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Overview

Swine Flu - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Swine Flu

Swine flu is a contagious viral infection that is spread from pigs to humans. Though pigs are the main source of infection, once it reaches human beings, it is spread from person to person. This disease was a pandemic in the year 2009, when it first infected humans. Pandemics are the name given to contagious disease that infects humans across various continents. Many people of different continents were affected by the swine flu virus in the 2009 pandemic.

Causes :

Pigs are the main source of swine flu virus. Pigs infected with swine flue virus has the same symptoms like human beings like runny nose, fever, and cough.

The disease spreads easily from one person to another through sneeze. With the respiratory tract being infected a person suffers from cough, fever,nasal secretions and headache. The disease spreads through saliva and mucus particles when the infected person sneezes or coughs. With the virus being able to survive on door knobs, tables and other surfaces, it easily spreads to other people through contact with these surfaces.

Vaccination :

Young adults are most susceptible to swine flu and it appears during the flu season. Young people who are under aspirin therapy are likely to get infected fast, so also aged population and pregnant women.

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Vaccinations have been developed to fight the disease and those who are travelling often prefer to take these vaccinations to avoid infection.

When a person visits a doctor with symptoms of viral fever, the doctor will take swabs of secretions from nose or throat to check whether it is swine flu. The infections like any other viral infection lasts for about a week. In a few patients, the infection may last up to 10 days.

Treatment :

Treatment of swine flu is done through management of disease and no medications are required like any other viral fever treatments. People who have other diseases like asthma, diabetes and hypertension may develop other complications. Antiviral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza are used in the treatment of swine flu. These drugs are given only to people who are in the high risk category to avoid the flue to become resistant to these drugs. Healthy individuals have the potential to fight the infection and recover from it.

Besides the treatment patients who have swine flu should take plenty of rest, fluids and proper diet to fight the infection. Pain relievers can be taken for headache and sore throat.

Preventing swine flu can be done by using hand sanitizer and not touching the surfaces infected with the flu virus. Proper vaccinations can prevent the onslaught of the viral disease and help ward off the disease.

Treatable by medical professional Usually self diagnosable Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Fever Cough Sore throat Chills

Popular Health Tips

H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - How it can be detected and treated?

MD, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - How it can be detected and treated?

Are you experiencing symptoms of flu, such as a cough, sore throat, fever, body aches and headaches? Are you feeling sick around your stomach and throwing up more than usual? This indicates you have H1N1 flu or swine flu. Swine flu is a form of influenza that affects pigs, or a form of human influenza that is caused by a related virus.

Diagnosis
It is difficult to tell whether you have got swine flu or seasonal flu, as the associated symptoms are similar. There are a few different symptoms. A laboratory test is hence required for the detection of swine flu. Sometimes, a rapid flu test taken in a doctor’s chamber is not enough for the proper diagnosis of swine flu.

For swine flu testing, a swab is taken by a doctor from the insides of your nose and the back of your throat. This test is usually taken by people who are living in hospitals or are at a high risk of death because of life threatening conditions, because of swine flu. Children below the age of 6, people above the age of 65, and children taking aspirin therapy are more likely to develop swine flu. Adults or children suffering from lung, blood, liver and nervous system disorders are also prone to swine flu. Pregnant women and people with a weak immune system are also susceptible to swine flu.

Treatment
Several antiviral drugs, which are used to treat seasonal flu, are used to treat swine flu as well. However, some drugs prescribed for seasonal flu do not respond to swine flu. Using these medicines enables faster treatment and also makes the patient feel better. You must take the medicines within 48 hours of observing the first swine flu symptom. They are also effective when given at a later stage. Antibiotics do not treat swine flu as the flu itself is caused by a virus and not by a bacterium.

Certain over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers and medicines for cold and flu may also help in relieving aches, fever and pain. Abstain from giving aspirin to patients below the age of eighteen as it could lead to Reye’s syndrome. You can prevent yourself from getting swine flu by taking a vaccine. The same flu vaccine, which prevents seasonal flu, also protects the H1N1 swine flu strain. This can be taken in the form of a shot or a nasal spray. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

3111 people found this helpful

H1N1 Flu Spreading Wings - How Well Are You Prepared?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
H1N1 Flu Spreading Wings - How Well Are You Prepared?

The sudden spread of the Influenza-A (H1N1) virus has left the Karnataka government a bit worried as the death toll this year has reached 6 with two fresh casualties in Bengaluru.

The government has alerted all the districts and has ordered to take the preventive measures to combat the prevalent disease. A total of 4,902 H1N1 cases have been tested positive this year across the country, out which 456 have been registered in Karnataka only.

