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Knee Replacement Surgery - Tests and treatments

Dr. Srivatsa Subramanya 92% (761 ratings)
Orthopedic Doctor, Bangalore
Knee Replacement Surgery - Tests and treatments

Knee replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is a medical procedure that entails replacing a damaged, worn, or diseased knee joint with an artificial joint. This type of surgery is frequently performed to address knee pain caused by arthritis and has become a routine operation.

Tests for Knee Replacement Surgery:

Before undergoing knee replacement surgery, there are several tests that must be conducted to ensure that you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. These tests may include:

  • X-rays - X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation, which are energy waves that travel through space at the speed of light. As X-rays pass through the body, different tissues absorb them to varying degrees, which is determined by their density. This creates a pattern of varying shades of black and white on the resulting X-ray image, which healthcare providers can use to diagnose and monitor a wide range of medical conditions.
  • MRI - MRI is a medical diagnostic tool that uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body's internal structures. Unlike X-rays and CT scans, MRI doesn't use ionizing radiation, which can pose a health risk. Instead, it uses harmless radio waves to produce clear and accurate images. During an MRI scan, the patient lies comfortably inside a large tube-shaped machine, which is surrounded by a powerful magnetic field. The magnetic field causes the protons in the body's tissues to align in a specific way, and when radio waves are applied, the protons emit signals that can be detected by the MRI machine. These signals are then processed by a computer to create detailed images of the body's internal structures, such as organs, bones, and soft tissues.
  • Blood Tests - Blood tests are laboratory analyses of blood samples that can help healthcare providers evaluate a person's overall health, monitor the progress of a medical condition, or diagnose a new condition. Blood tests can measure various substances in the blood, such as hormones, enzymes, proteins, and electrolytes, as well as the number and type of blood cells. Blood tests are used for a wide range of purposes, from routine checkups to diagnosing and monitoring chronic conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and thyroid disorders. 
  • Urine Tests - A urinalysis is a common diagnostic test that involves analyzing a person's urine to evaluate their overall health and detect potential medical conditions. During a urinalysis, a sample of urine is collected and analyzed for various characteristics, such as color, clarity, odor, pH, and specific gravity.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) - Electrocardiography, often abbreviated as ECG or EKG, is a non-invasive medical test that records the electrical activity of the heart over time. This test is performed using a device called an electrocardiogram, which uses small metal electrodes attached to the skin to detect and record the electrical impulses generated by the heart. During an ECG, the electrodes are attached to specific locations on the patient's chest, arms, and legs, and the resulting electrical signals are recorded and displayed on a monitor or printed out on paper. The ECG waveform provides important information about the heart's rhythm and electrical activity, which can help diagnose a wide range of cardiac conditions, including arrhythmias, heart attacks, and heart disease.

Treatments for Knee Replacement Surgery:

When it comes to knee replacement surgery, there are various treatment options available that can be customized to cater to the specific requirements of each patient. These treatments are designed to meet the unique needs of the individual and may include non-surgical therapies, such as medication and physical therapy, or surgical interventions, such as partial or total knee replacement. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the extent of knee damage, the age and health of the patient, and their personal preferences.

  • Partial Knee Replacement - Partial knee replacement, also called unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves replacing the damaged part of the knee joint, instead of the entire joint. This type of surgery is suitable for individuals who have damage to only one part of the knee joint, usually caused by osteoarthritis. In this surgery, the surgeon will make a small incision in the knee and remove the damaged part of the joint. Then, a prosthetic component made of metal and plastic will be inserted to replace the removed part. This prosthetic component is designed to replicate the natural movement of the knee joint, and will be connected to the healthy parts of the knee joint that remain. The result is a new knee joint that can function similarly to the original joint, but without the pain and limitations caused by the damage.
  • Total Knee Replacement - Total Knee Replacement (TKR), also referred to as total knee arthroplasty, is a type of surgery that aims to replace a knee joint that has been damaged or affected by a disease with an artificial joint. The procedure is typically recommended for patients who have severe knee pain and disability due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis. During a TKR surgery, the damaged cartilage and bone of the knee joint are removed and replaced with a prosthesis made of metal alloys, plastics, and polymers. The prosthesis is designed to mimic the function of a natural knee joint, allowing for improved mobility and a reduction in pain. After undergoing Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery, the recovery process often involves a combination of physical therapy and rehabilitation. 
  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement - Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery is a medical intervention designed to replace a knee joint that has suffered damage or disease with an artificial joint. The primary objective of this surgical procedure is to reduce the level of trauma to the tissues surrounding the knee joint. Unlike traditional knee replacement surgery, which requires a large incision and significant cutting of muscles and tendons, minimally invasive knee replacement involves smaller incisions and specialized instruments that allow for a more targeted approach. During the procedure, the surgeon uses a specialized technique to access the knee joint through a smaller incision, often around 3-4 inches in length. The surgeon then carefully moves aside muscles and tendons to access the joint, rather than cutting through them, which helps to minimize tissue damage and promote faster healing.
  • Rehabilitation - Rehabilitation is a process that aims to restore an individual's physical, psychological, and social well-being after a disease, injury, or disability. The primary objective of rehabilitation is to assist individuals in regaining their independence, improving their quality of life, and enhancing their ability to perform daily activities. The rehabilitation process typically involves a team of healthcare professionals from various specialties working together to develop a personalized treatment plan that is tailored to the individual's specific needs and goals. This team-based approach allows for a more comprehensive and holistic approach to rehabilitation, as each professional brings their unique expertise and perspective to the table.

If you are experiencing chronic knee pain, speak to your doctor to determine whether knee replacement surgery is an appropriate treatment option for you.

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समाज में फैली हैं ये मिथ्याएं जो करती हैं भ्रूण के लिंग की जांच करने का दावा

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Post Doctoral Fellowship In Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
समाज में फैली हैं ये मिथ्याएं जो करती हैं भ्रूण के लिंग की जांच करने का दावा

वैसे तो प्रेग्नेंसी यानी कि गर्भावस्था के दौरान गर्भ में पल रहे शिशु के लिंग की जांच (ling ki jaanch) कराना असंवैधानिक है और ऐसा करने पर सजा का प्रावधान है, हालांकि समाज में कुछ ऐसी मिथ्याएं भी मौजूद हैं जो बिना भ्रूण के जांच के घर में ही गर्भवती महिला के कोख में पल रहे बच्चे के जेंडर का पता करने का दावा करती हैं। हम आपको अपने इस लेख के माध्यम से कुछ ऐसी ही मिथ्याओं की जानकारी देते हैं, लेकिन इसके पहले यह जानना बेहद जरूरी है कि आखिर प्रेग्नेंसी क्या है।

प्रेग्नेंसी क्या है

किसी भी महिला के गर्भ धारण करने की अवस्था को प्रेग्नेंसी या गर्भावस्था कहते हैं। गर्भावस्था की शुरुआत तब होती है जब महिला के गर्भ में एक शुक्राणु और अंडा आपस में मिलकर एक भ्रूण का निर्माण करते हैं। बाद में यही भ्रूण विकसित होकर एक शिशु का रूप ले लेता है। इसे आप यूं भी समझ सकते हैं कि गर्भावस्था किसी भी महिला के शरीर के भीतर विकासशील भ्रूण बनने की एक प्रक्रिया होती है, जो एक नए जीवन की शुरूआती प्रक्रिया है। भ्रूण बनने की इस प्रक्रिया की शुरुआत संभोग के दौरान पुरुषों के शुक्राणु कोशिशाओं और महिला के अंडे के मिलने से होती है।

दरअसल, पुरुष के अंडकोष में शुक्राणु कोशिकाओं का निर्माण होता है। जो अन्य तरल पदार्थों के साथ मिलकर वीर्य (सीमेन) का रूप ले लेती है। पार्टनर के साथ संभोग के दौरान यही वीर्य पुरुष के लिंग से स्खलित होकर महिला के अंडाशय में मौजूद अंडे से जाकर मिलता है। इसी शुक्राणु कोशिका और अंडे के मिलान से भ्रूण का निर्माण होता है। वैसे तो वीर्यस्खलन के दौरान लाखों की संख्या में शुक्राणु निकलते हैं लेकिन प्रेग्नेंसी होने के लिए अंडे के साथ केवल 1 शुक्राणु के मिलने की ही आवश्यकता होती है।

