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Sunburn Health Feed

Can Exposure To Sun Be A Cause Of Skin Cancer?

Dr. Mudasir Rashid Khan 87% (44 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Can Exposure To Sun Be A Cause Of Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is a condition with abnormal and cancerous skin growths. This often develops due to the over exposure of skin to the rays of the sun. The three main types of skin cancer include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Skin cancer affects those areas of skin which remains sun-exposed including ears, neck, chest, scalp, lips, face, hands, arm and legs. It can also develop on those areas of skin that are not exposed to sunlight like beneath toenails or fingernails, on palms and on genital area.

Risk factors associated with skin cancer
Here are some of the factors which increase your risks of getting skin cancer:


1. Fair complexion: Low levels of the pigment melanin in skin causes fair complexion. Fair- skinned individuals who have a history of hazel or blue eyes, repeated sunburns and people who have red or blond hair are highly susceptible to developing this form of cancer. Less pigment in skin makes an individual more vulnerable to skin damage from harmful UV radiation.

2. Excessive sun exposure: Exposure to the sun may lead to the development of skin cancer, if you don't protect your skin by sunscreen and clothing. Tanning beds and lamps may also increase the risk of developing this type of skin cancer.

3. High-altitude places: The exposure to sunlight is more intense in areas of high altitude and near the equator. Living at higher elevation also makes you more vulnerable to radiation because the sunlight is strongest there.

4. Moles: People with abnormal moles are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer. These moles are irregular in shape and are larger than normal moles.

5. Precancerous skin lesions: Your risk of developing skin cancer increases if you have skin lesion. These are scaly and rough patches that range from brown to dark pink in color. The most commonly affected areas are head, hands and face of fair-skinned people.

6. Weak immune system: Weak immune system caused by HIV or AIDS and immunosuppressant drugs that you take after an organ transplant may increase your risk of developing skin cancer.

Misleading Advertisements - Why Your Skin Care Product Does Not Work?

Dr. Atul Taneja 91% (852 ratings)
MD (AIIMS), Clinical Fellow,Skin Oncology(New England Medical Centre & Boston University,USA), Clinical Fellow.Photomedicine(Mass.Gen.Hospital,Harvard Medical School,USA), Clinical Fellow,Laser Surgery(Mass.Gen Hospital,Harvard Medical School,USA)
Dermatologist, Kolkata
Misleading Advertisements - Why Your Skin Care Product Does Not Work?

Nourishing shampoos and soaps, Skin brightening face washes, Oils for Stronger hair, Fairness creams, Split ends repairing products, Chemical free Natural products. You are bombarded with these kinds of wonderful cosmetic and medical claims on a daily basis and are tempted to try out these products. After all, they are promoted by your favourite celebrities!

Have you sometimes wondered why these products do not work and whether they are backed by any rigorous scientific evidence? Here are just a few examples of how many advertisements are simply outright lies while others are extremely misleading.

