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Sports Injuries Tips

Arthroscopy & Sports Injuries

Dr. Manu Mengi 89% (17 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Orthopedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Mohali
Arthroscopy & Sports Injuries

When it comes to contact sports like football or basketball, orthopaedic injuries are unavoidable. Given the high risk of falling and accidents and wear and tear of muscles, injuries like stress fractures, torn ligaments, ACL tears and chronic pain are common complaints a sports doctor comes across. Not all orthopaedic doctors can deal with sports injuries. Sports medicine is a specialisation of this field that deals exclusively with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained while playing sports. A sports doctor must not only treat an injury but must also speed up the healing process so as to allow their patients to return to the field as quickly as possible.

When it comes to surgeries for sports injuries, the smaller the incision made, the faster an injury will heal. This has led to the popularisation of minimally invasive surgeries. Arthroscopy is one such type of minimally invasive surgery that is used by doctors to diagnose and treat joint injuries and musculoskeletal conditions.

This procedure is typically performed on a patient under general or spinal anaesthesia. When being used to diagnose a condition, it involves the insertion of a thin fibre optic tube with a light, magnifying lens and camera into the body through a small incision no bigger than a button hole. This allows the doctors to examine the bone and joint in detail. In cases where this type of surgery is being used to treat a patient, specially designed instruments may also be inserted through an additional small incision to repair the injury.

Arthroscopic surgeries for sports injuries are often used in combination with other approaches or open surgery. One of the most common conditions, this type of surgery is used to treat are tendon tears in the knee. Other conditions that can also be treated with arthroscopic surgeries are torn ligaments and cartilage, inflammation of the joint lining, carpal tunnel syndrome, tears in the rotator cuffs and loosening of bones and cartilage.
After the surgery, the incision will be stitched shut and a dressing will be placed over it. In most cases, patients require almost no pain medication as compared to the medication needed to recover from open surgery.

However, it can take several days for the joint to recover and for the incision to heal. Some of the benefits of this kind of surgery are:

  1. Faster healing
  2. Minimal scarring
  3. Lesser blood loss
  4. No danger of cutting muscles or tendons
  5. More comfortable rehabilitation
  6. Faster return to the sports field

Sports Injuries - How To Treat The Pain Caused By Them?

Dr. Shovan Kumar Rath 90% (16 ratings)
MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Pain Management Specialist, Bhubaneswar
Sports Injuries - How To Treat The Pain Caused By Them?

How should you approach pain caused due to sports injuries?

Sports injuries can happen to any person who engages in sporting activities. These affect full-time athletes as well as those who partake in sports and exercising on an occasional basis. Most sports injuries are acute and affect the muscles and skeletal system. Usually, they are not chronic unless caused by a grave accident or left untreated.

The most common types of injuries caused due to sports are as follows:

Treatment of sports injuries depends on a number of factors such as the type of injury, part of the body affected, the intensity of the pain, and the patient's age and medical history.

Accordingly, the most common ways of approaching the pain caused by sports injuries are:

  1. Immediate remedies: Several quick aid, home remedies are used to treat pain that is caused by minor injuries to muscles, such as sprains and strains. It involves alleviation of pain through rest, using ice packs and hot water bags, wearing supports and elastic compression bandages.
  2. Medication: Many medicines such as painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills, creams and sprays effectively reduce pain caused by sports injuries. In extreme cases, morphine and codeine are also prescribed.
  3. Physical therapy: A number of injuries can be treated and cured through certain exercise and workout routines. These aim at stretching and strengthening the affected area to provide pain relief through increased flexibility and muscle activity.
  4. Injections: Various substances and chemical compounds can be injected into the injured area which works on the affected ligaments, tendons, and cartilage to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  5. Surgical procedures: This is generally resorted to in case of damage to the skeleton in the form of broken bones and cracked ribs.
  6. Interventional Pain relieving procedures: These include regenerative or stem cell therapy, and neuromodulation techniques using radio frequency current. They may result in best results without any tissue cutting or damage. A pain specialist may be able to help you best in that case.

