The shin is the frontal part of the lower leg and runs from slightly below the knee almost all the way to the foot. This area takes a lot of stress during movements such as walking and running and most forms of exercises of the lower body. Any other form of movement where the weight of the upper body has to be transferred to the feet also involves the shin. Thus repeated stresses may sometimes take their toll resulting in shin splints which can be quite painful.
What exactly are shin splints?
Shin splints are usually described as pain in the shin area which affects both muscle and bone tissue in the region of the shinbone or tibia. The pain is usually felt within the inner edge of the tibia and can be felt anywhere or everywhere starting from right underneath the knee to the ankles. This condition is medically known as ‘medial tibial stress’ syndrome.
What are the causes of shin splints?
The primary causes of shin splints are repetitive stresses on the shin bone which cause minute tears within muscle or bone tissues. These may not limit movement or debilitate you but may become quite painful. People of certain professions tend to get this more than anybody else such as:
Other risk factors could also include:
Most cases of shin splints go away on their own if proper care is taken and can be easily managed with home remedies. However, if the pain seems to be increasing and causing problems, then you should visit a doctor to get it checked out. Some of the basic remedial treatments are mentioned below –
Shin splints' is a condition, which is characterized by pain in the shin bone, the bone that is present in front of the leg. Shin splints tend to occur quite frequently in runners and dancers as their activities tend to stress the shin bone.
Causes: When excess force is applied to the shinbone, it may result in swelling of the muscles, causing pain and inflammation. It may also occur from stress reactions to fractures in the bone. Cracks tend to develop due to constant application of force in the bones. If the area is not well rested then these cracks will not heal and ultimately lead to a complete fracture.
Some other causes of shin splints are:
The symptoms of shin splints are:
Treatment: The basic treatment for shin splints is the RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation) protocol. It means allowing the leg to rest, applying ice packs and wearing compression bandages. It is recommended to take rest and not exert the leg beyond a certain point to limit the damage. The complications that may result from shin splints are compartment syndrome, where there is buildup of pressure in the muscle. In some cases, where the muscle tears off from the bone, a surgerymay be required to treat this condition.