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Skin Scars Tips

Microneedle Radiofrequency In Acne & Stretch Marks!

Microneedle Radiofrequency In Acne & Stretch Marks!

Over the last few decades, the demand for aesthetic procedures has escalated. Everyone wants to look the best. The skin can be ravaged over time, with age, exposure to the sun and rising levels of pollution. More and more people are willing to undergo treatment using energy based devices.

What is microneedle radiofrequency treatment?

Many forms of laser treatment leave scars on the skin and also have long-term side effects. But, Microneedle radio frequency is a highly efficient way to treat acne, stretch marks and other skin disfigurements.

Microneedles are microscopic needles that can penetrate the skin up to a certain depth. Radio frequency devices employ insulated microneedles and radiofrequency energy to deliver heat to the dermis layer of the skin. This reduces the risk of damaging the epidermis of the skin because this technology offers greater depth control.

Scars and stretch marks can cause a variety of scars depending on the inflammation. These can include the atrophic scarring of the epidermis, ice pick scars, boxcar scars, rolling scars, etc. all of which can be treated with microneedle radio frequency. Treatment sessions of MNRF are spaced around 5 to 6 weeks. Usually, 4 to 5 sessions are required for smoothening of scars. In case of stretch marks, it takes some more sittings.

What is the success rate of micro needle radio frequency treatment?

The amount of energy to be delivered depends on the severity of the scarring. Patients have reported improvement after just four sessions spaced out over four months. 85% of the people who undergo this procedure notice 75% improvement in acne scarring within months of the commencement of the procedure.

Why do doctors prescribe microneedle radiofrequency?

Microneedle radio frequency is a method preferable to other laser-guided technology because recovery does not take long and the risks of pigmentation, scarring and infection and the procedure can be conducted without anaesthesia. As the treatment is done inonPD basis under the effect of numbing gel, the person is discharged on the same day. Moreover, this procedure can be carried out on all skin types, even those that are highly sensitive.

The procedure is a safer alternative to laser treatments for scar and stretch marks leaving behind no post inflammatory pigmentation.

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Scar Revision Surgery - What Should You Know?

Scar Revision Surgery - What Should You Know?

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures, such as scar excision to non-invasive procedures like cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy.

However, none of these has perfect results. The main aim of scar revision surgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and the cause for dissatisfaction: 

  1. Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  2. Patient's expectations
  3. Location of the scar
  4. Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons, such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an overproduction of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  1. Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  2. Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  3. Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics sent after editing should be considered as approved.

Scar Revision Surgery - Know Things Of Consideration!

Scar Revision Surgery - Know Things Of Consideration!

Almost everyone has scars on their body that tell tales of falls, accidents or surgeries. However, in some cases, these scars can mark a person’s appearance and affect their self-confidence. In such cases, the person may consider scar revision surgery. As the name suggests, this surgery aims to minimise a scar and make it more consistent with the surrounding skin colour and texture. Anyone can undergo scar revision treatment. Some of the factors to be kept in mind while considering such treatment are:

  1. Location of the scar on the body
  2. Functional impairment resulting from the scar
  3. Likelihood of functional impairment after scar revision surgery
  4. Quality and skin type of the affected area
  5. Availability of surrounding tissue

Scars can be revised surgically as well as non-surgically depending on the type of scar. Non-surgical treatment for scars includes the use of skin lightening creams. Microdermabrasion and skin resurfacing. Dermal fillers may also be injected into the skin to reduce fine lines and deep creases.

In case creams or others do not work, surgery in the form of Scar revision is required. It involves removal of scar and re-adjustments of tissues nearby. The results are very satisfactory. And wherever the re-adjustments is not possible, rarely skin grafting or flaps are required. The ultimate result will be far better than the scar usually.

  • Skin grafting: This is a procedure that is used to treat small but deep scars. It involves the removal of skin from one part of the body and it is placed over the affected area to hide the scar. This new tissue promotes the growth of new healthy skin cells in the injured area. Skin grafts may also be used for injuries that scar improperly or injuries that do not heal well on their own.
  • Skin flap surgeryTreatment of larger scars is better suited to skin flap surgeries. This procedure involves a large transplant of skin, fat, blood vessels, nerve tissues and muscle from one part of the body to another. This is used only in extreme cases.

When it comes to scar revision, no form of treatment, if perfect and multiple treatments may be required. The main goal here is to make the patient more comfortable with his or her appearance even if the scar is not completely removed. Hence, it is very important to have a realistic expectation from the surgery in terms of both aesthetics and functionality. For this, the patient and cosmetic surgeon need to understand each other and have a common view of the desired results.

2947 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - All About It!

Scar Revision Surgery - All About It!