Devising the exact treatment method requires a thorough examination of the injury. Diagnosis can only be provided after taking into consideration the many factors that affect treatment. The method of treatment varies from case to case and consequently, the recovery time also differs.

1 person found this helpful

How Homeopathy Can Help Athletes In Sports Injury?

Dr. Namrata Anand 88% (10 ratings)
BHMS, PG In Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, DNHE
Homeopath, Pune
How Homeopathy Can Help Athletes In Sports Injury?

Are you an athlete looking for an effective remedy for sports injuries and accidents? You should opt for homeopathy for treating sports injury of several kinds. In case of athletes, injuries of acute and chronic forms are quite common, and homeopathy offers a completely natural treatment without any side effects on your body that may affect your performance. Homeopathy provides you effective and rapid healing, and promotes natural healing of your injuries. Using homeopathic medicines for treating your sports injuries at the right time allows you to stay away from undergoing surgeries, which are inevitable in the case of serious injuries that progress over time.

Here is a list of the top homeopathic medicines that are beneficial for athletes who suffer from sports injuries of various forms:

  1. Arnica
    • This is one of the most popular and common homeopathic medicines that is used for treating sports injuries.
    • It is a part of all first aid kits at football grounds, at games of all levels.
    • Arnica is very effective when taken immediately after an injury. It is a legal medicine that can be taken by athletes and players after being inflicted with an injury in the field.
    • This medicine is ideal for dealing with bruising pain, that is a part of several sports and helps athletes in keeping fit for their upcoming events .
  2. Calcaera carbonica

    • This homeopathic medicine derived from calcium carbonate is used in case of long standing injuries, in which weakness lasts for more than two weeks in an affected athlete.
    • The medicine is effective for eliminating weakness and stiffness.
  3. Hypericum perforatum
    • This homeopathic medicine is useful in case you get your nerves crushed on account of injuries, such as dropping a heavy barbell on your toe.
    • In such cases, you should take Arnica first, and then take this medicine. It is beneficial for soothing nerve pain.
    • Such pains are common when your spine is injured.
  4. Ledem palustre
    • This is another effective homeopathic medicine for treating sports injuries in athletes.
    • It is used for curing puncture wounds and insect bites.
    • It is also used for treating a black eye and other injuries that are cold to touch. It is ideally used after taking Arnica first.
  5. Rhus toxidodendron
    • This homeopathic medicine is important for treating ligament and tendon injuries that cause intense pain, stiffness, as also when a person experiences strains and sprains.

It is recommended for you to consult a homeopathic practitioner before starting to take homeopathic medicines for treating sports injuries on your own. A doctor will be able to prescribe you the best medicines based on your condition and symptoms. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3246 people found this helpful

Sports Injuries - Top Tips For Preventing Such Injuries!

Dr. Naveen Sharma 90% (10 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS, Joint Replacement & Sports Medicine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Jaipur
Sports Injuries - Top Tips For Preventing Such Injuries!

Do you remember the last time you had a searing knee pain in the middle of your morning run? It was probably because you did not warm up properly. The incidence of injuries in various sports has gone up in the recent times, and it is mostly due to the lack of proper warm up exercises. However, other factors come into play as well, such as the pressure of increased workload on the current batch of athletes, missing a trick or two with the proper technique to be followed, etc.

In order to reduce the risk of an injury, it is advised to follow these simple tips:

  1. Set realistic goals for yourself: Don’t go overboard with anything that includes repetitively stressing and straining your body over a certain degree. If you are planning to go for a run or hit to the gym, make sure you set goals that you can sustain and find feasible. One example of this would be to not increase the amount of weight drastically while lifting weights as it can lead to serious injuries.

  2. Follow the right technique: Proper technique is very important in sports, a lack of which can lead to injuries. Ask your trainer to observe your form when you perform any activity. Focus on your breathing and posture when you are exercising.

  3. Warm up before you begin exercising: Warming up before you exercise or play a sport is important as it helps loosen your muscles and boost blood circulation. It drastically reduces the risks of sustaining injuries, and also prepares your body for the subsequent exercise.

