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What is The Purpose Behind Brain Surgery?

Dr. Amit Chakrabarty 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Cerebrovascular and Micro neurosurgery fellowship, MS - General Surgery, MCh Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeon, Jaipur
What is The Purpose Behind Brain Surgery?

The most powerful and amazing organ in our body is the brain. It differs from many other organs of our body not only by its shape, but also by its special type of cell called neurons. When these cells gets affected or dead it can never be reverted or regenerated which is the most exclusive nature found only in brain cells. The cells in other parts of our body has the capacity to regenerate (can be replaced or new one can be grown or produced), but brain cells are exception. Hence any damage to the brain, injury or trauma is really a crucial thing to be considered with utmost care.

Brain surgeries really need skill, proper training, confidence and intelligence to perform this highly complicated and risky surgery.

Brain surgeries are performed to:

  1. Remove the brain tissues that are grown abnormally
  2. Aneurysm is clipped to prevent flow of blood cliff off an aneurysm
  3. Biopsy purpose or to remove the tumour
  4. Make a nerve free
  5. Drain the abnormal blood or clot collection or to drain any excessive fluid collection caused by infection.
  6. To implant artificial electronic device as a treatment for conditions like Parkinson's disease


  1. Biopsy: A part of brain tissue is removed for the brain or whole tumour is removed.
  2. Craniotomy: The skull bone is opened to remove tumour, an aneurysm and drain fluid or blood from infection.
  3. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: Endoscopic devices are inserted through the nose to remove the lesions or tumour.
  4. Minimally invasive neuroendoscopy: Similar to endonasal surgery but small incision is made.


  1. Anaesthesia risks like breathing difficulty, allergic reaction to medications, excessive bleeding or clots and infection.
  2. Risk related to the brain surgeries are seizures, coma, swelling of brain, infection to brain or meanings, surgical wound infection that intrudes to the brain structures, abnormal clot formation and bleeding.
  3. General risks include muscle weakness, disturbances in memory, speech, vision, coordination, balance and other functions that are controlled by the brain.

brain injurybrain infection

2 people found this helpful

Facts About Piles Surgery!

Dr. Dinesh Shah 87% (47 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Jaipur
Facts About Piles Surgery!
Eating a non-fiber diet can reduce the symptoms of piles. True or false. Take this quiz to more.
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Tuberculosis of Spine - Surgical Management

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, FNB Spine surgery, Fellowship in Spine Surgery (AO Spine)
Orthopedist, Noida
Tuberculosis of Spine - Surgical Management

Another case of suffering due to misconceptions and fears related to spine surgery. This patient had TB of spine for last 7 months. Was bedridden with paralysis of both legs, loss of toilet & urine control and severe back pain. Was advised surgery at many centres but relatives refused due to fear of spine surgery. Took a lot of convincing on my part, finally relatives agreed. 3 days post surgery pt is sitting with support, has regained bowel bladder control and some power in legs. At 9 months follow up pt is walking with Complete resolution of Infection

3 people found this helpful

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, FNB Spine surgery, Fellowship in Spine Surgery (AO Spine)
Orthopedist, Noida
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Traditional spinal surgeries usually require large incisions and stripping away the muscles of the spinal column just to get to a herniated disc. Now, new technology allows these complex procedures to be performed with the help of a microscope to magnify and illuminate the damaged area. Instead of stripping away the muscle, your surgeon can use a microscope to view the area through a much smaller incision and create a tunnel to the disc. This is done by splitting the muscle to pass the instrument through. Minimally invasive procedures result in less visible scars and shorter recovery times. A discectomy, or removal of the disc, can often be performed this way. However Not all patients are candidates for MIS. Whether the patient an undergo minimally invasive surgery or not is decided on the basis of clinical examination and MRI findings.

3 people found this helpful

Debunking Myths of Endoscopy

Dr. Gurwant S. Lamba 87% (10 ratings)
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
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Why Endoscopy is Needed?

2 people found this helpful

I have recently sutured SFIO micro surgery on my left eye. As per the doctor the operation is well done - I also feel that the vision is also improving systematically day by day. Can you please say what are the possible hazards in respect of such surgery and what precautions I should adopt myself.

Dr. Jatin Soni 96% (26270 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
I have recently sutured SFIO micro surgery on my left eye. As per the doctor the operation is well done - I also feel...
Tips- be away from hot temperature means away from stove etc and avoid using tv or mobile or computer for two weeks and Few diet tips - Not to eat fried food items and Can eat All green vegetables, moong , chana , Dal , rice etc And to apply ghee over chappati and don’t apply oil over chappati And to drink milk mixed with turmeric powder twice a day And If possible eat eggs on alternate days And If possible in breakfast eat atleast one bajra ka rotla And Eat seasonal fruit
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My eye sight power is 4 n 3.5. I wanna get rid of these spots. Thinking to go for LASIK laser surgery. How much it costs. How long I should take rest. After how many days I can carry out my daily chores like using laptop mobile NN traveling. NN please say me the details of LASIK surgery.

Dr. Jatin Soni 96% (26270 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
My eye sight power is 4 n 3.5.
I wanna get rid of these spots.
Thinking to go for LASIK laser surgery.
How much it co...
You can go for lasik surgery if your cornea is having a normal curve and it will cost you approximately 40000 for both the eyes and after a week you can do all the routine activities.
2 people found this helpful
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I had undergone Bypass surgery (CABG 3 Grafts) in 2011 @age of 44. Regularly taking cardivas CR 20, cilnidipine 10 mg, ecosprin 75 mg with clopidogrel 75 mg, rosuvastatin 20 mg and telmisartan 40 mg. Is it ok?

