Facial surgery can be opted by people for a number of reasons, and these include being born with facial impairments like cleft lip, birthmark or other birth defects, the effects of aging, sun damage or other facial traumas that are noticeable on the face as well as a sense of general dissatisfaction with your facial features. Depending on these factors, facial plastic surgery can be divided into two categories: reconstructive and cosmetic.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed for correcting conditions that may be present from birth, including birthmarks on the face, cleft lip and palate, protruding ears and a crooked smile. Conditions resulting from accidents, traumas or burns are also corrected by this type of surgery.
Cosmetic facial plastic surgery is performed to enhance visual appearance of facial structures and features which include facelifts, eye lifts, rhinoplasty, cheek and chin implants and liposuction.
If you are planning to get a facial surgery done, there are certain things you need to do to prepare yourself for it. These are:
For some people, lifestyle changes along with a healthy diet cannot do the needful when it comes to hemorrhoids, commonly referred to as piles. There are numerous options like the laser that can shrink the swelling and inflammation in non-invasive ways. But even though it takes lesser time and involves much lesser complications, surgical intervention can be the best way to achieve a long-term solution. It is particularly suitable for those who are suffering from intolerable pain and discomfort along with occasional bleeding.
What are the different surgical options for treating piles?
Surgery is the best way to treat piles in those who have failed to recover through other modes of treatment. In other words, you should consider getting piles surgery done in case you have hemorrhoids that cannot be treated through non-surgical means. There are numerous surgical options available for piles, and the primary types are mentioned below:
Hemorrhoidal artery ligation: This operation is used for reducing the flow of blood to the hemorrhoids. It is normally carried under general anesthesia while a tiny ultrasound probe is inserted into the anus. The probe then produces high-frequency sound waves which let the surgeon detect the vessels that are supplying blood to the affected area. Each of these vessels is stitched for blocking the supply of blood to the piles that eventually leads to shrinkage after a few days or a week. It is also suitable for treating hemorrhoids that prolapse and hang down from the anus.
According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the hemorrhoidal artery ligation is an effective procedure which can be used for treating piles. It causes lesser pain than other surgical options, and a higher level of satisfaction has been reported as well. The recovery time is also shorter in the case of hemorrhoidal artery ligation. There is minimal risk of bleeding and pain while passing stools and there is little chance of hemorrhoid prolapsing after this procedure. It can thus be concluded that this process is best suited for most people suffering from hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidectomy: This is yet another way of treating hemorrhoids through surgical intervention. It is typically carried out under general anesthesia which indicates that you will be unconscious during the entire procedure and won’t feel any pain or discomfort. A conventional process of hemorrhoidectomy involves opening up of the anus to scrape out the hemorrhoids. It takes about a week or two to recover from the process, and you are likely to experience a significant amount of pain after the process. Even though you will be given painkillers, it is important to consult an expert if the pain continues for a long span of time.
The thought of going under the knife to treat your spine problem may give rise to a range of emotions; make you ponder over a number of things such as the recovery period, procedure and techniques involved and so on. Nonetheless, before opting for the surgery, there are certain points that you should go over and these are:
Joint Replacement Surgery is a procedure where the damaged surface of the advanced arthritic joints are removed and replaced by artificial joints, such as metallic, plastic and ceramic joints. These surfaces closely replicate the original anatomy.
When do you need a knee replacement?
When you suffer from severe pain or deformity in the joint (knee in this case), the pain or stiffness and deformity makes it difficult to perform simple tasks. Severe grade IV osteoarthritic knees of people over 50 years when have pain, swelling and deformity fail to respond to medicines, physiotherapy, injections and rest.
Aim of the surgery: Correct the deformity: Relieve the pain and give near full movements almost immediately after the procedure. Details including techniques and safety, it is a safe, rewarding surgery with a success rate of as high as 99.5% when done by an able and experienced professional.
Anaesthesia: Usually it is the spinal cord epidural where one is rendered numb for 3 to 4 hours waist down. Sometimes a general anaesthesia is given. A 4 to 5 inches cut is made in front of the knee and all the damaged cartilages, bones, loose bodies are removed from the lower end of the thigh, upper end of the tibia (usually of few millimetres) and the surface re-crafted to match the size and shape of the artificial joint (it is usually imported). They are fixed with bone cement. The ligaments and muscles are reattached and the parts closed.
Recovery: Stand up and walk a few steps with a walker the day after the procedure i.e. in 24 hours. Physiotherapy in hospital for 5 to 7 days and/or walking. progressively longer walks and exercises over the following 15 days. Stitches are removed in 15 days. The patient can return back to normal activity in 4 to 8 weeks the surgery.
Activities: Normal walks of 3 to 5 km per day Climbing stairs, cycling, swimming, and driving can be performed with the new implant(s) now.
Avoid: Squatting/kneeling Prohibited: contact sports like football, cricket, tennis; jumping; adventure sports Longevity of joints: 15-35 years depending on the materials used.
A craniofacial surgery is required when there are deformities or abnormalities present in the head or face area of the patient. Depending on the type of deformity, a craniofacial surgery is done to repair or reconstruct it.
The areas that come under a craniofacial surgeon's domain are the cranium (skull), the brain, the face, skin on the face, facial bones, and the nerves. For this reason, in order to conduct craniofacial surgery, a neurosurgeon and a cosmetic surgeon may often work together.
The time taken for completing a craniofacial surgery may vary between four hours and twelve hours.
Why do you need a craniofacial surgery?
There may be multiple reasons why a patient would require craniofacial surgery. These are:
Risks related to Craniofacial Surgery:
Certain risks are associated with this type of surgery. These are:
Your heart is the most important and vital organ of all and regulates the flow of heart to all parts of the body. Thus, the valves and the arteries which take the blood to your heart are also an important component in ensuring that the circulation is constant. Thus, any hindrance to this process will put a lot of pressure on your heart and lead to more serious problems in the long run. Coronary artery disease is one such problem and can seriously put the health of your heart at risk.
What is coronary heart disease?
Coronary arteries are very important blood vessels, which carry nutrients, blood and oxygen to your heart. If the level of bad cholesterol is high in your blood, it will start leaving deposits on the walls of the arteries which are commonly known as plaque. This plaque will start building up over time causing blockage of the arteries and disrupting proper blood flow. Excessive build up of the plaque may then rupture the lining of the plaque. This will then induce blood clotting and further prevent the normal flow of blood.
Primary symptoms may include
Non invasive forms of treatment are always preferable rather than invasive surgeries or procedures to treat coronary heart disease, especially where the risk of serious complications such as heart attack are still on the lower side. Some of the treatments used for coronary heart disease are as follows: