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Swine Flu Tips

Symptoms Of Swine Flu - स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (119 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Symptoms Of Swine Flu - स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण

साल 2009 में स्वाइन फ्लू एक महामारी के रूप में आया था, लेकिन इसे आज बस एक आम तरह का फ्लू वायरस माना जाता है. हर साल टीकाकरण करके स्वाइन फ्लू को रोका जा सकता है. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण और उपचार, एक अन्य सामान्य फ्लू वायरस के जैसे ही होते हैं और अन्य सामान्य फ्लू वायरस के जैसे ही फैलते हैं. स्वाइन फ्लू को H1N1 फ्लू भी कहते हैं क्योंकि यह H1N1 वायरस से होता है. सामान्य फ्लू और स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण एक समान ही होते हैं. इस वायरस की शुरुआत सूअर से होती है जिसके बाद यह एक इंसान से दूसरे इंसान में फैलता है. जब 2009 में स्वाइन फ्लू वायरस को इंसान में पाया गया तब इस वायरस ने एक महामारी का रूप ले लिया था. अगस्त 2010 में विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन ने स्वाइन फ्लू महामारी को खत्म धोषित कर दिया था. तब से H1N1 वायरस को एक सामान्य फ्लू वायरस की तरह ही माना जाता है. H1N1 वायरस अन्य फ्लू वायरस के जेसै ही संक्रमित होता है.
2009-10 का महामारी स्वाइन फ्लू अप्रैल 2009 में इस वायरस की पहचान सबसे पहले मैक्सिको में की गई और ये स्वाइन फ्लू के नाम से जाना गया क्योंकि ये सुअर को प्रभावित करने वाले फ्लू वायरस के समान ही था. ये वायरस तेज़ी से एक देश से दूसर देश में फैलता गया क्योंकि ये एक नये किस्म का फ्लू वायरस था क्योंकि युवकों की प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली इससे लड़ने में सक्षम नहीं थी और कई युवक इसकी चपेट में आए. वर्तमान में स्वाइन फ्लू का प्रकोप H1N1 A वायरस अब मौसम-आधारित वायरस हो गया है जो कि हर सर्दी के मौसम में फैलते हैं. इसलिए आइए स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों को जानें.
स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण
स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण स्वाइन फ्लू के शुरूआती लक्षण का पता एक से चार दिन में लग पाता है. इस वायरस से संपर्क में आने के बाद वायरस की ऊष्मायन अवधि लगभग एक से चार दिन होती है, और औसतन दो दिन. इसके लक्षण एक से दो सप्ताह तक बने रहते हैं और अगर कोई व्यक्ति गंभीर रुप से संक्रमित है तो इसकी अवधि बढ़ भी सकती है. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षण कई अन्य प्रकार के इन्फ्लूएंजा वायरस के जैसे ही होते है. इसमें यह लक्षण देखने को मिलते हैं –
बुखार (100F या इससे अधिक). खांसी (आम तौर पर सूखी खाँसी).
1. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों में नाक का बहना बहना प्रमुख है. हलांकि नाक बहना एक सामन्य समस्या है. मामूली जुकाम में भी आपका ना बहता है. लेकिन यदि ये स्वाइन फ्लू के कारण होता है तो. जांच कराएं.
2. स्वाइन फ्लू के मरीज थकान का अनुभव भी करते हैं. इसमें उन्हें बिना किसी परिश्रम वाले काम के ही थकान का अनुभव होने लगता है.
3. इसके पीड़ितों के गले में खराश का होना भी एक सामान्य लक्षण है. हलांकि ऐसे सामान्य लक्षणों के दिखने के बाद आपको जांच कराने के बाद ही हकीकत का पता चलेगा.
4. स्वाइन फ्लू के लक्षणों में एक ये भी है कि आपके त्वचा पर लाल चकत्ते निकल आते हैं. जिससे आप इसके होने का अनुमान लगा सकते हैं.
5. स्वाइन फ्लू के संक्रमण के शिकार के लोगों के शरीर और मांसपेशियों में दर्द की भी शिकायत होती है.
6. इसके मरीजों को ठंड लगने की समस्या देखी ती है.
7. जी मिचलाना भी स्वाइन फ्लू के तमाम लक्षणों में से एक है.
8. इसके संक्रमण से पीड़ित मरीजों में उल्टी आने की समस्या देखी जा सकती है.
9. दस्त लगना भी इसके तमाम लक्षणों में से एक ही है.
10. कुछ रोगियों को श्वसन संबंधी लक्षण भी हो सकते हैं जैसे सांस लेने में परेशानी. इन हालत में उन्हें सांस लेनें में मदद करने वाले यंत्र की ज़रूरत पड़ती है जैसे वेन्टलेटर.
11. अगर संक्रमण बना रहता है तो रोगी को निमोनिया हो सकता है और कुछ रोगी सीज़्यर का अचानक बढ़ना.
12. इसका असर व्यक्ति पर थोड़े समय के लिए ही रहता है, मूल रूप से व्यक्ति की कार्य करने की क्षमता पर असर पड़ता है) भी हो सकता है. इससे मौत अक्सर इसकी वजह से होने वाले फेफड़ों के संक्रमण से होती है.

H1N1 Influenza - What Steps Should You Take To Treat It?

Dr. Hemant Kalra 88% (356 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
H1N1 Influenza - What Steps Should You Take To Treat It?

Are you experiencing symptoms of flu, such as a cough, sore throat, fever, body aches and headaches? Are you feeling sick around your stomach and throwing up more than usual? This indicates you have H1N1 flu or swine flu. Swine flu is a form of influenza that affects pigs, or a form of human influenza that is caused by a related virus.

Diagnosis
It is difficult to tell whether you have got swine flu or seasonal flu, as the associated symptoms are similar. There are a few different symptoms. A laboratory test is hence required for the detection of swine flu. Sometimes, a rapid flu test taken in a doctor’s chamber is not enough for the proper diagnosis of swine flu.

For swine flu testing, a swab is taken by a doctor from the insides of your nose and the back of your throat. This test is usually taken by people who are living in hospitals or are at a high risk of death because of life threatening conditions, because of swine flu. Children below the age of 6, people above the age of 65, and children taking aspirin therapy are more likely to develop swine flu. Adults or children suffering from lung, blood, liver and nervous system disorders are also prone to swine flu. Pregnant women and people with a weak immune system are also susceptible to swine flu.

Treatment
Several antiviral drugs, which are used to treat seasonal flu, are used to treat swine flu as well. However, some drugs prescribed for seasonal flu do not respond to swine flu. Using these medicines enables faster treatment and also makes the patient feel better. You must take the medicines within 48 hours of observing the first swine flu symptom. They are also effective when given at a later stage. Antibiotics do not treat swine flu as the flu itself is caused by a virus and not by a bacterium.

Certain over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers and medicines for cold and flu may also help in relieving aches, fever and pain. Abstain from giving aspirin to patients below the age of eighteen as it could lead to Reye’s syndrome. You can prevent yourself from getting swine flu by taking a vaccine. The same flu vaccine, which prevents seasonal flu, also protects the H1N1 swine flu strain. This can be taken in the form of a shot or a nasal spray.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2631 people found this helpful

H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - Best Way It Can be Treated!

Dr. (Brig.) Ashok 89% (98 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DNB - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Internal Medicine, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Delhi
H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - Best Way It Can be Treated!

Are you experiencing symptoms of flu, such as a cough, sore throat, fever, body aches and headaches? Are you feeling sick around your stomach and throwing up more than usual? This indicates you have H1N1 flu or swine flu. Swine flu is a form of influenza that affects pigs, or a form of human influenza that is caused by a related virus.

Diagnosis
It is difficult to tell whether you have got swine flu or seasonal flu, as the associated symptoms are similar. There are a few different symptoms. A laboratory test is hence required for the detection of swine flu. Sometimes, a rapid flu test taken in a doctor’s chamber is not enough for the proper diagnosis of swine flu.

For swine flu testing, a swab is taken by a doctor from the insides of your nose and the back of your throat. This test is usually taken by people who are living in hospitals or are at a high risk of death because of life threatening conditions, because of swine flu. Children below the age of 6, people above the age of 65, and children taking aspirin therapy are more likely to develop swine flu. Adults or children suffering from lung, blood, liver and nervous system disorders are also prone to swine flu. Pregnant women and people with a weak immune system are also susceptible to swine flu.

Treatment
Several antiviral drugs, which are used to treat seasonal flu, are used to treat swine flu as well. However, some drugs prescribed for seasonal flu do not respond to swine flu. Using these medicines enables faster treatment and also makes the patient feel better. You must take the medicines within 48 hours of observing the first swine flu symptom. They are also effective when given at a later stage. Antibiotics do not treat swine flu as the flu itself is caused by a virus and not by a bacterium.

Certain over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers and medicines for cold and flu may also help in relieving aches, fever and pain. Abstain from giving aspirin to patients below the age of eighteen as it could lead to Reye’s syndrome. You can prevent yourself from getting swine flu by taking a vaccine. The same flu vaccine, which prevents seasonal flu, also protects the H1N1 swine flu strain. This can be taken in the form of a shot or a nasal spray.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2907 people found this helpful

Health Ministry - All Set To Undertake This Year s Seasonal Influenza!

