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Thyroid Disorder Treatment Health Feed

Thyroid Disorders - Symptoms, Treatment & Types Of It!

Thyroid Disorders - Symptoms, Treatment & Types Of It!

Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.

Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Weight loss and weight gain

  2. Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)

  3. Hair loss

  4. Frequent mood swings

  5. Swollen neck

  6. Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever

Other symptoms include:

  1. Numbness or a tingling sensation in the hands

  2. Constipation

  3. Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation

  4. Brittle nails and dry skin

  5. Blurred vision

  6. Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body

Treatment Options:

Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.

Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).

Beta blockers are drugs help in reducing high blood pressure, heart palpitations and controlling heart rate.

In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.

In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and other thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.

Types of Thyroid Disorders:

  1. Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.

  2. Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

  3. Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.

  4. Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.

  5. Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.

Silent Thyroiditis - Know Its Diagnosis & Treatment!

Silent Thyroiditis - Know Its Diagnosis & Treatment!

The thyroid gland influences almost all the metabolic processes in the human body through the hormones it releases. The swelling or inflammation of this butterfly-shaped gland, when triggered by an immune response is known as Silent Thyroiditis. It can lead to hyperthyroidism i.e. the overproduction of hormones followed by hypothyroidism or insufficient hormone production.

The exact cause of this thyroid disorder is unknown but it is known to affect more women than men. Women who have just delivered a baby are also more vulnerable to this disorder. Some of the probable causes for this condition are autoimmune responses, discontinuation of steroid therapy, removal of the adrenal gland and treatment for cancer. A family history of silent thyroiditis can also increase a person’s risk of suffering from this disease.

In its early stages, the symptoms of this disorder are those of a hyperactive thyroid gland. These symptoms can last for as long as 3 months. In most cases, these symptoms are mild. In some cases, people may not experience these symptoms at all and may only notice symptoms of the second stage of this disorder or hypothyroidism. The most commonly experienced symptoms of this disorder include:

  1. Insomnia or difficulty falling asleep

  2. Tiredness and weakness

  3. Frequent bowel movements

  4. Intolerance towards heat and excessive sweating

  5. Increased appetite

  6. Weight loss

  7. Irregular menstruation: this may be short in the early stages and heavy in later stages

  8. Muscle cramps

  9. Irritability

  10. Nervousness and palpitations

  11. Hair loss and dry skin

Silent Thyroiditis can be diagnosed by a doctor through a physical examination and a few tests. Some of the signs your doctor will look out for are:

  1. An enlarged thyroid gland

  2. Faster heart rate

  3. Involuntary trembling or shaking of hands

In addition to this test results which indicate Silent Thyroiditis are:

  1. A reduced radioactive iodine uptake

  2. Increased levels of T3 and T4 thyroid hormones in the blood

  3. Presence of white blood cells in a thyroid biopsy

An early diagnosis can help make the treatment of this disorder easier. The treatment of this disease is dependent on the symptoms showcased. Beta blockers are commonly prescribed to relieve the excessive sweating and rapid heartbeat.

In most cases, the acute phase of this disorder will end in three months and the condition will resolve itself within a year. Over time, some people may develop hypothyroidism as a result of this condition. Hence, you should get yourself regularly checked up even after the symptoms have disappeared.

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Thyroid Disorder - Know Forms Of It!

Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.

Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Weight loss and weight gain

  2. Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)

  3. Hair loss

  4. Frequent mood swings

  5. Swollen neck

  6. Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever

Other symptoms include:

  1. Numbness or a tingling sensation in the hands

  2. Constipation

  3. Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation

  4. Brittle nails and dry skin

  5. Blurred vision

  6. Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body

Treatment Options:

Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.

Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).

Beta blockers are drugs help in reducing high blood pressure, heart palpitations and controlling heart rate.

In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.

In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and another thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.

Types of Thyroid Disorders:

  1. Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.

  2. Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

  3. Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.

