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Thyroid Disorders Tips

Thyroid Nodules - How To Manage It?

Multi Speciality, Guwahati
Thyroid Nodules - How To Manage It?

Thyroid nodules are small soft lumps of thyroid tissues that develop around the thyroid gland in the base of your neck. These nodules are neither dangerous nor cancerous. Sometimes you cannot even feel the lump unless your doctor locates it during a routine check.

The thyroid is a small gland above your breast bone, which is responsible for generating hormones in your body. The abnormal growth of the thyroid tissues forms thyroid nodules which are only visible when these lumps are old and big enough.

Symptoms

Most of the thyroid lumps are not symptomatic and dangerous. In some cases, they can only be felt or seen as a swelling in the neck. These lumps press your windpipe, which creates difficulty in swallowing and breathing. In a few cases, thyroid nodules generate additional hormones called thyroxine which can lead to:

Sweating
Tremors in hands and legs
● Unexplained weight loss
● Nervousness
● Rapid heartbeat

If you feel a lump in your neck or feeling any of the symptoms mentioned above, then it is advisable to consult a doctor for the same. Most of the thyroid nodules are not severe. But you need to get them diagnosed to eliminate the risk of cancer.

Diagnosis

While evaluating a lump in your neck, the doctor first determines whether it is cancerous or not. For this, he examines the lumps in several ways. These includes:

● Physical examination: Doctors physically test your lumps and ask you to swallow some food or beverage. They also look for hyperthyroidism by checking your heart rate and tremors in hands and feet. If you have
swelling in the facial area then there are chances that you may have developed hypothyroidism.
● Blood work: An initial way to test thyroid problem is to test blood samples for TSH, T3, andT4. If the results are within the normal range, then you do not have a thyroid condition.
Ultrasound: The high-frequency ultra-wave sound helps to image the thyroid glands from within. So that doctors can look at the imagery and determine the treatment.

There is another excellent way of testing thyroid nodules. It includes biopsy and thyroid special scan. The doctor suggests these tests only when he needs to clear some doubts.

Management and Treatment of Thyroid Nodules

The kind of treatment depends upon your condition. If the thyroid nodules are tested for benign then your doctor may ask you to wait and consistently check for any abnormal condition in your thyroid. This entails regular thyroid testing and conducting biopsy yearly. Doing this will help the doctor to determine whether the nodule is getting bigger. Some of the easy ways to manage thyroid nodule are to use thyroid
suppression medicines. These pills help in treating the thyroid nodules and control the generation of the thyroid hormones in the body. In very rare cases, thyroid nodules require surgery. However, if the nodules become larger and outwardly visible; then your doctor might suggest surgery.

3995 people found this helpful

Causes Of Hair Loss!

Dr. Sandeep Mahapatra 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Causes Of Hair Loss!

Poor blood circulation

  • stress and anxiety
  • thyroid diseases: hypo/hyperthyroid
  • high blood pressure
  • iron deficiency and ferritin deficiency
  • pregnancy
  • liver malfunction
  • chemotherapy
  • b12 & vitamin deficiencies
  • scalp disorders: psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis
  • skin or systemic disease: renal failure etc
  • large doses of vitamin A
  • fever: dengue, typhoid etc
  • hypercholesterolemia, lipid disorders
  • sudden weight loss
  • alcohol and caffeine
  • medications: antipsychotics, TB medications etc
  • genetic
  • autoimmune causes
  • the recent change of residence

 To treat hair loss, first we should know the underlying cause and treat accordingly.

6 people found this helpful

Endocrine Surgery - Know Forms Of It!

Dr. Atul Mishra 87% (27 ratings)
MBBS, MS General Surgery, FRCS
General Surgeon, Ludhiana
Endocrine Surgery - Know Forms Of It!

Our endocrine glands work overtime to keep us healthy by secreting hormones which reach each and every cell in our body through the blood. These hormones evoke life-changing responses in other cells to keep us alive and healthy. Endocrine surgery is a term for an operation in any one or more endocrine glands in your body.

Types of endocrine glands-

1. Thyroid gland: This is the most important endocrine gland in your body and it secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism.

2. Parathyroid glands: There are 4 parathyroid glands and these are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck region. These glands secrete the parathyroid hormone which controls calcium levels in the body.

3. Adrenal glands: These are located over the kidney. There are 2 adrenal glands and these secrete adrenaline, aldosterone and cortisol- the body’s fight or flight hormone. These also maintain salt levels in the blood and the blood pressure.

