Tobacco is one of the major causes of death. People who smoke are at an increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases. Young people all over the world are taking up smoking and this is a serious health concern for parents, doctors and policy-makers all over the world. Dependency on tobacco is a chronic condition which is needed to be treated as soon as possible.
People who are not willing to give up smoking should be provided with an intervention that can help to increase their motivation to quit. It is of utmost importance for healthcare administrators, purchasers and insurers to support policies and practices that help to reduce the use of tobacco. It is also believed that a smoker can find relief by talking for even a few minutes with a therapist.
There are a number of plans that a person can adapt to quit smoking. These include quitting without any assistance. Research has shown that 90 percent of the people who try to quit smoking do so without taking any help from outside. However, only 4-7 percent of people are actually able to quit smoking by this method. Behavioral therapy is one of the best ways to quit smoking. A therapist helps a person to identify the triggers and to make a plan to overcome the problems. Other treatment methods include nicotine replacement therapy, use of medications and also a combination of these treatments.
Smoking is injurious to health and it not only affects the lungs of the person but also brings serious threats like cancer. Inhaling the smoke causes damage to most of the organs in the body of a person.
A lot of people are addicted to the fatal habit of smoking. However, there are many treatments available that can wean an individual off smoking. If one categorizes them, the treatments would fall under the following:
Pharmacological treatments to Quit Smoking :
This would involve nicotine replacement therapy. This type of therapy would aim to replace the nicotine with something, which is similar in the chemical structure. However, the ill effects of nicotine will be eliminated. The prolonged use of NRT will eventually wean the individual out of nicotine.
1. Nicotine Replacement Therapy - The treatment will allow the body to absorb lower doses of nicotine except for the tar. Tar is nothing but carbon monoxide, which is the trouble creator. This therapy will eliminate sudden withdrawal symptoms, bad moods, and cravings. NRT molecules are available in different forms which aim to eliminate smoking. The various forms are:
2. Patches: It will have a low speed of nicotine release. The patches are often advised to be taken off in the night. Chewing gums, inhalators and tablets have a higher rate of release and might elevate the cravings. Only a single type of NRT will not be enough to wean out the bad habit. However, a combination of the above examples can together be taken up to 8-12 doses to show up any visible effect.
3. Placebo & rehabilitation therapy: Placebo treatments are the kind of therapies which will mock the smoking activity. The individual will be subjected to something called electronic cigarettes. Smoking the same will not generate the nicotine smoke, but psychologically, the individual will have the satisfaction of smoking.
The people who should be exclusively refrained from this treatment are:
Smoking tobacco is one of the physical disorders or a psychological habits which is addictive and makes you linger upon it for a long time. Nicotine in cigarettes give a feel-good effect on the brain and body making a person crave for it and quitting cigarettes means choosing a way better and healthier life of oneself. Getting rid of smoking is a long process and it requires very much strength. In order to quit smoking one should find his or her own powerful reason. There can be reasons like to be safe from lung cancer, heart disease, or to look a bit younger. Choose any of it to outrage your desire for smoking.
There are many benefits of smoking cessation as it is good for our health and there are many beneficial health changes like:
Home remedies basically aim to heal the damage that has been caused by the hard part of the nicotine toxin. This toxin will permeate the body and cause damage to the cells, especially of the lungs. A home remedy with water is one of the widely used weaning methods. The absorption of extra amounts of water will force the toxin out of the body. Tobacco and nicotine in synergy cause a lot of damage to the cells.
The same can be revived or reversed using water. Drinking water at regular intervals will ensure complete flush out of the toxin. These will take a longer time for an individual to wean from nicotine, although this therapy is considered the best in the longer run. There are minimal side effects when home remedies are applied. Individuals are usually distracted from nicotine during the therapy. Detoxifying drinks are administered for the body to release the inhaled toxins.
Ideally, an individual who has reached the highest level of nicotine contamination is eligible for treatment. However, upon doctors advice, all addicted individuals need not undergo treatment. The quit smoking treatment will again invite a sudden toll in the body. The changes, though for long-term benefits, will push the body into accepting the same. Weaning a bad habit will trigger bad moods and hyperactive individual nature.
Treatment should be taken under supervision and care. The withdrawal symptoms can be severe, and one needs to be patient. Getting a high fever or a strong headache are signs of the weaning process and hence, you should not panic.
It is not at all easy to recover from addiction and it requires a lot of willpower and self-discipline to achieve success. Going for rehabilitation helps you to conquer your goals. It helps to build strong relationships with the people who are going through the same disorder.
As soon as the therapy ends, a new phase of recovery begins. Your strict routine and medications will slowly take turns to heal the damaged lung and associated respiratory system. In the beginning, withdrawal symptoms will take charge and make things a little difficult for you. Bad mood and behavioural changes are inevitable. However, complete healing might take 2-3 years’ time. Momentary relief will start within a few weeks of treatment.
Generally, Indians always keep a mindset of being reasonable in everything that they do. The skin patches used as NRT will cost about INR 700-800. Overall, the treatment would cost around $10-12. The same might vary due to the differences between the treatment centres.
Well, the results of the treatments are permanent and will not turn temporary until one decides to. The treatment requires commitment and discipline. Temporary relief will become permanent with only your discipline. Results can reverse at any point if you fall weak and give into your old bad habits.
This kind of addiction seldom finds alternatives. Nevertheless, there are a few ways that will let you quit smoking. They are:
Relative Risk: Medium
Side Effects: Medium
Recovery Time: High
Price Range: RS. 700 - Rs. 800