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures, such as scar excision to non invasive procedures like cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy. However, none of these have perfect results. The main aim of scar revisionsurgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and the cause for dissatisfaction: 

  1. Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  2. Patient's expectations
  3. Location of the scar
  4. Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons, such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an overproduction of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  1. Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  2. Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  3. Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics that sent after editing should be considered as approved.
3678 people found this helpful

Know Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

Know Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

You may have heard a lot about teen acne and things related to it, especially its nature and solutions to cure this skin condition. However, there are several misconceptions about acne. Many facts regarding the cause and remedy for acne, which are commonly talked about, are incorrect. Here are some myths and facts about teen acne you should know about:

  1. Tanning clears the skin: A tan may act as a temporary mask to prevent acne. However, the sun dries up the skin and irritates it. This may further lead to acne breakout. There is no link between exposure to the sun and acne prevention, and the rays of the sun can cause damage to the skin. You should always use a sunscreen while going out in the sun.
  2. Wash your face to prevent acne breakouts: Washing your face helps in removing the dirt and oil from the pores of the skin. However, too much washing may cause dryness and irritation, triggering more acne breakout. You should not scrub your face and use a mild soap or a facewash to wash your face.
  3. Popping pimples will help in faster elimination: Popping pimples makes them less noticeable for some time, but it causes the pimples to last longer. When you squeeze a pimple, you push bacteria, dead skin cells and oil back into the skin. This causes increased swelling and reddening. It might also cause a red or brown scar, which takes a lot of time to disappear. Some of these scars last forever.
  4. Stress leads to acne: The normal daily stress a teenager faces does not lead to acne. However, in the case of stressful periods, such as dealing with the death of a loved one or facing parent’s divorce, the skin produces extra oil or sebum. This does not always mean that you will get more zits and pimples.
  5. Pimples occur overnight: Another common misconception regarding acne is that pimples occur overnight. The truth is that a pimple takes weeks to develop but it may surface while you are asleep. The process of acne development is a complicated one and involves four steps.

Many people think that applying cold water closes pores and hot water opens pores. This is not true as the pores present all over your face do not have muscles. They cannot open and close.

2574 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - More About It!

Scar Revision Surgery - More About It!

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures such as scar excision to non invasive procedures such as cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy. However, none of these have perfect results. The main aim of scar revision surgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and - the cause for dissatisfaction

  • Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  • Patient's expectations
  • Location of the scar
  • Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an over production of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  • Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  • Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  • Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics that sent after editing should be considered as approved.
2641 people found this helpful

Skin Incisions - Know Its Common Types!

Skin Incisions - Know Its Common Types!

Ideally, surgical incisions are primarily designed to allow for easy access to the desired areas in addition to possibilities of extension, if required. Further, they should be designed to split muscles rather than cut them, with minimal scarring along with the aim of boosting regenerative and healing qualities.

Incisions can be classified under these three groups; vertical, transverse and oblique incisions.

Vertical Incision

1. Midline incision: Almost all abdominal incisions can be performed using this technique. Starting from the midline of the abdomen, it can extend all the way down to the umbilicus.

Advantages:

Disadvantage:

  • Midline scar

2. Paramedian incision: This technique provides more laterality to midline incisions, allowing access to such lateral organs such as spleen, kidney and adrenals.

Advantages:

  • Easy access to lateral structures
  • Closure between incisions in anterior and posterior sheath is more secure
  • Rectus muscle remains undivided

Disadvantages:

  • More time consuming
  • Difficulty in extension
  • Can result in atrophy of the muscle medial to the incision
  • Mayo-Robson incision: This incision is typically a paramedian incision but which bends towards the xiphoid process and consequently allows for a larger and wider opening.

3. Transverse Incision

Transverse incision: This type of incision is made just above the umbilicus, and can dissect either one of the rectal muscles.

Advantages:

  • Least amount of pain and damage
  • Muscular segments can be reattached
  • Easier access to upper GI structures

Disadvantages:

  • Limited lateral access
  • Higher risk of wound infections

4. Subcostal Incision

Also referred to as the Kocher subcostal incision, this type of incision starts from the midline and runs parallel to the costal margin. A double Kocher incision is known as a rooftop of Chevron incision and allows for access to the esophagus, kidney, stomach and liver. The Mercedes incision is yet another variant, characterized by a vertical incision from the rooftop incision to form the shape of a Mercedes sign.

Advantages:

  • Heals faster
  • Less risk of post-operative complications

Disadvantage:

  • Lengthy and time-consuming

5. Oblique incisions

Also called Thoraco-abdominal incisions, these incisions may either be situated in the RUQ or the LUQ. They provide entry to the liver, lings and spleen, as well as to the stomach and esophagus.