  4. Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.

  5. Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.

3088 people found this helpful

Know What Can Trigger Thyroid Disorders

Know What Can Trigger Thyroid Disorders
Alcohol can have a deleterious effect on the functioning of the thyroid gland. True or False. Take this quiz to know now
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Thyroid Problem - How To Avert It?

Thyroid Problem - How To Avert It?

Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland, which is a butterfly-shaped gland in front of the neck. There are specific kinds of thyroid disorders that include:

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Goiter
  4. Thyroid Nodules
  5. Thyroid Cancer
  6. Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevalence

It has been estimated that about 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone. It can develop from problems within the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism can include:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Poor concentration or feeling mentally "foggy"
  3. Dry skin
  4. Constipation
  5. Feeling cold
  6. Fluid retention
  7. Muscle and joint aches
  8. Depression
  9. Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding in women

Common Causes of Hypothyroidism

  1. Hashimoto's thyroiditis (an autoimmune condition that causes inflammation of the thyroid gland)
  2. Thyroid hormone resistance
  3. Other types involving inflammation of the thyroid, such as acute thyroiditis and postpartum thyroiditis

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism refers to the excessive production of thyroid hormone, a less common condition than hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism are usually related to increased metabolism. In mild cases, there may not be apparent symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism can include:

  • Tremors
  • Nervousness
  • Fast heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Intolerance for heat
  • Increase in bowel movements
  • Increased sweating
  • Concentration problems
  • Unintentional weight loss

Common causes of hyperthyroidism

  • Graves' disease
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Thyroid nodules that overexpress thyroid hormone (known as "hot" nodules)
  • Abnormal secretion of TSH
  • Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland)
  • Excessive iodine intake

Goiter: A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland, regardless of cause. A goiter may be associated with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or a normal thyroid function.

Thyroid Nodules: Nodules are lumps or abnormal masses in the thyroid. Nodules can be caused by benign cysts, benign tumors, or less commonly, by cancers of the thyroid. If nodules are excessively large, they may cause symptoms related to compression of nearby structures.

Thyroid Cancer: Thyroid cancer is more common among adult women than men or youth. About 2/3rd of cases occur in people under age 55. There are different kinds of thyroid cancers depending upon the specific cell type within the thyroid that has become cancerous. Most cases of thyroid cancer have a good prognosis and high survival rates, especially when diagnosed in its early stages.

Investigations

Blood tests are done to measure levels of thyroid hormones. Blood tests are also done to identify antibodies against thyroid tissue, such as titers of antithyroglobulin, antithyroperoxidase, or TSH receptor-stimulating antibodies.

Treatment

Thyroid disorders can be treated with medications or, in some cases, surgery. The treatment will depend on the particular disease of the thyroid. Medications can be given to replace the missing thyroid hormone in hypothyroidism. Synthetic thyroid hormone is given in pill form by mouth. When hyperthyroidism is present, medications can be used to decrease the production of thyroid hormone or prevent its release from the gland.

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Homeopathy To Aid Thyroid!

Homeopathy To Aid Thyroid!
A lump on your neck is a clear indication of a thyroid problem. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.
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49 people took this quiz

Thyroid Dysfunction & Homeopathic Medicine To Aid It!

Thyroid Dysfunction & Homeopathic Medicine To Aid It!
If you have hyperthyroidism, you may feel unusual cravings for sweet foods. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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15 people took this quiz

Thyroid Problems - How To Get Rid Of It?

Thyroid Problems - How To Get Rid Of It?
If you have hyperthyroidism, you may feel unusual cravings for sweet foods. True or False? Take this quiz to find out.
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2963 people took this quiz

Adult Thyroid Disorders - An Overview!

Adult Thyroid Disorders - An Overview!

