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Sleep Apnea Health Feed

What Is Sleep Apnea And How Can We Treat It?

Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak 90% (232 ratings)
MS-ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
What Is Sleep Apnea And How Can We Treat It?

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which you experience frequent breathing pauses while sleeping. In case of some, the pauses may last for just a few seconds, while for others, it may continue for a few minutes. Sleep apnea is generally chronic in nature. There are three types of sleep apnea, namely Central, Obstructive and Complex sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea occurs if the brain fails to transmit signals to the muscles responsible for your breathing functions. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs due to relaxation of your throat muscles. Complex sleep apnea refers to a combined condition of both central and obstructive sleep apnea.

Some of the possible causes of sleep apnea are as follows: 

  1. Blockage of airway during sleep can cause sleep apnea
  2. Putting on weight can cause obstructive sleep apnea
  3. In some cases, large tonsil tissues can lead to obstructive sleep apnea in small children
  4. Intake of certain medicines like Oxycontin or MS Contin can cause central sleep apnea
  5. Male people are more prone to sleep apnea
  6. Smoking is also a potent trigger for sleep apnea
  7. At times, high blood pressure can induce sleep apnea
  8. Suffering from sinus can also lead to sleep apnea
  9. Large neck size (more than 16 inches) may cause sleep apnea

In case of some people, sleep apnea might be an inherited condition.

The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are mentioned below:

  • Sometimes, obstructive sleep apnea is accompanied by choking or snorting sounds.
  • You may encounter breathing trouble while sleeping, leading to a disruption of your sleep.
  • Maximum times, sleep apnea is accompanied by snoring.
  • Sleep apnea leads to a dry mouth, which can disturb your sleep.
  • You may feel dizzy during daytime.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3540 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

Dr. J. K.Gupta 87% (73 ratings)
MS ENT, MBBS
ENT Specialist, Noida
Sleep Apnea Symptoms You Must Be Aware Of!

An estimated of 10 percent or more children snore for more than 1 night. Snoring results from the obstruction of breath when the air makes its way through the mouth. The air passage of the throat through which the air goes in and out causes the tissue to vibrate causing snore. The sound of the snore totally depends on the amount of air passing through the mouth and the frequency at which the throat is vibrating. Children above the age of three years tend to snore when they are deep in sleep.

Primary and secondary snoring:
Children who are otherwise healthy should not have a snoring problem unless there is some health disorder. However, if loud snoring is observed in otherwise a perfectly healthy kid, seeking medical help is a wise thing to do. In general, primary snoring is defined as a condition which is not associated with other sleep-related disorders such as lung disorder, OASS, inability to sleep for a longer duration etc.

Other possibilities:
It is estimated that close to three percent of the children suffers from breathing problem while sleeping. OSAS is a condition which is characterised by pauses in breathing and gasps along with loud snores. There could be instances where a kids’ muscle relaxes way too much obstructing the air to pass through. The body and the brain are both alerted at this stage. As soon as the brain sends a signal, the body wakes up. Thus, most kids suffering from this disorder are not able to sleep well and tend to feel tired throughout the day.

Common causes of sleep apnea:
Sleep apena is a major cause of snoring. It can be caused because of allergies, obesity, GERD etc. In children sleep, apnea can also be caused by tonsil. Since the tonsil size of children less than 7 years of age tends to be bigger than adult individuals, it causes snoring related problem. Swollen tonsils not only obstruct air but creates other health related problems as well.

Symptoms of sleep apnea during the day and night:

  1. Loud snore
  2. Snorts, gasps, pauses during sleep
  3. Heavy sweat during sleep
  4. Social and behavioural problems
  5. Failure to get up in the morning
  6. A nasal voice
  7. Easily irritated, cranky and aggressive

Relief measure:
The first thing a that a doctor does is a physical exam followed by observing the symptoms of a kid. Primary snorting can be addressed by physical exercise, counselling and breathing exercise. Problems related to apnea are addressed through medicine, counselling, and exercise. Certain dietary restrictions also needed to be followed during this time. However, apena is completely treatable within a certain time frame. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3165 people found this helpful

Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways To Treat It!

Dr. Ajay Singhal 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Sleep Apnea - 7 Ways To Treat It!

Sleep apnea is a potentially dangerous sleep disorder in which you stop and start breathing frequently while you are sleeping. Symptoms of sleep apnea often include loud snoring and fatigue even if you sleep uninterrupted through the night. Obesity and age are the common risk factors of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, in which the throat muscles contract and relax while you are asleep. The other type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, usually occurs in people who have been diagnosed with brain tumors, infections or heart failure, or have had a stroke.

