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Strains and Sprains Tips

Know More About Neck Sprains and Strains!

Dr. Abhinav Bhatnagar 86% (10 ratings)
Diploma In Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery, Fellow In Arthroplasty
Orthopedist, Nagpur
Know More About Neck Sprains and Strains!

A neck strain and sprain is not a serious injury. However, they can still cause significant dysfunction and pain.
Causes of Neck Strain
The anatomy of the cervical spine is such that it not only houses, but also protects the spinal cord. Along with this it supports the head and allows it for mobility and motion. But this area, which allows the spine to be flexible can also leave it vulnerable for injury.

Triggers for the onset of neck muscle strain can be:

1. Too much time spent in an uncomfortable position, such as humping over the steering wheel while driving, bending over the computer monitor, talking on the phone while placing it in the crook of the neck.

2. Sleeping on a very high or too firm pillow can lead to an uncomfortable position of the head thus leading to the strain of the neck

3. Carrying heavy objects on one side of the body

4. Any trauma that might have impacted the neck, such as an accident, whiplash or a fall that might have had a head landing

Most events of a neck muscle strain or the soft tissue sprain, such as the tendons and ligaments lead to stiff neck along with pain in shoulders. There is also pain and difficulty in moving the neck or head.

Neck muscle strain remedies

Minor strains in the tendons, ligaments and muscles of the neck usually heal within a day or two. But till the symptoms subside, there are a few self care remedies that are effective in reducing the stiffness and pain. These are:

1. Application of cold or ice packs: The cold reduces the inflammation, which in turn allows the strain to heal. This ice pack should be applied for 20 minutes interval in the first 24 hours.

2. Application of heat: Heat helps in bringing the nutrient rich blood to the affected area in order to stimulate a healing response. Moist heat as well as heat from a hot shower or bath can be used. Some people might find relief from applying heat wraps such as thermacare.

3. Over-the-counter or OTC medications: Anti-inflammatory medication, such as naproxen and ibuprofen reduces inflammation, thereby leading to the reduction in pain. Pain relieving medicines such as acetaminophen can also be taken as this reduces the perception of pain.

4. Massage of the affected area: A gentle massage in the affected area helps in stimulating the blood flow of the area which in turn helps in a quick healing.

2668 people found this helpful

Sprain Or Strain - Know The Difference!

Dr. Aparna Pradhan 88% (107 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, MPT
Physiotherapist, Pune
Sprain Or Strain - Know The Difference!

A sprain refers to a break or a tear in any of the ligaments of your body. A ligament is a band consisting of tissues that connect the bones at any given joint in our body.

A strain on the other hand refers to a tear or a break in the entire muscle itself or a tendon (the band of tissues that connect the muscle to the bones).

Occurrence: Sprains usually take place due to unforeseen incidents like falls, accidents, and such other things that forces the body part to go out of its normal position. The most common types of sprains that people suffer from are ankle sprains which affect about 25,000 people every day on a worldwide basis.Strains usually happen when you twist a whole muscle or a tendon. This condition most commonly occurs in cases of sportspersons who are engaged in contact sports like hockey, football, rugby, and such others.

Symptoms :The identification signs of sprains and strains are mostly very similar, which are listed below:

  1. Pain and discomfort in the joints
  2. Visible swelling or inflammation seen on the joints
  3. Bruising of the affected area
  4. Tenderness and softness of the affected joint

The overall intensity of the above mentioned symptoms might differ basis on the severity of the condition that is directly proportional to the nature of injury that you have faced. Some pains are so light that it may not affect your daily routine at all, whereas some pains are so intense, that you might not be able to move your affected joint at all.

