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Physiotherapy And Soft Tissue Injuries

Dr. Vishwas Virmani 95% (23619 ratings)
Physiotherapist, Noida
Physiotherapy And Soft Tissue Injuries

A soft tissue injury occurs due to overuse of ligaments, muscles or tendons. Most cases of soft tissue injuries occur due to uncontrolled or unexpected movement. A Certain example of the same includes awkward stepping of foot and getting the ankles rolled. Soft tissue injury can also happen from overuse of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. The example of the same includes using the same hand for heavy lifting day after day. Certain soft structures of the body that are prone to injuries are Achilles tendons and calf muscle.

Difference Between a Sprain and a Strain:

A strain is defined as a trauma that occurs to the tendons or muscles because of overstretching. Tendons are soft in nature and are responsible tying the muscle and the bone together. Sprain, on the other hand, are trauma caused due to overstretching of the ligaments. There exist 3 severity levels: grade 1 is mild tenderness and minimal stretching of the soft tissue, grade 2 is a tear of fiber resulting in swelling and moderate pain, grade 3 is a rupture of the soft tissue resulting in sharp pain, deep swelling and immobility of the affected area.

Pre-medical Care:

Immediately after the injury, certain things such as total rest and immobility should be ensured, an ice pack should be applied to the structure, compression, and elevation should be ensured in order to avoid any major damage to the soft tissue. Certain things that hamper the healing process immediately after the injury include applying heat to the injured area, consumption of liquor, exercising or running with an injured condition and massaging the injured area.

Physiotherapy For Soft Tissue Injury:

  1. Pain Relief: The first task for a physician is to ensure that the level of pain comes down. Although this is the primary task of a medical practitioner, physiotherapists ensure that the pain does not aggravate to an unbearable level. They recommend certain movements and advice against some movements which could do harm to the injured structure.

  2. Full Structure Movement: The immediate goal of a physiotherapist is to ensure that the full movement of the injured structure is regained at the earliest. This includes identifying abnormalities, verifying the range of motion and suggests corrective exercises ensure that the full movement of the soft tissue can be regained without having to go through the hassle of a surgery.

  3. Muscle Strengthening: While the injured structure is in the process of healing, physiotherapists ensure that the surrounding muscles support the tendon and the ligament by binding well. This is done by suggesting very individualistic exercise for the muscle to hold up. It also negates the possibility of a recurring injury at the same place.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6260 people found this helpful

Oral Cancer

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 88% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Oral Cancer

Frequent seats oral cancer are lower lip, the tongue, the floor of the mouth the gums. Less frequently it can also appeaar near the tonsils, salivary glands on the soft tissues lining the cheeks. If not treated early, cance cells spread to the neck, lymph nodes and jaw bones.


  • Cancer can be easily detected by a sore a swelling in the mouth a lunp in the neck. Most sores, lumps, red or white patches in the mouth or on the lips are not cancerous as these can be caused by tongue biting. In advance stages, there can be trouble in speaking, in chewing and in swallowing.
  •  Research has shown that oral cancer affects people who smoke or chew tobacco or betal nuts for long periods. Drinking of large amount of alcoholic beverges and direct exposure to strong amounts of alcoholic beverges and direct exposure to strong sunlight's ultraviolet rays can also be the possible causes.
  •  Biopsy is peromed on the suspected areas to confirm the cancer.
  •  Radiotherapy is commonly used in the treatment. It damages or destroys the cancer cells while minimally affecting the surrounding normal tissues. The lymph nodes of the neck are removed.
  •  The causes as referred above should easily chewable vegetarian diets should be preferred.
  •  Treat.

Ent always homeopathicy symptoms/sigs base medicine apply.