प्रेग्नेंसी के लक्षण

प्रेग्नेंसी के बाद महिला के शरीर में कई बदलाव भी देखने को मिलते हैं। जैसे पीरियड्स का न होना, कभी-कभी हल्की ब्लीडिंग होना, सामान्य से अधिक बार पेशाब करना, सिरदर्द रहना, वजन का बढ़ना, ब्लड प्रेशर हाई होना, हृदय में जलन (हार्ट बर्न), कब्ज की शिकायत, क्रैम्प्स (ऐंठन), बैकपेन (कमरदर्द), डिप्रेशन, एनीमिया, अनिद्रा की समस्या (Insomnia), स्तन के आकार में परिवर्तन, सूजे हुए या कोमल स्तन, मुँहासे, उल्टियाँ होना, जी मिचलाना, डायरिया (दस्त की समस्या), कूल्हे में दर्द, तनाव, पेट का फूलना। संभोग के बाद यदि महिलाओं को इन समस्याओं का सामना करना पड़ रहा हो तो उन्हें अपना प्रेग्नेंसी टेस्ट जरूर करना चाहिए।

ये मिथ्याएं गर्भ में लड़का या लड़की पता चलने का करती हैं दावा

पेट का आकार- समाज में यह बात काफी प्रचलित है कि गर्भवती महिला के पेट के आकार को देखकर ही यह अंदाजा लगाया जा सकता है गर्भ में लड़का है या लड़की। कहा जाता है कि प्रेग्नेंसी के दौरान गर्भवती महिला के पेट का निचला हिस्सा फूला और उभरा होना गर्भ में लड़के के होने का संकेत देता है। हालांकि इस बात में बिल्कुल भी सच्चाई नहीं है। 

गर्भवती महिला का हाथ और हथेली- लोगों का कहना है कि किसी भी गर्भवती महिला के हाथ और उसकी हथेली से भी यह पता लगाया जा सकता है कि वह लड़के को जन्म देने वाली है या लड़की को। कई लोग दावा करते हैं कि गर्भवती महिला के हाथ सुन्दर और हथेली मुलायम नजर आए तो यह गर्भ में लड़की होने की ओर संकेत करता है। ऐसा माना जाता है कि लड़कियां सौम्यता का प्रतीक होती हैं, जिसके कारण गर्भवती महिला की सुंदरता बढ़ जाती है। हालांकि लोगों का यह दावा मात्र एक मनगढंत कहानी के सिवाय और कुछ नहीं। 

गर्भवती महिला के पैर, बाल और मूड- समाज में मिथ्या फैली है कि अगर गर्भवती महिला के पैर ठंडे रहते हैं और महिला के बाल भी झड़ते हैं तो यह गर्भ में लड़का होने का ख़ास संकेत है। लेकिन यह बात भी मात्र लोगों के मन की एक उपज है, जिसका हकीकत से कोई लेना-देना नहीं है।

करवट लेकर सोना और सिर में दर्द होना- लोगों का मानना है कि गर्भवती महिला के सोने के तरीके से भी महिला के गर्भ में मौजूद लिंग की पहचान की जा सकती हैं। इसके अनुसार जब गर्भावस्था के दौरान गर्भ में एक बालक का विकास हो रहा होता है तो महिला बाईं ओर करवट लेकर सोती हैं। इसके अलावा उनके सिर में दर्द भी होता रहता है। हालांकि दाईं या बाईं ओर करवट लेकर सोना मात्र एक आदत होती है, इससे भ्रूण के लिंग का अंदाजा नहीं लगाया जा सकता है। 

  • बेकिंग सोडा- ऐसा कहा जाता है कि बाजार में बहुत ही आसानी से मिल जाने वाले बेकिंग सोडा की मदद से भी बिना अल्ट्रासाउंड के गर्भ में मौजूद लिंग की पहचान की जांच की जा सकती है। हालांकि इस बात में कोई सच्चाई है। यह मात्र एक मिथ्या है जो समाज में फैली हुई है।
  • यूरीन का रंग- मिथ्याओं के बाजार में यह बात भी तेजी से फैली हुई है कि  गर्भवती महिला के यूरीन के रंग से भी गर्भ के लिंग की पहचान की जा सकती है। कई लोगों को गलतफहमी है कि अगर महिला के यूरीन का रंग हल्का गुलाबी व सफेद रहता है तो इसका मतलब गर्भ में लड़की है। वहीं अगर खूब पानी पीने के बावजूद भी यूरीन पीले रंग की हो रही है तो यह गर्भ में लड़का होने की ओर इशारा करता है। यह बात भी मात्र एक मिथ्या ही है।
  • जुबान का स्वाद- कई लोगों को कहते सुना गया है कि गर्भावस्था के दौरान अगर महिला का आइसक्रीम, मिठाइयां जैसा मीठा खाने का ज्यादा मन करता है तो गर्भ में लड़की होने के संकेत मिलते हैं। जबकि ऐसा कुछ भी नहीं है। खट्टा-मीठा या तीखा पसंद करना मन की इच्छा पर निर्भर करता है, न कि गर्भ में पल रहे शिशु के लिंग पर।
  • भूख न लगना- समाज में इस बात का भी दुष्प्रचार देखा गया है कि अगर गर्भावस्था के दौरान महिला को भूख कम लग रही है और उसका जी भी मचला रहा है तो इसे गर्भ से बालक होने का संकेत बताया जाता है। हालांकि इस बात भी सरासर गलत ही है।
  • मुंहासे होना - लोगों को गलतफहमी है कि गर्भावस्था के दौरान अगर गर्भवती महिलाओं के चेहरे पर मुंहासे दाने, मुंहासे और दाग ज़्यादा दिखने लगे तो यह गर्भ में लड़का होने की ओर इशारा करता है। साथ ही साथ गर्भवती महिला का चेहरा भी मुरझाया-सा दिखने लगता है। जो ऐसा बिल्कुल भी नहीं है। मुहासे निकलने, दाग होने के कई कारण होते हैं। इसको गर्भ में पल रहे लिंग से जोड़ना समाज में गलत धारणा फैलाने जैसा है।

पेट के ऊपरी हिस्से में दर्द होना- लोगों के बीच में मिथ्या फैली हुई है कि गर्भवती महिला के पेट के ऊपरी हिस्से में दर्द होने को लड़की होने का संकेत माना जाता है। उनका मानना है कि ऐसी महिलाओं में चिड़चिड़ापन भी देखने को मिलता है। माना जाता है कि लड़कियां लीवर के पास वाली जगह लात मारती हैं। जबकि किसी भी गर्भवती महिला के पेट में दर्द होना स्वाभाविक है और चिड़चिड़ापन कमजोरी की निशानी होती है। इसलिए इस बात पर बिल्कुल भी भरोसा न करें।  

आज के समाज में लड़की या लड़का दोनों को एक समान नजर से देखा जाता है और समान रूप से उनकी परवरिश की जाती है। ऐसे में गर्भ में मौजूद  शिशु के लिंग का पता लगाने का दावा करने वाली यह मिथ्याएं समाज को मात्र कुंठित करती हैं। इसलिए हम आपसे निवेदन करते हैं कि कृपया आप इन तरह की मिथ्याओं में न फंसे।  

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क्या है एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी और क्या है इससे बचने के उपाय?

Dr. Meenakshi Rajiva Kumar 90% (29 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Muzaffarpur
क्या है एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी और क्या है इससे बचने के उपाय?

क्या होता है एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी

गर्भावस्था यानी कि प्रेग्नेंसी का समय महिलाओं के जीवन में मुश्किलों से भरा लेकिन खूबसूरत अनुभव देने वाला होता है। इस दौरान महिलाओं को कई तरह की मुश्किलों का सामना भी करना पड़ता है। ऐसी ही एक समस्या है एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी। आज अपने इस लेख के माध्यम से हम आपको एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के बारे में कुछ महत्वपूर्ण बातें बताएंगे। लेकिन इसके पहले आपको बताते हैं कि आखिर एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी क्या होता है।

जब गर्भ अपने स्थायी जगह यानी कि गर्भाशय को छोड़कर कहीं और स्थापित हो जाता है तो ऐसी स्थिति को एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी कहते हैं। वैज्ञानिक भाषा में समझे तो जब फर्टिलाइज एग गर्भाशय से न जुड़कर फैलोपियन ट्यूब, एब्‍डोमिनल कैविटी या गर्भाशय ग्रीवा से जाकर जुड़ जाता है। तो इस अवस्था को एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी कहते हैं। इसे अस्‍थानिक गर्भावस्‍था भी कहा जाता है। जानकारों के अनुसार यह समस्या 50 में से किसी एक महिला को होती है। यदि सही समय पर और सुचारु रूप से इसका इलाज न किया गया तो यह बड़ी मेडिकल एमरजेंसी का रूप भी ले सकता है। 