  4. Cool down: Similar to an essential warm up is the need to cool down; it is another aspect that should not be ignored. Cooling down usually consists of stretches and postures that promote flexibility. The muscles become sore after working out. Stretching can help reduce post workout pain and make the joints flexible. Cooling down also helps in eliminating lactic acid from the muscles, which means less pain after exercise.

  5. Listen to your body: During an activity, if you feel that you can no longer carry on, terminate the activity. The chances of injury rise if you continue to push your body over your threshold limit. If you think that you can no longer carry on doing something without risking an injury, avoid doing it altogether. Listen to your body, and it shall never fail you.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2538 people found this helpful

Sports Injuries - Can They Be Prevented?

M.S. Orthopedic
Orthopedist, Allahabad
Sports Injuries - Can They Be Prevented?

Do you remember the last time you had a searing knee pain in the middle of your morning run? It was probably because you did not warm up properly. The incidence of injuries in various sports has gone up in the recent times, and it is mostly due to the lack of proper warm up exercises. However, other factors come into play as well, such as the pressure of increased workload on the current batch of athletes, missing a trick or two with the proper technique to be followed, etc.

In order to reduce the risk of an injury, it is advised to follow these simple tips:

  1. Set realistic goals for yourself: Don’t go overboard with anything that includes repetitively stressing and straining your body over a certain degree. If you are planning to go for a run or hit to the gym, make sure you set goals that you can sustain and find feasible. One example of this would be to not increase the amount of weight drastically while lifting weights as it can lead to serious injuries.

  2. Follow the right technique: Proper technique is very important in sports, a lack of which can lead to injuries. Ask your trainer to observe your form when you perform any activity. Focus on your breathing and posture when you are exercising.

  3. Warm up before you begin exercising: Warming up before you exercise or play a sport is important as it helps loosen your muscles and boost blood circulation. It drastically reduces the risks of sustaining injuries, and also prepares your body for the subsequent exercise.

  4. Cool down: Similar to an essential warm up is the need to cool down; it is another aspect that should not be ignored. Cooling down usually consists of stretches and postures that promote flexibility. The muscles become sore after working out. Stretching can help reduce post workout pain and make the joints flexible. Cooling down also helps in eliminating lactic acid from the muscles, which means less pain after exercise.

  5. Listen to your body: During an activity, if you feel that you can no longer carry on, terminate the activity. The chances of injury rise if you continue to push your body over your threshold limit. If you think that you can no longer carry on doing something without risking an injury, avoid doing it altogether. Listen to your body, and it shall never fail you.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult the doctor and ask a free question. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2424 people found this helpful

Sports Injury In Children - Know Everything About It!

Dr. R Kartheek 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship In Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Sports Injury In Children - Know Everything About It!

Sports injuries are very common in children because in this age they are most likely to involve themselves in a lot of outdoor activities. A sports injury can be minor cuts and bruises or can be a major fracture or broken bones. The bones of children are more porous than children, therefore injuries can happen more easily. Dehydration, not wearing proper sports equipment and not warming up before makes a child more vulnerable to a sports injury.

The common types of sports injury in children are as follows:

  1. Contusion- It is a portion of tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been damaged. The effects may vary from a hematoma to compartment syndrome.
  2. Lacerations- A laceration is a deeply cut wound, that is, a tear in the skin or flesh. In case of a laceration try to wash the wound as soon as possible.
  3. Sprains- A sprain is a stretch or a tear in the ligament. A ligament is a fibrous tissue that joins the bones and joints. Bracing and proper rest can cure sprains. However severe cases may require surgery.
  4. Strain- The cure for a strain is similar to that of sprain. Rest, icing, compression and elevation are the initial steps to cure a strain. It mostly occurs in the muscles and myotendinous joints.
  5. Rotator cuff tendonitis- Repeating overhead activities or dislocation or contusion of the shoulder causes rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder pain that doesn't cease or pain that occurs when a person tries to do a certain overhead activity are the common symptoms.
  6. Thrower’s shoulder/elbow- When a child practices throwing, an excessive number of times they are likely to get thrower's shoulder or thrower’s elbow.
  7. Osgood Schlatter disease- This disease arises when a child is in their growth phase. Irritation and inflammation at the growth surface of the shin bone give rise to Osgood Schlatter disease. This can be cured by stretching and strengthening exercises.
  8. Jumper’s knee- When there is inflammation or irritation of the growth plate at the bottom of the patella. This disease is similar to Osgood Schlatter disease and usually observed in children in their growing phase.
  9. Shoulder dislocation- In this type of injury, the upper arm bone comes out of the shoulder socket. It is an extremely painful condition generally caused by an extremely hard collision.
  10. Patella dislocation- It is a kind of knee injury in which the patella or the kneecap comes out of its original position.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3670 people found this helpful