Dt. Radhika 93% (467 ratings)
MBBS, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Health Ministry - All Set To Undertake This Year s Seasonal Influenza!

In the wake of increasing number of seasonal influenza cases, the Union Health Ministry has directed the National Capital and other states to strictly keep a tab on swine flu cases and monitor serious ones on a daily basis. The Health Minister, J P Nadda, gave a number of directions, including creating awareness and ensuring availability of medicines and vaccines.   

“We are monitoring the situation on real-time basis. A control room has already been set up and is fully functional now. We have also rolled out a nationwide awareness campaign on Seasonal Influenza (H1N1),” said the Union Health Minister, J.P Nadda.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 8,543 people succumbed to deadly swine flu virus between 2010 and 2017.
  • Till July 2017, India witnessed over 19,113 cases of dengue and chikungunya.
  • Delhi reported 485 fresh dengue cases in Sep. 2017

Who is at risk?
Seasonal influenza epidemics can seriously affect anybody anytime however pregnant women, children and the elderly are at highest risk.

Prevention Tips At A Glance-

  • Get vaccinated.
  • Stay at home if you are sick.
  • Avoid close contact.
  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Avoid touching your nose, mouth, and eyes.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue.
  • Keep yourself hydrated.
2 people found this helpful

Swineflu

Dr. Ramanaprasad 88% (21 ratings)
Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, ccebdm, FCCP (USA), MBBS
Pulmonologist, Secunderabad
Swineflu

Swineflu is a viral infection affecting all the ages, perticularly children, elders and immunocompromised patients. Usual symptoms are cold, cough, fever and body pains, insome loose motions and vomittings. If these symptoms are associated with breathing difficulty then the patient requires hospitalisation. Most of the patients respond to anti flu medications, only few develop ards which may be fatal. Keeping away from large gatherings, frequent hand washing, taking adequate rest and liquids, covering nose with a mask and taking a flu shot are some of the important precautions to avoid swinflu infection.

cold cough
1 person found this helpful

Swine Flu

Dr. Mahima Jain 90% (98 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Chhatarpur
Swine Flu

Take influenzinum 200 single dose a preventive homeo medicine for swine flu.

1 person found this helpful

Know More About Swine Flu!

MD - Physician, Associate Fellow of Industrial Health, Post Graduate Diploma in Diabetology (PGDD)
General Physician, Pune
Know More About Swine Flu!
  • Swine flu is spreading in and around pune. It is advised to all to take general precautions like maintaining hygienic conditions and eat more of fruits to improve immunity.
  • It is also recommended to get vaccinated against swine flu once a year.
  • You can contact me directly for vaccination.
1 person found this helpful

Swine Flu - How It Spreads?

Dr. Shweta Saraf Gargiya 92% (262 ratings)
DNB (Respiratory disease), Fellowship Bronchoscopy, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Ahmedabad
Swine Flu - How It Spreads?

Swine flu is the commonly used word for H1N1 influenza virus infection.  It is a relatively newer strain of the influenza virus, and is so called because it was originally discovered in people who were in direct contact with pigs. This is not necessarily the case now.  Also, one should note that despite the name, it does not spread by eating pork or bacon or ham.

It is very contagious and spreads from person to person very rapidly.  Swine flu was big news in 2009 when it was declared a pandemic an is in news again as a number of people have succumb to death in 2017 because of it. 

Mechanism of spread:  When a person with flu sneezes or coughs, the virus is released into the air, and when another person breathes the virus, they get the disease.  It could also be through surfaces like doors or restroom handles which were handled by the infected person. The symptoms take about 7 days to develop, and could be quicker and severe in people with weak immune system

Symptoms: Swine flu resembles the regular flu with generic symptoms including:

  1. Fever and chills
  2. Cough and cold
  3. Sore throat
  4. Runny nose
  5. Generalized fatigue
  6. Body aches
  7. Vomiting

As it progresses, it can lead to more severe conditions like pneumonia, lung infection, or worsening of asthma.

Testing: A swab test can be done but is not required in all people, except the below

  1. Extremely young or old people
  2. People with known weakened immunity
  3. People with debilitating medical conditions (chronic lung or liver disease, severe diabetes, nervous disorders, etc.)
  4. People in nursing or assisted living

Treatment:

  • When swine flu is detected, one of the following medications is usually given – osteltavimir, peramivir, or zanamivir.  The results are best when given in the first 48 hours.
  • Antibiotics are not effective as it is a viral disease.
  • Cold and fever medications are given for symptomatic relief
  • Aspirin should be avoided

Prevention: When there is a high incidence of swine flu in your surroundings, do the following:

  1. If you are affected, stay indoors to avoid spreading the disease 
  2. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
  3. Contain coughs and sneezes with a kerchief or a tissue so that virus spread is limited
  4. Avoid touching the eyes, nose, and mouth with likely infected hands
  5. Keep elderly, pregnant, asthmatics, and young people away from the infected person. They have lower immunity and can contract the infection much faster
  6. If you are infected, limit your movement in the household and try to stay put in one place
  7. Caretaking preferably should be done by one person to limit exposure among all the members in the family. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Pulmonologist.
2951 people found this helpful

H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - How it can be detected and treated?

