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Spinal Diseases Tips

Spinal Surgery - Know More About It!

Dr.Gaurav Bansal 85% (10ratings)
M.Ch (AIIMS) - Neuro Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS, IFAANS (USA)
Neurosurgeon, Noida
Spinal Surgery - Know More About It!

Spinal surgery is a process used for correcting the problems in your spine. The process involves welding two bones or vertebrae into one single bone. This reduces the movement of those bones, which in turn, helps to reduce back pain and stabilize the spine.

This type of surgery is performed when physiotherapy and medicines have not helped cure your back pain. The specialists recommend this option when they are able to understand the actual reason behind your pain.

To locate the source of your discomfort, you may have to undergo MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scans, X-rays and CT (computerized tomography) scans.

Procedure

Prior to the surgery, you will be put under general anaesthesia. Spinal fusion surgery can be performed through different techniques. The most common ones are – cervical spinal fusion and lumbar fusion.

There are two approaches –anterior and posterior. In the anterior approach, the doctor will make an incision in your lower abdomen for the lumbar fusion. For the cervical fusion, this incision will be made in your neck in the front.

For the posterior approach, the incision will be made at your lower back in the middle. Another method (called lateral approach) is where the doctor operates your spine by making an incision on the side.

The next step is preparing a bone graft. A bone graft is used to enhance the healing process of your bones and fuse two vertebrae together. If the graft is developed from your own body, a portion of your pelvis is utilized. If it comes from another person, it is called a donor graft.

The surgeon positions the bone graft between the vertebrae. Screws, metal plates and rods can be used for keeping the vertebrae in place until the bone graft heals. In some cases, doctors may use synthetic substances to help increase the speed of the fusion process. You may be suggested to wear a brace by the doctor.

Applications of Spinal Surgery

Spinal fusion surgery can be used for different purposes –

• Spinal deformities such as scoliosis, where the spine is curved sideways

• Vertebrae fracture

• Tumour

Infection

• Stabilize the spine after removing a herniated disk

• Spondylolisthesis

• Restoring spinal strength that may be caused due to arthritis

• Spinal stenosis

• Degenerative disk disease

Aftercare and Recovery

You will have to stay at the hospital for at least two to three days. Afterwards, you may face some discomfort such as high fever, redness, swelling, and chills. However, these are part of your natural healing process. The fusion process can take several months. During this period, your spine has to be kept perfectly aligned. You must take the medication as per the doctor’s guidelines. As you recover, your doctor will instruct you to start engaging in light physical activity such as walking.

2106 people found this helpful

What To Expect From Spinal Fusion Surgery?

Dr.Mohammad Ahmed 92% (17ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Orthopaedics
Orthopedic Doctor, Gurgaon
What To Expect From Spinal Fusion Surgery?

Spinal fusion is a surgery in which two or more vertebrae in the vertebral column or back are fused or joined to treat a slew of spinal problems and diseases, which cause debilitating back pain. This surgery helps to remove bone and tissue that are narrowing the spinal canal, squeezing the spinal cord and nerves, reducing pain and improving function.

There are many different causes of back pain like injury, poor posture, age, osteoarthritis, herniation of disc between two vertebrae, degenerative disc disease, narrowing of spine called stenosis, and spondylosis or lessening of space between the vertebrae- most of these can be treated using spinal fusion.

All of these causes put tremendous pressure on the vertebrae and pinch spinal nerves that pass through the back and radiate out into the arms, legs and torso. Apart from the pain, patients experience nerve and muscle weakness and irreversible damage affecting normal life.

Spinal fusion started off as just a treatment for fractures but now it has become the surgery of choice for a number of spine problems. Though it can be done anywhere in the spine, it is very effective when done in the lower part of the spine called lumbar spinal fusion or arthrodesis.

Spinal fusion is done by forming a direct bony connection between the vertebrae surrounding the painful discs, the cushioning between the vertebrae. Pain is stopped by stopping the motion of the painful discs.

There are different methods of spinal fusion each with its own advantages and limitations.

Techniques include fusion approached from the front, the back, or both of the vertebral column. Sometimes surgeons decide to use intervertebral cages or metal screws to provide internal structural support while the bone fuses. These cages may be placed between the vertebrae and packed with bone graft material taken from the patient or constructed out of synthetic materials.