  1. Nourishing washes, medicated soaps: From a simple chemistry perspective, when you apply a good wash or soap onto your skin, you expect it to latch on to all the accumulated dirt, sweat and oil on your skin. And with the act of rinsing, all these should be washed off with the rinsing water. Now if your wash or soap is effective enough to wash of oils and dirt, would it not wash off any additional product that is added within it? So all that added 'nourishment and 'antibacterial effect' is washed down the drain! Also, do you expect to obtain nourishment through your gut or through your skin? So, from a scientific perspective, it is better to eat healthily and maintain a healthy lifestyle for healthy skin and to use your washes just for cleansing. Any ordinary wash or soap of your choice is ok but use mild washes if you tend to have dry skin but never use medicated washes.
  2. Stronger hair and split ends: Have you ever wondered why cutting your hair never caused you any pain or bleeding? This is because the hair shafts that you see on top of your skin is composed of a completely dead protein called keratin and contains no nerve endings or blood vessels. These hair shafts are produced and pushed up daily by living and very active hair roots below the skin. Now, no matter which product you use, you certainly cannot repair or strengthen tissue which is already dead. But yes, you can certainly use oils and other products to condition your dead hair shafts.
  3. Shampoos and oils for hair-fall: Hair-Fall, similar to fever, is just a symptom and the cause of it can vary from person to person. Your hair roots are very actively producing new keratin and lengthening the hair shafts everyday. Such intense activity of the hair roots can easily be affected by any disturbance or disease within the body, causing the hair roots to shut down and cause hair fall. Simply applying anything on top of the scalp without knowing the primary cause of hair fall would be like simply sponging your body for fever without investigating the primary cause of fever. A qualified dermatologist would be best placed to investigate and resolve your hair fall problem.
  4. Fairness creams: Your skin colour is mostly determined by your genes and to some extent by the environment that you live in. Your dermatologist could modify your skin colour a wee bit but you also need a proper environment and precautions to maintain this. Beware of fairness creams which often contain harmful or irritating ingredients. Even some medicated creams contain steroids, which if misused, can permanently damage your skin. Always obtain a valid prescription before purchasing any pharmaceutical creams.
  5. Sunscreens with SPF which make you several tones fairer: Sunscreens, like umbrellas, simply protect you against sunburns and skin cancers and do not cause any lightening of your natural skin colour. Sunscreens are important to prevent skin cancers in light-skinned races since their skin, unlike pigmented Indian skin, has very little of the protective pigment called melanin. Sunscreens are medically recommended to prevent skin cancers. Do you really use sunscreens for this reason? SPF or sun protection factor measures the ability of sunscreens to protect from UVB rays causing sunburns and skin cancers. If you are using sunscreens for other non-recommended reasons like preventing a suntan, then just the SPF number is kind of irrelevant because there are other rays besides UVB which cause skin tanning.
  6. Anti Wrinkle and Anti Scar Creams: There are medical and surgical ways to reduce wrinkles and to alter scars. Since this involves changing the human body's physiology and anatomy it comes under the realm of medical treatment. If creams or lotions were able to achieve these same effects, they cannot be labelled as cosmetics but as drugs. And can only be sold in pharmacies with a valid prescription. There are misleading words and phrases like, 'reduce the appearance of wrinkles', 'proven formula', 'helps in', 'boosts collagen production', which companies often use to fool you into believing that there is some valid scientific work behind their claims.
  7. Natural, Chemical free products: You would probably be left scratching your head if any intelligent chemistry student were to ask you to name something that is not a chemical! This claim is a clever gimmick by companies to mislead you into believing that their products are safer. Any plant, leaf of fruit actually contains hundreds or thousands of mostly unknown chemicals. It is actually much easier to perform research on just one known chemical and prove that it is safe, compared to performing research on any single so-called 'natural' product, simply because it contains hundreds or thousands of unknown chemicals.
4003 people found this helpful

Skin Cancer - Are You At Risk?

Dr. Amit Patil 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Gen Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Skin Cancer - Are You At Risk?

Skin cancer is a condition with abnormal and cancerous skin growth. This often develops due to the over exposure of skin to the sun rays. The three main types of skin cancer include basal cell carcinomasquamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Skin cancer affects those areas of skin which remains sun-exposed, including ears, neck, chest, scalp, lips, face, hands, arm and legs. It can also develop on those areas of skin that are not exposed to sunlight like beneath toenails or fingernails, on palms and on genital area.

Here are some of the factors which increase your risks of getting skin cancer:

  1. Fair complexion: Low levels of the pigment melanin in skin causes fair complexion. Fair- skinned individuals who have a history of hazel or blue eyes, repeated sunburns and people who have red or blond hair are highly susceptible to developing this form of cancer. Less pigment in skin makes an individual more vulnerable to skin damage from harmful UV radiation.
  2. Excessive sun exposure: Exposure to the sun may lead to the development of skin cancer, if you don't protect your skin by sunscreen and clothing. Tanning beds and lamps may also increase the risk of developing this type of skin cancer.                                           
  3. High-altitude places: The exposure to sunlight is more intense in areas of high altitude and near the equator. Living at higher elevation also makes you more vulnerable to radiation because the sunlight is strongest there.
  4. Moles: People with abnormal moles are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer. These moles are irregular in shape and are larger than normal moles.
  5. Precancerous skin lesions: Your risk of developing skin cancer increases if you have skin lesion. These are scaly and rough patches that range from brown to dark pink in color. The most commonly affected areas are head, hands and face of fair-skinned people.
  6. Weak immune system: Weak immune system caused by HIV or AIDS and immunosuppressant drugs that you take after an organ transplant may increase your risk of developing skin cancer.
4 people found this helpful

