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Sleep Apnea Health Feed

Sleep Disorder - 4 Most Common Types Of It!

Dr. Makarand Hirve 91% (31 ratings)
MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Bhopal
Sleep Disorder - 4 Most Common Types Of It!

Sleep disorder is a serious problem which a large number of people are facing due to multiple reasons. Almost every other person complains of having some sort of sleep disorder, irrespective of his/her age. Sleep disorders may come across as something which can be overlooked, but this shouldn’t be the case, as when the problem aggravates it can take quite a scary turn.

You need to be aware of the different kinds of sleep disorders which affect a vast number of people, on a daily basis. Given below are some of the most common ones which affect the majority of the crowd.

1. Insomnia
Insomnia, a worldwide epidemic, is the most common type of sleep disorder today. A number of factors can cause insomnia and affect even the healthiest being. From stressanxiety or depression, substance and alcohol abuse to certain types of medication, a lot of factors can cause this issue. People who have insomnia have difficulty in sleeping and then maintaining that sleep. A cognitive behavioral therapy can help people suffering from this disorder. Often medications are also prescribed.

2. Sleep Apnea
If you have a partial or complete blockage of the throat then, you might be suffering from sleep apnea. This disorder is the second most prevailing sleep disorder in the world today. People who suffer from this disorder hardly realize it until someone informs them about having the trouble. Some of the common symptoms of Sleep apnea are morning headaches, daytime sleepiness, and excessively loud snoring as well. People suffering from apnea may also face trouble breathing multiple times per night. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine is a common treatment for this disorder.

3. RLS or Restless Leg Syndrome
The real reason behind RLS is still not known by experts, however, most believe the real cause of the disorder is hereditary. Some medications can also be a cause of restless leg syndrome. In this disorder, an urge to move your legs and hands precedes the need to sleep. RLS usually occurs when the patient is resting. In order to treat the restless leg syndrome, one must reduce the consumption of alcohol and caffeine along with doing regular exercises. For more severe cases, often medications are prescribed. RLS is observed more in women than in men.

4. Narcolepsy
People with narcolepsy often complain about falling asleep during odd times and feeling weak quite often. An abnormality in the brain is usually the reason behind this sleep disorder. Patients of narcolepsy often develop cataplexy which is a condition where patients feel faintish as an emotional reaction to any situation. People suffering from narcolepsy are given medications as a treatment.

3062 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea & Heart Disease - How They Are Interlinked?

Dr. Pavankumar P Rasalkar 95% (41 ratings)
DM - Cardiology, MD - Medicine, MBBS
Cardiologist, Bangalore
Sleep Apnea & Heart Disease - How They Are Interlinked?

We're all guilty of making fun of snorers but sometimes this snoring can be a symptom of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is not continuous and may start and stop many times while asleep. This affects the quality of your sleep and in turn can affect many aspects of your health including your cardiovascular health. Here's how:

High Blood Pressure
When a sleep apnea patient's breathing stops, the oxygen levels in the blood also suddenly fall. This can increase your blood pressure. High blood pressure means that the heart muscles need to work harder to pump blood through the body.

Cardiomyopathy
As a result of high blood pressure, the heart walls may become thicker and the heart muscles become stiffer. This is known as cardioyopathy. As this condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and is unable to maintain a regular rhythm. This can eventually lead to heart failure.

Arrhythmia
An irregular heartbeat is also known as arrhythmia. This may also be related to the changes in the heart's structure that follow the drop in blood oxygen levels. In many cases, arrhythmia has no visible symptoms and can often go undiagnosed. This can result in the formation of blood clots in the atria which can lead to a stroke.

Sleep apnea is easy to diagnose. If the doctor feels that you show symptoms of sleep apnea, you may be asked to stay on the hospital overnight and undergo a sleep evaluation. This tests a variety of body functions including brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, breathing patterns and blood oxygen levels.

Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the causes for this condition. If you are overweight, regular exercise and a change in diet can help you lose the excess weight and cure sleep apnea. Similarly, if your sleep apnea is triggered by an allergy, treating the allergy can help cure the sleep apnea. Other forms of treatment for sleep apnea may include:

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
This is a machine which pumps air into the body through a nasal mask. By keeping the pressure in the machine higher than normal air pressure the upper airway passages are kept open and hence the quality of your sleep is improved. An auto CPAP machine can modulate the air pressure such that it is higher when you inhale and lower when you exhale.;

Oral devices
Your doctor may suggest oral devices that allow you to keep your mouth open while you sleep. This is easier to use than CPAP machine but less effective.

Surgery is the last resort when it comes to treatment for sleep apnea.

2 people found this helpful

Weight Loss Tips!

Dt. Mitali Gupta 86% (83 ratings)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jammu
Weight Loss Tips!

Losing weight as part of weight management is important because weighing too much is not good for your health. Being overweight increases your risk of health conditions such as heart problems, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Being overweight can also increase your risk for os.


Osteoarthritis (joint disease), sleep apnea (abnormal breathing at night) or other respiratory (breathing) problems. Being overweight may also cause a person to feel sad or be treated differently by others.
The best way to lose weight is to eat fewer calories (units of energy that your body gets from food) and get regular exercise. Eating more calories than you need will cause you to gain weight. Try to cut down your calories by 500 calories per day. For example, cut down on one soda (about 150 calories), a small bag of regular potato chips (about 150 calories) and one chocolate bar (about 250 calories). For most people, this change will result in a slow weight loss of about one pound a week. You can burn calories if you get regular exercise. Exercise (for example, walk, swim or bicycle) for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week. You will be more likely to keep weight off if you make lifelong lifestyle changes.


Aim for a slow, steady weight loss. Losing even a small amount of weight can lower your risk of health problems. Inch loss is a totally different philosophy which aims or is designed for people aiming for just lean figure, but it does not gives you good lifestyle and does not reverse health conditions like diabetes, fatty liver, PCOS, PCOD, cholesterol, hypertension, arthritis, osteoporosis in fact people who follow the philosophy of inch loss somehow end up ignoring their health conditions, right BMI is very important for good health, if your BMI is high you are prone to disease heart problems, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Being overweight can also increase your risk for osteoarthritis (joint disease), sleep apnea (abnormal breathing at night) or other respiratory (breathing) 
So in nutshell, it's more important to be healthy and slim, rather than looking slim by losing on inches by gaining muscles. 
It's important to follow a dietitian who aims for weight loss rather than inch loss as weight loss cures half of your diseases. 

18 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - How Is It Related To Heart Failure?

Dr. Nitin Kumar 92% (22 ratings)
CCT - Cardiology (UK), MRCP (UK), FHEA (UK), MBBS
Cardiologist, Gurgaon
Sleep Apnea - How Is It Related To Heart Failure?

We're all guilty of making fun of snorers, but sometimes this snoring can be a symptom of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing is not continuous and may start and stop many times while asleep. This affects the quality of your sleep and in turn can affect many aspects of your health including your cardiovascular health. Here's how:

High Blood PressureWhen a sleep apnea patient's breathing stops, the oxygen levels in the blood also suddenly fall. This can increase your blood pressure. High blood pressure means that the heart muscles need to work harder to pump blood through the body.

Cardiomyopathy: As a result of high blood pressure, the heart walls may become thicker and the heart muscles become stiffer. This is known as Cardiomyopathy. As this condition worsens, the heart becomes weaker and is unable to maintain a regular rhythm. This can eventually lead to heart failure.

Arrhythmia: An irregular heartbeat is also known as Arrhythmia. This may also be related to the changes in the heart's structure that follow the drop in blood oxygen levels. In many cases, Arrhythmia has no visible symptoms and can often go undiagnosed. This can result in the formation of blood clots in the atria which can lead to a stroke.

Sleep apnea is easy to diagnose. If the doctor feels that you show symptoms of sleep apnea, you may be asked to stay on the hospital overnight and undergo a sleep evaluation. This tests a variety of body functions including brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, breathing patterns and blood oxygen levels.

Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the causes for this condition. If you are overweight, regular exercise and a change in diet can help you lose the excess weight and cure sleep apnea. Similarly, if your sleep apnea is triggered by an allergy, treating the allergy can help cure the sleep apnea. Other forms of treatment for sleep apnea may include:

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP): This is a machine which pumps air into the body through a nasal mask. By keeping the pressure in the machine higher than normal air pressure the upper airway passages are kept open and hence the quality of your sleep is improved. An auto CPAP machine can modulate the air pressure such that it is higher when you inhale and lower when you exhale.;

Oral devices: Your doctor may suggest oral devices that allow you to keep your mouth open while you sleep. This is easier to use than CPAP machine but less effective. Surgery is the last resort when it comes to treatment for sleep apnea.

3120 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - Know The Common Signs Of It!

Dr. Brajpal Singh Tyagi 87% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Ghaziabad
Sleep Apnea - Know The Common Signs Of It!

Sleep apnoea is a kind of disease that can affect people of any age and is basically a kind of sleep disorder. The person suffering from sleep apnoea may feel extremely tired and fatigued even after having a full night’s sleep and his snoring may become extremely loud which is again a serious problem.

What are the symptoms of sleep apnoea?

  • There can be many cases where the symptoms of central sleep apnoea and complex sleep apnoea may be overlapping which makes it a bit difficult to get diagnosed properly. But, there are certain very basic symptoms of sleep apnoea.
  • Very loud snoring is a basic characteristic of patients with sleep apnoea.
  • The patient may suffer from regular episodes of cessation when they are sleeping as might be pointed out by other people.
  • The patient may awaken from sleep regularly due to shortness of breath and problems in the sleeping order.
  • The patient suffering from sleep apnoea may wake up from sleep with a very dry mouth and or a sore throat.
  • The patient may suffer from a bad headache often and in many unfortunate cases, the patients may also suffer from insomnia which is the problem of sleeplessness.
  • Patients of sleep apnoea suffer from intense problems of irritability and bouts of morning sleepiness.
  • Shortness of breath may intensify in a patient so much so that the person may get awakened from sleep gasping for air as if choking.
  • Excessive bouts of daytime sleeping may cause a person to perform very poorly in his work as well.

It is at these times when a patient should immediately consult a doctor for a proper treatment and further solution to this problem.

Causes of sleep apnea

  • Obstructive sleep apnoea is caused when the muscle in our throat starts relaxing. It is this muscle that gives support to the triangular piece of tissue that hangs from the uvula which is the soft palate and the side walls of the tongue. Basically, when this muscle relaxes, the airways in the body gets narrowed as a result of which the blood does not get enough oxygen which is required for proper breathing. It is then that the brain starts sending signals to get up from sleep so that the nasal passage can be reopened for sufficient amount of oxygen.
  • There can also be cases where the brain is unable to send a proper signal to the muscles that help us to breath as a result of which a person does not breathe for a certain period of time. This, in turn, makes the patient awaken abruptly from sleep with shortness of breath and the patient finds it difficult to fall asleep.
     
3969 people found this helpful

4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Dr. Kunal Bahrani 88% (13 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Faridabad
4 Causes Of Memory Disorders And Its Treatment!

Some people suffer from difficulty in remembering things, and this may be attributed to Alzheimer’s disease even though it is not the only cause of memory disorders. If you are recently having troubles in remembering, then it is high time that you should consult with an expert.

Common causes of memory disorders
You will be surprised to know about the various causes of memory loss and here are some of them include:

  1. Sleep apneaThis is a common yet easily treatable sleep issue which is often linked with dementia and memory loss. You may have sleep apnea if you find yourself waking up with a terrific headache along with fatigue that lingers all through the day. The injury caused by sleep apnea may lead to permanent damage to the brain cells.
  2. Certain medications: Memory loss may be a sign that the medicines you are taking need to be adjusted. Drugs including sleeping pills, anti-anxiety medicines, painkillers, antihistamines, and diabetes medicine may take a toll on the functionality of your brain. Many studies have suggested that cholesterol and diabetes lowering drugs contain a chemical which gives way to reversible cognitive side effects.
  3. Silent strokeWhen you feel that there is an unexplained inability to think or to move in a normal way, then it could come from a silent stroke. Mild memory issues may also stem from silent strokes affecting smaller blood vessels. These alterations in brain functionality may range from mild to severe and are termed as vascular cognitive impairment.
  4. Nutritional deficiency: When you substantially lack in Vitamin B12, your normal brain function will be hampered. This may lead to confusion as well as dementia. Every day, you must get 2.4 micrograms of B12 in the diet from fish, meat and dairy products.