What to expect?
Spinal fusion is not a risk-free procedure. It is a major surgery lasting several hours and carrying a number of risks like-

  1. Failure of the vertebral fusion and breaking of metal implants
  2. The vertebrae above and below the fusion can wear away aggravating problems
  3. Blood clots may be formed that can travel to lungs causing embolism
  4. Injury to spinal nerves causing permanent weakness in legs and problem with bladder and bowel function
  5. Infections and blood loss
  6. Heart attack or stroke during surgery

The patient has to be kept in hospital for a couple of days for post-operative care after which he will have to undergo rehabilitation for months. Hence, one should really think before going for spinal fusion. And when it is recommended, seek a second opinion before making a decision.

2073 people found this helpful

Pilonidal Sinus Patients - Say No To Surgery!

Dr.S K Singh 91% (1359ratings)
M.S. (Ayurveda), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Delhi
Pilonidal Sinus Patients - Say No To Surgery!

Pilonidal Sinus/Cyst is Characterized By - 

• Small nodular swelling in the lower spinal region with occasional discharges that may stain undergarments. Sometimes mild pain may also be noticed.

• It is usually seen in adults of college/ school going age & with hairy skin.

Pilonidal Sinus/ Cyst seldom heal with medicinal treatment. Any medication whether allopathic, Ayurvedic or homeopathic may show some temporary relief but do not eradicate the problem. In most of the patients having pilonidal sinus/ cyst, surgeons usually recommend surgical procedures like Z-plasty etc. Even after surgery the chances of recurrences are always there. Post operative pain, hospitalization and chances of recurrence are the factors which suggest that surgery is not the appropriate method of treating pilonidal sinus/ cyst.

Treatment of Choice (Ayurveda) -

In Ayurveda, a parasurgical treatment known as Ksharsutra therapy is an effective treatment for pilonidal sinus/ cyst. Treatment method includes proper identification of sinus tract wrt. its depth, direction and branching pattern. This could be achieved via sinogram or skilled probing. Once the sinus tract has been properly identified, a super specialized medicated thread i.e. Graded ksharsutra™ is placed in the tract. The medicine from the medicated thread is gradually released which leads to debridement of the sinus tract which means unhealthy tissue, pus, hairs are expelled out from the tract. The proper and complete debridement of the tract induces healing of the sinus which subsequently heals. The medicine coated thread remains effective for 7-10 days after which it has to be replaced by a new thread.

Usually, in a sinus of approx. 5 cm length, 6-8 sittings of medicated thread replacement are required at a weekly interval. Ksharsutra therapy being a non surgical opd procedure doesn't involve any hospitalization or bed rest and patients can resume their routine work immediately after treatment. Graded ksharsutra treatment is the treatment of choice for Pilonidal Sinus as chances of recurrence are seldom seen.

Pilonidal Sinus/ Cyst Treatment FAQs

Question 1 - What is Pilonidal Sinus/ Cyst Disease?

Answer - Pilonidal Sinus disease is seen as a small nodular swelling in the lower spinal region with occasional discharges of pus & blood. It is most commonly found in people with hairy skin. Sometimes mild pain may also be noticed. The main problem is that it keeps on developing again and again after short period of remission. As the problem aggravates, the size of the swelling & pus discharges also increase. It is usually not noticeable in the beginning till it keeps recurring again and again. It is advisable not to get it operated as the chances of recurrence after surgery are pretty high, where as in Ayurveda with the help of Graded ksharsutra, this problem can be completely cured without surgery.

Question 2 - What are the Causes of Pilonidal Sinus Disease?

Answer - Pilonidal sinus is also known as the jeep riders back problem. The problem was first recorded on a large scale during World War II in the soldiers who rode jeeps and motorbikes on a frequent basis. Though, the reason behind the occurrence of the issue is really not known it is believed that in growing hairs and hairs penetrating the skin are main cause. The problem is more common in people who have hairy skin.

Question 3 - Home remedies for Pilonidal Sinus?

Answer - Pilonidal Sinus is an infective condition usually seen in hairy skin individuals. As such there is no home remedy for Pilonidal Sinus. So instead of wasting time in searching for home remedies; you should plan for complete treatment i.e. Graded Ksharsutra™ Treatment for Pilonidal Sinus as soon as possible.

Question 4 - What are the ways of identifying a Pilonidal Sinus and Recognizing Signs of Infection?

Answer -The main problem with identifying Pilonidal Sinus Infection is; it cannot be done till it grows to a certain extent. At first, it appears like a normal boil on the skin. When it does not go away with time; pus starts discharging out of it. We have demarcated a few of the signs that may help you in detecting the problem.

1. Sensation of pain while sitting or standing in the low back region.

2. The cyst appears swollen

3. Pus and blood mixed watery discharge from the cyst

4. Reddened skin near the cyst

5. Cyst forming again and again

6986 people found this helpful

Tuberculosis Of Spine - An Insight!

Dr.Gururaj Sangondimath 89% (25ratings)
Fellowship in spinal tumor surgery, Fellowship in Cervical spine surgery, FNB Spine Surgery, Fellowship in spinal deformity, fellowship in MInimalli invasive(Keyhole) surgery, CPC paliative care, MS-Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Howrah
Tuberculosis Of Spine - An Insight!

A few decades back, spinal tuberculosis was a dreaded disease. It is not so, anymore. With advancements in the medicinal field, when diagnosed in the early stages, a complete cure is possible.

Tuberculosis of the spine is one of the most common spine ailments in our country. Though there was no treatment when the disease was first reported, recent improvements in medical treatment and surgical procedures have made the condition treatable. In many cases, the disease is cured completely.

Molecular genetic techniques, stronger antibiotics and other medicinal discoveries and inventions have been able to combat the condition, which is resistant to a huge number of drugs. There are many surgical procedures as well, which has changed the way spine TB is looked at. These include extrapleural dorsal spine anterior stabilization, endoscopic thoracoscopic surgeries, single stage anterior and posterior stabilization among others.

How is it caused?
Tuberculosis affects people living in overcrowded, dirty and poorly nourished environments. The aerobic organism that is responsible for this physical condition is Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which grows rapidly in unfavorable conditions. It grows only intermittently or remains dormant for a long period to then re-grow whenever the immunity system of the host weakens.

What are the different types of TB spine?
Spinal tuberculosis takes two forms. In the first case, the symptoms are mild. The infection starts in the anterior part of the disc and slowly spreads to the nearby surface of the body. The neural arches are very rarely involved here. This results in a vertebral collapse. The spine bends forward to produce kyphus. In the second type, several vertebrae are involved, but the disc space might not become narrow.

What are the symptoms of TB spine?
The first symptom is an excessive pain in the back, which manifests as kyphosis increases. Kyphosis is the condition wherein there is an increase in the normal convex curve of the spine. Later, pus forms at the infected vertebrae and this comes down to the tissue planes and forms a cold abscess in uncommon places. This happens in the groin region, and the person may become paraplegic.

In a child, spinal tuberculosis will cause them to constantly complain about back pains. They will not feel well for a long period and will gradually lose weight. They may not want to sit for a long time and resent any physical activity. The child will be vulnerable in the low thoracic or upper lumbar spine and can show any of the above-mentioned signs that are seen in adults.

The most common symptoms of spinal tuberculosis are kyphus, reduction in the movement of the lumbar spine, cold abscesses in the paraspinal area, groin and loin, and sinuses. The doctor always tests the reflexes in the patient’s legs, sensation, power, and tone before diagnosing this condition.

Though a rare disease, tuberculosis in the spine can occur in people from both developed and undeveloped areas. Proper diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis with or without surgery at the right time is the key to cure the disease.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2864 people found this helpful

Degenerative Disc Disorder

Dr.Pardeep Sharma 89% (39ratings)
MD - Ayurveda
Ayurvedic Doctor, Jaipur
Degenerative Disc Disorder

Human spine is meant to give proper movements to the body. This is the reason we have 33 pieces of bones in one bone, these pieces articulate with each other and give movement.

But bones cannot articulate smoothly with each other, being rough in structure. This is the reason- nature facilitated us with soft cushion like tissues which give proper articulation and also work as shock absorbers. These cushions are known as intervertebral discs.

When these discs start decaying that is the condition known as- Degenerative disc disorder, as per the data around 10 million people are reported every year in India. This is a condition which is thought to be chronic and incurable but things are not like that in Ayurveda. We have been doing all these cases of degenerative disc disorder since last 11 years.

Sukhayu has an approach, Sukhayu believes that if we can find out the basic root cause of the problem then certainly we can cure the condition.

Here is the approach we follow for the treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease.

What disc looks alike:
intervertebral discDisc is a soft tissue structure, with a jelly-like tissue in the middle, surrounded by many layers of the fibrous ligaments, which encircle this jelly. The jelly in between is known as- Nucleus Pulposus. This jelly is the basic thing which provides movements and push-back mechanism to give a cushioning impact. This jelly is kept alive by the blood supply through small capillaries to these discs.