What is H1N1 flu?

It is also known as swine flu because of its past. Initially, people go got infected with it used to be in direct contact with pigs. It is a respiratory disease which is caused by influenza viruses that infect the respiratory tract of pigs leading to barking cough, decreased appetite, nasal secretions, etc. The molecules released by the infected pigs quickly get transmitted to humans turning the flu into a pandemic.

How does H1N1 flu prevail?

It spreads just like seasonal flu. It is transmitted from one person to another through sneeze or cough. The small molecules released while sneezing or coughing stay alive in the air and whenever another person comes in contact with these drops, he/she also gets infected by the virus. It also gets transmitted when someone touches the things used by an infected person.

H1N1 Flu Symptoms:

Swine Flu has similar symptoms to the seasonal flu. They include:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Running nose
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Breath shortness
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in the belly region

H1N1 flu, however, can lead to more serious ailments like pneumonia, lung infection and breathing problems. It worsens the situation in case the patient is already a diabetic or asthma patient.

Ways to diagnose H1N1 infection:

Due to various similarities in the symptoms of seasonal flu and swine flu, the doctor has to run a swab up inside the nose around the back of the throat of the patient. The doctors, however, use this method only on those having life threatening issues due to swine flu.

H1N1 Treatment:

The doctors prescribe same anti-viral drugs for swine flu that are given to treat seasonal flu. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu), peramivir (Rapivab) and zanamivir (Relenza) are some drugs that fetch best results.

Consuming antibiotics will solve no purpose in H1N1 flu as it is caused by virus, not bacteria.

H1N1 flu prevention:

The vaccinations are a good option to keep swine flu at bay but here are some more preventive tips that can be of help:

  • Keep your hands clean
  • Use alcohol-based hand-sanitizer
  • Do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose
  • Try to maintain a safe distance from infected people

Preventive tips for family members and colleagues of a swine flu patient:

  • They should ensure they cover their mouth while sneezing or coughing
  • They should wear a mask while sharing the same room or cabin with the infected person
  • They should wash their hands with soap and water multiple times a day
  • They should avoid using or touching the clothes or other products used by the infected person

H1N1 flu is a deadly pandemic that is causing serious issues for the people as well as the government in Karnataka. Everyone should be aware of the preventive measures to keep themselves as well as their families safe in such a situation. If you also have any of the symptoms of swine flu, you should immediately visit a doctor to diagnose the problem.

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H1N1 Infection Kills 70 In Maharashtra - How To Stay Safe?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
H1N1 Infection Kills 70 In Maharashtra - How To Stay Safe?

H1N1 infection, more commonly known as Swine Flu, has gripped Maharashtra badly and has so far accounted for over 70 deaths in the state. More than 700 people have been hospitalised and the number is increasing rapidly.

The infection, which has worst affected cities like Pune and Nashik, has brought a bunch of viral diseases including dengue.

What is H1N1 infection?

It is a respiratory disease which is caused by influenza viruses that infect the respiratory tract of pigs and eventually result in a barking cough, nasal secretions, decreased appetite and listless behaviour. It quickly gets transmitted to humans and turns into a pandemic.

How does it prevail?

It spreads its wings in a very similar manner as seasonal flu. When people sneeze or cough, they release tiny drops of virus into the air. Whenever another person comes in contact with these drops, he/she also gets infected by the virus. It can also spread by using or touching the things touched by the infected person.

H1N1 Symptoms:

The symptoms of the disease are also very much similar to the seasonal flu. They include:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Running nose
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Breath shortness
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in the belly region

Swine flu can lead to more serious problems that include pneumonia, a lung infection and other breathing problems. In ailments like diabetes and asthma, it can make the situation even worst.

How is H1N1 infection diagnosed?

As there are many similarities in the symptoms of seasonal flu and swine flu, the doctor runs a swab up inside your nose around the back of your throat. The method, however, is not used on everyone but only on those who are at risk of life threatening problems because of swine flu.

How To Treat H1N1 Infection?

Some of the anti-viral drugs used to cure seasonal flu are used to treat swine flu also. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu), peramivir (Rapivab) and zanamivir (Relenza) are some of the best kinds of drugs that fetch best results.

Taking antibiotics will do no benefit as swine flu is caused by virus, not bacteria.

Can vaccination keep swine flu at bay?

The flu vaccine which keeps away seasonal flu also protects against N1H1 infection.

How to prevent H1N1 infection?