  • Sepia 6x, phytolacca 30, 2c, oxalis acetosella juice, ars iod 3x, strychnie sulph 30 and other medicine.
  •  Joy thakur joto healtha tip dao thakur tomar chouane somrpron kohaholo tumar das.
2 people found this helpful

Physiotherapy and Soft Tissue Injuries - What Should You Know

Dr. Aneeta Verma 91% (10 ratings)
Wellness Diploma, MBA (Healthcare), BPTh/BPT, Post Graduate Specialization In Preventive Health Care
Physiotherapist, Noida
Physiotherapy and Soft Tissue Injuries - What Should You Know

Soft Tissue Injuries occur when soft body tissues of the likes of muscular tissue, ligaments or tendons receive a dose of stress or strain caused by sudden impact, which is far greater than the load the soft tissues are able to withstand. The occurrences of soft tissue injuries are far greater than the probabilities of suffering a fracture, as the soft tissues absorb the majority of the impact, before passing it onto the bones. Swelling, edema, tendon or ligament break, etc. are some of the immediate effects observed following a soft tissue injury in the majority of victims.

If the whole process of tissue damage to regeneration new tissue is observed, this is how the process would appear to us:

  1. Damage to the tissue would almost immediately be followed by bleeding internally, and inflammation, which would be highly painful if touched. The damaged tissue would then be gradually removed and replaced with a live, healthy tissue by the body, without any external intervention.
  2. Based on the severity and extent of damage, the process of removal and repair can take a few weeks to a couple of months. This transition is highly painful and tends to affect the normal functioning of the whole surrounding region, irrespective of how minuscule the damage may seem.
  3. The duration when remodeling of the tissue occurs, is most susceptible to fresh damage, as the live cells are not yet ready to develop the full potential of stress-bearing capability. The remodeling phase generally does not require any external aid in the form of supportive drug therapy or physical therapy.
  4. Though the application of physiotherapy in soft tissue injuries are sometimes contested, physical therapy may come in handy for patients who put up a delayed response in regeneration than usual. Physiotherapy takes care of the little details such as an inability to resume normal body functions, as well as stiffness of the affected area. Physical therapy ensures normal blood flow has been restored, a stiffness of the surrounding soft tissues is addressed, and normal functioning of the area begins to restore.
  5. Generally, patients who experience a disrupted mechanism of removal and repair of soft tissues require any sort of medical help in the form of drugs and/or physical therapy. While drugs reduce the turnaround time in terms of boosting the chemical balance, physiotherapy addresses the trauma experienced by the patients. In addition, physiotherapy may indirectly boost the activity of chemical mediators which further speeds up the recovery process as a whole.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4312 people found this helpful

Soft Tissue Injuries - Know The Common Types!

Dr. Amit Shridhar 90% (23 ratings)
MBBS, D (ORTHO), DNB (Orthopedics), MCH (Orthopedic), Spine Fellowship DePUY, Medtronics Spine Fellowship
Orthopedist, Delhi
Soft Tissue Injuries - Know The Common Types!

There are two main categories into which soft tissue injuries fall into first is overuse and the second is acute.

  • Acute injuries: These are brought on by unexpected trauma such as a twist, fall or a heavy blow. Strains, contusions and sprains are examples of acute injury.
  • Overuse injuries: They happen gradually with time. Athletics experience this as they use specific areas of their bodies repeatedly, without giving them time to heal. Examples of soft tissue injuries due to overuse are bursitis and tendinitis.

Types of Overuse injuries

  1. Tendinitis: It is an irritation or inflammation of the tendon coverings (also known as a sheath). Repeated small stresses that agitate the tendon may cause it. Pain and swelling are typical symptoms that may worsen with overuse. Professional swimmers, baseball players, golfers and tennis players are more prone to their arms and shoulders being affected by tendinitis. Stress elimination, steroid injections, anti-inflammatory drugs and splinting can all be used in the treatment of tendinitis. The tendons might get significantly damaged due to persisting inflammation and corrective surgery may be required.
  2. Bursitis: Small sacs resembling jelly which are spread throughout the whole body are called bursa. These areas include the knees, the hip, heels, the elbow and the areas adjacent to the shoulders. They are located between soft tissues and bones and have small amounts of fluid to assist in reducing friction. An inflammation of the bursa is called bursitis. Tendinitis and bursitis are many –a- times experienced together.

Types of Acute injuries 

  1. Contusion: Multiple blows or a direct one can cause a contusion. It is a bruise in which the underlying connective tissues and muscle fibres get crushed without a break in the skin. It may result from the body hitting a tough surface or from falling. The pooling of blood around the site of injury can cause a discoloration in the skin.
  2. Strain: An injury to the muscles or tendons leads to strain. Fibrous tissues that hold the bone and muscles together are called the tendons. They generally happen in the back, the feet or legs. It may be just a stretch in the tendons and muscles, or it might be a complete or partial tear in the tendon and muscle junction. Pain, muscle weakness, muscle spasm, cramping, inflammation and swelling are typical strain symptoms.
  3. Sprain: A tear or stretch in the ligament is called a sprain. Ligaments join the ends of bones together. They support and stabilize the joints of the body. For example, the knee ligaments connect the shinbone to the thighbone and this in turn facilitates running in athletes. The knees, wrists and ankles are the most susceptible to sprains.
3450 people found this helpful

Oral Cancer

Dr. Souvagya Ranjan Kar 91% (536 ratings)
Dentist, Cuttack
Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is mostly caused due to consumption of tobacco. Slight changes in oral tissue are highly suspicious of oral cancer.

5 people found this helpful

An Overview Of Bone Cancer

Dr. Sanjaya Mishra 90% (271 ratings)
MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Hubli-Dharwad
An Overview Of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is a cancerous tumour in the bone, destroying the normal bone tissues. Tumours on bone tissues are not always cancerous or malignant, they are mostly benign. Primary bone cancer is when the malignant tumour begins to form in the tissues of the bones, but when these cancerous cells spread to other body parts like breasts, prostate or lungs, it is called metastatic cancer. Primary bone cancer is less common than metastatic cancer.

Bone cancer can be of three different types:

  1. Osteosarcoma: In this case, the malignant tumour arises from the osteoid bone tissue. This occurs mainly in the upper arm and knee areas.

  2. Chondrosarcoma: In this case the cancerous cells form in the cartilaginous tissues, causing a lot of pain. This occurs mostly in the pelvic area.

  3. The Ewing sarcoma generally arises in the bone but it can also form in the soft tissues. Other kinds of soft tissues affecting cancerous cells are known as soft tissue sarcomas.


There aren’t many clear defined causes; however, several factors have been identified by researchers.

  1. Osteosarcoma is seen to occur more frequently in people who have been through a high external radiation therapy dose.

  2. In people who have frequently been treated with anticancer medications, children tend to be most affected.

  3. Heredity may be an adding cause, although the percentage of hereditary transfer of cancer cells is very low.

  4. People with hereditary bone defects or implants have a higher chance of acquiring bone cancer.


The most common and saddening symptom of bone cancer is painful, although not all bone cancers cause pain. Unusual or persistent swelling or pain around a bone maybe a red flag for bone cancer. In case of a situation like this, immediate doctor’s opinion is required.


Usually, diagnosis of a bone cancer can be made using X-rays; for example, a bone scan, a computed tomography scan, a magnetic imaging procedure—positron emission tomography, and an angiogram. Biopsy and blood tests are also helpful in bone cancer diagnosis.


The size, location and stage of cancer, age, and health of the person decide the kind of treatment that should be given to the patient. Various treatment options include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and cryosurgery.


The combined survival rate of all sorts of bone cancers is 70%. This percentage may vary with the type of bone cancer and also its stage.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3258 people found this helpful

Alarming Signs of Breast Cancer!!

Dr. Ninad Katdare 92% (181 ratings)
Registrar In Surgical Oncology, Fellowship In Gynaecologic Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship In advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship In Gastrointestinal Oncology, Fellowship In CRS and HIPEC, Fellowship In PIPAC
Oncologist, Mumbai
Alarming Signs of Breast Cancer!!

With the modernization of all economies around the world, one health hazard that has become one of the largest perils within both developed and developing nations is the incidence of cancers of the female reproductive system, especially cervical and breast cancer.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the formation of malignant tumors within the breast tissues of a woman. Usually, breast cancer affects women in the age range of 40 to 50, but there have been many reports of it occurring earlier. About 48 % percent of the Indian women having breast cancer have been reported to be under 50. This is an almost 17 percent jump compared to figures 25 years earlier.