What is Adult Thyroid Disorders?
The thyroid is a small gland located below the skin and muscles at the front of the neck. Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t supply the proper amount of hormones needed by the body. If the thyroid is overactive, it releases too much thyroid hormone into the bloodstream, resulting in hyperthyroidism. An underactive thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone, resulting in hypothyroidism. Thyroid disorders can affect people of any age. However, they are more common in older adults.

Symptoms of Adult Thyroid Disorders-

Causes of Adult Thyroid Disorders-

Risk factors of Adult Thyroid Disorders-

Complications of Adult Thyroid Disorders-

Diagnosis of Adult Thyroid Disorders-
Laboratory tests usually measure levels of TSH and thyroid hormones. If your doctor suspects thyroid cancer, a biopsy can be used to sample the thyroid tissue and test for cancer. Another method called a functional stimulation test can be used to distinguish whether the pituitary and thyroid glands are the sources of medical symptoms. Ultrasounds and thyroid scans allow for visual examination of the thyroid gland or of nodules.

Treatment of Adult Thyroid Disorders-

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Adult Thyroid Disorders-
Acupuncture treatment is helpful for patients who have thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis and hypothyroidism. Acupuncture can be used to restore hormonal balance, regulate energy levels, smooth emotions and help manage sleep, emotions and menstrual problems. There are several powerful acupuncture points on the ear and the body that can be used to regulate the production of thyroid hormones.

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Thyroid Gland Dysfunction - Its Types And Treatment!

Thyroid Gland Dysfunction - Its Types And Treatment!

Thyroid disorders are associated with the thyroid gland. A thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland situated right at the base of one’s neck. The role of the thyroid gland is to carry out numerous metabolic processes within the body. The brain regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland through a feedback mechanism. There are a number of disorders, both severe and trivial, which could affect the thyroid gland.

Main symptoms of thyroid disorders:

  1. Weight loss and weight gain

  2. Changes in heart rate (arrhythmia)

  3. Hair loss

  4. Frequent mood swings

  5. Swollen neck

  6. Sudden bouts of moderate to high fever

Other symptoms include:

  1. Numbness or a tingling sensation in the hands

  2. Constipation

  3. Abnormalities or irregularities in menstruation

  4. Brittle nails and dry skin

  5. Blurred vision

  6. Weakened muscle tone and frequent tremors in the body

Treatment Options:

Intake of thyroid hormone pills may prove beneficial. Once you start with the treatment, you may notice significant improvement within the first two or three weeks. Generally, once affected by thyroid disorders, one might have to be on these medications his/her entire life. Over time, this treatment procedure should result in lowering of the cholesterol levels, increased energy; but in certain cases, might throw up side effects in the form of sudden and unexplained weight loss.

Anti-thyroid medications help reduce and regulate the secretion of the thyroid hormone, thus treating certain thyroid disorders (such as hyperthyroidism).

Beta blockers are drugs help in reducing high blood pressure, heart palpitations and controlling heart rate.

In severe cases, such as enlargement of the thyroid gland, surgery is advised by the doctor, in which the thyroid gland is removed. Tumors or thyroid nodules are also treated by this surgical process.

In cases of thyroid cancer, besides the surgical procedure, radioactive iodine therapy (radioiodine) is recommended. This therapy helps destroy the thyroid gland and another thyroid (malignant) cells which may be taking up iodine. However, the side effects of this technique are minimal. This procedure helps to destroy those tissues which may not have been removed by the surgery. If the thyroid cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to other parts within the body, this particular mode of treatment can be very effective.

Types of Thyroid Disorders:

  1. Hypothyroidism: This is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland. In this case, sufficient thyroid hormone is not secreted in the body.

  2. Hyperthyroidism: This is characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, that results in overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

  3. Thyroid cancer: It is a type of cancer of the thyroid gland.

  4. Goiter: This is a disorder wherein the thyroid gland gets abnormally enlarged.

  5. Thyroid nodules: This is marked by swelling of the thyroid gland.

1873 people found this helpful
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