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के लक्षण

हल्‍की ब्‍लीडिंग और पेल्विक हिस्‍से में दर्द, पेट खराब होना और उल्‍टी, पेट में तेज ऐंठन होना, शरीर के एक हिस्‍से की ओर दर्द होना, चक्‍कर आना या कमजोरी, कंधे-गर्दन या गुदा में दर्द एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के प्रमुख लक्षण है। एक्‍टोपिक प्रेग्‍नेंसी के कारण फैलोपियन ट्यूब फट या टूट सकती है।

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का परीक्षण 

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का पता लगाना आसान नहीं है। जब  गर्भावस्था के दौरान महिलाओं को बार-बार दर्द होना शुरू होता है तब ही डॉक्टर्स इसकी जांच करते हैं। ऐसे में डॉक्टर्स पेल्विक परीक्षा करवाते हैं। इसके साथ-साथ कुछ अन्य जांच भी की जाती है।

खून की जांच के माध्यम से भी एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या का पता चल सकता है। रक्त जांच के माध्यम से एचजीसी के स्तर का पता लगाया जाता है। एचजीसी ज्यादा होने पर एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या होने की संभावना होती है। आपको बता दें कि एचजीसी एक प्रकार का हार्मोन है जो गर्भावस्था के दौरान उत्पन्न होता है।

डॉक्टर्स ट्रांसवेजाइनल अल्ट्रासाउंड के माध्यम से भी एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का इलाज करते हैं। इस प्रक्रिया में योनि में एक डिवाइस डाला जाता है जिससे अंदर के भाग का परीक्षण किया जाता है। इस दौरान अगर फैलोपियन ट्यूब में भ्रूण दिखाई देता है तो यह एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी है। 

इसके अलावा एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का पता सोनोग्राफी के माध्यम से भी किया जाता है। इस माध्यम के दौरान अगर प्रेग्नेंसी की पुष्टि हो चुकी है, लेकिन गर्भाशय में भ्रूण दिखाई नहीं दे रहा है तो यह एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का संकेत जो सकता है।

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का इलाज

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की पुष्टि होने के बाद डॉक्टर्स कई तरीकों से इसका इलाज कर सकते हैं। इसी में एक है मेथोट्रेक्सेट दवा। एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की पुष्टि होने पर डॉक्टर्स इस दवाई का सुझाव दे सकते हैं। इस दवाई से आपकी प्रेग्नेंसी ख़त्म हो जाएगी। यह दवा एक इंजेक्शन के रूप में दी जाती है। इसके लिए फॉलो-अप अपॉइंटमेंट की जरूरत होती है, जिससे एचजीसी स्तरों की निगरानी की जा सके।

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के गंभीर मामलों में डॉक्टर्स सर्जरी का सहारा लेते हैं। यह स्थिति तब आती है जब फैलोपियन ट्यूब फट गई तो या उसके टूटने का ख़तरा हो। यह प्रक्रिया लैप्रोस्कोपिक रूप से की जाती है। इस दौरान ऑपरेशन करने वाला डॉक्टर उस फैलोपियन ट्यूब को हटा सकता है, जिसके अंदर अभी भी अंडा मौजूद है। इसके अलावा यही संभव हुआ तो वह अंडा को ट्यूब से हटा सकता है।

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी से रोकथाम

एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी एक ऐसी अवस्था है जिसे आप आने से रोक तो नहीं सकते हैं लेकिन जीवनशैली की अच्छी आदतों का पालन करके अपने जोखिम कारकों को कम करने का प्रयास जरूर किया जा सकता है। एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के रोकथाम के उपाय निम्नलिखित है-  

  • डॉक्टर्स से लें सलाह-  गर्भवती होने का प्रयास करने से पहले किसी भी जोखिम के कारण को लेकर डॉक्टर्स से विचार विमर्श जरूर कर लें।  
  • प्रोटेक्शन के साथ करें सेक्स- अपने पार्टनर के साथ सेक्स करते समय सावधानी बरतें। साथ ही साथ यौन संक्रमित रोग और पेल्विक इन्फ्लामेट्री डिजीज से बचने के लिए कंडोम का इस्‍तेमाल जरूर करें।
  • धूम्रपान भी है मुख्य कारण-  इसके अलावा धूम्रपान करने वाली महिलाओं में भी यह समस्या हो सकती है।
  •  तुरंत कराएं एसटीआई का इलाज- अगर महिलाओं को एसटीआई हो जाता है, तो तुरंत इलाज करवाना महत्वपूर्ण है। जितनी जल्दी उन महिलाओं का इलाज किया जाता है, उतनी ही कम संभावना है कि वे सूजन विकसित करेंगी जो प्रजनन प्रणाली को नुकसान पहुंचा सकती हैं और एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी के विकास के जोखिम को बढ़ा सकती हैं।  एसटीआई के सामान्य लक्षणों में पेट दर्द, दर्दनाक पेशाब, योनि स्राव, योनि से असामान्य रक्तस्राव, योनि की गंध और सेक्स के दौरान दर्द शामिल हैं।

किन महिलाओं को हो सकती है एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या 

  • गर्भ धारण करने वाली जिन महिलाओं की उम्र 35 वर्ष से अधिक उन्हें एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या हो सकती है।  
  • इंट्रायूटेराइन डिवाइस (IUD) होने पर गर्भवती होने की वजह से भी महिलाएं एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी से पीड़ित हो सकती हैं। 
  • पेल्विक क्षेत्र में सूजन होने की वजह से भी एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या हो सकती है। 
  • गर्भवती होने के लिए ट्यूब खोलने के लिए सर्जरी करवाना भी एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी का कारण हो सकता है। 
  • अगर आपका कई बार गर्भपात हो चुका है, तब भी एक्टोपिक प्रेग्नेंसी की समस्या बढ़ जाती है।  
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Top 10 Doctors for Glaucoma Treatment in Delhi

DNB, DNB - Ophthalmology, MBBS
Ophthalmologist, Delhi

Dr. G S Lavekar

Ph.D - Ayurveda, MD - Ayurveda

47 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic · ₹300 online

Dr. G S Lavekar is a famous Ayurvedic physician who has been honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences in Nashik for his contributions to the field. He obtained his Ph.D. and MD in Ayurveda from Pune University and Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, respectively. 

He is highly acclaimed for his knowledge and dedication to natural medicine. Notably, Dr. Lavekar has developed a variety of innovative treatments for glaucoma, one of the most common causes of vision loss worldwide. His methods are based on traditional ayurvedic principles, but also include modern diagnostic technology to create effective, patient-specific outcomes.

Dr. Ashish Sharma

M.Sc - Psychology, PGDEMS, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

16 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic · ₹400 online

Dr. Ashish Sharma is well-known for his expertise in treating glaucoma using Ayurvedic and naturopathic methods. He belongs to the Delhi Bhartiya Chikitsa Parishad, one of the most prestigious medical associations in India. Dr. Sharma is an expert in glaucoma treatment, and he treats his patients with a combination of contemporary medication and Ayurvedic practises. 

In order to properly cure glaucoma, Dr. Sharma recommends a holistic approach that incorporates both conventional medicine and natural therapies such dietary adjustments, herbal supplements, relaxation methods, and lifestyle changes. 

Dr. Manik Mittal

MBBS, MD-Ophthalmology

12 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic

Dr. Manik Mittal is an ophthalmologist and glaucoma surgeon who qualified from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) with an MBBS and an MD-Ophthalmology degree (RANK 13). He has more than 12 years of experience treating people with glaucoma, and his work on the issue is excellent.
A series of eye conditions known as glaucoma harm the optic nerve and, if unchecked, can result in irreversible vision loss. Increased eye pressure, progressive loss of peripheral vision, tunnel vision, or total blindness are among the most typical symptoms, along with eye discomfort and redness, hazy or fuzzy vision, excruciating migraines, and halos surrounding lights.

Dr. Parveen Grover

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology

19 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic

Dr. Parveen Grover is an extremely knowledgeable ophthalmologist and glaucoma surgeon who has worked in her profession for 19 years. She has committed her professional life to assisting people who are in the most desperate need of assistance, drawing on her substantial medical knowledge to diagnose, treat, and manage eye disorders.

Dr. Grover puts in a lot of effort to figure out what causes glaucoma in each patient's unique situation. She performs a thorough array of tests and treatments to precisely evaluate the cause for each individual patient's case of glaucoma before giving them appropriate treatment choices for their particular form of the disease. 