Apart from vaccinations, there are some other ways also to keep yourself healthy:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water
  • Use alcohol-based hand-sanitizer
  • Do not touch your eyes, mouth or nose
  • Try to maintain safe distance from infected people

Prevention is always better than cure! At the time when the pandemic is quickly spreading across the country, people should be more cautious about their health. If you also have the symptoms of the disease, you should immediately visit a doctor to diagnose it and start with the treatment.

Symptoms Of Swine Flu - स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Symptoms Of Swine Flu - स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण

दुनिया के सामने साल 2009 में स्वाइन फ्लू एक महामारी के रूप में सामने आया. लेकिन आज इसे एक आम तरह का फ्लू वायरस माना जाता है. इसको लेकर सरकारों द्वारा भी कई तरह के कदम उठाये गए है. आज के समय में इसे सिर्फ एक सामान्य वायरस ही माना जाता है. लेकिन आज के समय में इसके हर साल टीकाकरण किया जाता है. जिससे इसकी रोकधाम हो जाती है. अगर बात करें स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण की, तो यह एक अन्य सामान्य फ्लू वायरस के जैसे ही होता हैं और अन्य सामान्य फ्लू वायरस के जैसे ही फैलते हैं. स्वाइन फ्लू को H1N1 फ्लू भी कहते हैं क्योंकि यह H1N1 वायरस से होता है.

सामान्य फ्लू और स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण एक समान ही होते हैं. इस वायरस की शुरुआत सूअर से हुई थी, जिसके बाद यह एक इंसान से दूसरे इंसान में फैलता गया. 2009-10 का महामारी स्वाइन फ्लू अप्रैल 2009 में इस वायरस की पहचान सबसे पहले मैक्सिको में की गई और ये स्वाइन फ्लू के नाम से जाना गया क्योंकि ये सुअर को प्रभावित करने वाले फ्लू वायरस के समान ही था. ये वायरस तेज़ी से एक देश से दूसरे देश में फैलता गया क्योंकि ये एक नये किस्म का फ्लू वायरस था. लोगों की प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली इससे लड़ने में सक्षम नहीं थी और कई युवक इसकी चपेट में आए. वर्तमान में स्वाइन फ्लू का प्रकोप H1N1 A वायरस अब मौसम-आधारित वायरस हो गया है, जो कि हर सर्दी के मौसम में फैलते हैं. आइए जाने स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों के बारे में, जो इस प्रकार है.

स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण
स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण स्वाइन फ्लू के शुरूआती लक्षण का पता एक से चार दिन में लग पाता है. इस वायरस से संपर्क में आने के बाद वायरस की ऊष्मायन अवधि लगभग एक से चार दिन होती है, जबकि औसतन दो दिन होती है. इसके लक्षण एक से दो सप्ताह तक बने रहते हैं और अगर कोई व्यक्ति गंभीर रुप से संक्रमित है, तो इसकी अवधि बढ़ भी सकती है. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण कई अन्य प्रकार के इन्फ्लूएंजा वायरस के जैसे ही होते है. इसमें यह लक्षण देखने को मिलते हैं –

बुखार (100F या इससे अधिक). खांसी (आमतौर पर सूखी खाँसी).
1. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों में नाक का बहना बहना प्रमुख है. हालांकि, नाक बहना एक सामन्य समस्या है. मामूली जुकाम में भी आपका ना बहता है. लेकिन यदि ये स्वाइन फ्लू के कारण होता है, तो जांच कराएं.


2. स्वाइन फ्लू के मरीज थकान का अनुभव भी करते हैं. इसमें उन्हें बिना किसी परिश्रम वाले काम के ही थकान का अनुभव होने लगता है.

3. इसके पीड़ितों के गले में खराश का होना भी एक सामान्य लक्षण है. हालांकि, ऐसे सामान्य लक्षणों के दिखने के बाद आपको जांच कराने के बाद ही हकीकत का पता चलेगा.

4. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों में एक ये भी है कि आपके त्वचा पर लाल चकत्ते निकल आते हैं. जिससे आप इसके होने का अनुमान लगा सकते हैं.

5. स्वाइन फ्लू के संक्रमण के शिकार के लोगों के शरीर और मांसपेशियों में दर्द की भी शिकायत होती है.

6. इसके मरीजों को ठंड लगने की समस्या देखती है.

7. जी मिचलाना भी स्वाइन फ्लू के तमाम लक्षणों में से एक है.

8. इसके संक्रमण से पीड़ित मरीजों में उल्टी आने की समस्या देखी जा सकती है.

9. दस्त लगना भी इसके तमाम लक्षणों में से एक ही है.