4. Neuroendocrine glands of the pancreas: These are located in the pancreas behind the stomach. They work to control glucose levels and glucose metabolism.

5. Pituitary gland is the master gland of the body: It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and other important hormones that control ovaries, thyroid and other endocrine glands in your body.

Endocrine surgery-

Depending on the endocrine gland being operated upon, there are different types of endocrine surgeries. The most important ones are-

1. Thyroidectomy: It is an operation that involves removal of the entire or parts of the thyroid gland in the neck. IT is indicated for thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, goiter or Graves disease. Sometimes it is done for treating an enlarged thyroid gland or obstructions in the neck region, causing problems in swallowing or breathing. In cases of total thyroidectomy patients will need life long thyroid hormone supplementation. Sometime patient can have a change in the voice which is usually temporary.

  • Since the thyroid produces several hormones like thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin, you will have to take oral synthetic hormones all your life post surgery. The thyroid is usually removed through an incision in the neck. These days there is the option of minimally invasive surgeries too.

2. Adrenalectomy: It is the removal of one or both adrenal glands to treat tumors of the adrenal glands. It is done using an open incision or laparoscopic technique. Most adrenal tumors are noncancerous (benign). You may require surgery to remove an adrenal gland if the tumor is producing excess hormones (pheochromocytoma or Conn's syndrome) or is large in size (more than 2 inches or 4 to 5 centimeters). You may also require surgery if the tumor is cancerous (malignant) or suspected to be cancerous. Pheochromocytomas produce excess hormones that can cause very high blood pressure and periodic spells characterized by severe headaches, excessive sweating, anxiety, palpitations, and rapid heart rate that may last from a few seconds to several minutes.

3. Parathyroidectomy: It is the removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands, and it is used to treat hyperparathyroidism. The most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism is a small, tumor called a parathyroid adenoma. It is a benign condition in which one parathyroid gland increases in size and produces parathyroid hormone (PTH) in excess. In most situations, patients are unaware of the adenoma, and they are found when routine blood test results show elevated blood calcium and PTH level. This excess PTH triggers the release of too much calcium into the bloodstream. The bones lose calcium, and increased level of calcium in the urine causes kidney stones.

2328 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - All You Must Know!

Dr. Anchal Jain 88% (86 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS, FAGE
ENT Specialist, Jhansi
Hypothyroidism - All You Must Know!

Hypothyroidism refers to the underproduction of hormones in the thyroid gland. It has a wide range of symptoms. Thyroid hormones affect multiple organ systems, so the symptoms of hypothyroidism are wide-ranging and diverse.

The thyroid creates two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (t3) and thyroxine (t4). These regulate metabolism, and they also affect the following functions:

  • Brain development
  • Breathing
  • Heart and nervous system functions
  • Body temperature
  • Muscle strength
  • Skin dryness
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Weight
  • Cholesterol levels

Symptoms of hypothyroidism commonly include, but are not limited to:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Cold intolerance
  • Slowed heart rate, movements, and speech
  • Joint and muscle pain, cramps, and weakness
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Thin, brittle hair or fingernails
  • Decreased sweating
  • Pins and needles
  • Heavy periods, or menorrhagia
  • Weakness
  • High cholesterol
  • Puffy face, feet, and hands
  • Insomnia
  • Balance and co-ordination issues
  • Loss of libido
  • Recurrent urinary and respiratory tract infections
  • Anemia
  • Depression

If left untreated, the following symptoms can manifest:

  • Hoarseness
  • Puffiness in the face
  • Thinned or missing eyebrows
  • Slow heart rate
  • Hearing loss

If it develops in children or teenagers, the signs and symptoms are generally the same as adults.

However, they may also experience:

  • Poor growth
  • Delayed development of teeth
  • Poor mental development
  • Delayed puberty

Hypothyroidism develops slowly. Symptoms may go unnoticed for a long time, and they may be vague and general.

5 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - Ways To Manage Joint Pain Caused Due To It!

Dr. Rajesh Kesari 88% (31 ratings)
Diploma In Diabetology, MD - Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Delhi
Hypothyroidism - Ways To Manage Joint Pain Caused Due To It!