Treatment of sleep apnea includes:

  1. CPAP: The Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device is generally recommended in the treatment of sleep apnea. CPAP is a breathing machine that stops your airways from getting blocked when you are sleeping. The CPAP device is normally the size of a tissue box. It comes with a mask that you put over your mouth and nose. The machine attached to the mask pumps a continuous flow of air that keeps your airways clear as you sleep.
  2. BPAP: The Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) device is used as an alternative to the CPAP device, if you find it hard to adjust to the CPAP. If you have a weak pattern of breathing, the BPAP can be helpful.
  3. ASV: The Adaptive Servo-ventilation (ASV) device is used to treat both central and obstructive sleep apnea.
  4. Treatment for other medical conditions: Sometimes sleep apnea can be caused by underlying health conditions. Problems such as rhinitis (nasal passage inflammation) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland) can cause sleep apnea. In such cases, your doctor needs to diagnose these conditions first before treating your sleep apnea.
  5. Lifestyle changes: Excessive weight sometimes can cause sleep apnea; so losing excessive weight should be a priority. Also, alcohol and tobacco can contribute to your symptoms, so try avoiding those.
  6. Medication: Usually, doctors do not prescribe any medicine, since sedatives and sleeping pills actually worsen sleep apnea. But, in case of sleep apnea in children, doctors typically suggest intra nasal corticosteroid medicine to treat the symptoms.
  7. SurgerySurgeries to increase the size of your airway or to remove your adenoids, tonsils or extra tissues in the rear of your throat or your nose can prove helpful.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3763 people found this helpful

Due to the problem of sleep apnea a patient can take alcohol once or twice in a week.

Dr. Shashidhar 90% (6397 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Due to the problem of sleep apnea a patient can take alcohol once or twice in a week.
These are two different things. Alcohol is a personal choice (a stimulant which can be addictive also ). Regarding sleep apnea talk to the doctor for a thorough medical examination. Physical examination and some basic tests will help to assess your condition, and let the doctor advise accordingly. You can update the reports and other details including the doctor's opinion for clarification. You can also take the help of Homeopathy which can address the problems in a holistic manner. You can contact me for a private consultation.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi, I am a patient of sleep apnea so I want to consult with you in this matter. The percentage of AHI is 96 %. Thanking you.

Dr. Vikas Mittal 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases / Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Hi,
I am a patient of sleep apnea so I want to consult with you in this matter. The percentage of AHI is 96 %. 
Thank...
There are 3 treatment for sleep Apnoea. Hold standard and treatment of choice is positive airway pressure i.e. CPAP. 2nd is surgical. 3rd is weight loss. A sleep specialist preferably a broad certified sleep specialist from India or abroad will be the right doctor to guide you to choose appropriate treatment.
4 people found this helpful
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Sleep Apnea Want some suggestions. remedy Meditation Please suggest medicine & remedy.

Dr. C. E Prasad 93% (653 ratings)
M.D - Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Sleep Apnea
Want some suggestions. remedy
Meditation Please suggest medicine & remedy.
Have it assessed by a Pulmonologist CPAP device to be considered Other surgically correctable causes.
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Know More About Sleep Apnea

Dr. Hemant Kalra 87% (357 ratings)
MBBS, MD -Pulmonary Medicine-Tuberculosis ,Respiratory Disease Medicine , Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Know More About Sleep Apnea

The connection between sleep apnea and heart disease is evolving very rapidly. People with cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure, heart failure, and stroke have a high prevalence of sleep apnea. Whether sleep apnea actually causes heart disease is still unclear, but we do know that if you have sleep apnea today, the chance that you will develop hypertension in the future increases significantly.

So wake up and consult with a pulmonologist to treat sleep apnea.

3 people found this helpful

1.If T4 is 13.2 and TSH is 2.39 and T3 is 159. Is the patient diagnosed as suffering with hyperthyroidism? 2.If patient has alkaline phosphatase value 142.5 .What medication needs to be taken?

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 97% (14671 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, Thanks for the query. The values shown are fairly normal. There's no hypo or hyperthyroidism. Thanks.
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What are the causes ,symptoms and treatment of sleep apnea and how much dangerous it is?

Dr. Jatin Soni 95% (39485 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
What are the causes ,symptoms and treatment of sleep apnea and how much dangerous it is?
It can be due to hypertrophy of adenoids/tonsils/Deviated nasal septum and can lead to sleep disturbances because of cutoff of oxygen to the trachea because of obstruction
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Dr. Shubham Jaiswal 94% (851 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Delhi
Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Surgery is for people who have extra or misshapen tissue that blocks airflow through the nose or throat. For example, a person with a deviated nasal septum, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, or a small lower jaw that causes the throat to be too narrow might benefit from surgery. Doctors usually try other treatments first.
 

Types of surgery
Upper airway stimulator. This device, called inspire, has a small pulse generator that the surgeon places under the skin in your upper chest. A wire leading to the lung detects your natural breathing pattern. Another wire, leading up to the neck, delivers mild stimulation to nerves that control airway muscles, keeping them open.
A doctor can program the device from an external remote. Also, people who have inspire use a remote to turn it on before bed and turn it off when they wake up in the morning.
Somnoplasty. Doctors use radiofrequency energy to tighten the soft palate at the back of the throat.
Uppp, or up3, is a procedure that removes soft tissue in the back of the throat and palate, increasing the width of the airway at the throat opening. (uppp stands for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, if you were wondering.)
Mandibular/maxillary advancement surgery. The surgeon moves the jaw bone and face bones forward to make more room in the back of the throat. It's an intricate procedure that doctors only do for people who have severe sleep apnea and problems with their head or face.
Nasal surgery. These operations correct obstructions in the nose, such as a deviated septum.