In layman language- A disc is a balloon-like structure which is filled with jelly.

Degenerative Disc Disease
These discs, lie in the space between the vertebral bodies the space known as intervertebral space. Once this space is reduced due to any reason, it presses the disc.

There are blood vessels in the nucleus pulposus and when extra pressure is created on these arteries, these start bursting due to pressure. So the blood supply to the nucleus pulposus (jelly) is arrested. Due to lack of the blood supply, this jelly starts shrinking and degenerating.  For life, one thing is important and that is “nutrition”. This nutrition means a lot to the different cells of the body.

This condition, where the disc starts degenerating is known as degenerative disc disorder (DDD).

In this case, it is very clear that cause behind the degenerative disc diseases is the extra pressure on the disc. If we press anything beyond its limit, it will certainly cause certain problems to that thing. Same is the story with disc. This is the pressure which destroys the blood supply within the disc and leads to the problem. The blood vessels are the tissues which can be recreated very easily, these are the nerves which are hard (near to impossible, according to chronicity of the condition).

Treatment of  Disc Degenerative Disease
We took the approach of – Revival and Replenishment for the treatment of the degenerative disc disorder. The first thing we do is try to find out the affected muscles and the reason behind their stiffness, which can be dietary “dryness” or it can be bad posture (that we decide through pulse diagnosis). Once we can find the cause then we plan Panchakarma according to the requirement of the patient. The second step in the process of treatment is recreation of the space (intervertebral space) which was designated for the disc- this we do through tailored Yoga Asanas, which we select and modify according to the requirement of the patient.

The whole process of the treatment takes almost 4 to 5 months out of this, a patient needs to stay with us at Sukhayu for almost 21 days maximum and 15 days minimum. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.

5851 people found this helpful

Spinal Fusion Surgery - What To Expect?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics, Fellowship in Shoulder Surgery
Orthopedic Doctor, Gurgaon
Spinal Fusion Surgery - What To Expect?

Spinal fusion is a surgery in which two or more vertebrae in the vertebral column or back are fused or joined to treat a slew of spinal problems and diseases, which cause debilitating back pain. This surgery helps to remove bone and tissue that are narrowing the spinal canal, squeezing the spinal cord and nerves, reducing pain and improving function.

There are many different causes of back pain like injury, poor posture, age, osteoarthritis, herniation of disc between two vertebrae, degenerative disc disease, narrowing of spine called stenosis, and spondylosis or lessening of space between the vertebrae- most of these can be treated using spinal fusion.

All of these causes put tremendous pressure on the vertebrae and pinch spinal nerves that pass through the back and radiate out into the arms, legs and torso. Apart from the pain, patients experience nerve and muscle weakness and irreversible damage affecting normal life.

Spinal fusion started off as just a treatment for fractures but now it has become the surgery of choice for a number of spine problems. Though it can be done anywhere in the spine, it is very effective when done in the lower part of the spine called lumbar spinal fusion or arthrodesis.

Spinal fusion is done by forming a direct bony connection between the vertebrae surrounding the painful discs, the cushioning between the vertebrae. Pain is stopped by stopping the motion of the painful discs.

There are different methods of spinal fusion each with its own advantages and limitations.

Techniques include fusion approached from the front, the back, or both of the vertebral column. Sometimes surgeons decide to use intervertebral cages or metal screws to provide internal structural support while the bone fuses. These cages may be placed between the vertebrae and packed with bone graft material taken from the patient or constructed out of synthetic materials.

What to expect?
Spinal fusion is not a risk-free procedure. It is a major surgery lasting several hours and carrying a number of risks like-

  1. Failure of the vertebral fusion and breaking of metal implants
  2. The vertebrae above and below the fusion can wear away aggravating problems
  3. Blood clots may be formed that can travel to lungs causing embolism
  4. Injury to spinal nerves causing permanent weakness in legs and problem with bladder and bowel function
  5. Infections and blood loss
  6. Heart attack or stroke during surgery

The patient has to be kept in hospital for a couple of days for post-operative care after which he will have to undergo rehabilitation for months. Hence, one should really think before going for spinal fusion. And when it is recommended, seek a second opinion before making a decision. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopedist.

4432 people found this helpful

Strength Training of Your Child - Can It Help Him Fight Disorders?