There is sun tan on my face looking very dark than my completion. Please give any solution for it.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (18079 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
There is sun tan on my face looking very dark than my completion. Please give any solution for it.
You should consult and take proper treatment.. The teatment includes.. daily skin care routine, medicine and nutritional supplements... You can consult me at lybrate.
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My face has become dull and the glow is not there. Dark circled are also present. Please suggest some medicine to get glowing skin and tan free skin.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (18079 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
My face has become dull and the glow is not there. Dark circled are also present. Please suggest some medicine to get...
Regular use of facewash twice a day. Use subscreen lotion everyday. Regular do basic skin care like cleaning toning and moisturising. Remove make up at night before sleeping. you can consult me through Lybrate for homoeopathic treatment and further guidance about your skin type and skin care.
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I'm getting sunburn in my face because of using skintight cream from last three years. What will I do right now?

Dr. Abhigyan Mukherjee 90% (126 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), Fellowship in Aesthetic and Cosmetic Surgery
Dermatologist, Pune
I'm getting sunburn in my face because of using skintight cream from last three years. What will I do right now?
My very first and serious advice please stop SKINLITE CREAM It will be having serious side effects please stop it and visit a dermatologist.
1 person found this helpful
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I was fair coloured in my childhood, now my face has darkened. Can I use tan removal creams .wil it be helpful? Or should I use sunscreen .Does sunscreen reverse tan process?

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (18079 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
I was fair coloured in my childhood, now my face has darkened. Can I use tan removal creams .wil it be helpful? Or sh...
One cream will never cure. Usually after stopping these creams makes the skin more damaged. It requires proper skin care including sun screen lotions and other. You can consult me at lybrate for detailed suggestion.
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Hi, My skin became full of tan due to exposure for sun. Face ,neck part and forearms. So please suggest me how overcome from this and what are the creams can I use to get my original skin color.

Dr. Sathish Erra 92% (19124 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Hi,
My skin became full of tan due to exposure for sun. Face ,neck part and forearms. So please suggest me how overco...
Take some turmeric powder and add yogurt and water to it to prepare a paste. Apply it on your skin to improve elasticity and protect your skin against the UV rays of the sun. Let it dry and then scrub it gently and wash it off. Repeat this twice a week to get rid of sun tan naturally.
1 person found this helpful
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My sister has sun burn issues in face she uses panderm +but no effects please prescribe prescription.

Dr. Jaishree Noor 85% (32 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Delhi
Hi lybrate-user! Please ask your sister to stop applying panderm + .she might be developing skin burn type of skin rashes because of the Panderm+. You can visit to your dermatologist for the management.
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I have acne problems and pores left for due to acne what can be done to solve this problem I have oily skin there is also chances of pigmentation I also want to know if there is anything can that can be done for removal of tanning my ages 25 is there any solution for my problem.

Dr. Sathish Erra 92% (19124 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
I have acne problems and pores left for due to acne what can be done to solve this problem I have oily skin there is ...
Home remedy for acne Rinse the honey off with warm water; then rinse again with cold water to close the pores. Oily skin is prone to acne, and this home remedy can reduce excess oil and help clear acne. To make the mask, combine 1 teaspoon of brewer's yeast with a little plain yogurt to create a thin mixture. Home remedy for oily face Mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda in 2-3 tablespoons of water to make a fine paste. Apply this paste on your face and wash it off when it dries. Baking soda has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, which helps treat oily skin.
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