Treatment of memory problems
The treatment of memory problems is entirely dependent on the cause. In some instances, the disorder is reversible with the help of proper treatment. For example, when the memory loss is caused by some medicines, it can be cured by altering the course of medications. Treating depression may also be helpful for memory problems when depression is the causing factor.

There are many medicines available for the treatment of memory problems. With the progress of memory problems, the cells of the brain start dying, and it causes the cognitive symptoms to worsen. Even though the medications that are available at present may not be helpful in stopping the damage to the brain cells, they can be helpful in stabilizing the symptoms by influencing the chemicals involved in carrying messages among the nerve cells in the brain. Sometimes, doctors prescribe both the types of medicines together to speed up the recovery process hindering further damage.

2999 people found this helpful

7 Treatments That Can Manage Sleep Apnea!

Dr. B. B. Khatri 90% (16 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
7 Treatments That Can Manage Sleep Apnea!

Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesity and age are the common risk factors of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which the throat muscles contract and relax while you are asleep. The other type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, usually occurs in people who have been diagnosed with brain tumors, infections or heart failure, or have had a stroke.

Treatment of sleep apnea includes:

  1. CPAP: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device is generally recommended in the treatment of sleep apnea. CPAP is a breathing machine that stops your airways from getting blocked when you are sleeping. The CPAP device is normally the size of a tissue box. It comes with a mask that you put over your mouth and nose. The machine attached to the mask pumps a continuous flow of air that keeps your airways clear as you sleep.
  2. BPAP: The Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) device is used as an alternative to the CPAP device, if you find it hard to adjust to the CPAP. If you have a weak pattern of breathing, the BPAP can be helpful.
  3. ASV: The Adaptive Servo-ventilation (ASV) device is used to treat both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
  4. Treatment for other medical conditions: Sometimes sleep apnea can be caused by underlying health conditions. Problems such as rhinitis (nasal passage inflammation) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) can cause sleep apnea. In such cases, your doctor needs to diagnose these conditions first before treating your sleep apnea.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Excessive weight sometimes can cause sleep apnea; so losing excessive weight should be a priority. Also, alcohol and tobacco can contribute to your symptoms, so try avoiding those.
  6. Medication: Usually, doctors do not prescribe any medicine, since sedatives and sleeping pills actually worsen sleep apnea. But, in case of sleep apnea in children, doctors typically suggest intra nasal corticosteroid medicine to treat the symptoms.
  7. SurgerySurgeries to increase the size of your airway or to remove your adenoids, tonsils or extra tissues in the rear of your throat or your nose can prove helpful.
2642 people found this helpful

All About Jet Lag Disorder!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
All About Jet Lag Disorder!

What is Jet lag disorder?

Jet lag, also called jet lag disorder, is a temporary sleep disorder that can affect anyone who quickly travels across multiple time zones. It is a disruption of the internal body clock.

Symptoms of Jet lag disorder-

  • Insomnia, early waking or excessive sleepiness
  • Daytime fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating or functioning at your usual level
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Memory loss
  • A general feeling of not being well
  • Nausea, dizziness and sweating
  • Muscle soreness
  • Menstrual symptoms in women

Causes of Jet lag disorder-

Inability of the body of a traveler to immediately adjust to the time in a different zone

Risk factors of Jet lag disorder-

  • Number of time zones crossed
  • Being a frequent flyer
  • Older adults

Complications of Jet lag disorder-

  • Heart attacks
  • Strokes

Precautions & Prevention of Jet lag disorder-

  • Get plenty of rest before your trip
  • Try to sleep on the plane if it’s nighttime at your destination
  • Drink plenty of water before, during and after your flight to counteract the dehydrating effects of dry cabin air
  • Set your watch to the new time before you leave

Treatment of Jet lag disorder

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Surgical Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Jet lag disorder
  • Other Treatment of Jet lag disorder

Homeopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

Homeopathy has rare honor of having safe and natural treatment of jet lag. It settles biological clock, sleep and other body functions. Some of the homeopathic remedies for jet lag are:

  • Arnica
  • Chamomilla
  • Bellis perennis
  • Ipecacuanha
  • Lycopodium

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

Acupressure points are used to stimulate the nerves corresponding to each period at the new location’s corresponding time. It stimulates the specific horary points on the body which allows the energy to transfer from one meridian to another, thus helping the biological clock update itself in mid-flight.