Dr.Amin A. Khan 91% (271ratings)
MDT(Mc Kenzie) , P.G-Dietitian, N.D.T-( Neuro Development Technic ), Physiotherapist
Physiotherapist, Mumbai
Strength Training of Your Child - Can It Help Him Fight Disorders?

Child care is often one of the crucial aspects that have to be given due consideration during the growth of a child. Children now are susceptible to a variety of impairments, and even though there are medications and treatments to take care of their needs, they would still require a personal touch. This is where pediatric physiotherapists come in. Their primary job is to work with people of different ages from premature babies to young adolescents to ensure that they interact optimally and address their development stages. Like any physiotherapist, they are also concerned with the movements of the child, their postures and their coordination with the outside world. Let us have a look at their profession in depth.

Role of Pediatric physiotherapists
The major role of the pediatric physiotherapist would be to assess the child and make a detailed physiotherapy plan according to his/her needs. They are also required to work in close collaboration with parents, teachers, doctors and other health care professionals. Based on the length and the gravity of the treatment, it can either be done at home or at the designated health care centers. Some of the conditions they address can include:

  1. Cerebral palsy
  2. Developmental delay
  3. Visual handicaps
  4. Premature babies
  5. Postural problems
  6. Respiratory problems such as asthma

They also give across treatments in older children for:

  1. Brain injury and spinal injury
  2. Neurological diseases
  3. Post trauma injuries, such as fractures, sports injuries
  4. Burns and plastic surgery
  5. Limb deficiency conditions
  6. Chronic pain

The Challenges:
Their major focus would be in imparting guidance for the movement that the child might be hampered with. Since children would not be having the necessary control to fight a disease, they can also focus on strength training in a child. They can also slowly groom up your child to let them feel at ease with the physical world. Most of the exercises and session would focus on one critical issue their confidence level. Pediatric physiotherapists would always concentrate on this aspect, apart from the training. They always encourage the children to take part in a wide variety of activities and will also groom them to be independent. Also in older children when they have the capacity to understand, the pediatric physiotherapist should always inform the child about his/her physical nature and that there is nothing wrong with him. The more open they are to the child, the more the child would reciprocate.

There are also many medications and physical treatment plans that can be given when the child is undergoing the therapy. These can include wheelchair assist, walkers or canes. Most of the children who are affected by the conditions may also have a poor development of their vision. The pediatric physiotherapist should liaise with the ophthalmologist to take care of their needs as a sense of right vision can sometimes go a long way in how the child responds to a treatment. They also have an added commitment of making the child respond to a treatment in which he/she is comfortable in. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Physiotherapist.

4490 people found this helpful

Arachnoiditis - Pain Management Techniques For It!

Dr.Poonam Patel Vasani 91% (905ratings)
MBBS, MD - Anaesthesiology, FIPM, Fellowship in palliative medicine, certificate in interventional pain management, Multidisciplinary pain management course
Pain Management Specialist, Pune
Arachnoiditis - Pain Management Techniques For It!

Arachnoiditis is a sort of inflammation of the defensive layers of the spinal canal. You can envisage it as the scar tissues that enlarge in the arachnoid lining. Also the lining can turn out to be inflamed due to the recurrent intervention on the spine, a lot of surgeries can lead to the scarring, for instance. It can also expand due to definite type of the spinal infections as well as due to the chemicals of epidural steroid injections, particularly if these kinds of chemicals get into the spinal fluid.

As the disease increases day by day, the symptoms also become bigger in magnitude. A lot of people who are suffering from this type of problems are incapable of working. Further due to Arachnoiditis the following symptoms are likely to happen

  1. Grounds of the nerve roots to plod together
  2. The nerve pain
  3. The numbness
  4. The tingling

Radio Frequency rhizotomy is primarily effectual on the joint pain. Patients who are good candidates for the RF have the pain whilst they're doing activities that increase the stress of the spine. Also the RF blocks all the nerves around the joint from sending the pain signals to the brain, as well as that pain free period normally lasts around one year. In that time, patients have to learn regarding the postural correction as well as the good body mechanics. RF presents the patients an option to get back their mobility as well as provide training regarding the movements of their daily lives with the less pain.