Treatment: Some of the common methods to cure a sprain or a strain are listed below:

  1. Rest the area which is affected
  2. Apply ice bags or cold compress to soothe the pain
  3. Compress the affected joint using a compression tape
  4. Place the affected joint on an elevated area to speed up the healing process

 In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3974 people found this helpful

Sprains And strains

Dr. Gaurav Tyagi 89% (146 ratings)
BPT, MPT- Ortho
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Sprains And strains

Sprains and strains

Overview

Sprains and strains are common injuries that share similar signs and symptoms, but involve different parts of your body. A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. The most common location for a sprain is in your ankle. A strain is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon. A tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connects muscles to bones. Strains often occur in the lower back and in the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh. 

Initial treatment for both sprains and strains includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. Mild sprains and strains can be successfully treated at home. Severe sprains and strains sometimes require surgery to repair torn ligaments, muscles or tendons. 


Symptoms

Signs and symptoms will vary, depending on the severity of the injury. 

1.Sprains
-Pain 
-Swelling 
-Bruising 
-Limited ability to move the affected joint 
-At the time of injury, you may hear or feel a "pop" in your joint 

2.Strains 
-Pain 
-Swelling 
-Muscle spasms 
-Limited ability to move the affected muscle 

When to see a doctor

Mild sprains and strains can be treated at home. But the injuries that cause sprains can also cause serious injuries, such as fractures. You should see a doctor if you: 

-Can't walk more than four steps without significant pain 
-Can't move the affected joint 
-Have pain directly over the bones of an injured joint 
-Have numbness in any part of the injured area 

1 person found this helpful

How To Differentiate Between Sprain & Strain?

Dr. Sunil V Nukapur 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Ph. D - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Bangalore
How To Differentiate Between Sprain & Strain?

What is a strain?
A strain is a muscular injury caused due to poor posture or any physical activity that exerts a lot of pressure on the muscle. It is nothing, but a torn muscle or tissue connected to a bone. A strain can occur in any muscle of the body, but it most commonly occurs in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thi gh.

What is pain?
A pain is an extreme sensation of discomfort or distress that might be caused due to external stimulus. In a nutshell, it’s an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience.

One can differentiate between a pain and a strain through the following ways

  1. Symptoms: One of the major symptoms of a strain is acute pain. Simultaneously, the torn muscle will be sore; it will be discoloured and swollen. Movement will be limited in that part of the body and the patient will get a ‘knotted-up’ feeling because muscular injury weakens or stiffens the muscle. Another major symptom of strain includes muscular spasm. Pain on the other hand is a state of physical and sensory discomfort caused due to an external stimulus. The affected area will not have the aforementioned symptoms and is not limited to muscular injury.
  2. Length of time: One of the key ways to differentiate between a muscle strain and pain is the amount of time the symptoms persist. Normal pain lingers for about three days and is reduced with medication. In case of muscular strain, the pain lasts longer because the injury is internal. The muscles are sore and stiff and remain weak until treated.
  3. Type of distress: The feeling of pain usually persists irrespective of the fact that the patient is at rest or is not moving; while in a muscular strain, the patient is not distressed at rest but experiences major discomfort when trying to use or move the affected part of the body.

The sensation of pain usually worsens with activity. On the other hand a muscular strain is treated with muscular exercises such as stretching. If the patient doesn’t use the affected muscle for a long period of time, it tends to worsen. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3928 people found this helpful

What's The Difference Between A Strain And Sprain?

Dr. Akhlaq Ahmed 85% (36 ratings)
Diploma In Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
What's The Difference Between A Strain And Sprain?

What is a strain?
A strain is a muscular injury caused due to poor posture or any physical activity that exerts a lot of pressure on the muscle. It is nothing, but a torn muscle or tissue connected to a bone. A strain can occur in any muscle of the body, but it most commonly occurs in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thigh.

What is pain?
A pain is an extreme sensation of discomfort or distress that might be caused due to external stimulus. In a nutshell, it’s an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience.

One can differentiate between a pain and a strain through the following ways

  1. Symptoms: One of the major symptoms of a strain is acute pain. Simultaneously, the torn muscle will be sore; it will be discoloured and swollen. Movement will be limited in that part of the body and the patient will get a ‘knotted-up’ feeling because muscular injury weakens or stiffens the muscle. Another major symptom of strain includes muscular spasm. Pain on the other hand is a state of physical and sensory discomfort caused due to an external stimulus. The affected area will not have the aforementioned symptoms and is not limited to muscular injury.
  2. Length of time: One of the key ways to differentiate between a muscle strain and pain is the amount of time the symptoms persist. Normal pain lingers for about three days and is reduced with medication. In case of muscular strain, the pain lasts longer because the injury is internal. The muscles are sore and stiff and remain weak until treated.
  3. Type of distress: The feeling of pain usually persists irrespective of the fact that the patient is at rest or is not moving; while in a muscular strain, the patient is not distressed at rest but experiences major discomfort when trying to use or move the affected part of the body.

The sensation of pain usually worsens with activity. On the other hand a muscular strain is treated with muscular exercises such as stretching. If the patient doesn’t use the affected muscle for a long period of time, it tends to worsen.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3812 people found this helpful

Neck Sprain - What Can Actually Trigger It?

Dr. Vishal Nigam 87% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery, FNB - Spine Surgery
Orthopedist, Delhi
Neck Sprain - What Can Actually Trigger It?

A neck strain and sprain is not a serious injury. However, they can still cause significant dysfunction and pain.
Causes of Neck Strain
The anatomy of the cervical spine is such that it not only houses, but also protects the spinal cord. Along with this it supports the head and allows it for mobility and motion. But this area, which allows the spine to be flexible can also leave it vulnerable for injury.

Triggers for the onset of neck muscle strain can be:

1. Too much time spent in an uncomfortable position, such as humping over the steering wheel while driving, bending over the computer monitor, talking on the phone while placing it in the crook of the neck.

2. Sleeping on a very high or too firm pillow can lead to an uncomfortable position of the head thus leading to the strain of the neck

3. Carrying heavy objects on one side of the body

4. Any trauma that might have impacted the neck, such as an accident, whiplash or a fall that might have had a head landing

Most events of a neck muscle strain or the soft tissue sprain, such as the tendons and ligaments lead to stiff neck along with pain in shoulders. There is also pain and difficulty in moving the neck or head.

Neck muscle strain remedies

Minor strains in the tendons, ligaments and muscles of the neck usually heal within a day or two. But till the symptoms subside, there are a few self care remedies that are effective in reducing the stiffness and pain. These are:

1. Application of cold or ice packs: The cold reduces the inflammation, which in turn allows the strain to heal. This ice pack should be applied for 20 minutes interval in the first 24 hours.

2. Application of heat: Heat helps in bringing the nutrient rich blood to the affected area in order to stimulate a healing response. Moist heat as well as heat from a hot shower or bath can be used. Some people might find relief from applying heat wraps such as thermacare.

3. Over-the-counter or OTC medications: Anti-inflammatory medication, such as naproxen and ibuprofen reduces inflammation, thereby leading to the reduction in pain. Pain relieving medicines such as acetaminophen can also be taken as this reduces the perception of pain.

4. Massage of the affected area: A gentle massage in the affected area helps in stimulating the blood flow of the area which in turn helps in a quick healing. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2617 people found this helpful

What is the Difference Between Sprains and Strains?

Dr. Sharmishtha Ganguly 90% (68 ratings)
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Kolkata
What is the Difference Between Sprains and Strains?

A sprain refers to a break or a tear in any of the ligaments of your body. A ligament is a band consisting of tissues that connect the bones at any given joint in our body.

A strain on the other hand refers to a tear or a break in the entire muscle itself or a tendon (the band of tissues that connect the muscle to the bones).

Occurrence: Sprains usually take place due to unforeseen incidents like falls, accidents, and such other things that forces the body part to go out of its normal position. The most common types of sprains that people suffer from are ankle sprains which affect about 25,000 people every day on a worldwide basis.Strains usually happen when you twist a whole muscle or a tendon. This condition most commonly occurs in cases of sportspersons who are engaged in contact sports like hockey, football, rugby, and such others.

Symptoms :The identification signs of sprains and strains are mostly very similar, which are listed below:

  1. Pain and discomfort in the joints
  2. Visible swelling or inflammation seen on the joints
  3. Bruising of the affected area
  4. Tenderness and softness of the affected joint

The overall intensity of the above mentioned symptoms might differ basis on the severity of the condition that is directly proportional to the nature of injury that you have faced. Some pains are so light that it may not affect your daily routine at all, whereas some pains are so intense, that you might not be able to move your affected joint at all.

Treatment: Some of the common methods to cure a sprain or a strain are listed below:

  1. Rest the area which is affected
  2. Apply ice bags or cold compress to soothe the pain
  3. Compress the affected joint using a compression tape
  4. Place the affected joint on an elevated area to speed up the healing process

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3281 people found this helpful

Sprain & Strain - How To Differentiate Between The Two?

Dr. Nithin Kumar Bejjanki 91% (122 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS), MBBS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE)
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Sprain & Strain - How To Differentiate Between The Two?

What is a strain?
A strain is a muscular injury caused due to poor posture or any physical activity that exerts a lot of pressure on the muscle. It is nothing, but a torn muscle or tissue connected to a bone. A strain can occur in any muscle of the body, but it most commonly occurs in the lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thigh.

What is pain?
A pain is an extreme sensation of discomfort or distress that might be caused due to external stimulus. In a nutshell, it’s an unpleasant sensory or emotional experience.

One can differentiate between a pain and a strain through the following ways

  1. Symptoms: One of the major symptoms of a strain is acute pain. Simultaneously, the torn muscle will be sore; it will be discoloured and swollen. Movement will be limited in that part of the body and the patient will get a ‘knotted-up’ feeling because muscular injury weakens or stiffens the muscle. Another major symptom of strain includes muscular spasm. Pain on the other hand is a state of physical and sensory discomfort caused due to an external stimulus. The affected area will not have the aforementioned symptoms and is not limited to muscular injury.
  2. Length of time: One of the key ways to differentiate between a muscle strain and pain is the amount of time the symptoms persist. Normal pain lingers for about three days and is reduced with medication. In case of muscular strain, the pain lasts longer because the injury is internal. The muscles are sore and stiff and remain weak until treated.
  3. Type of distress: The feeling of pain usually persists irrespective of the fact that the patient is at rest or is not moving; while in a muscular strain, the patient is not distressed at rest but experiences major discomfort when trying to use or move the affected part of the body.

The sensation of pain usually worsens with activity. On the other hand a muscular strain is treated with muscular exercises such as stretching. If the patient doesn’t use the affected muscle for a long period of time, it tends to worsen. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an orthopaedics.

4296 people found this helpful

Know Everything About Coccydynia - Tailbone Pain!

Dr. Rajveer Singh(pt) 92% (99 ratings)
BPTh/BPT, Fellowship in Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (FOR), MBA (Healthcare)
Physiotherapist, Delhi
Know Everything About Coccydynia - Tailbone Pain!

The back bone or spine is made of a series of bones extending all the way from the neck (cervical) to the tail (coccyx). These joints, like others, are prone to inflammation, sprain and strain, some more than the others. The coccyx in particular is highly prone to inflammation and can lead to localized pain, which is very typical, with the pain in the tailbone. This is known as coccydynia. Read on to know more about this common condition.

What is Coccydynia?

  1. Literally, coccydynia translates to tailbone pain.
  2. It is characterized by a sharp, localized pain between the buttocks in the tail bone.
  3. It is often caused by injury to the pelvic area or the tail bone.
  4. Sitting and/or leaning against the buttocks make it worse.
  5. Pregnancy, when the additional hormones relax on the pelvic floor, also leads to increased pain of the tailbone.