Knee Replacement - Is Second Surgery Actually Required?

Dr. Vikas Mehra 88% (15 ratings)
Fellowship in Joint Replacement, M S Ortho, DNB (Orthopaedics)
Orthopedist, Chandigarh
Knee Replacement - Is Second Surgery Actually Required?

Of all the joints in the body, the knees probably see the maximum wear and tear. In cases of severe osteoarthritis, or injuries which destroy the knee joint, a total knee replacement surgery may be advised. This procedure involves the replacement of diseased cartilage and bone in the knees with artificial materials.

In cases of osteoarthritis and other such degenerative conditions, this procedure is performed only when the adjacent joints such as the hips are strong and healthy. Before the procedure, you may be advised to discontinue any blood thinning and anti-inflammatory medication. Your doctor will also conduct blood and urine tests to check for signs of anaemia, abnormal metabolism and infections. You may also be asked to lose weight if you are on the heavier side to reduce the pressure on your knees.

A total knee replacement surgery is usually performed under general anaesthesia. The lower end of the femur bone or thigh bone and the upper end of the tibia or calf bone are removed and replaced with a metal shell and plastic piece respectively. In some cases, a plastic ‘button’ may also be placed on the surface of the knee cap. If the posterior cruciate ligament in intact it is left as is or it is replaced by a polyethene post to stabilise the joint and prevent the calf from slipping backwards.

In most cases, a patient is discharged after 3-5 days of hospitalisation following the surgery. Post-surgery, it takes about a month for the patient to experience notable improvements. For optimal results, total knee surgery must be followed by physiotherapy and regular exercise. This helps prevent scarring and keeps the muscles strong enough to maintain joint stability. Exercising can also reduce recovery time. However, not all exercises are advisable. Avoid running, jumping, climbing stairs and contact sports which have a high risk of knee injury. Swimming is highly encouraged as it boosts endurance and muscle strength without putting any pressure on the joint.

In some cases, a second surgery may be required in cases of total knee replacement to fix fractures, loosening or complications of the artificial joint. As with any other surgical procedure, a total knee replacement surgery also has risks. Some of these are:

  1. Formation of blood clots that can cause shortness of breath, chest pain and shock
  2. Urinary tract infection
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Knee pain and stiffness
  5. Nerve damage
  6. Internal bleeding in the knee
  7. Increased risk of infections

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2685 people found this helpful

The Thrower's Ten Program

Dr. Ritesh Kharnal 87% (601 ratings)
MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy)
Physiotherapist, Indore
The Thrower's Ten Program

A new exercise series for enhanced dynamic shoulder control in the overhead throwing athlete.