The details of information about drugs which might help arachnoiditis:
There are lots of pain management treatments available. Further patients might try the medications to find out the pain relief. A number of options are:

  1. The NSAIDs ( one kind of the anti-inflammatory drugs)
  2. The corticosteroids kind of drugs
  3. The anti-spasm type of the drugs
  4. Also an anti-convulsant drugs as well as
  5. The narcotic type of the pain relievers

A number of these types of medications might be given with a spinal pump. That is the little device which is entrenched under the skin and it then distributes the medication straightly to the inflamed area.
Also the patients might also take the spinal cord stimulation. On the other hand, the natural type of the treatments can assist, also, as well as it can often be utilized in conjunction with the prescribed type of the medication. You can also consult with a doctor about your options regarding your treatments.

3841 people found this helpful

Chronic Lower Back Pain - Causes And Treatment!

MPTh/MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Guwahati
Chronic Lower Back Pain - Causes And Treatment!

About 80 percent of people all across the globe experience lower back pain at some stage in their lives. It is one of the most common reasons why people miss their work and appoint a physiotherapist. But lower back pain is an ailment that can be avoided with proper knowledge and some back exercises. In case your lower back pain is not under control and you have been neglecting it, you are susceptible to acute pain, sciatica, nerve pain and pain in other regions caused from a pinched nerve. Long-term pain in the back portion can lead to permanent ailments like degenerative disc disease or spinal stenosis.

Probable causes of lower back pain: Severe pain in the lower back region can be caused due to a herniated disc, back muscle pain, ligament strain or any other non-specific pain. An individual may also suffer from lower back pain due to systemic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia or ankylosing spondylitis. Though these causes are very common in most people suffering from lower-back pain, the diagnosis varies from person to person and to ensure the best care to alleviate the pain, you must consult a responsive musculoskeletal physiotherapist.

Stages for assessing and treating lower back pain: Managing the back pain is the primary objective of physiotherapy. In reality, back pain is the final symptom that is developed and the first thing that must be addressed.

  • Stage I: Back pain relief: The physiotherapist is going to use different types of tools and items to help the pain subside along with the inflammation. These include electrotherapy, acupuncture, ice application, soft-tissue massage and deloading taping techniques. Sometimes the physiotherapist may also recommend an anti-inflammatory drug if the pain is intolerable.
  • Stage II: Restoring normal strength: With the settling of pain and inflammation, you are more susceptible to injury because though your pain has subsided, your ligaments and muscles are weak. Your doctor will aim at restoring normal motion of lumbar spine, muscle endurance and strength, proprioception, balance and walking abilities.
  • Stage III: Restoring full body function: Depending on your daily chores and activity, your physiotherapist will aim at restoring the function of your back portion to keep you safe while performing the chosen activities. For some, it may be taking a slow walk around the park while for others it may mean taking part in some sports activity.
  • Stage IV: Preventing recurrence: Your physiotherapist will rehabilitate you to prevent further occurrence of this excruciating pain by suggesting proper postures, exercise and core muscle workout.

Each of these stages are important to help you get rid of severe back pain and with daily exercise, you can regulate your body and spare yourself from recurrence of this lower back pain.

3205 people found this helpful

Know More About Common Orthopedic Disorders

Dr.Rakesh Kumar 91% (144ratings)
MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Delhi
Know More About Common Orthopedic Disorders

Orthopedic disorders include all the health issues and ailments that are related to the muscles, joints and ligaments. Orthopedic disorders are so widespread and so large in number that it is very difficult to list all of them down. However, among them the four most common orthopedic disorders are:

  1. Arthritis: It is a chronic and a long lasting orthopedic disorder in which you witness the swelling or inflammation of one or more joints in the body. This condition is very painful in nature and it tends to deteriorate gradually. This condition usually affects elderly people and it also worsens with age which ultimately causes stiffness of the joints and limits your routine body movements.
  2. Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disorder which leads to immense pain and discomfort in the joints of the body. This is one of the most serious forms of orthopedic disease that has been noticed. This disease involves degradation and decline in the overall quality of the bones and joints in the affected areas.
  3. Lower back pain: This condition refers to periods of pain and discomfort in the lower part of your spinal area. This condition is very common nowadays and as a result of this pain, your back usually becomes tender, swollen and stiff. This pain also stops you from doing your overall routine activities.
  4. Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an orthopedic disorder in which there is severe swelling in a particular joint, accompanied by small lumps on the affected area that further degrade the external appearance of the skin. In case of adults, this disorder lasts for a lifetime and worsens with time, if left untreated. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an orthopedist and ask a free question.
4414 people found this helpful
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