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Thyroid Disease in Children Health Feed

I want to know the main symptoms of thyroid .which commonly seen in all thyroid all thyroid patents. And want to know something in detail about thyroid.

Dr.Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (18776ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user, Thyroid is the normal gland present in all of us. It produces thyroxine hormone, essential for development & day to day functioning of brain, for all the vital metabolic activities in the body. Deficiency of the hormone causes hypothyroidism where patient experiences weight gain, tiredness, early fatigue, slow heart rate, dry skin. Dry hair and hair fall, irregular menstruation, infertility, joint pains, mood swings, depression etc. Hyperthyroidism causes loss of weight, anxiety, increased heart rate, palpitation, sleeplessness, etc. Getting a thyroid assay will help in knowing whether thyroid is functioning normally or not. Thanks.
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I have hyperactive thyroid disease and thyroiditis. Is this diseases dangerous for life.

Dr.Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (18776ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. Hyperthyroidism and thyroiditis are comparatively easily manageable conditions, provided proper medications are taken as advised. If there is very high level of T4 & T3 and low TSH then one has to take anti-thyroid drugs, which will help in controlling hyperactivity, sometimes for a long time or in some cases for a shorter duration. Based on the results further treatments can be taken. Thanks.
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Thyroid disease and diet

Dr.Gaurav Chhaya 91% (273ratings)
MD - Medicine
Endocrinologist, Ahmedabad
Thyroid disease and diet
Thyroid dysfunction occurs with iodine deficiency and vitamin deficiency. One must use iodised salt and avoid cabbage and cauliflower. Avoid high radiation zones repeatedly. Proper diet to maintain vitamins normal.
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Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy

Dr.Surekha Jain 91% (1630ratings)
MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it is not uncommon for women to contract thyroid diseases like gestational hyperthyroidism and gestational hypothyroidism. The main problem, however, is that the symptoms of gestational hypothyroidism are very much similar to those which can be observed during a normal pregnancy. The difficulty in differentiating between the two is the sole reason why many pregnant women are caught unawares, eventually resulting in further complications after the first trimester.

If gestational thyroid diseases are left untreated, you and your baby may experience a ton of problems such as preeclampsia, low birth weight, miscarriage and pre-mature birth amongst others. Needless to say, if you already have a history of pre-existing hypothyroidism, then you will most certainly need more medical attention than is required.

Symptoms
Symptoms of gestational hypothyroidism, like high fatigue and excessive weight gain, are hardly distinguishable from those associated with a normal pregnancy. Other symptoms can also include:

  1. Severe constipation
  2. Goiter
  3. Muscle cramps
  4. Trouble sleeping
  5. Hair loss
  6. Dry skin
  7. Difficulty concentration
  8. Memory problems
  9. Anxiety
  10. Intolerance to cold temperatures

Causes
There may be a variety of causes that are responsible for the development of gestational hypothyroidism but the most common cause is usually an autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, which stimulates the body's immune system to attack thyroid gland cells, leading to a deficiency in the number of active thyroid cells and enzymes, and ultimately resulting in a shortage of the thyroid hormone.

Treatment
Treatment for gestational hypothyroidism is normally uncomplicated, and follows just two simple steps:-

  1. Proper diagnosis, via the use of a synthetic hormone called levothyroxine, which is very much similar to the hormone T4 produced by the thyroid.
  2. Continuous monitoring of thyroid function tests held every four to six weeks during pregnancy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Thyroid Disease In Pregnancy: What To Know?

PG Fellowship In Diabetes, PGC in Diabeties, DFM, MBBS, PG Diploma in Diabetes
Diabetologist, Delhi
Thyroid Disease In Pregnancy: What To Know?

It is important for you to know how pregnancy affects your thyroid gland. The thyroid hormone plays an important role during pregnancy in the development of the baby and also regarding the health of the mother. If you suffer from thyroid problems during pregnancy, you should take medicines and certain thyroid function tests.

How pregnancy affects normal thyroid function?
The pregnancy hormones known as human chorionic gonadotropin or hCG and estrogen lead to increased thyroid hormone levels in your blood. The hCG made by the placenta stimulates the thyroid to produce excessive hormones. Increased estrogen leads to higher levels of the thyroxine binding globulin, which transports the thyroid hormone in the blood.

Because of these normal hormonal changes, thyroid function tests are difficult to perceive during pregnancy. The thyroid hormone is very important for the normal development of a baby’s nervous system and brain. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the foetus depends on the supply of thyroid from the mother via the placenta.

In healthy women, the thyroid enlarges during pregnancy. An enlarged thyroid can indicate a thyroid disease, which should be diagnosed immediately. Thyroid problems are difficult to diagnose during pregnancy because of the increased hormone levels, increased thyroid size, fatigue and other factors.

Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism may occur in pregnancy because of Graves’ disease where enough thyroid hormones are not produced. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the cells and organs of the body instead of fighting bacteria or viruses. With Graves’ disease, an antibody is released by the immune system called the thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin or TSI. This causes the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. In many cases, the antibody is also associated with eye problems like bulging, irritation and puffiness.

Graves’ disease commonly appears during pregnancy, but women with this disease from before may actually observe improvements in the symptoms during the second and third pregnancy trimesters. The remission or the disappearance of the symptoms of Graves’ disease may occur due to the general suppression of the immune system, which occurs during early pregnancy. The disease is likely to recur and worsen in a few months after the delivery. It is important for pregnant women with Graves’ disease to be monitored carefully.

Hypothyroidism during pregnancy may lead to a developmental delay in the child. Sometimes, hormone therapy is given to women who are at the borderline stage in thyroid function during pregnancy or just before pregnancy. The treatment of the condition aims at maintaining a proper and balanced thyroid hormone level in the body.