Dr. Nikhil Modi 91% (213 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
H1 N1 Infuenza (Swine Flu) - How it can be detected and treated?

Are you experiencing symptoms of flu, such as a cough, sore throat, fever, body aches and headaches? Are you feeling sick around your stomach and throwing up more than usual? This indicates you have H1N1 flu or swine flu. Swine flu is a form of influenza that affects pigs, or a form of human influenza that is caused by a related virus.

Diagnosis
It is difficult to tell whether you have got swine flu or seasonal flu, as the associated symptoms are similar. There are a few different symptoms. A laboratory test is hence required for the detection of swine flu. Sometimes, a rapid flu test taken in a doctor’s chamber is not enough for the proper diagnosis of swine flu.

For swine flu testing, a swab is taken by a doctor from the insides of your nose and the back of your throat. This test is usually taken by people who are living in hospitals or are at a high risk of death because of life threatening conditions, because of swine flu. Children below the age of 6, people above the age of 65, and children taking aspirin therapy are more likely to develop swine flu. Adults or children suffering from lung, blood, liver and nervous system disorders are also prone to swine flu. Pregnant women and people with a weak immune system are also susceptible to swine flu.

Treatment
Several antiviral drugs, which are used to treat seasonal flu, are used to treat swine flu as well. However, some drugs prescribed for seasonal flu do not respond to swine flu. Using these medicines enables faster treatment and also makes the patient feel better. You must take the medicines within 48 hours of observing the first swine flu symptom. They are also effective when given at a later stage. Antibiotics do not treat swine flu as the flu itself is caused by a virus and not by a bacterium.

Certain over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers and medicines for cold and flu may also help in relieving aches, fever and pain. Abstain from giving aspirin to patients below the age of eighteen as it could lead to Reye’s syndrome. You can prevent yourself from getting swine flu by taking a vaccine. The same flu vaccine, which prevents seasonal flu, also protects the H1N1 swine flu strain. This can be taken in the form of a shot or a nasal spray. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

3111 people found this helpful

Swine Flu in Pregnancy

Dr. Seema Sharma 88% (240 ratings)
MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Swine Flu in Pregnancy

Swine Flu in Pregnancy

What is Swine Flu?


It is a respiratory(associated with breathing) disease caused by a virus. This virus is similar to the influenza virus responsible for causing the common cold.

The scientific name of the virus is H1N1 type A influenza virus.This strain was earlier known to infect pigs(swine family), thus the name swine flu.It is a new strain of the virus, previously unknown in humans, hence, there is no known immunity in humans against this virus.

What are the symptoms:

There are three main symptoms :

Fever,
cough,
shortness of breath.
and a combination of one or many of these:

Headache, aching muscles, running nose, sneezing, chills, tiredness, loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea.

It is usually a mild disease for most people. Symptoms appear quickly and last for almost for one week to ten days.

How do I know if I am at higher risk?

Certain categories of people seem to be at higher risk for complications from swine flu. These are:

Asians, especially people living in poorly ventilated colonies.
People having associated ailments like - asthma, diabetes, paralysis, previous strokes, spinal problems, and jaundice.

Extremes of body weight;very thin built or obese people.
Smokers
Teenage mothers, women in their second and third trimesters are at higher risk.
How can swine flu harm my baby?

For the majority of pregnant women, swine flu does not cause any serious damage to the mother or the baby.

Fever in the first three months may increase the risk of neural tube and birth defects.
Fever during labor may cause neonatal convulsions, encephalopathy, cerebral palsy and fetal death.
Pregnant women should always take fever seriously and contact their doctor when the temperature goes more than 100 degrees.

How does swine flu affect me during my pregnancy?

Active infection by swine flu virus may cause miscarriages, preterm delivery, and adverse delivery outcomes.
There is a higher risk of hospitalization/ ICU admission during pregnancy.
Chest infections/ Secondary bacterial infections are common resulting in pneumonia or even brain infections.
What can I do to protect myself?

Protection can be at three levels:

1) Taking general precautions- which is most useful for prevention.

2) Use of vaccines.

3) use of drugs

Use of face masks will not prevent swine flu. Focus instead on hygiene and clean surroundings.

It is safe to consume well cooked pork and pork products.

1 person found this helpful
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