Dr. Sanjeev Bisla

MBBS, M.S(ophthalmology), Fellowship in Phaco & Glaucoma

22 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic

Dr. Sanjeev Bisla is a competent ophthalmologist. He earned his MBBS from Govt Medical College, Miraj in 2000 and his MS(ophthalmology) from PGIMS, Rohtak in 2005.
Dr. Sanjeev Bisla has been a proponent of glaucoma awareness. 

He emphasises the significance of talking with an ophthalmologist, especially for high-risk patients or those with increased intraocular pressure, hazy vision, or trouble adjusting to light changes. Regular checks, medicines, and surgery help treat glaucoma, says Dr. Bisla. The earlier it's diagnosed and treated, the higher the chance one has of avoiding long-term visual damage or blindness.

Dr. Sandeep Madaan

MD - Ayurveda

19 Years Experience · ₹ 200 - 300 at clinic · ₹300 online

An Ayurvedic physician with extensive training in medical procedures, Dr. Sandeep Madaan is a storehouse of information. At the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, where he previously held the position of Senior Research Fellow, he gathered significant research expertise. 

Dr. Madaan has done substantial research on the subject and is passionate about using ayurveda to treat glaucoma. He thinks that ayurvedic treatments could be useful for treating glaucoma-related eye pressure while minimising the adverse effects of other forms of treatment like surgery or topical drugs. 

Dr. Hemant Kumar Mittal


14 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic · ₹500 online

Dr. Hemant Kumar Mittal has been practising Homeopathy for over a decade. He graduated from the Nehru Homeopathic Medical College in Delhi in 2008 and has been active in the field of homoeopathy since then. His specialisation is in treating Glaucoma patients with amazing efficiency. 

He is particularly well-known for his ability to precisely identify the symptoms of Glaucoma in its early stages and to give immediate treatment to guarantee that future progression is avoided or minimised. Dr. Mittal immediately detects symptoms such as impaired vision, eye pain, and other common signs in order to provide immediate treatment. 

His commitment to patient care is much appreciated by all of his patients who have received treatment from him throughout the years. Dr. Mittal's dedication to providing great healthcare is seen to be one of the reasons for his current success.

Dr. Vandana Mittal


25 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic · ₹300 online

Dr. Vandana Mittal is a homoeopathy physician with 25 years of experience in her field. She has been a member of the Delhi Homeopathic Association, enabling her to provide great care and direction to patients seeking natural solutions for their conditions. 

Her area of expertise is the diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma, a disorder characterised by elevated intraocular pressure that can result in vision loss if left untreated. Dr. Mittal's competence in this sector is well-known; as part of her treatment strategy, she employs numerous homoeopathic drugs to reduce intraocular pressure while also addressing other health concerns.

Dr. A.K Gupta

MD (Homoeopathy), DHMS

45 Years Experience · ₹ 700 - 1200 at clinic · ₹300 online

Dr. A.K. Gupta is a well-known homoeopathy doctor from Delhi, India, who has worked in the field for an amazing 45 years. For his great work in the medical field, he was given the prestigious Bharat Excellence Award and the Homoeopathic Gem Award. He is a master at using classical homeopathics to treat severe eye pain, red eyes, and other problems caused by glaucoma.

Dr. Gupta's knowledge and dedication to healing have helped him help a huge number of people with a wide range of serious illnesses. His attention to detail when prescribing medicines makes sure that treatments are tailored to the needs of each patient. This means that in the long run, patients get the most benefit with the least amount of side effects.

Dr. Ravi Thadani

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology

41 Years Experience · ₹ 700 at clinic · ₹99 online

Dr. Ravi Thadani has been in medical practise for a long time, during which he has specialised as an ophthalmologist and a glaucoma surgeon. Following his MBBS degree, he earned a MS in Ophthalmology from RNT Medical College, Udaipur. His specialties include the treatment of glaucoma, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, and other eye conditions.

He has extensive experience with many eye procedures, including phacoemulsification-assisted cataract removal, laser trabeculoplasty for angle-closure glaucoma, and emergency corneal transplantation. He is proud to offer the most up-to-date, personalized care in the field, which helps his patients' eyesight get better over time.


MBBS, M.D.(Medicine), FACP
General Physician, Gurgaon

Birth is a experience of women which may be good or bad but psychology`it is blissful for women. There are two types of giving birth :

  • Natural
  • Epidurals

Due to pain, anxiety and fear in giving natural birth, many women prefer epidural delivery. This delivery comforts the labor pain. For each there are complications and its  after side effects.


Cesarean delivery (C-section)

Epidurals given in a surgery performed by doctors are called cesarean delivery( C-section). This type of process reduces the pain during delivery. It is also performed if there are any  medical complications . Many times women have premature delivery, child amniotic problems so doctors advise to go with C-section.

Types of epidurals given while performing the surgery

Transforaminal epidural steroid injection

This epidural steroid injection is done by inserting the needle at the roots of the spine i.e. a region where nerves start to go into the body.  It goes by irritating the area of spine through back to leg making it numb.

Caudal epidural steroid injection 

We provide these shots in the lumbar region of  spine,lower part.this helps in sciatica.

Interlaminar epidural steroid injection 

These shots are universal in nature, given anywhere in the spine. Back, leg, arm pain are treated by these shots.


The greatest point in epidural delivery is that it has potency for painless delivery.As  there are many contractions in the abdomen during delivery some will feel pain but pain will decrease much as compared to natural birth.

An anesthesia( epidural) is given at the time of delivery by cesarean method. There is a lot of pain by removing the baby from the womb because it is a method in which incision is done in the lower abdomen.due to fear of pain during natural birth many women across the world choose to have cesarean delivery. If you need to deliver by C-section, an epidural allows you to stay awake during the procedure and provides pain relief during your recovery.

An epidural given nowadays has potency to make you alert so that you can experience birth. It also allows you some comfort while using vacuum and forceps to take the baby out from the womb. Some women have longer labor procedures so anesthesia given can make patients rest.

Risk factors after epidural delivery are

  • Back and stomach pain
  • Aching in the head.
  • Stitching area may pain and sometime bleed 
  • Fever
  • Vomiting, eating problem
  • Blood pressure can lower down
  • It lessens the contraction of pushing the baby out
  • It freezes the muscles and helps in urine, which gets to normal after anesthesia levels decrease to normal
  • Blood transfusion is increased in this procedure
  • Immunity of the baby is decreased by this delivery

Risk factor during delivery

  • Soreness
  • Headaches
  • She may have breathing problem
  • Lowering of BP 

The women who select epidural surgery there are at risk of losing blood and weakness after delivery. Recovery takes longer than vaginal delivery. This may also make patients vulnerable..


“Natural birth” is  done through vagina  which is the natural way of delivery in mammals. It doesn't require any medication support. When water breaks( amniotic fluid comes out) the baby comes out of vagina, the doctor helps it to come out using hand and pressure on the stomach. On complications vacuum is used in the process and sometimes forceps used to incision the vagina wall to make it flexible.


  • It does not require any medication which affects the body’s natural response to delivery.
  • There is no loss of mothers blood. It is a very good point because till delivery mothers body has weakened severely .
  • It does not take time and does not have many complications.
  • After delivery the recovery time of mothers is less as compared to epidural given birth. 
  • Body can heal on its own but medications are needed.
  • Labor pain helps in mechanisms of production of milk.
  • Blood transfusion of mother and baby is decreased.
  • Pain aids brain development after birth.
  • Oxytocin is released ,whichia love hormone, to deal with post pregnancy depression.


  • The perineum , vagina wall,  and its area gets torn which requires stitching. This pain will be severe for a few days.
  • Vagina muscles loosened after deliverywhich is loss in sexual  point.
  • Hemorrhoids are the major problem. This usually goes away in a few days but many times it persists and causes many difficulties. 
  • Bowel issues are also a major problem.constipation is usually severe which is corrected after months.
  • Irregularity of urine is seen in such delivery.
  • Very few suffer psychological trauma like fear and anxiety.
  • There is severe pain in the pelvic bone during delivery.


Epidural surgery at the lower abdomen is a lengthy and complicated procedure. If we don't have any medical emergencies we should avoid them. Patients who fear should get consultation and have normal delivery. Normal delivery improves and aid  procedures needed in baby later development. Nowadays due to medical advancement there is no complication. But for a healthy baby and mother we should have normal delivery. For more information please visit your  doctor. 