Alarming Signs of Breast Cancer:

  • The most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancerous, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or rounded.
  • Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
  • Skin irritation or dimpling
  • Breast or nipple pain
  • Nipple retraction (turning inward)
  • Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
  • Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

Screening Guidelines for Breast cancer:

  • Mammography: US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends mammography once in every 2 year for females between age group 50-75 years. Women with a family history has a benefit of starting at age 40 years. After 75 years there are insufficient evidence of benefit of screening mammography.
  • Breast Self Examination and annual Clinical examination: breast self examination is easy to learn and and any abnormality should be reported to the oncologist.
  • For High Risk/ Genetic risk factors: screening should start by age 25 or 10 years earlier of youngest relative affected. Annual mammogram and MRI or Doppler ultrasound alternating at 6 month interval can be considered.

Treatment Options:

Some of the common treatment options for breast cancers are:

  • Breast conservation surgery - This is where the tumors are removed without cutting out too much of the surrounding breast tissue.
  • Mastectomy - If the cancer has spread too far then large amounts of breast tissue has to be removed along with the tumor to stop its spread any further.
  • Sentinel lymph node Biopsy - it's part of both surgical procedures, it decreases morbidities of lymph node dissection first draining lymph nodes only are removed in patients with clinically negative axilla. If negative on frozen section further axillary dissection is avoided. It avoids the morbidity of complete axillary clearance.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3249 people found this helpful

How Soft Drinks Impact Your Health

Dt. Mrs. Urvi Kaushal Vakharia 91% (48 ratings)
BHSC in Dietetics, Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Science and Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
How Soft Drinks Impact Your Health

Do you have an overwhelming craving for soft drinks? Are sodas and soft drinks part of your everyday diet? Soft drinks are very popular and common among today's youth and adults alike. However, the consumption of soft drinks may have several impacts on your health and may lead to severe consequences. Soft drinks contain chemical preservatives and other harmful substances, which are capable of affecting all major organs of the human body. Here is a list of disorders, health conditions and complications, which may arise from the consumption of soft drinks:


  1. Asthma is common in many consumers of soft drinks, which contain sodium benzoate as a preservative. These preservatives may mix with your diet and lead to reduced potassium content in the body. The chances of rashes are also enhanced.
  2. Dissolving of tooth enamel
  3. Soft drinks contain solvents, which are highly reactive. When these mix with the saliva or the stomach acids, they may turn acidic. Your mouth and teeth may get affected. Tooth enamel may dissolve, and the esophagus may get damaged.

Heart diseases

  1. Soft drinks contain fructose corn syrup, which increases the risk of metabolic disorders in the body. The chances of heart diseases and diabetes get enhanced. 
  2. Sugar overloading
  3. This is a phenomenon which occurs a few minutes after consuming soft drinks. The blood-sugar level may shoot up, and an insulin burst is possible. Blood pressure increases, the pupils may get dilated, and the liver may dump more amounts of sugar in the bloodstream.

Kidney disorders

Many soft drinks contain phosphoric acid, which causes a disturbance in the digestive system, affecting all the supportive organs. The chances of kidney stone formation get increased because of phosphoric acid. Other renal problems are likely as well. 

Reproductive problems

The cans of soft drinks have a coating of resin for looking good and having a shiny appearance. Resin is composed of Biphenyl A, which is a cancer-causing chemical. The endocrine system gets affected, which may lead to reproductive health problems and premature puberty. 


When soft drinks are consumed, urine contains calcium along with phosphoric acid. This may lead to osteoporosis, which is a condition where the bones get weakened and deprived. Calcium deficiency is also observed in people who consume a lot of sodas and soft drinks. 


