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Wounds And Bruises - Know How They Are Different!

Dr. Brahmesh Guntamukkala 90% (60 ratings)
General Physician, Visakhapatnam
Wounds And Bruises - Know How They Are Different!

Wounds and bruises are both injuries. However, they differ widely in terms of the causing factors, the nature of the injury, the pain they cause and the kind of treatment they require.

The following are a few of the myriad ways in which the two injuries differ from each other:

1. A wound causes quick damage - the skin tissue is cut or punctured while a bruise (also called a closed wound) is where the skin is not torn.
2. A wound is usually caused by a sharp object but bruises are the results of blunt force or trauma.
3. A wound almost certainly bleeds due to ruptured tissue and blood vessels. Blunt injury also damages the blood capillaries of the skin and causes blood to accumulate under the skin tissue, creating a dark patch of skin. Blood vessels can also break due to lifting of heavy objects or overexertion of muscles.
4. A wound carries the risk of infection because the skin is open but a bruise does not get infected.
5. A wound has a burning or stinging sensation but a bruise is characterized by swelling and a blunt throbbing pain.
6. A wound can be healed by antiseptic and antibiotic medication. Large wounds need to be closed by stitching them up to avoid severe infection. On the other hand, a bruise usually heals by itself. A cold compress and pain killers may be used to ease discomfort. Heat can be applied to the injured spot to normalize the blood flow and dissolve the blood clot.
7. A wound can lead to complications like bacterial infections or the healing might be delayed by chronic diseases like diabetes. In case of a bruise, it usually does not cause complications but if there's a blunt injury to sensitive areas like the head, the tailbone or the eyes, medical attention is advised.
8. Wounds and bruises can also be differentiated on the basis of their subtypes.

The different types of wounds are:

a. Incision (sharp objects cutting the dermis layer of skin)
b. Abrasion (the epithelial tissue is scraped off)
c. Avulsion (a body structure is torn off)
d. Penetration (a sharp object causes an entry and an exit wound)
e. Puncture (only an entry wound caused by a sharp object)
The different types of bruises are:
a. Hematoma (blood pools under the skin)
b. Purpura(tiny spots of blood on the inside of the mouth)
c. Contusion (similar to hematoma and caused by external trauma)
d. Crush injury (caused due to a large amount of force on the body part for a long time)

5 Homeopathic Remedies For Gout!

Dr. Amarjeeth Chilargikar 87% (10 ratings)
Homeopath, Bangalore
5 Homeopathic Remedies For Gout!

Gout: a brief idea: In the simplest of words gout can be defined as the inflammation of joints due to continuous accretion of urate crystals. An excess of uric acid can make a person suffer from gout. There could be a higher percentage of uric acid in a person's blood due to two chief reasons; an inept excretory system that fails to rid your body of surplus acid and also greater production of the acid. Arthritis is of three kinds; gout is one of those three. Homeopathy is known for its efficacy in treating gout. 
Homeopathic remedies for gout:

  1. Urtica urens can cure gout: This homeopathic medicine is prescribed by a professional practitioner if the person is susceptible to cold. Urtica urens can work on a patient if he or she is allergic to snow,  air, touch and water. Hive like eruptions on your ankles, wrists, and shoulders can be treated through regular consumption of this medication.   
  2. Ledum can relieve you of pain: A painful, swollen area that develops on the small joints such as the joints of your toe fingers can be cured with the use of Ledum. The sensation of shooting pain in your limbs or feet can also be dealt with Ledum. Apart from that swollen small joints can be given momentary respite by falling back upon the cold compression therapy. Patients are advised to take this medicine if they exhibit intolerance to external warmth. 
  3. Lycopodium is effective on sore joints: Chalky deposits of urate can be found in a person's knees. This results in chronic gout. Chronic gout has symptoms like limited urination. The urine may or may not have red sediments. People have also been reported with symptoms like extreme backache. Lycopodium successfully cures cases of unceasing gout.
  4. Try out benzoic acid for a big toe: If your gout is accompanied by stinking yellow urine you probably need Benzoic acid. Gout could be so severe that it might result in a stiff limb. In certain cases it makes a person limp. The thumb of your feet might get swollen making you have a big toe. A big toe usually kills you with tearing pain.
  5. Arnica deals with bruises: Arnica is your go to solution in case of a throbbing, stinging pain in any part of the body. This medication is a cherished answer to aches in every household. When gout is tender and it hinders free movement, this medicine comes to your aid. The medicine also heals bruised eruptions.

Sir. From last two days my foot bigger finger is swollen on sides and redness. And its paining and itching. What is that. No wound no hurt. occurred itself.