The body is controlled by chemicals known as hormones. These are produced in minute quantities by minute organs, but have great control on almost all body functions. There are different hormones, each determining different functions like how tall a person will grow, how strong the bones will be, how well a person can react to stress and the reproductive ages. There is also a master gland called the pituitary which is situated somewhere deep in the brain, which controls all these organs. Small variations in the amount of these chemicals in the body produce significant effect on their respective control organ.

Thyroid is one such major gland, which produces a hormone called thyroxine or T4 as it is commonly called. This controls metabolism and emotional health to a large extent. Reduced amounts of T4 is very common in women, and with altered metabolism, there is increased musculoskeletal pain in various joints.

Here are some of the best ways to reduce Joint Pain from Hypothyroidism:

  1. Step Up to Low-Impact Aerobics: Twenty to 60 minutes of near-daily aerobics — really any exercise that gets your heart pumping — can help speed up your metabolism and counter weight gain, a common hypothyroidism symptom and a contributor to joint pain. But if you have joint or knee pain, choose low-impact aerobics. Swimming is the ideal low-impact aerobic exercise — the water buoys your body and cushions joints.
  2. Strengthen Your Muscles: Strength- or weight-training exercises build muscle mass, which uses more calories than fat even at rest. That promotes weight loss and can ease the strain on your joints. Stronger muscles also directly help protect nearby joints. For example, strengthening exercises such as squats, lunges, and leg lifts develop the muscles that support the knees. Start slow with 15 repetitions of each exercise. Then build up to three sets of 15 reps each.
  3. Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep is the time for muscles and joints to recover. If you're not sleeping well, you are not recovering as fast as you could be. What's more, when you're sleep deprived, you're likely to crave junk and comfort foods that can contribute to weight gain, which adds stress to your joints and increases joint pain. Aim for seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night.
  4. Stick to a Healthy Diet: Replace the junk food that can lead to weight gain with choices that enhance your health. For example, add fatty fish to your diet. It's a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, known to decrease inflammation, which may be contributing to your muscle and joint pain. Coldwater fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna have some the highest amounts of omega-3s. Also be sure to get lots of fresh fruit and vegetables high in antioxidants, which may counter inflammation, too.
  5. Practice YogaYoga poses are a great way to provide relief for joint pain while also increasing flexibility. For shoulder pain, look for poses that open your chest, like this simple pose: Sit with your feet flat on the floor. As you inhale, stretch your arms over your head. Clasp your hands together over your head and then turn your palms up toward the ceiling. Drop your shoulders and straighten up as if pushing through your head. Hold for 30 seconds. Release your hands, bringing them down behind you. Next, clasp your hands behind your back and lift your arms. Hold for another 30 seconds.
  6. Don't Let Fatigue Win: Fatigue is one of the most common hypothyroidism symptoms. Even though you might feel listless, you'll benefit from exercise because it will rev your metabolism and help you maintain flexibility despite muscle and joint pain. If you're too exhausted to complete a full exercise routine, break it up into several short bouts — even 10 minutes done three times a day will be effective. Also, stretching and relaxation exercises within two hours of bedtime may help you sleep better.
  7. Meditate for Stress Relief: Having a chronic condition such as hypothyroidism can be stressful, and that stress can actually contribute to pain and tension. That's why it's important to find ways to reduce stress, such as the practice of mindfulness meditation. This form of meditation teaches you how to distract yourself from what's bothering you by refocusing your attention, often on your own breathing. 

Thyroid hormones help all your organs work well. They control how your body uses food for energy.

What Do Thyroids Do

Thyroid hormones affect your metabolism rate, which means how fast or slow your brain, heart, muscles, liver, and other parts of your body work. If your body works too fast or too slowly, you won’t feel well. For example, if you don’t have enough thyroid hormone, you might feel tired and cold. Or, if you have too much thyroid hormone, you might feel nervous, jumpy, and warm.

What hormones does my thyroid gland produce?

The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4), which is a relatively inactive prohormone and lower amounts of the active hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). Collectively, T3 and T4 are referred to as the thyroid hormones. Twenty percent of the body’s triiodothyronine is made by the thyroid gland; the other 80% comes from thyroxine converted by organs such as the liver or kidneys.

The thyroid gland also produces calcitonin from cells called C-cells. Calcitonin is understood to play a role in regulating calcium levels in the body, but its exact function in humans remains unclear. Thyroid hormone is one such chemical which has effect on all organs of the body including the joints. Vague pains may be due to thyroid disorders. They are easy to manage with treatment.