10. कुछ रोगियों को श्वसन संबंधी लक्षण भी हो सकते हैं जैसे सांस लेने में परेशानी. इन हालत में उन्हें सांस लेनें में मदद करने वाले यंत्र की ज़रूरत पड़ती है जैसे वेन्टलेटर.

11. अगर संक्रमण बना रहता है तो रोगी को निमोनिया हो सकता है और कुछ रोगी सीज़्यर का अचानक बढ़ना.

12. इसका असर व्यक्ति पर थोड़े समय के लिए ही रहता है, मूल रूप से व्यक्ति की कार्य करने की क्षमता पर असर पड़ता है) भी हो सकता है. इससे मौत अक्सर इसकी वजह से होने वाले फेफड़ों के संक्रमण से होती है.

H1N1 Influenza - What Steps Should You Take To Treat It?

MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
H1N1 Influenza - What Steps Should You Take To Treat It?

Are you experiencing symptoms of flu, such as a cough, sore throat, fever, body aches and headaches? Are you feeling sick around your stomach and throwing up more than usual? This indicates you have H1N1 flu or swine flu. Swine flu is a form of influenza that affects pigs, or a form of human influenza that is caused by a related virus.

Diagnosis
It is difficult to tell whether you have got swine flu or seasonal flu, as the associated symptoms are similar. There are a few different symptoms. A laboratory test is hence required for the detection of swine flu. Sometimes, a rapid flu test taken in a doctor’s chamber is not enough for the proper diagnosis of swine flu.

For swine flu testing, a swab is taken by a doctor from the insides of your nose and the back of your throat. This test is usually taken by people who are living in hospitals or are at a high risk of death because of life threatening conditions, because of swine flu. Children below the age of 6, people above the age of 65, and children taking aspirin therapy are more likely to develop swine flu. Adults or children suffering from lung, blood, liver and nervous system disorders are also prone to swine flu. Pregnant women and people with a weak immune system are also susceptible to swine flu.

Treatment
Several antiviral drugs, which are used to treat seasonal flu, are used to treat swine flu as well. However, some drugs prescribed for seasonal flu do not respond to swine flu. Using these medicines enables faster treatment and also makes the patient feel better. You must take the medicines within 48 hours of observing the first swine flu symptom. They are also effective when given at a later stage. Antibiotics do not treat swine flu as the flu itself is caused by a virus and not by a bacterium.

Certain over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers and medicines for cold and flu may also help in relieving aches, fever and pain. Abstain from giving aspirin to patients below the age of eighteen as it could lead to Reye’s syndrome. You can prevent yourself from getting swine flu by taking a vaccine. The same flu vaccine, which prevents seasonal flu, also protects the H1N1 swine flu strain. This can be taken in the form of a shot or a nasal spray.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2631 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What medicine is recommended ,in the recent spread flu in Delhi. Who's patter is mainly like sour throatbl, mild fever, watery eyes?

MD-Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Patiala
take sanshamni vati, 3 tabs twice a day after meals with dashmoolarishta, 3 tsf in half a glass of luke warm water after meals, twice a day. stop the intake of milk products. continue the regime for 21 days. good luke.
1 person found this helpful

What are the causes and symptoms of swine flu? I am having fever and chills from last one week.

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS), M.sc in yoga and naturopathy, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Ayurveda, Delhi
Symptoms of swine flu - fever (100 F or greater), cough, nasal secretions, fatigue, and headache Swine influenza is transmitted from person to person by inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing virus from people sneezing or coughing In uncomplicated infections, swine flu typically begins to resolve after three to seven days, but the malaise and cough can persist two weeks or more in some patients. Severe swine flu may require hospitalization that increases the length of time of infection to about nine to 10 days. You should do a complete blood check up as soon as possible.

What is a symptoms of swine flu? Can we take treatment in private hospital or only in government hospital.

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Fever with cough and breathlessness with leucopenia are few symptoms of swine flu and you can take treatment from a private hospital also.

What are the symptoms of swine flu? Please tell me about this and how to cope up with this disease.

MBBS, Basic Life Support (B.L.S), Advanced Cardiac Life Support, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
General Physician, Bangalore
Hi , thank you for your question. The symptoms of swine flu include fever , chills, sore throat , body ache , fatigue etc. Has a diagnosis for swine flu been made for you ? If it is , it needs to be evaluated further and treatment has to be started . If you need any further advice , feel free to connect with me so that treatment can be started for you and I will be happy to assist you.

Table of Content

What is Swine Flu

Causes :

Vaccination :

Treatment :