Dr. Sathish Erra 89% (14758 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Sir. From last two days my foot bigger finger is swollen on sides and redness. And its paining and itching. What is t...
Take a short walk every hour. Drink eight to 10 glasses of water daily. Drinking less actually promotes swelling. Limit your salt intake. Put phone books or bricks under the foot of your bed to elevate your legs and feet at night.
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Facts On Cheek & Chin Implants!

Dr. Akshay Kumar Rout 85% (27 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery, Fellowship cosmetic surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bhubaneswar
Facts On Cheek & Chin Implants!

It is often seen that the people are unhappy with the appearance of their chin and cheek. Some of them may feel that their cheekbones are too less projected or that their cheek are too flat. Well, if you are one of them and want to enhance your appearance, it can easily be done by chin and cheek enhancement surgery. This is a cosmetic procedure and utilizes a specially manufactured material which is compatible with the tissues for augmentation of your face's physical structure. Chin and cheek enhancement gives your face a better balance and harmony to your facial features.

Chin Implants: Chin implants help in enhancing the size and projection of your chin and make it proportionate to your forehead and mid face. A recessed chin seems like it has disappeared into your neck instead of appearing as a distinct facial feature.

Cheek Implants: Cheek implants help in increasing the projection of your cheekbones. They also add volume to areas of your face, which are recessed and flat.

Procedure: Before undergoing the surgery, a proper implant of the correct shape and size must be chosen according to your requirement. The implants are made of a soft, flexible and rubbery material, which gets inserted via an incision. Solid silicon is commonly used for cheek or chin implants. General anesthesia along with a sedative is used during the surgery on the patient.

A cheek implant requires 30 to 45 minutes to be carried out. It is performed in conjunction with other procedures like a facelift or a forehead lift, and the implants are incised through an incision. Sometimes the implant is inserted through an incision on the upper lip or the lower eyelid. For a chin implant, the procedure takes about an hour. The implant gets inserted through a pocket made in front of the jaw bone. For creating the pocket, an incision is made inside the mouth in the lower lip or under the chin.

After the surgery is complete, the affected areas are taped in order to decrease swelling. The sutures in the skin are removed within five to seven days. In case the sutures were made intra orally, they dissolve slowly. You need to make certain dietary changes and lifestyle modifications after the surgery. Some discomfort and swelling are likely immediately after the surgery.

Cheek and chin enhancement offer effective improvements to your facial appearance. It results in plump and youthful cheeks with an enhanced volume. The implants are considered to be quite safe. If you feel you require a chin or cheek enhancement, you should consult a doctor before taking this decision and then only choose the accurate implant. It is also important to consult your doctor several times after undergoing the surgery.

How Ankle Instability Can Be Treated?

Dr. Anantharaman 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma in Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Chennai
How Ankle Instability Can Be Treated?

The ankle, despite being one of the smaller joints, plays a crucial role as it bears the brunt of a person’s weight. Due to improper gait or injuries, the ankle often gets sprained. This can be a recurring problem in older people. Therefore, over a period of time, the ankle gets unstable and can cause chronic symptoms including pain, imbalance resulting in recurrent falls. Read on to know more about some causes, symptoms, and management techniques for ankle instability.

Causes: The ankle has ligaments which stretch to allow for ankle movement. When this ligament stretches beyond the limit, then it can tear or stretch. Therefore, sportspersons like basketball and football players, gymnasts who tend to use their ankle a lot are at a much higher risk of developing ankle instability over a period of time.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of ankle instability is when a person is unable to stand firm. This pain is worse in people wearing heels or walking on uneven ground. Patients may experience swelling, stiffness, and excruciating pain.

Management: Ankle instability is an acute problem but the recovery time is limited too, so the symptoms disappear over a period of time. However, in some people, especially sportspersons, it may lead to a chronic condition which needs immediate attention. Few remedies for getting relief from ankle pain are mentioned below:

  1. Ice: For pain relief, icing the ankle is an excellent option. Applying a cold pack for about 10 to 15 minutes about 2 to 4 times per day is an effective way to relieve the pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  2. Rest: Ligament injuries often heal on their own, and sportspersons may be advised to stay off of the game for about a week or two, to give it time for self-repair.
  3. Compresses: Using an elastic wrap or compression ice wrap for a few hours can help in relieving ankle instability.
  4. Pain killers: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help in reducing both the inflammation and pain from the ankle injury.
  5. Exercise: Increasing the strength and flexibility of the ankle via exercise is a great way to reduce chances of further sprain. Rotating the ankles, standing on one leg, etc., are some effective ways to do this.
  6. Surgery: If none of the above-mentioned remedies work, a surgery may be required which is only in severe and/or chronic cases.