Top 10 Doctors for Fistula Surgeries in Bangalore

Dr. Venkata Mukunda M 84% (691 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Bangalore

Dr. K.N. Srikanth

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery

35 Years Experience · ₹ 250 - 500 at clinic · ₹300 online

He has a great educational background and extensive clinical experience as a doctor. He is a highly renowned laparoscopic and bariatric surgeon having 35 years of experience in his field and a reputed name in the local area of Bangalore. The doctor administers medical treatment for the pimples by applying topical creams and lotions as well as applying cold packs. 

In addition to his MBBS from the government medical college in Bellary, he also holds an FRCS in general surgery from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons (RCPS), Glasgow, and an MS in general surgery from J.S.S. Medical College, Mysore. He holds esteemed memberships Attending various seminars and CME workshops in both the Bangalore Surgical Society and the Association of Surgeons of India (ASI). 

Dr. Prateek Patil

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of Minimal Access Surgeon in India

15 Years Experience · ₹ 300 at clinic · ₹250 online

He is a highly regarded doctor who has successfully treated many patients with challenging conditions. He is an efficient gastroenterologist and general and laparoscopic surgeon

The physician treats the problems of piles and haemorrhoids through a specific procedure that involves applying electric current to the piles to destroy them. This is done with the help of an instrument called a "proctoscope." He was able to achieve academic success and obtain his MBBS from Govt. Medical College, Bangalore, and his MS in General Surgery from Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai. 

He Is having a Clinical Fellowship as a Minimal Access Surgeon in India from the Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India. He is well-regarded for his membership in the Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India (AMASI) and the Indian Medical Association (IMA).

Dr. Padmanabh R Bhat

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS

31 Years Experience · ₹ 500 at clinic · ₹250 online

He identifies and treats a wide range of challenging problems as a general and laparoscopic surgeon. The doctor has also received extensive training in vascular surgery. The doctor uses a medical method to treat piles and haemorrhoids, including a Sitz bath with warm water and the use of cold packs. 

He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS) from the United Kingdom Medical College. Academically, he progressed, earning his MS from Banglore Medical College and his MBBS from KMC Medical College. He is an outstanding member of the Indian Association of Surgeons (ASI).

Dr. Vineet Mannan

MBBS, MS- General Surgery

15 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

He has helped residents with various medical issues by drawing on his medical expertise. The medical professional cures piles by injecting a chemical solution that hardens and shuts off the blood supply at the pile's base. 

He's a top-notch general surgeon. He also successfully treats patients in his roles as a proctologist, general and laparoscopic surgeon, and colorectal surgeon. He has an MBBS from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences in Nashik as well as an MS in General Surgery from the same institution.

Dr. Gaurav Prasad

MS - General Surgery

9 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

As a general surgeon, he is known for providing care of the highest possible standard.He has worked for over a decade and been a great help to hundreds of patients in the local areas of Bengaluru. In terms of his education in the medical field, he received his MS in General Surgery from Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher and Research in Kolar.

Dr. Sanjit Gogoi

MBBS, MS, General Surgery, MRCS, Minimal Access, and General Surgery

14 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

He has a lot of expertise and is well-known as a general surgeon. He is an expert when it comes to the emergency therapies relating to bleeding disorders and fistula surgery. He has extensive education and is a respected member of the medical community. 

He earned his MBBS from the Manipal College of Medical Science (Pokhara) and his MS in General Surgery from the MVJ Medical College. Additionally, he has been awarded an MRCS (Edinburgh).

Dr. Mohan Ram


16 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

He is a highly esteemed general surgeon who has assisted numerous individuals with complicated problems. The doctor treats piles and hemorrhoids with rubber band ligation, which is a non-surgical way to treat piles that can be applied only to internal hemorrhoids. As a general and laparoscopic surgeon, as well as a urological surgeon, he delivers excellent care. 

The Rajarajeshwari Medical College and Hospital awarded him an MBBS, and the PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research conferred upon him an MS. Furthermore, the Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endosurgeons has awarded him the Fellowship in Advanced Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Surgery (FIAGES) certification. 

In the All India Surgical Quiz that was held at the RDT Surgical Meet in Bathalapalli, Andhra Pradesh, he finished in second place, and this accomplishment has brought him a great deal of recognition.

Dr. Om Pramod Kumar Raja


18 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

He has aided several patients throughout the course of his many years of general surgery practice. He is a skilled urological surgeon, paediatric urologist, advanced laparoscopic surgeon, and colorectal surgeon. 

He was successful in his studies and acquired his MBBS from the International Medical & Technological University in Tanzania, his MS from the Vydehi Institute of Medical Science, and a PGDHA from Apollo hospitals. He is an active member of the ASI, IAGES, and IMA. 

Dr. Sricharan R

MBBS, MS, FIAGES, basic laproscopy

8 Years Experience · FREE at clinic

He is a skilled and dedicated general surgeon who provides high-quality treatment as a general and laparoscopic surgeon, as well as a colorectal surgeon and proctologist. 

Rubber band ligation is a non-surgical method that the doctor uses to treat piles and hemorrhoids. By doing so, the hemorrhoid is deprived of oxygen and nutrients, leading to its eventual drying out and eventual disappearance. This method, however, can only be used on internal hemorrhoids and cannot be used on external piles. 

He is qualified as an MBBS-Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, and MS-Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung hospital.In addition, he possesses a FIAGES in basic laparoscopy-AIIMS. He is a distinguished and seasoned member of ASI, AMASI, and IAGES.

Dr. Sunil Kumar Alur

MBBS, DNB, General Surgery, FMIS, FALS, International travelling fellowship in colorectal surgery

23 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He is an accomplished and well-known general surgeon. He has seen numerous happy patients throughout his career as a laparoscopic surgeon and a colorectal surgeon. 

He is well-regarded due to his advanced education in the medical field. He has Completed his undergraduate degree an MBBS from M R Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka, and a Postgraduate clinical degree of DNB in General Surgery from the National Board of Examination, New Delhi. In addition, he obtained an international fellowship in colorectal surgery from Heartland Hospital in the United Kingdom.

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Top 10 Doctors for Haemorrhoids in Bangalore

MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon,

Dr. Thrilok Gk 

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) 

9 Years Experience · ₹ 150 at clinic 

He is a well respected physician having a number of patients treated with complex problems. He is also trained well as a Diabetologist and Gastroenterologist. He has earned his prestigious education and clinical expertise as a Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) from Government Ayurvedic Medical College. He formerly worked as an Ayurveda Physician at Ananya Ayurvedic Centre. 

Dr. Chandrakanth 


18 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

He is a highly recognised doctor who has seen numerous satisfied patients with his treatments. As a physician, He also treats patients as a Cardiothoracic Surgeon, he also treats as a colorectal surgeon treating various disorders or haemorrhoids and fistula through different surgical procedures

He was able to succeed academically with an MBBS from MRMC Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences Bangalore in 2004.

Dr. Merlin Patrao 


14 Years Experience · ₹300 online 

She has made redefining excellence by providing years of service with his remarkable work. She works as a Homeopathy Doctor. The physician treats patients as a Diabetologist, Urologist, and Endocrinologist. She successfully completed her BHMS, PGDCR from Rajiv Gandhi University in 2008 and excelled throughout her career. 

Dr. Sorubini Loganathan 

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Rasa Shastra & Bhaisajya Kalpana 

7 Years Experience · ₹ 300 at clinic · ₹300 online 

As an Ayurvedic doctor, she is a skilled and devoted physician. She practises medicine in several specialties, including Ayurvedic dermatology, gastroenterology, and general medicine. 

She graduated with honours from Sri Sri College of Ayurvedic Science & Research, Bangalore in 2015 with a degree in Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), and from SDM College of Ayurveda & Hospital with a degree in Doctor of Medicine (MD) - Rasa Shastra & Bhaisajya Kalpana in 2017. 

Dr. Vineet Mannan 

MBBS, MS- General Surgery 

15 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

He is a specialist general surgeon. Through his years of excellent work as a talented and dedicated medical expert, he has revolutionised the quality of care for patients. He specialises in the treatment of venous ulcers, cardiothoracic surgery, colorectal surgery, and transplant surgery.

He received his MBBS from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Nashik in 2007 as well as his MS in General Surgery from the same institution in 2013. Both of these degrees are in the medical area.

Dr. Gaurav Prasad 

MS - General Surgery 

9 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

He is a skilled medical professional with a focus on general surgery. Due to his 2013 completion of an MS in General Surgery at the Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education & Research in Kolar, he is regarded as an expert in the medical sector. By receiving numerous honours and recognitions for his services in the medical area, he has achieved great distinction.