  1. Obesity is very common among regular consumers of soft drinks, and soda based beverages. According to research, one single can of soda may increase the chances of getting obesity by quite a percentage.
  2. You should not drink soft drinks and soda regularly. This will keep you away from many health conditions. You should consume alternatives for soft drinks such as homemade iced tea and natural fresh veg juices and whole fruits, which contain no added chemicals and preservatives. 
5541 people found this helpful

Pain Management In Cancer By Homoeopathy

Dr. Dipendra Singh 91% (897 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Lucknow
Pain Management In Cancer By Homoeopathy

One of the most common difficulties in treating cancer is pain. Pain can be associated with both localized tumors and metastatic cancer. Although only 15% of patients with nonmetastatic disease had pain associated with their    tumor at the time of diagnosis, pain becomes more pervasive as disease progresses. With the diagnosis of metastatic  disease  the percentage of patients having pain increased to 74%. Direct tumor involvement is the most common  cause of pain, present in approximately two thirds of patients with pain from metastatic cancer. Tumor invasion of  bone, common in breast and prostate cancer and with multiple myeloma, accounts for pain in approximately 50% of  these patients. The remaining 50% experience tumor-related pain that is due to nerve compression or infiltration, or  tumor involvement of the gastrointestinal tract or soft tissue.

Pain Assessment:

  1. Is pain present?
  2. What is pain intensity rating (0-10)?
  3. What are descriptions of the pain?
  4. Where is the pain?
  5. Are there recognizable pain syndromes?
  6. What is the current pain regimen?
  7. What is the meaning of the pain?

Factor Question

  1. Intensity: How severe is your pain?
  2. Character: How would you describe your pain?
  3. Location: Where is your pain?
  4. Radiation: Does your pain go anywhere else?
  5. Timing: When does your pain occur?
  6. Correlated factors: What makes your pain better or worse?
  7. Implications of pain: How does this pain affect your daily living?
  8. Meaning of the pain: What does the pain mean to you?

Role of Homeopathy:

Homoeopathic medicines  are useful in decreasing the intensity of the pain. Even in the later stages of cancer when metastasis has occur the homoeopathic medicines decreases the pain.

1 person found this helpful

Oral Cancer - Understanding The Risks!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FRCS
Oncologist, Kolkata
Oral Cancer - Understanding The Risks!

Oral cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells called tumors that invade and damage the tissues surrounding it is in or around the mouth. Oral cancer, like all other types of cancer, is life threatening if not diagnosed and treated in the early stages. There are eight types of oral cancer namely cancer in the throat, sinuses, hard and soft palate, floor of the mouth, gums, cheeks, tongue and lips. Dentists are usually the first ones to notice and detect the signs and symptoms of oral cancer. This condition is also known as oral cavity cancer. The risk factors and symptoms of oral cancer are mentioned below.


The symptoms of oral cancer, especially in the first stages, seem non-threatening and similar to common oral problems. However, visiting the doctor is mandatory to rule out cancer as an option. If you suffer from one or more of the following symptoms, visit your dentist immediately.

  1. Thickenings and swellings, lumps or bumps, crusts, eroded areas or rough spots on the lips, gums or surrounding regions inside or around the mouth.
  2. Bleeding in the mouth that is unexplainable. 
  3. Persistent sores near and around the mouth or throat that bleed easily and may take more than two weeks to heal.
  4. Unexplained numbness or pain and tenderness in the mouth, throat or face.
  5. Development of patches, which are usually speckled, red or white in the mouth. 
  6. Sudden weight loss.
  7. Excruciating pain in your ear.
  8. Loose teeth.
  9. Difficulty in swallowing.
  10. Lumps in your neck. 
  11. Stiffness or pain in your jaw.
  12. Pain in your tongue.
  13. Dentures that fit poorly. 

Risk factor:

Men above 50 years of age face the greatest risk of developing oral cancer. Women are at a much lower risk of developing oral cancer than men. The following factors increase your risk of developing oral cancer: 

  1. Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes 
  2. Snuff, dips or chewing tobacco
  3. Excessive consumption of alcohol
  4. History of oral or other types of cancer in the family
  5. Chronic sun exposure, especially facial exposure
  6. Sexually transmitted virus such as HPV
  7. Diagnosed of oral cancer previously

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3002 people found this helpful

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