Dr. Jatin Soni 96% (26270 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
I had undergone Bypass surgery (CABG 3 Grafts) in 2011 @age of 44. Regularly taking cardivas CR 20, cilnidipine 10 mg...
As of now it seems to be okay and medication needs to be taken for a pretty long time and once a year get your heart status checked with your cardiologist.
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Breast Implants - How Safe They Are?

Dr. Sagar Gundewar 86% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Navi Mumbai
Breast Implants - How Safe They Are?

Cosmetic surgery is something that has become very popular in today’s world. As a matter of fact, the most common type of cosmetic surgery performed happens to be breast implantation. This is proven by the fact that the number of people signing up for this sort of surgery has trebled over the past two decades. That being said, many people have concerns about how safe breast implants are. So, getting to the crux of the matter, how safe are they?

In order to answer this question, it is helpful to understand what exactly an implant is. A breast implant is made of silicone and there may be either silicone gel or saline water contained inside the silicone envelope. One of the biggest fears when it comes to breast implants is that of a rupture. While it is true that this is not a circumstance to look forward to, it is not fatal and something which can negatively affect the body prior to detection. In fact, for quite some time, it may not even be noticed!

If a person has saline breast implants and there is a rupture, it is harmless as the salt water which escapes gets absorbed by the body. On the other hand, when the same happens with breast implants containing silicone gel, the gel can get distributed beyond the breast. While this is not a comfortable thought, research over the course of many years has not shown a link between the two.

Prior to 1976, which was the year in which the FDA required certain standards of implants, there was a risk. Ever since then, there has been tight regulation and one need not be unduly worried about unsafe implants being sold.

Understanding The Procedure
When the surgery first takes place, precautions have to be taken so as to reduce the risk of infection. A little care can go a long way in making sure everything goes according to plan. The process involves making an incision in an inconspicuous area of your breast and inserting the implant in a pocket either under the pectoral muscle or behind the breast tissue (over the pectoral muscle). The entire surgery involves either intravenous sedation or general anaesthesia, depending on your doctor’s recommendation. Sometimes, it may be so that a woman needs to have repeated procedures or corrections to make sure that everything is just right. Some discomfort can be caused by scar tissue and this can also lead to the breast becoming misshapen.

While all implants do break over time, most of good quality should last over a decade. Many people believe breast implants can cause cancer but that is really not true. However, they can interfere with detecting mammary cancer quickly and effectively. As long as the medical care is proper, there is almost nothing to fear!

Cancer Of Stomach - Know How To Diagnose It!

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar 91% (42 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCH - Surgical Gastroenterology, Ex assistant professor
Gastroenterologist, Patna
Cancer Of Stomach - Know How To Diagnose It!

Cancer is a disease everyone dreads. It is not only difficult to come to terms with this but in many cases, it can be downright traumatic. Cancer is a medical condition wherein the growth of abnormal cells cannot be controlled. In some kind of cancers, the cells spread to other tissues making the situation worse.

Stomach cancer usually occurs across the lining of the stomach that is responsible for producing mucus. This form of cancer is known as adenocarcinoma. It has been witnessed that cancer occurring in the body of the stomach has drastically reduced. Instead, the cases of cancer occurring in the upper portion of the stomach have increased. This area of the cancer is termed as gastroesophageal junction.

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?
Symptoms and visible signs of gastroesophageal junction cancer include the following:

  • Fatigue throughout the day
  • Feeling of bloating just after a meal.
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full after consuming very little food
  • Sharp to dull to constant pain in the stomach
  • Frequent but unexplained nausea
  • The persistent problem of indigestion.
  • Frequent heartburn
  • Frequent and persisting vomiting. This is applicable before and after dinner
  • A feeling of weakness throughout the day

Causes of stomach cancer:
Stomach cancer like any other cancer occurs when there is a mutation occurs in a cell. The mutation forces the cell to rapidly divide and grow. Like other cells, they do not die. They also affect the nearby organ and thus spreads throughout the body. Gastroesophageal junction cancer is closely related to smoking, obesity and gastrointestinal reflux disease. Studies have shown a high correlation between cancer in the main body of the stomach and salted foods.

What are the risks involved?
The primary risk for this condition is obesity and GERD. Factors that can increase the risk of stomach cancer include the following:

  • Smoked food or a diet that is rich in salt.
  • A family history of stomach cancer.
  • Polyps in the stomach.
  • A long history of inflammation of the stomach.
  • A diet that is not rich in vegetables and fruits.
  • Food infection with a fungus called aflatoxin.

Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer:
Diagnosis is done by a series of tests. Th first one being upper endoscopy that involves the insertion of a tiny camera inside the stomach to find out the inner picture. In the case of any suspiciousness, a small tissue is taken out to inspect. Some other imaging tests include CT scan, barium swallow etc. There could be four stages of cancer depending on the advancement of the spread of the cancer cells in other organs of the body.

The treatment plan is decided depending on the stage of cancer. If a doctor feels that surgery is required to eradicate the infected tissue, he suggests the same along with radiotherapy. If, however, the surgery is not needed, doctors suggest chemotherapy followed by few dosages of radiotherapy. The dosage is decided on the extent of the spread of cancer and other factors such as future threat, the present medical condition of the patient etc. Surgery is the only best hope available in present world depending upon the stage !