6. Laparoscopic Incision

This technique comprises of tiny cuts in the skin that allow laparoscopic tools and instruments access into the abdominal cavity.

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Scar - Know More About It!

Scar - Know More About It!

Worried about Scars? They are definitely treatable.

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Dermatological Treatment Options For Acne Scars!

Dermatological Treatment Options For Acne Scars!

Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. Acne (pimples) are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell. 

Causes of Acne(pimples): 

Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons: 

  • Hormonal imbalance during or after the onset of puberty 
  • Medicines that contains lithium, androgen or corticosteroids 
  • Oil and greasy food items and those rich in carbohydrates can trigger acne. 

In some cases, dairy products can worsen the condition. Simple tips to prevent scarring Wrong use of cosmetics which are comedogenic (clog pores) 

Acne scars can be categorized into three types: 

  1. Ice Pick scars which are small but have deep pits. 
  2. Boxcar scars have sharp edges, these can be shallow or deep 
  3. Rolling scar have a wavy look as they are wide and shallow. 

Some superficial acne scars fade with time to a very small extent. However, in case of majority deep scars the stigma remains for lifetime 

Tips to Prevent Acne scars 

  1. Reduce ocurrence of acne breakouts (pimples) 
  2. Don’t pick or squeeze pimples or acne as they can get inflamed. This inflammation can cause the bacteria to go further into the skin which would result in deeper scars. 
  3. Do not use of harsh cosmetic products as some products can increase the risk of acne and scarring. 
  4. Non-comedogenic, non-toxic, paraben-free, products free from irritants, synthetic dyes and colours should be used. 
  5. Getting enough sleep is important and necessary for the body to produce collagen which is a protein necessary for skin elasticity. Sleep also helps the body and skin to repair itself. 

Treatment of Acne Scars 
Acne scars can be treated to regain your smooth skin and confidence back. After accessing your scars a good dermatologist can suggest a proper treatment plan that suits your condition. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are: 

  1. Fractional Microneedle Radiofrequency: This treatment delivers radiofrequency energy to deeper layer of skin and stimulates repair and formation of new collagen in the dermis. The procedure has minimum downtime and is safe for all skin types and colours. It is very effective to treat acne scars. 
  2. Laser Skin resurfacing: Where the damaged skin is removed to help new skin to grow. The damaged skin can be removed by the use of a laser. However, it has a downtime after treatment. 
  3. Fillers: In this procedure, the doctor would inject a filler such as a collagen or fat into the damaged area. This helps the skin to become smooth. 
  4. Dermaroller: Also known as micro-needling, is a procedure where tiny needles are rolled over the skin to stimulate collagen to grow. 

A skin doctor or dermatologist would help you choose the right treatment plan depending on the type of your skin and severity of acne scars

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Know The Top Derma Treatments For Acne Scar Removal!

Know The Top Derma Treatments For Acne Scar Removal!

Acne scars look bad and often interfere with your bright looks, as they make you feel embarrassed and unfresh. You use more makeup to cover them or avoid going out in order to hide them. However, instead of hiding your face or the scars, you may try these treatment options to remove the scars instead and feel brighter and better.

  1. Chemical peels: This method involves the application of a chemical peel on the skin. The acid in it removes the superficial skin layer to improve the appearance of the scar. This works well on lighter scars, and a licensed medical practitioner, nurse or cosmetologist can do this procedure.
  2. Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion: This technique involves using a high-speed brush on the skin to polish the portion of the scar and make that part of the skin even, so that the scar looks lighter. If your skin doctor feels that you don't need serious dermabrasion, then he may use a microdermabrasion where small crystals are sprayed onto the skin surface to remove the skin cells over the scar and improve appearance.
  3. Fillers: Fillers are used on the skin which gets depressed due to the acne or scars. There are some binding materials like collagen or Hyaluronic acid, which can be injected through an injection, and this keeps the skin smooth, scar free and elevated for some time after which the injection has to be repeated. This has to be a continuous treatment until your skin starts to appear normal again.
  4. Retinoid creams: The retinoid creams are especially beneficial on scars if applied patiently for a prolonged period. These creams come with little side effects like burning, drying or peeling of the skin, but over a medium to long-term application, all scars do get removed.
  5. Laser treatment: A combination of a few types of laser treatments or just one type depending on the acne stage or redness is used. This smoothens the skin and removes the acne scars by removing skin cells from the area.
  6. Punch Excisions and Skin grafting: This is a surgical technique. The acne scar can be removed by cutting a portion of the skin, and removing it. Normally, this procedure is combined with skin grafting, where the hole created by the acne is filled up either through stitches, or through grafting of the skin. This is actually the most invasive process to remove scars and only done when you have a serious, permanent and stubborn scar which can't be effectively removed by other techniques.
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