Dr. Sanjit Gogoi 

MBBS, MS , General Surgery, MRCS, Minimal Access and General Surgery

14 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

As a General Surgeon, he has attended to the medical needs of his patients and treated a variety of conditions. His areas of specialty include cardiothoracic surgery, colorectal surgery, transplant surgery, and urological surgery.

He has a significant amount of schooling in the field of medicine. His education began in 2008 with a MBBS from Manipal College of Medical Science (Pokhara), continued in 2015 with an MS in general surgery from MVJ Medical College (RGUHS), continued in 2016 with an MRCS from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, and concluded in 2020 with a Certificate in Minimal Access and General Surgery from Manipal Hospital, HAL, Bangalore.

Dr. Mohan Ram 


16 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

He has been of assistance to community members struggling with a wide range of medical conditions by utilising his training as a medical professional. In addition, he treats patients as an Advanced Laparoscopic Surgeon, a Liver Transplant Surgeon, also as an Interventional Nephrologist.

His knowledge of medical terminology is extensive. In 2006, he received his MBBS degree from Rajarajeshwari Medical College & Hospital. In 2014, he received his MS degree from PES Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, and in 2018, he received his FIAGES degree from the Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endosurgeons. 

He is the recipient of a great number of honours and awards. At the RDT Surgical Meet held in Bathalapalli, Andhra Pradesh, he competed in the All India Surgical Quiz and finished in second place.

Dr. Om Pramod Kumar Raja 


18 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

His years of experience as a general surgeon have been of assistance to a great number of patients. In addition, he treats patients as a cardiothoracic surgeon, colorectal surgeon, and transplant surgeon. Minimal Access Surgery is another specialty in which he specialises. 

He has an extensive education and is a member of a prestigious medical fraternity. He received his MBBS degree from the International medical and technological university in Tanzania in 2004, his MS degree from the Vydehi institute of medical science in 2017, his PGDHA degree from the Apollo hospitals in 2006.  Among other professional organisations, he is a member of ASI, IAGES, and IMA.

Dr. Sricharan R 

MBBS, MS, FIAGES, basic laparoscopy 

8 Years Experience · FREE at clinic 

During the course of his medical career, he has treated a great number of patients who are now completely satisfied. In his capacity as a general surgeon, he diagnoses and treats a wide range of complicated conditions. In addition to this, he provided the very best care for his patients in the specialties of cardiothoracic surgery, colorectal surgery, as well as urological surgery.

He has a great deal of academic experience. In 2014, he received his MBBS degree from Bangalore medical College and research institute, Bangalore. In 2018, he received his MS degree from Vardhaman mahavir medical College and safdarjung hospital, and in 2019, he received his FIAGES in basic laparoscopy from AIIMS. He is a member in good standing of the ASI, AMASI, and IAGES professional organisations.

Top 11 Doctors for Varicose Veins in Bangalore

Dr Vikranth Suresh 82% (673 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon,

Dr. Rahul N.S

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Vascular Surgery, F.V.E.S

Vascular Surgeon, Bangalore

19 Years Experience  ·  ₹ 500 - 900 at clinic

He is a well-known physician who has treated many patients with complicated arterial and venous diseases as a vascular surgeon as well as a foot and ankle surgeon who is also a specialist in vascular medicine. Varicose veins are one of the issues that the doctor handles. He acquired an MBBS from JSS Medical College, an MS in General Surgery from JJM Medical College, and an MCh in Vascular Surgery from M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, as well as an MCh in Vascular Surgery from M.S. Ramaiah Medical College.

He is a senior member of the Vascular Society of India, the Venous Association of India, and the Association of Surgeons of India for his efforts in the clinical sector, and he has received several awards, including the First F.V.E.S from Paracelsus Medical University in Salzburg, Austria.

Dr. Krishna Chaitanya K H

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Vascular Surgery

Vascular Surgeon, Bangalore

17 Years Experience  ·  ₹ 700 at clinic

 As a vascular surgeon and interventional radiology expert, he is a renowned clinician who has successfully assisted many individuals with difficult conditions. The doctor treats a patient who has varicose vein symptoms, such as the presence of blue or purple veins. As a physician, he has a distinguished education as well as substantial clinical experience, with degrees such as MBBS, MS in General Surgery from Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellur in 2011, and MCh in Vascular Surgery from MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore in 2015.

He is an active member of the Vascular Society of India. As recompense for his difficulties in the medical sector, he has received awards at the National Conference of Vascular Society. He has served as a vascular surgery resident at MS Ramaiah Hospitals, as well as a senior resident in general surgery at AIMS and MSR Institute of Vascular Sciences.

Dr. Padmanabh R Bhat

Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS

General Surgeon, Bangalore

31 Years Experience  ·  ₹ 500 at clinic  ·  ₹250 online

Dr. Padmanabh has earned a reputation for himself as a general surgeon by offering years of outstanding service. The doctor is regarded as a specialist in the treatment of varicose veins, also known as spider veins, which are visible on the legs and have a twisted, bulging look resembling wires. 

He is an outstanding member of the Indian Association of Surgeons (ASI). He has acquired the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), an MS from Banglore Medical College, and an MBBS from KMC Medical College.

Dr. Chinmay Nagesh

MBBS, MD DNB, DM(Doctorate in Medicine, Diagnostic Neuroradiology & Interventional Radiology), FRCR

Vascular Surgeon, Bangaluru

14 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

Dr. Chinmay is a bright and motivated physician who works as a vascular surgeon and treats patients with vascular and arterial problems. Leg stiffness and swelling, as well as the formation of many web-like structures in the legs, particularly in the thigh region, are some of the unpleasant symptoms associated with varicose veins, which the doctor carefully addresses. 

He has completed an MBBS from St. John's National Academy of Health Sciences, as well as an MD and a DNB from Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College & Hospital, a DM (Doctorate in Medicine, Diagnostic Neuroradiology & Interventional Radiology) from Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, and FRCR from Royal College of Radiology London, the United Kingdom in 2018.

Dr. Vineet Mannan

MBBS, MS- General Surgery

General Surgeon, Bangalore

15 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

Dr. Vineet's years of excellent work as a qualified and dedicated medical practitioner have transformed the level of treatment for patients. He has experience as a general surgeon and treats patients with symptoms such as heavy or sore legs. He received an MBBS and an MS in General Surgery from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences in recognition of his efforts.

Dr. Venkata Mukunda

MBBS, MS, General Surgery

General Surgeon, Bangalore

14 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

Dr. Venkata Mukunda is one of the most talented physicians renowned for their practise in the area. Varicose veins are characterised by edema, leg cramps, and a burning feeling in the lower legs, which the doctor addresses. 

He has done his MBBS from J N Medical College Belgaum RGUHS in 2008 and also MS in General Surgery from the Institute of Medical Sciences at Banaras Hindu University in 2012. He has received several accolades and recognitions for his contributions in the medical area.

Dr. Sanjit Gogoi

MBBS, MS, General Surgery, MRCS, Minimal Access and General Surgery

General Surgeon, Bangalore

14 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He has treated patients' problems while practising general surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, and colorectal surgery. Consult your doctor if you have symptoms such as increased discomfort after extended sitting or standing, or irritation in the region(s) around the vein(s). 

He is an experienced physician with an MBBS from Manipal College of Medical Science, an MS in General Surgery from MVJ Medical College, and an MRCS from Edinburgh in 2016. The doctor is well-known for being a member of the Indian Medical Association (IMA). He is honoured for his outstanding efforts in Minimal Access and General Surgery.

Dr. Mohan Ram


General Surgeon, Bangalore

16 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He has assisted local individuals with a range of medical difficulties by utilising his knowledge as a doctor. As a general surgeon, he treats varicose veins as well as changes in skin tone around a varicose vein or any changes in the frequency of discomfort happening around the affected region. 

He earned his medical education degrees such as MBBS from Rajarajeshwari Medical College & Hospital, MS from PES Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, and FIAGES from the Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endosurgeons. The doctor is recognised as a runner-up in the All India Surgical Quiz at the RDT Surgical Meet.

Dr. Om Pramod Kumar Raja


General Surgeon, Bangalore

18 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He has helped many patients as a general and cardiothoracic surgeon. While both varicose and spider veins cause vein enlargement, spider veins are significantly more frequent and are treated with a variety of pharmaceutical formulations. 

He acquired his MBBS from International Medical & Technological University, Tanzania in 2004; MS from Vydehi Institute of Medical Science in 2017; as well as a PGDHA from Apollo Hospitals in 2006 and an DIMHS from the Association of Professional Psychologists, Chennai in 2007. As a member of ASI, IAGES, and IMA, he is an active member of the medical community, having attended various seminars and CME workshops.