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Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy

Dr.Megha Tuli 96% (1852ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Masters in Aesthetic Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Thyroid Disease in Pregnancy

During pregnancy, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism become very common. The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that is situated in the anterior portion of the neck. Its function is to produce hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism, weight, temperature of the body and the nervous system.

If you experience thyroid complications during pregnancy, you will require medical attention. In some cases, pregnancy may cause you to experience symptoms that are similar to hypothyroidism (low production of the thyroid hormone). Thus, if you exhibit symptoms such as weight loss, vomiting and frequent palpitations, do not let them go untreated.

If the thyroid problems are left untreated, they may lead to premature birth; carry risks of miscarriage, low birth weight and high blood pressure problems.

Symptoms:

In case of hyperthyroidism (excessive secretion of the thyroid hormone), the symptoms are unexplained nervousness, irregular heartbeat, slight tremors and nausea. For hypothyroidism (low secretion of the hormone), the symptoms are weight gain, constipation, muscle cramps and an inability to focus on anything.

Causes:

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the body produces an antibody that stimulates the thyroid gland to overproduce hormones. Hypothyroidism occurs when the immune system of the body starts to attack the thyroid gland, thus causing it to scale down on its hormone production.

Treatment:

  1. If you are suffering from hyperthyroidism, then an anti- thyroid medication is prescribed that helps to limit the production of excess hormones. If this does not work, then surgery may be required to remove the thyroid gland.

  2. In case of hypothyroidism, a synthetic hormone is administered that helps in boosting hormone production. The dosage of the hormone is fixed according to the needs of the body so that it does not interfere with other functions of the body. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

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I am 26 years old male. I have autoimmune thyroid disease from last 5 months. What should i do?

Dr.Sajeev Kumar 90% (39290ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Treatment for chronic autoimmune thyroiditis depends on the results of the thyroid function tests. Patients with overt hypothyroidism who have high thyroid-stimulating hormone (tsh) and low free t4 levels require treatment with levothyroxine. The dose is age dependent. Tsh levels should be monitored and the dose should be adjusted to maintain levels within the reference range. The treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with elevated tsh and normal free t4 levels is controversial. These children may enter a remission phase and may not have permanent hypothyroidism. This appears to be a minority of subjects. Can you send me the tft reports?
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Is thyroid is a cure disease or not. And how to take care in thyroid. I am a female of 56 years old.

Dr.G.R. Agrawal 97% (28633ratings)
DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hi dear Lybrate user, Thyroid, can b cured in homoeopathy. *U need to maintain personal hygiene * take,easily digestible diet* take plenty of water to eliminate toxins * go for meditation to activate your pituitary gland.*avoid,junk food,dust,smoke, intensed Sun Take, care.
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He having thyroid disease. Is homeopathy better for thyroid. He is been having tablet for 4 years. He really want to stop the tablet.

Dr.R.S. Saini 91% (9422ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
He having thyroid disease. Is homeopathy better for thyroid. He is been having tablet for 4 years. He really want to ...
IN HYPOTHYROIDISM:--- where there is deficiency of thyroxine hormone leading to sluggishness, tired feeling, weight increase, slow heart beats, intolerance to cold, swelling of legs, feet and face, difficulty in concentrating and at times in speech. Treatment for hypothyroidism is giving thyroxine tablets. And dose are according to level of thyroid for life time. Avoid bad habits . Avoid stress. Some Relax during work. Go for walk, Take plenty of water, high-carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and bread. Nutrient-rich foods that improve your health may also benefit your thyroid gland, antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables more plenty of water: Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help. flax oil, Selenium: Tiny amounts of selenium are needed for enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly. Eating selenium-rich foods, such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts, can be beneficial. Tyrosine: This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Taking a supplement may help, avoid oily foods,junk foods, go for walk. Do Tests every 3 to 6 months. And consult doctor on time.
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Thyroid Dysfunction And Homeopathy!

Dr.Rajiv P. Bhanej 89% (45ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Mumbai
Thyroid Dysfunction And Homeopathy!

Hypothyroidism is a condition called deficiency of thyroid hormone. The main duty of thyroid hormone is to maintain the metabolism of the body. Hence, the person affected by it will experience slow metabolism. Hypo means underactive, which means the lack of thyroid hormones in the body. 

Types of Hypothyroidism

This happens when the functioning thyroid gland fails to produce T3 and T4. As a result, pituitary gland releases Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). This helps in producing T3 and T4 hormones. This cause is termed as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

  1. Primary Hypothyroidism is the deficiency of thyroid hormones due to inadequate production.
  2. Secondary Hypothyroidism is the deficiency of thyroid hormones due to inadequate stimulation of the thyroid gland through pituitary gland.

Causes of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Homeopathy Treatment for Hypothyroidism
Homeopathy medicines are always known for treating the disease permanently and same way the medicine performs here too. The disease could be treated through different medicines in homeopathy. Choosing or prescribing the right medicine depends on the cause of the disease and its effect.

Here is the list of homeopathy medicines that helps in eradicating the effectiveness of the disease completely.

  • Calcarea Carbonica
  • Sepia Officinalis
  • Lycopodium Clavatum
  • Graphites
  • Nux Vomica
  • Iodum treats hypothyroidism. The person is emaciated
  • Thymusinum - treatment of stunted conditions in children
  • Bromum treats goiter
  • Lapis Albus treats hyperthyroidism and goiter
  • Natrum muriaticum treats an underactive gland

However, these are just the names of the medicines, which should not be taken without prior approval from a homeopathy doctor, as the dosage and frequency of the medicine will be decided by the doctor based on the patient's condition and symptoms.

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