1526 people found this helpful

Thyroid - How Homeopathy Can Manage It Efficiently?

Dr. A.K Gupta 88% (45 ratings)
MD (Homoeopathy), DHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Delhi
Thyroid - How Homeopathy Can Manage It Efficiently?

Thyroid is one among the many glands in the endocrine system, whose secreted hormones regulate and maintain various metabolic activities. Thyroid problem, in generic terms, refers to a situation where there is an abnormal secretion of the thyroid hormone. The secretion can either be abundant, causing what is known as hyperthyroidism, or insufficient which, in turn, is known as hypothyroidism. Both of these conditions are detrimental to health affecting not only your body weight but also the growth of bones and hair. Though different branches of medicines are constantly dabbling with this problem, Homeopathy is the most preferred choice.

Some of the reasons for it are:

1. Treats severe sweating, problems in menstruation and constipation
One of the most important advantages of Homeopathy medicines is that each one of them is equipped to treat a host of ailments. The condition, hypothyroidism is symptomatic of excessive sweating on the head, constipation and problems in menstruating in women. All of these can be cured by the intake of Calcarea Carbonica.

2. Cures paleness of skin, tendencies of fainting and hair fall
This is another characteristic of hypothyroidism, wherein you suffer from pale, yellow skin and are unable to bear extreme cold temperatures due to the lack of vitality and body heat & at the same time, women in their menopause tend to suffer from excessive hair fall. In all of these situations, a Homeopathic medicine called Sepia. Officinalis is extremely beneficial in curbing these.

3. Does not create overt reliance on medicines
Hyperthyroidism is a condition that is marked by nervousness and anxiety. Though allopathic medicines have always been preferred to others, it must also be considered that in their attempt to cure, they end up creating an overt reliance of medicines in the patients.

4. Suits everybody
The primary reason for preferring Homeopathy to others is their complete lack of any side-effect. Both allopathy and ayurveda may or may not work on certain individuals. However, that is not the case for Homeopathy as it does not adopt any artificial means to cure thyroid problems, rather uses natural means to regulate the secretion of the thyroid gland.

Best Ways to Balance Hormones Naturally-

1. Eat Healthy Fats (Including Coconut Oil and Avocados)
2. Supplement with Adaptogen Herbs
3. Balance Your Intake of Omega-3 to Omega-6 Fats
4. Improve Gut Health &; Heal Leaky Gut Syndrome
5. Eliminate Toxic Kitchen &; Beauty and Body Care Products
6. Exercise (Especially Interval Training)
7. Reduce Stress &; Get More Sleep
8. Watch Your Caffeine & Alcohol Intake
9. Back Off Birth Control Pills
10. Supplement with Vitamin D3

5479 people found this helpful

PCOS & Thyroid - What Should You Know?

Dr. Jamuna N 92% (157 ratings)
MD (MA), DND Nutrition & Dietetics, Phd Medicinal Aromatherapy
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
PCOS & Thyroid - What Should You Know?

PCOS is a condition that disturbs the hormonal balance in a female patient. The disease causes infrequent periods in ladies and excess production of the male hormone. The reproduction is disturbed in women having PCOS as a fluid gets collected in the ovaries and ovaries are unable to produce eggs. Diagnosis of PCOS can be done in the patients from their puberty or first period. Irregular periods, polycystic ovaries, and excess androgen are common signs of PCOS.

What to Eat?

A patient suffering from PCOS should keep a close watch on their carbs intake. In PCOS condition, insulin and PCOS are intimately connected. Insulin is responsible for fat metabolism. It is a common belief that patient suffering from PCOS should eliminate carbs from their diet. But carbs are a source of energy and essential for the body. If a person is looking to monitor the intake of carbs when she is suffering from POCS, it is recommended by the doctors that she should take only 100g carbs in the entire day. Try to spread the 100g intake all over the day.

Whole food diets are always recommended for patients with PCOS conditions. Whole food diet keeps a person full for a more extended period of time, and one can avoid small snack cravings always. Dieticians suggest that PCOS can be managed with a well-balanced diet and whole food diet is essential since they are full of proteins and fiber. Avoid processed food and follow a balanced diet suggested by the dietician. Include whole grains, lean cut meats, and fishes and vegetables in the diet to maintain PCOS.

