If Hashimoto’s disease causes thyroid hormone deficiency, you may need replacement therapy with thyroid hormone. Synthetic hormones include Levothroid, Levoxyl and Synthroid. This medication restores adequate hormone levels and reverses all the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hashimoto’s disease-