Psychotherapy and Relaxation Treatment of Jet lag Disorder-

Psychotherapy and relaxation can help in jet lag. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

In allopathic treatment of jet lag Nonbenzodiazepines are used such as zolpidem (Ambien), eszopiclone (Lunesta) and zaleplon (Sonata). Benzodiazepines are also prescribed such as triazolam.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

  • Avoid excess alcohol or caffeine
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat light meals

Other Treatment of Jet lag disorder-

  • Make an effort to do some walking before your board your flight
  • Do some small stretching and twisting exercises while sitting on your seat
  • Try herbal or aromatic massage

 

My two years old nephew is suffering from sleep apnea. Is there any treatment from medicine. Please advice me what should I do.

Dr. Pradeep R K A 92% (278 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Trivandrum
My two years old nephew is suffering from sleep apnea. Is there any treatment from medicine. Please advice me what sh...
Need to check whether he has a habit of keeping his mouth open while sleeping and also any snoring issues. It's most likely Adenoid hypertrophy, which is a tissue in the nose which becomes enlarged in children, especially those who are allergic. He can be treated initial with medication and if still persists then to consider an endoscopy of nose followed by surgery.
1 person found this helpful
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What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
What Causes Hunter Syndrome?

What is Hunter syndrome?

Hunter syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that occurs when an enzyme your body needs is either missing or malfunctioning. It is an inherited condition.

Symptoms of Hunter syndrome-

  • Stunted growth, usually after age 4 or 5
  • Sleep apnea
  • Joint stiffness
  • Diarrhea
  • Large head
  • Runny nose
  • Colds
  • An enlarged abdomen
  • Frequent ear infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Heart disease
  • Breathing problems while sleeping
  • Limited lung capacity
  • Carpel tunnel syndrome
  • Short stature
  • Pebbly, ivory-colored skin lesions on upper arms, legs, and upper back
  • Developmental delays

Causes of Hunter syndrome-

It occurs when an enzyme that’s needed to break down complex sugars called glycosaminoglycans is missing or malfunctioning.

Risk factors of Hunter syndrome-

  • Family history
  • Being a male

Complications of Hunter syndrome-

  • Respiratory complications
  • Cardiac complications
  • Skeletal and connective tissue complications
  • Brain and nervous system complications

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome-

Diagnosis of Hunter syndrome involves the following tests:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Tissue sample tests
  • Prenatal testing

 Precautions & Prevention of Hunter syndrome-

Talk to your doctor or a genetic counselor if you’re thinking about having children.

Treatment of Hunter syndrome

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Hunter syndrome
  • Other Treatment of Hunter syndrome

Homeopathic Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Homeopathy relieves the complaints and improves function as it stimulates healthy development of tissues and organs. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines that can be used for treatment of Hunter’s Syndrome are:

  • Bar C
  • Calc
  • Calc P
  • Silicea
  • Sulph

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Acupuncture improves the physiological function of the organs and organ system.

In acupuncture therapist will first diagnose the case on the basis of energy system or chi blockage as well as on the basis of status of five elements. On this basis certain disease specific acupoints are selected and stimulated.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Hunters Syndrome-

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.   

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Allopathic Treatment of Hunter syndrome includes the medications to improve sleep such as melatonin. If your child has seizures, your doctor may prescribe anticonvulsant medications.

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome-

Surgical Treatment of Hunter syndrome involves one of the following surgeries:

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Surgery to replace heart valves
  • Surgery to repair hernias
  • Surgery to drain excess fluids around brain or remove built-up tissue

 

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