Probiotic food is fermented food which is easy to digest and help a person to lose weight. Include probiotics in a daily diet, as it helps a person improve body bloating, and eventually, one can lose weight easily. Yogurt, buttermilk, and probiotic milk are good for the digestion and help a person fight symptoms of PCOS and thyroid.

What to Avoid?

Doctors recommend that sweet foods increase craving. They also contain calorie which is harmful to the body by increasing the sugar levels in the blood. With an increase in the level of sugar in the blood, one may face problems like diabetes, and it will harm overall health even more. If a person is facing problems like weight issues and PCOS, one must try to eliminate sugar as it will help in to improve blood sugar levels. Along with sugary foods also avoid processed foods like pizza, juices, and ice creams. Anything unhealthy and processed should be avoided by patients with PCOS and thyroid. Also, the intake of solid fats like margarine, solid fats, and lard are not good for health.

The cooking method has an impact on managing PCOS symptoms. If a person adds lots of vegetables in the diet and does not cook them properly, one might not get the desired result. It is essential that a person takes proper care in cooking vegetables as directed by the dietician. Follow a strict method of cooking; use dry roasting and grilling methods to cook vegetables. One can also steam the veggies so that they do not lose their nutritional value.

Take Away:

These are some of the most helpful ways to manage PCOS and Thyroid. However, it is always advisable to consult a dietician before following these diets.

1752 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism And Musculoskeletal Pain - Know More About Its Link!

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedic Doctor, Delhi
Hypothyroidism And Musculoskeletal Pain - Know More About Its Link!

Your thyroid glands are important to the body because it produces essential hormones. However, if you suffer from hypothyroidism, your thyroid glands will not be able to produce these hormones sufficiently.

In the early stages of hypothyroidism, you will not detect any noticeable changes in your body or health. However, if you do not start treatment for the condition, you will soon start to experience symptoms, such as obesity and infertility. Joint pain is another serious symptom of hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of musculoskeletal pain related to hypothyroidism-

Hypothyroidism can lead to a range of muscular and skeletal disorders in your body. Here are some musculoskeletal symptoms you are likely to experience if you suffer from hypothyroidism.

  • Painful and stiff muscles, which mainly affect your hip and shoulder region

  • Swelling across the joints of feet and hands

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome, where pressure on a nerve in your wrist causes pain and tingling across the entire arm

  • Stiffness and pain in the joints

Treating hypothyroidism related muscle and joint pain-

Over-the-counter pain medications help deal with the pain and the swelling. However, they are a temporary solution for the discomfort. Treating hypothyroidism is the best way to reduce your pain and discomfort.

Your doctor will prescribe a levothyroxine supplement, which is a synthetic hormone. This medicine will rectify the imbalance in your hormone levels, which in turn will reduce pain in your muscles and joints. Apart from the joint pain, the medication will also lower your elevated cholesterol levels from hypothyroidism.

How to get the best results from the medication-

If you consume certain foods, supplements and medication while being on levothyroxine, the drug may not work effectively. Here is a look at some things to avoid when you are on the medication.

For the best effects, you need to consume the hypothyroidism medication on an empty stomach. Your doctor will likely advise you to take the medicine first thing in the morning and then wait about an hour before having your meal. In some cases, you may need to take the drug before going to bed. However, ensure you consume the medicine at least 4 hours after the last meal for the day.

1846 people found this helpful

Hypothyroidism - How Homeopathy Can Tackle It?

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 93% (31723 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Vadodara
Hypothyroidism - How Homeopathy Can Tackle It?

Hormones are chemicals produced by the body for optimal functioning of the various body systems. The thyroid produces thyroxin which controls body metabolism, and reduced levels affect metabolism. Deficiency of Iodine is the cause behind it as it is required by the body to produce thyroxin. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis which is an autoimmune disorder is another cause.

Some common signs of it are extreme fatigue, intolerance to cold, constipation, puffy face, hoarseness of voice, increased cholesterol level, weight gain, muscle and joint pains and aches, altered menstruation and depression are some of the common symptoms. 

Homeopathy has some very good remedies that are aimed at managing the person as a whole and not just the symptoms of hypothyroidism.