Obstructive sleep apnea 

What is sleep apnea?
When you have this condition, your breath can become very shallow or you may even stop breathing -- briefly -- while you sleep. It can happen many times a night in some people.
Obstructive sleep apnea happens when something partly or completely blocks your upper airway during shut-eye. That makes your diaphragm and chest muscles work harder to open the obstructed airway and pull air into the lungs. Breathing usually resumes with a loud gasp, snort, or body jerk. You may not sleep well, but you probably won't be aware that this is happening.

The condition can also reduce the flow of oxygen to vital organs and cause irregular heart rhythms.

Symptoms
The most common obstructive sleep apnea warning signs include:
* daytime sleepiness or fatigue
* dry mouth or sore throat when you wake up
* headaches in the morning
* trouble concentrating, forgetfulness, depression, or irritability
* night sweats
* restlessness during sleep
* problems with sex
* snoring
* waking up suddenly and feeling like you're gasping or choking
* trouble getting up in the mornings
If you share a bed with someone, they'll probably notice it before you do.

Symptoms in children may not be as obvious. They may include:
* bedwetting
* choking or drooling
* sweating a lot at night
* ribcage moves inward when they exhale
* learning and behavior disorders
* problems at school
* sluggishness or sleepiness (often misinterpreted as laziness in the classroom)
* snoring
* teeth grinding
* restlessness in bed
* pauses or absence of breathing
* unusual sleeping positions, such as sleeping on the hands and knees, or with the neck hyperextended
Talk to your doctor if you notice any of these problems. There are a lot of other possible causes for these symptoms as well.

Who gets obstructive sleep apnea?
It's more likely if you're overweight or obese, have a thick or large neck, or have smaller airways in your nose, throat, or mouth. It can also happen if you have enlarged tonsils or too much tissue at the back of the throat -- the uvula and soft palate -- that hangs down and blocks the windpipe. A larger-than-average tongue can also block the airway in many people as well as a deviated septum in the nose.
The condition is more common among men than women, and it becomes more likely as you get older. But it's not a normal part of aging.
 

Other risk factors include:
* smoking
* diabetes
* high blood pressure
* being at risk for heart failure or stroke

Diagnosis
Your doctor will give you a checkup and ask about your sleep. He may also want to ask people who live with you about your shut-eye habits. You may need to spend a night in a sleep lab or have a sleep study done at your house. You'll wear monitors to measure things such as:
* air flow
* blood oxygen levels
* breathing patterns
* electrical activity of the brain
* eye movements
* heart rate
* muscle activity
The study will track how many times your breathing was impaired during sleep.
 

Treatment
1. Weight loss, if needed. Losing even 10% of your weight can make a difference. Avoid alcohol and sleeping pills, which make the airway more likely to collapse during sleep and lengthen the times when you're not breathing properly. Sleeping on your side, if you only get mild sleep apnea when you sleep on your back.

2. Nasal sprays, if sinus problems or nasal congestion make it harder to breathe while you sleep.
Cpap machine. This device includes a mask that you wear over your nose or mouth, or both. An air blower forces constant and continuous air through the nose or mouth. The air pressure is just enough to keep the upper airway tissues from collapsing during sleep. Other types of positive airway pressure devices are also available, including the bpap, which has two levels of air flow that vary with breathing in and out.
Oral devices. For some people with mild sleep apnea, dental appliances or oral" mandibular advancement" devices that prevent the tongue from blocking the throat or advance the lower jaw forward can be made. These devices may help keep the airway open during sleep. A dental expert who is trained in oral health, tmj, and dental occlusion can check on which type of device may be best for you.
Surgery is for people who have extra or misshapen tissue that blocks airflow through the nose or throat. For example, a person with a deviated nasal septum, enlarged tonsils and adenoids, or a small lower jaw that causes the throat to be too narrow might benefit from surgery. Doctors usually try other treatments first.

Types of surgery
Upper airway stimulator. This device, called inspire, has a small pulse generator that the surgeon places under the skin in your upper chest. A wire leading to the lung detects your natural breathing pattern. Another wire, leading up to the neck, delivers mild stimulation to nerves that control airway muscles, keeping them open.
A doctor can program the device from an external remote. Also, people who have inspire use a remote to turn it on before bed and turn it off when they wake up in the morning.
Somnoplasty. Doctors use radiofrequency energy to tighten the soft palate at the back of the throat.
Uppp, or up3, is a procedure that removes soft tissue in the back of the throat and palate, increasing the width of the airway at the throat opening. (uppp stands for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, if you were wondering.)
Mandibular/maxillary advancement surgery. The surgeon moves the jaw bone and face bones forward to make more room in the back of the throat. It's an intricate procedure that doctors only do for people who have severe sleep apnea and problems with their head or face.
Nasal surgery. These operations correct obstructions in the nose, such as a deviated septum.

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