Ankle instability is quite common but is equally easy to manage.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - Ways To Recover From It!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS, Joint Replacement & Sports Medicine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Jaipur
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear - Ways To Recover From It!

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tear is a very common problem with athletes and with people who have an active lifestyle. In fact, this can also be caused by any accident due to sudden movement.

Importance of ACL-

The ACL is the supporting ligament, which runs diagonally from back to front right in the middle of the knee, connecting the femur bone and the tibia, and helps the tibia not to come before the femur. Thus the balance of the knee during back and forth movements and the entire stability of the knee joint is secured by this very important piece of ligament.

What leads to an injury to the ACL?

Here are a few actions that may result in a ligament tear.

  1. Sudden stopping while running or slowing down from a fast speed

  2. Sudden change in direction

  3. Uncontrolled jumping from a height

  4. Direct hitting with an object or person

What happens when the ACL is torn?

If the ACL is torn, the stability of your knee is gone, and you feel as if you have no control over the joint. Moreover, it causes extreme pain and instant swelling. Swelling usually appears within 24 hours of the injury.

Treatment of ACL Injury-

Recovery from an ACL tear is possible only after a surgery. Without surgery, the affected will not be able to return to sports or athletics, or may not be able to run and make swift movements again as before. However, to avoid surgery, there are non-invasive treatments for the aged and people who require moving less.

  • Non-invasive Treatment: Bracing is one treatment where braces are given to support the knee joint during movement and also to avoid further injury. This is effective for the elderly who need minimum movement and may manage daily activities with a braced knee. Also, crutches add to the support and let the weaker knee get rest. This is followed by physical therapy. But the swelling has to reduce before starting it. Many exercises and controlled movements over a long time help in getting back agility in movement gradually.

  • Surgical Treatment: Once the swelling subsides, doctors would plan for an Arthroscopic (Key-Hole Surgery) ACL reconstruction. In this Doctor make a graft of a tendon. This graft is inserted into the joint and fixed in anatomical position in femur and tibia Arthroscopically so that the newly created ACL functions like the natural one. This is the only way to get back the ligament in whole as the torn ligament cannot be stitched. Surgery is done through arthroscope and recovery time is 15 days for resuming day to day activities and 3 to 6 month for resuming sports activities with continued physical therapy after the surgery.
2598 people found this helpful

What Is Intussusception?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Is Intussusception?

What is Intussusception?

Intussusception is a serious disorder in which part of the intestine either the small intestine or colon slides into another part of the intestine. The obstruction can cause swelling & inflammation that can lead to tearing of the intestines.

Symptoms of Intussusception-

Causes of Intussusception-

  • Viral infection
  • A noncancerous growth or a cancerous tumor in the intestine
  • Scar-like tissue in the intestine (adhesions)
  • Surgical scars in the small intestine or colon
  • Long-term (chronic) diarrhea

Risk factors of Intussusception-

  • Children younger than 1 year
  • Boys are more affected than girls
  • History of intussusceptions
  • Abnormal intestinal formation at birth

Complications of Intussusception-

Diagnosis of Intussusception-

Diagnosis of Intussusception involves the following tests:

  • A physical exam
  • Blood or urine tests
  • Ultrasound
  • X-ray and CT scan
  • Air or barium enema

Precautions & Prevention of Intussusception-

Intussusception generally can’t be prevented.

Treatment of Intussusception

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Intussusception
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Intussusception
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Intussusception
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Intussusception
  • Surgical Treatment of Intussusception
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Intussusception
  • Other Treatment of Intussusception

Homeopathic Treatment of Intussusception-

Homeopathy relieves pain and other complaints by relieving obstruction. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of intussusceptions are:

  • Ars
  • Bell
  • Plumbum
  • Colch
  • Coloc
  • Lyco
  • Verat 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Intussusception-

When your child arrives at the hospital, fluids are given through an intravenous (IV) line. Your child’s doctor may recommend barium or air enema. This can correct the telescoping intestine and successfully treat intussusception. If an enema works, further treatment is usually not necessary.

Surgical Treatment of Intussusception-

If the intestine is torn or if an enema is unsuccessful in correcting the problem, surgery is necessary. The surgeon will free the portion of the intestine that is trapped, clear the obstruction and, if necessary, remove any of the intestinal tissue that has died.


1 person found this helpful

Intracranial Hematoma!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Intracranial Hematoma!