Dr. Sricharan R

MBBS, MS, FIAGES, Basic Laparoscopy

General Surgeon, Bangalore

8 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He gave the greatest varicose vein treatment available through vascular surgery while also having experience with general and laparoscopic surgery. The doctor also handles spider vein blockage and sclerosis, which are microscopic veins near the skin's surface. They also show signs of reddish or blue vein discoloration. 

He is a well-known member of ASI, AMASI, IAGES. He received his MBBS from Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, MS from Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, and FIAGES, basic laparoscopy from AIIMS. Furthermore, he provides the highest quality of therapy for patients with spider vein symptoms, the majority of them complain of seeing them on their legs, but they may also arise on the face, which the doctor handles with both medicinal and surgical procedures. Throughout his career, he has seen many satisfied varicose vein patients.

Dr. Vikranth Suresh

MBBS, MS, General Surgery, EFIAGES

General Surgeon, Bangalore

16 Years Experience  ·  FREE at clinic

He is a clinically effective physician with education that includes an MBBS from KIMS from Hubli, an MS in General Surgery, and an EFIAGES. He is recognised as an interventional vascular surgeon who treats numerous artery and vein diseases. He also deals with varicose veins, which have antecedent symptoms that the doctor addresses with accuracy.

Top 10 General Physicians in Delhi

Dr. Ajit K Thakur 91% (241 ratings)
MD - General Medicine, MBBS, IDCCM, IFCCM Critical Care
General Physician, Delhi

Dr. Anil Mehta

MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)

28 years experience · ₹500 at clinic · ₹500 online

Dr Anil Mehta is a superb diabetologist. He excelled academically and received his M.B.B.S. from the Indore Medical College before earning his M.D. in internal medicine, and he completed his D.N.B. in General Medicine speciality in 1994. He also finished his N.B.E. in 1998. He has been an expert in the medical field for over 28 years and sees patients with great enthusiasm. His perseverance resulted in his appointment as the Chief Medical Officer at the Doc. Kumar Medicare Center, Air India Consultant, and Air India Consultant. At Rockland Hospital, he was designated a senior medical officer. He works as a consultant at the clinic cure well. He also played a significant role in the American Heart Association's Delhi Medical Council.

Dr. (Lt Col) Dinesh Kumar


27 years experience · ₹400 at clinic · ₹300 online 

A kind and accomplished doctor who has spent 27 years helping others, Dr. Dinesh Kumar, graduated from M.A.M.C. in New Delhi with an M.B.B.S. degree and is currently providing general medical advice. He served as a medical officer at L.N.J.P. Hospital for most of his career, accomplishing numerous goals. He was hired as the ESI hospital's Delhi medical officer. I served as a medical officer at Tata Steel, Army Medical Corps, Max Saket, and LRS Institute of Tb Mehrauli, among other places. He received the Sanya Sewa medal for his outstanding work.

Dr. Rajiva Gupta

MBBS MD Post Graduate Program in Diabetology 

42 years experience · ₹1400 at clinic · ₹1000 online  

Dr. R. Gupta is among the most renowned medical professionals. Dr. Gupta started his career 42 years ago in this clinical field. Also, he gave the finest care possible for thyroid and infectious diseases in the elderly. He earned his M.B.B.S. from Maulana Azad Medical College. He earned his M.D. in internal medicine in 1985 from P.G.I.M.R. (Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi). He completed a postgraduate programme in diabetology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the United States in 2014 to concentrate on diabetes. He has worked tirelessly and devotedly for the benefit of the patients in the aforementioned prestigious institutions.

He served as a medical officer for the Central Government at Upchaar Wellness and as a Senior Consultant for the Health Scheme.

From 1988 to 2012 in Ashok Vihar he worked as a Senior Courtesy Consultant in Internal Medicine at Sunder Lal Jain Hospital. Senior Consultants at Max Hospital, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Ashok Vihar, Visiting Consultants at Delhi Heart & Lung Institute, and others He has taught at the Institute of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine at Cardiff University. Under Harvard Medical School faculty supervision, the Diabetes Certificate Course is certified by the American College of Cardiology's Diabetes Certificate Course in Clinical Diabetology.

He is a provisional member of the American College of Cardiology (API), Indian Medical Association (I.M.A.), Research Society For The Study of Diabetes in India (RS.S.D.I.), Geriatric Society of India Member Organizing Committee R.S.S.D.I. 2013, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), American Diabetes Association (A.D.A.), Endocrine Society, American Heart Association, etc. 

Dr. Ashish Khattar 

MBBS MD PG Diploma, Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes. 

22 Years Experience  ·  ₹500 - 600 at clinic  ·  ₹800 online

One of the most skilled general physicians in Dwarka, Delhi, is widely recognized to be Dr. Ashish Khattar. He has seen a lot of happy patients throughout his two-year career. He graduated from Kasturba Medical College with his M.B.B.S. in 2000 and his M.D. in general medicine in 2008, respectively.

He was followed by a Post Graduate Diploma from Himalayan University. With determination and attention, he became a member of the Research Society for the Study of Diabetes in India (R.S.S.D.I.), the Indian Association of Clinical Medicine, the Geriatric Society of India, and the Association of Physicians of India (API). Additionally, he serves on the Innovative Physicians Forum's Executive Council. 

Dr. Bharat Bhushan Bharti

MD Physician

27 Years Experience · ₹500 at the clinic

Twenty-seven years ago, Dr. Bharat Bhushan graduated from Stavropol State Medical Academy with his MD in 1995. He has received certificates for laboratory quality management systems, internal audits, and ISO 14001 certification. He isTwenty-seven years ago, Dr. Bharat Bhushan graduated from Stavropol State Medical Academy with his MD in 1995. He has received certificates for laboratory quality management systems, internal audits, and ISO 14001 certification. He is a provisional member of the Medical Association of India Fellowship, the College of General Practitioners, and the Medical Association of Delhi. a provisional member of the Medical Association of India Fellowship, the College of General Practitioners, and the Medical Association of Delhi.

Dr. Ritez Kumar 

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine

16 years experience · ₹400 - 600 at clinic · ₹300 online

In Delhi, Dr. Ritez Kumar is a well-known general practitioner. He has helped many patients during his 16 years of practice. Then he received his M.B.B.S. from North Bengal Medical College in 2006 and went on to get his M.D. in internal medicine at L.H.M.C. in New Delhi in 2010.

He has received recognition from the Rotary Club of Botswana for his outstanding humanitarian work. H.O.D. at Botswana Health Service Senior Resident at L.H.M.C. is one example of prior experience. He is a trusted provisional member of the D.H. Society, the Medical Association of India (I.M.A. ), and the Medical Association of Delhi.

Dr. Hanish Gupta

MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)

₹500 - 700 at the clinic

Dr. Hanish Kumar is a skilled general practitioner. I have nineteen years of experience in treating patients and have a solid academic background. He is also qualified as a diabetologist and a cardiologist. He earned his M.B.B.S. from G.S.V.M. Medical College in Kanpur in 2003. He received his D.N.B. from Delhi in 2010.

He has received the honor of being named "physician of the year." His provisional memberships include the American College of Cardiology, the American Diabetes Association, and the European Respiratory Societies.

Dr. Amarpreet Singh Riar

M.B.B.S., P.G. Diploma In Emergency Trauma Care, Fellowship in Diabetes

17 Years Experience ·  ₹800 at the clinic · ₹600 online

A 2005 M.B.B.S. graduate of the Umft, Victor Babes earned his Postgraduate Diploma in Emergency Trauma Care from Apollo Hospitals in 2014. He graduated from Apollo Indraprashtha's Fellowship in Diabetes programme in 2015.

He has worked as a resident physician in Aiims, New Delhi, and Safdar hospitals. At Metro Heart Hospital, a senior resident physician Members of his provisional membership include the Medical Council of India, the D.M.A., and I.M.A.

Dr. Sanchayan Roy

D.N.B. (Medicine), M.B.B.S.

24 Years Experience · ₹600 - 1000 at clinic · ₹300 online.

Dr Sanchyan Roy is an excellent doctor with 24 years of preeminent training. His schooling includes an M.B.B.S. from St. Jhon's Medical College in Banglore and a D.N.B. in medicine from St. Maratha's Hospital in Bangalore.

He enjoys the esteem of every well-known physician in Delhi. He held consultant positions at Bangalore's Nova Orthopaedic and Spine Centre, Fortis, Vasant Kunj Clinical Associate, Fortis Associate Hospital, and Bannerghatta Road. His diligence and tenacity enable him to join the "A.C. of Chest Physicians".