  1. Calcarea Carbonica: The most common and popular homeopathic medicine, it is useful in patients who present with the following symptoms.
    • Intolerance to cold
    • Fat, flabby, fair person
    • Excessive sweating on the head
    • Peculiar food habits including craving for eggs, chalk, pencils, lime,
    • Aversion to fatty food substances
    • Constipation i.e. first part of stool is hard followed by softer stools
    • Excessive menstruation, prolonged and occurs earlier than the regular date, almost always associated with cold feet
  2. Sepia Officinalis: Another significant remedy, Sepia is used when the patient has the following symptoms.
    • Weak, pale yellow, tend to faint easily in cold temperatures
    • Extreme intolerance to cold, even in a warm room
    • Irritable, indifferent
    • Significant hair loss
    • Excessive menstruation, occurs earlier than schedule, along with a bearing down feeling that the pelvic organs will pop out through the vagina, and so she always prefers to sit cross-legged
    • Constipation i.e. stool is passed out as small balls that are painful to pass
    • Craving for pickles and acidic foodstuffs
  3. Lycopodium Clavatum: Symptoms of patients in whom Lycopodium will be used are as follows:
    • Emotionally irritable and physically weak
    • Yellow face with blue circles around eyes
    • Excessive hair fall
    • Craving for hot foods and sweets
    • Gastric troubles with excessive flatulence
    • Acidity that worsens after eating starchy foods, especially in the evenings
    • Constipation with hard, painful, incomplete stooling
  4. Graphites: Presenting symptoms where Graphites is mainly used include:
    • Obesity
    • Intolerance to cold
    • Depressed emotionally, timid, indecisive, weeps listening to music
    • Bloated, gassy abdomen
    • Chronic constipation with hard, painful stooling process
  5. Nux Vomica: The patient in whom Nux Vomica can produce wonderful results presents with the following symptoms:
    • Cold to the touch
    • Extremely temperamental, gets offended easily, extremely sensitive
    • Chronic constipation with scanty stools and a chronic urge to pass stools
    • Gassy, bloated feeling in the stomach
    • Desire for alcohol, caffeine, and other stimulations; fatty and spicy foods
    • Prolonged excessive menstruation

These are commonly used remedies; however, a detailed discussion with your homeopath is essential to zero in on the remedy that will work best for you.

10799 people found this helpful

Low Reading of Thyroxine - What Causes It?

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Gurgaon
Low Reading of Thyroxine - What Causes It?

Do you have an extremely low reading of thyroxine or T4, it means that you are suffering from an under active thyroid disease called hypothyroidism. With this condition, your thyroid glands fail to make sufficient thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland releases hormones, which travel all over your bloodstream and affect all parts of the body. Thyroid controls how the cells of the body use energy from food via the metabolism process, which in turn affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat and burning of calories. Lack of thyroid hormones slows down the body’s functions, reduces your energy and the metabolism is disrupted.

Causes of hypothyroidism

The primary cause of this condition is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Thyroiditis refers to an inflammation of your thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which extra antibodies are produced which destroy the thyroid gland. Viral infections may also lead to thyroiditis.

Other causes of the condition are as follows:

  1. Radiation therapy to the neck region for the treatment of several cancers like lymphoma may damage the cells present in the thyroid gland. Hence, the gland cannot secrete hormones properly.
  2. Radioactive iodine treatment is undertaken by people having an overactive thyroid gland. Radiation destroys the thyroid gland cells and leads to hypothyroidism.
  3. Certain medicines used to treat heart problems, cancer and psychiatric diseases may affect the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism.
  4. Surgeries undertaken for removing the thyroid also lead to hypothyroidism.
  5. Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to produce hormones. A low amount of iodine in your diet and body may lead to hypothyroidism.

Risks factors of hypothyroidism

Usually women, especially older women are more likely to get hypothyroidism than men. The factors which determine if you are at a risk of acquiring the condition are as follows:

  1. Race
  2. Age
  3. Premature graying of hair
  4. Autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, celiac disease, Addison’s disease and many more.
  5. Bipolar disorder
  6. Turner’s syndrome
  7. Down’s syndrome

The symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  1. Changes in menstrual cycle
  2. Constipation
  3. Hair loss and dry hair
  4. Fatigue and tiredness
  5. A slow heart rate
  6. Depression
  7. An increased sensitivity towards cold
  8. Swelling of the thyroid gland or goiter
  9. Gaining weight unusually or great difficulty in losing weight
  10. Carpal tunnel syndrome

If you observe the symptoms of hypothyroidism, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe several blood tests, such as the thyroid stimulating hormone test and the T4 or thyroxine test. Based on the results, a treatment method is adopted.

1448 people found this helpful
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