What is Intracranial hematoma?

An intracranial hematoma occurs when a blood vessel ruptures within your brain or between your skull and your brain. An intracranial hematoma often requires surgery to remove the blood.

Symptoms of Intracranial hematoma-

  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Lethargy
  • Seizures
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Weak limbs on one side of your body
  • Increased blood pressure

Causes of Intracranial hematoma-

  • Automobile or motorcycle accident
  • Bumping your head
  • Mild head trauma

Diagnosis of Intracranial hematoma-

Diagnosis of Intracranial hematoma involves the following tests:

Precautions & Prevention of Intracranial hematoma-

  • Wear a helmet and make sure your kids wear helmets
  • Keep children from climbing on unsafe or unsteady objects.
  • Buckle your seat belt and make sure your kids are buckled in

Treatment of Intracranial hematoma-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Surgical Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Intracranial hematoma
  • Other Treatment of Intracranial hematoma

Homeopathic Treatment of Intracranial Hematoma-

Homeopathic treatment is supportive to save life and prevent complications. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of intracranial hematoma are:

  • Broth
  • Cocc
  • Glon
  • Lach
  • Gels
  • Anac

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Intracranial hematoma-

Allopathic Treatment of Intracranial hematoma involves diuretic medications that may help control brain swelling (edema) after a head injury.

Surgical Treatment of Intracranial hematoma-

Surgical Treatment of Intracranial hematoma involves the following surgeries:

  • Surgical drainage – If the blood is localized and isn’t clotting excessively, your doctor may create a burr hole through your skull and use suction to remove the liquid.
  • Craniotomy – Large hematomas may require that a section of your skull be opened (craniotomy) to remove the blood.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Intracranial hematoma-

  • Limit your intake of strawberries, blackberries, dewberries, gooseberries and raspberries
  • Avoid wheat germ oil, sunflower seeds, shellfish and fish,
  • Avoid spicy foods
  • Eat fruits rich in vitamin C


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Keratitis - Know All About It!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Keratitis - Know All About It!

What is Keratitis?

Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea. Cornea is the clear, dome-shaped tissue on the front of your eye that covers the pupil and iris.

Symptoms of Keratitis-

  • Eye pain
  • Watery eyes
  • Excess tears or other discharge from your eye
  • Difficulty opening your eyelid Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred or hazy vision
  • An itchy, burning or gritty feeling in your eye
  • Swelling around the eye
  • A feeling that something is in your eye

Causes of Keratitis-

  • Injury to an eye
  • Contaminated contact lenses
  • Viruses
  • Contaminated water

Risk factors of Keratitis-

  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Reduced immunity
  • Warm climate
  • Use of corticosteroid eye drops
  • Eye injury 

Complications of Keratitis-

  • Corneal ulcer
  • Corneal swelling and scarring
  • permanent reduction in your vision
  • Blindness

Diagnosis of Keratitis-

Diagnosis of Keratitis involves the following tests: 

  • Eye exam
  • Slit-lamp exam
  • Laboratory analysis

Precautions & Prevention of Keratitis-

  • If you have a cold sore or a herpes blister, avoid touching your eyes
  • Don’t use corticosteroid eye drops
  • Replace your contact lens case every three to six months
  • Wash, rinse and dry your hands thoroughly before handling your contact lenses
  • Discard solution in the contact lens case each time you disinfect your lenses

Treatment of Keratitis-

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Keratitis
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Keratitis
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Keratitis
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Keratitis
  • Surgical Treatment of Keratitis
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Keratitis
  • Other Treatment of Keratitis

Homeopathic Treatment of Keratitis-

Homeopathy heals inflammation and relieves pain and watery eyes. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of keratitis are:

  • Calc
  • Thuja
  • Hepar
  • Euph
  • Puls
  • Merc
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Keratitis-

Acupuncture diagnose by making an assessment of effect of external and internal factors like heat cold dampness etc.  It then rebalances elements to quickly relieve complaints. 

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Keratitis-

For mild bacterial keratitis, antibacterial eyedrops treat the infection. For fungal keratitis, antifungal eyedrops and oral antifungal medication are required. Antibiotic eye drops are required when Keratitis is caused by the tiny parasite acanthamoeba. For viral keratitis, antiviral eyedrops and oral antiviral medications may be effective.

Surgical Treatment of Keratitis-

If keratitis causes permanent damage to the cornea that significantly impairs your vision, your doctor may recommend a corneal transplant.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Keratitis-

  • Extract from the root of the licorice plant may benefit symptoms of keratitis 
  • ginger could help relieve symptoms of keratitis

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