Diagnosis: The pain can be easily confused with other conditions like sciatica, fractured tailbone, tailbone infections like shingles, etc. However, for a trained medical person, the symptoms of tenderness and pain are quite diagnostic. Pilonidal sinus, fistula, pudendal Neuralgia is also same as Coccydynia and show same symptoms. 

 Management:

  1. If there is a rash or inflammation, it needs to be evaluated further for additional problems.
  2. Where possible, rest completely for a short period of time till the acute phase of pain subsides.
  3. In case of injury, ensure there is no repeat injury to the same area.
  4. Pain medications are used to relieve pain, where it is severe and intolerable.
  5. In severe cases, cortisone injection may be given in the doctor’s office. In addition to pain relief, it may even take care of the underlying problem per se.
  6. Avoid sitting for prolonged periods where possible.
  7. After the acute phase is over, when sitting for prolonged periods, sufficient padding is advised. This could be in the form of pillows or padded seats.
  8. Sleeping on the sides is difficult, so sleep straight. If required, take a pillow in the middle.
  9. Physiotherapy is also helpful in some people who have repeat attacks. This helps in pain management and controlling acute phases. There are specific tailbone stretches, which should be done under supervision.
  10. Walking is one of the many effective ways to keep the tailbone “unlocked”, which helps in getting rid of the pain and avoiding spasms of the muscles around the tailbone.
  11. Best internal manipulation and pain management can be done with Coccyx exercise.

The time taken for healing of the tailbone depends on whether it is a simple bruise or a severe one. The former would heal completely in about four weeks, while the latter will take about 12 weeks. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a physiotherapist.

5061 people found this helpful

Sports Injury in Athletes - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

Dr. Sonali Sawale 84% (36 ratings)
MD, BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Sports Injury in Athletes - How Homeopathy Can Help You?

Are you an athlete looking for an effective remedy for sports injuries and accidents? You should opt for homeopathy for treating sports injury of several kinds. In case of athletes, injuries of acute and chronic forms are quite common, and homeopathy offers a completely natural treatment without any side effects on your body that may affect your performance. Homeopathy provides you effective and rapid healing, and promotes natural healing of your injuries. Using homeopathic medicines for treating your sports injuries at the right time allows you to stay away from undergoing surgeries, which are inevitable in the case of serious injuries that progress over time.

Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines that are beneficial for athletes who suffer from sports injuries of various forms:

  1. Arnica
    • This is one of the most popular and common homeopathic medicines that is used for treating sports injuries.
    • It is a part of all first aid kits at football grounds, at games of all levels.
    • Arnica is very effective when taken immediately after an injury. It is a legal medicine that can be taken by athletes and players after being inflicted with an injury in the field.
    • This medicine is ideal for dealing with bruising pain, that is a part of several sports and helps athletes in keeping fit for their upcoming events .
  2. Calcaera carbonica
    • This homeopathic medicine derived from calcium carbonate is used in case of long standing injuries, in which weakness lasts for more than two weeks in an affected athlete.
    • The medicine is effective for eliminating weakness and stiffness.
  3. Hypericum perforatum
    • This homeopathic medicine is useful in case you get your nerves crushed on account of injuries, such as dropping a heavy barbell on your toe.
    • In such cases, you should take Arnica first, and then take this medicine. It is beneficial for soothing nerve pain.
    • Such pains are common when your spine is injured.
  4. Ledem palustre
    • This is another effective homeopathic medicine for treating sports injuries in athletes.
    • It is used for curing puncture wounds and insect bites.
    • It is also used for treating a black eye and other injuries that are cold to touch. It is ideally used after taking Arnica first.
  5. Rhus toxidodendron
    • This homeopathic medicine is important for treating ligament and tendon injuries that cause intense pain, stiffness, as also when a person experiences strains and sprains.

It is recommended for you to consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for treating sports injuries on your own. A doctor will be able to prescribe you the best medicines based on your condition and symptoms.

5373 people found this helpful
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