Dr. Rakesh Sharma


34 years experience · ₹400 - 550 at clinic · ₹1000 online

Dr. Rakesh Sharma, who specialises in general medicine, accepts patients who need treatment from sexologists, internal medicine physicians, rheumatologists, and diabetologists on a regular basis. During his 34 years in practise, he has treated a significant number of patients who have expressed their contentment. His educational background includes receiving a D.D.F. from the Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute in 1996, an F.C.C.P. from the same school in 1995, and an M.D. from the Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College in 1993. All of these degrees were earned in the year 1993. In 1988, he received his Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degree from Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College.

Top 10 Gastroenterologist In Bangalore

Dr. Akshay.P.Bavikatte 86% (38 ratings)
MBBS, M.Ch - Surgical Gastroenterology/G.I. Surgery, Fellow of Advanced Laparascopic Surgery
Gastroenterologist, Bangalore

Dr. Raj Vigna Venugopal

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine , DM - Gastroenterology

27 Years Experience  ·  ₹1000 at clinic

Dr. Raj Vigna, a gastroenterologist and hepatologist, practises in Bangalore at Manipal Hospitals. Additionally, he oversees this institution's gastroenterology division. After completing his MBBS, he pursued a DM in gastroenterology. Additionally, he completed his internal medicine MD. 

He is well-versed in hepatology, gastroenterology, and liver diseases. He also has extensive expertise in medical gastroenterology, therapeutic endoscopy, ultrasound, and endoscopy. 

He is regarded as one of Bangalore's top gastroenterologists and was the city's first physician to establish an endoscopy unit. He has been engaged in more than 750 instances of diagnostic and therapeutic endosonography, which is an impressive amount of expertise. He was recognised for being the first gastroenterologist in Bangalore to establish an endosonography unit.

Dr. Ravindra Bs

DM - Gastroenterology, MD, DNB, MBBS

22 Years Experience  ·  ₹700 at clinic 

With more than 22 years of experience, Dr. Dr. Ravindra Bs is one of the most skilled medical gastroenterologists, interventional endoscopists, and hepatologists. He has a lot of experience with gastroenterology, liver and pancreatic diseases, and inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. 

He started hepatitis support groups, IBD support groups, and pancreas support groups to help people with these long-term illnesses feel less pain and suffering. 

He has been a Lecturer at Mumbai Lokmanya Tilak Medical College, a Consultant at Meenakshi Mission Hospital, a Senior Consultant Developmental Paediatrician, and the Head of Department (HOD) at BGS Global Hospital. He belongs to the American Society of Gastroenterology (ASGE), the Indian Medical Association (IMA), the Indian Society of Gastroenterology (ISG), the Society of Gastroenterointestinal Endoscopy (SGEI), and the Association of Interventional GI Endoscopy (AIGE).

Dr. Manish Joshi

Fellowship In Colorectal Surgery, DNB - Surgical Gastroenterology, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, in HPB Surgery, in Colorectal Surgery

22 Years Experience  ·  ₹1110 at clinic

Dr. Manish Joshi has an MBBS and an MS in General Surgery. He was previously employed by HPB Surgery, St. John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, which was his former employer. 

Dr. Manish Joshi provides sophisticated surgical therapy for patients with digestive illnesses, including cancer, at the Global Institute of Gastrosciences.

His specialties include bariatric, upper GI, transplant, colorectal, general, and laparoscopic surgery. He specialises in tumours of the gastrointestinal tract, colon, rectal, gastric, pancreatic, liver, gallbladder, and bile duct systems. His paper on "Single Incision Laparoscopic Splenectomy" appeared in a respected publication. 

Dr. Shabir Ahmed

DM - Gastroenterology, MBBS

47 Years Experience  ·  ₹600 at clinic

Dr. Shabir Ahmed is a famous gastrointestinal, laparoscopic, and bariatric surgeon with more than 47 years of extensive surgical experience. The Association of Laparoscopic Surgery (ALS) in the UK also recognises him as a teacher and mentor. 

He oversaw a number of research projects and clinical trials in Dundee (UK). His contributions to the medical literature also include peer-reviewed publications, review articles, and abstracts. 

Dr. Sreenivasa D

DM - Gastroenterology, MBBS

33 Years Experience  ·  ₹550 at clinic

Dr. Sreenivasa is a highly respected senior consultant at Cytecare Cancer Hospital. He is one of the most experienced and skilled gastroenterologists. He has worked at hospitals like King Edward VII Memorial Hospital in Mumbai, Kanva Diagnostics, and Mallya Hospital. Additionally, he continued to lecture as a Professor of Gastroenterology at KLES, SVIMS, and Bangalore's Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences. He has a gold medal in both MD and DM.

Dr. Vijay Shanker

MBBS, MD (Medicine), DM - Gastroenterology

22 Years Experience  ·  ₹500 at clinic  ·  ₹500 online 

Dr. Vijay Shankar S is well regarded in the Shivaji Nagar community in Bangalore, where he practises. Dr. Vijay Shankar S has been practising medicine for over 20 years, during which time he has successfully treated a variety of patients by drawing upon the breadth and depth of his expertise. 

Both the SMILES Institute of Gastroenterology in Shivaji Nagar, Bangalore and the SMILES Institute of Gastroenterology in Mathikere-BEL, Bangalore are locations where he sees patients as a practising gastroenterologist.

Dr. Aravind Gubbi


27 Years Experience  ·  ₹750 at clinic

Dr. Aravind Gubbi is an acclaimed endoscopic surgeon who specialises in gastroenterological illnesses, endoscopy, and colonoscopy. His credentials are extensive. In addition to disorders of the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder, he has a particular interest in these conditions. 

He has effectively treated his patients during his more than twenty years of expertise working in the area of gastroenterology and illnesses of the digestive tract. 

His key interests are the diagnosis of illnesses like loose stools (diarrhoea), blood in stools owing to haemorrhoids (PILES), and fissures. In addition, the management of heartburn, stomach and intestinal ulcers, as well as gastritis, are all areas of interest to him. 

He has participated in organisations such as ISG, SGEI, INASL, AGA, and ASGE in the past. He has a demeanour that is gentle, sociable, and he loves nature. 

Dr. Ashwinikumar D Kudari

M.Ch., MS - General Surgery, MBBS

25 Years Experience  ·  ₹250 at clinic

Dr. Ashwinikumar Kudari is a highly qualified gastroenterologist, and he does his job as a staff member at Sumathi Nursing Home on a regular basis. In addition to that, he is employed as a consultant at the MSR Memorial Hospital in Mathikere. 

He has an extensive understanding of gastroenterology, and one of his areas of interest is the treatment of gastro-specific issues. In addition to offering therapy, he provides direction and guidance to his patients. 

As a gastroenterologist with more than 25 years of expertise, he has been successful in curing every single one of his patients. Don't even think about it, and instead, be sure to schedule a consultation with him so that you can improve the quality of your life.

Dr. Kilari Mounika

DM - Gastroenterology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

11 Years Experience  ·  ₹500 at clinic  ·  ₹500 online

Dr. Kilari Mounika, who specialises in gastroenterology, lives in Whitefield, Bangalore. Over the course of her 11 years working in this industry, she has provided medical care to in excess of 250 different patients.She is employed by the Bangalore Mallige Medical Center, Kanva Diagnostics, and Mallya Hospital's Whitefield KM Gastro Center.

Her educational background includes an MBBS, an MD in General Medicine, and a DM in Gastroenterology. Colonoscopy, therapy for liver disease, endoscopy, acidity, sigmoidoscopy, and other procedures are only some of the medical services that the doctor offers.

Dr. Parvesh Kumar Jain

DM - Gastroenterology, MD, MBBS

23 Years Experience

Dr. Parvesh Kumar Jain, who practises gastroenterology in the Banashankari neighbourhood of Bangalore, has more than 23 years of professional expertise. Dr. Parvesh Kumar Jain maintains a medical practise at Sagar Hospitals in Bangalore's Banashankari neighbourhood, Rangadore Memorial Hospital in Bangalore's Basavanagudi neighbourhood, and Apollo Hospitals in Bangalore's Seshadripuram neighbourhood.

He has an MBBS degree, as well as doctorates in gastroenterology and general medicine. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), endoscopy, bladder cancer surgery and treatment, acidity treatment, and vomiting blood are only a few of the treatments that the doctor offers. Other services include: In addition to that, he is an active participant in the Indian Society of Gastroenterology.

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