  • Why should overhead athletes use the thrower’s ten program? the answer is very simple. Overhead athletes should use the thrower’s ten program because the program works! this comprehensive program, encompasses exercises for the entire throwing arm as well as the body. The exercises in the program have been carefully chosen because when performed in combination they improve muscular strength and decrease arm fatigue thus reducing the risk of injury. We have shown the single greatest predisposing factor to shoulder and elbow injury in youth baseball players to be fatigue. 6, 8 improvement in muscular strength and power results in increased ball velocity. The thrower’s ten program has been scientifically studied and showed to significantly increase throwing velocity in high school baseball players. 1, 2 the thrower’s ten program has been published numerous times in scientific journals articles3-5.
  • The thrower’s ten program was developed by kevin wilk, dpt and Dr. James andrews in birmingham, al. These visionaries in throwing injury prevention and rehabilitation assembled a group of experts with over a 100 years of combined baseball sports medicine experience to assist them in creating the thrower’s ten program. Using data from emg studies at the american sports medicine institute (asmi) and research centers across the country, they determined the best rehabilitation exercises and movements to isolate and strengthen the muscle groups responsible for the act of throwing. 7, 9, 10, 11 collectively, we have successfully used this program over the past 27 years in the rehabilitation of thousands of injured throwing athletes and in preventative programs for countless other baseball players. The thrower’s ten program has been constantly revised and adjusted through the years to ensure that it remains the single best exercise program available for every throwing athlete.
  • Not only is the thrower’s ten program effective – it is also simple to perform. The program has been designed so that it does not require a lot of equipment or even dumbbells to successfully complete. In fact, it can be properly performed using just resistance tubing or bands. The thrower’s ten program is ideally matched with theraband’s clx consecutive loop resistance band allowing easy performance regardless of where an athlete is, without any other equipment. The thrower’s ten program can be done before throwing or play as an effective pre-performance dynamic warm-up. It can be performed in-season to maintain arm strength and flexibility; as well as after injury as part of a rehabilitation program and even prior to the season for arm development.
  • The thrower’s ten program has been shown to address the three most significant causes of shoulder and elbow problems in throwing – decreased arm strength, increased fatigue and a lack of flexibility. The bottom line is that overhead throwing athletes should use the thrower’s ten program as a safe, simple, and effective way to help them prevent shoulder and elbow injuries and enhance throwing performance.
  • The link below provides you with a video which demonstrates all the exercises in the thrower’s ten program. Perform the program pain-free and enjoy the best and healthiest season of your career.

Sports Injuries

Dr. Umesh Shetty 87% (23 ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Mumbai
Sports Injuries

Who does not like to play sports? We all do right. Playing  sports makes us more alert, makes us physically active and super cool. Sports involves lot of physical activity and thus is highly prone area for injuries. Sports injuries varies from one sport to other sport. Excessive swelling can affect the motion and interrupt the natural healing process. Some common injuries may take several months to heal, even after good treatment. If the injury is severe, the entire muscle including tendon and ligament is torn away you may need an urgent surgery. We have the best orthopedic surgeon  and medical experts  in AXIS Hospital where you can get rid of your pain.

Some of the common injuries which occurs while playing sports can be sprains and strains, knee injuries, pain along the sheen bone, fractures some times multiple, swollen muscles, tendon or ligament injuries and sometimes may also cause dislocations specially ball-socket (Knee, Hip and Shoulder Joints) and many more injuries which may need orthopedic treatments. Injuries are those which we cannot avoid, we only have to cure it. Some injuries take longer time to heal like fractures or knee injuries. Knee Injuries may also need knee replacement surgery and quick medical consultation so that the treatment starts quickly and hence can expect faster recovery.

Swelling is the normal response to all such kind of injuries.  If you are  injured you  must take care, so that you will  heal quickly. You should protect yourself from getting injured in future. Complete rest should be taken and all the physical activities must be restricted. Ice treatment is the most beneficial treatment, as it slows the inflammation and swelling after the injury, ice packs also helps in numbing the sore tissues.  It also reduce the nerve impulses in the area. Ice packs  also decrease the tissue damage. Compression with elastic bandage will help reduce swelling. You should also see that one elevate the injured area. Elevating the injured area above the heart level  will also lessen the swelling. Injuries have to be treated well so that you can play your favorite sport again with a bang!

In day to day life no one has enough time to look after the injuries. We cannot stop them we can definitely  avoid them . Listed below are the few steps we can take:

  • Do your warm-up exercises (any people avoid)
  • Run on the grounds, avoid tar roads.
  • Run on the flat surfaces .
  • Do your stretches before and after your activity.
  • While jumping, make sure you land up keeping your knees bend.
  • Check your physical health before playing.
  • Avoid overdoing it .
  • Be mentally happy.

 

 

Health Tip

BDS
Dentist, Ludhiana
Health Tip

If you are constantly engaged in sports related activities, always wear a mouthguard to protect your mouth and orthodontic appliances while the treatment is going on.

1 person found this helpful
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