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Skin Scars Tips

Dermabrasion - All You Must Know!

Dr. Monisha Kapoor 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS, MCH-Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Dermabrasion - All You Must Know!

Dermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure to resurface the uppermost layer of the skin which contains dirt and dead cells. This cosmetic procedure is suggested to the patients with fine lines, patches, scars, or pores. The procedure is done by using a rolling device which is rolled on the skin and the dirt or dead layer is removed.

While undergoing the dermabrasion procedure, the doctors will numb your skin area. You can also be given general anaesthesia depending upon the length and complication of the procedure. The skin looks pink and sensitive for a week after the treatment. This treatment can be suggested along with other cosmetic procedure as well.

Reasons

Dermabrasion is done to correct the skin defects like:

● The appearance of fine lines
● Resurfacing the dull skin and dead cells
● Smoothening of skin
● Lightening the scars due to surgery and acne
● Lightening and brightening of patches and other marks on the face
● Uneven skin tone
● To treat damaged and red skin

Dermabrasion helps in skin problems which are not due to inflammation and radiation. However, if you have swollen skin, inflamed pores, and radiation pores, then dermabrasion will not be suggested by your doctor.

Risks

Dermabrasion can cause following mentioned side effects:

● Redness and swelling in the skin are common after the procedure. These symptoms will decrease within a week.
● Enlarged pores are also a common side effect of dermabrasion. Since the upper layer of the skin is removed, the simulated skin leaves the pores enlarged. Your doctor will recommend some medicines for the
same.
● You will notice tiny white bumps like acne. These will usually disappear within three or four days.

Everybody’s skin reaction is different to Dermabrasion. Very rarely, dermabrasion defects the skin after a treatment. But you should follow the doctor’s instructions to avoid bacterial infection or scarring. If dermabrasion is done deeply, it may lead to some skin reactions, which will slowly decrease with the doctors prescribed treatment. You will be called for the appointment soon after treatment.

When Are You Suggested Dermabrasion?

Not everybody is suggested for dermabrasion. If you are on some skin medication like thinning of skin or steroids, you will not be suggested for dermabrasion by your doctor. It is recommended by the doctor only after:

Physical examination: Physical exams are conducted by the cosmetic doctor to look into your skin conditions. They also look for the thickness in the skin and the affected area. If the problem can be treated with medicines and creams, then dermabrasion is denied.

Medical history: Complete study of medical history is important for the doctor before undergoing for dermabrasion. They may ask you some questions pertaining to the medical conditions in the past and in the family.

Condition of the skin: Doctors do not suggest dermabrasion on the first visit. The first criteria of the doctors is to make your skin ready for the procedure. This is done by looking into the problems, listening to your expectations, and examining the affected area of the skin.

3010 people found this helpful

Skin - How To Enhance It?

Dr. Uday Kumar Udayan 87% (22 ratings)
MBBS, MD- Dermatology
Dermatologist, Patna
Skin - How To Enhance It?

We all love that perfectly glowing skin that has no marks or signs of ageing like moles, tags, fine lines, dark circles and many others. However, for most of us, this remains an imaginary picture that we have in mind. What stares back at us in the mirror has some of the above-noted features, in various combinations. However, the desire for that blemish-free skin without any of these continues and is actually not far from reality too.

Some major irritants causing skin scars are as follows:

  1. Vascular marks including thread veins and broken capillaries.
  2. Spider nevus is a spider-web like structure with a central vessel and surrounding capillaries dilated radiating away from it. Similarly, blood spots are red, vascular spots that come with ageing.
  3. Skin tags or milia or warts, these are harmless but esthetically concerning and can irritate if found in an area where it interferes with the garments
  4. Age spots or brown spots that occur due to sun exposure are also harmless but are esthetic concern.

With esthetics attaining such importance, new ways are constantly being identified to help people improve their looks. While there are various creams and lotions and serums with promises of various chemicals that can do wonders, there actually are procedures that have a scientific basis and can produce results more quickly and effectively. The following are some popular advanced cosmetic procedures (ACPs) that can help clear these blemishes and produce a spotless, clear skin.

  1. Chemical peels: This is an exfoliation process done in the clinic, by removing the top layers of rough skin, thereby, making space for new skin to grow. It stimulates the growth of collagen and elastin, and promoting new skin growth. It can also be combined with topical antioxidants such as tretinoin and vitamin C, which are proven beneficial for the skin.
  2. Dermabrasion: Used in a variety of conditions (acne, wrinkles, blemishes), it works on layers that are far deeper than a chemical peel. A rotating brush is used to remove the upper layers of the skin, leaving the underlying layers open. The removed layers of the skin may form a scab, and can be mildly painful. The doctor may decide to use a mild local anesthetic if required.
  3. Laser skin resurfacing: The skin has an upper thicker layer and an inner thinner layer. A small amount of laser is applied to the underlying layers to stimulate them to produce collagen. The top layers are kept cool with a gel. The extra collagen produces improves elasticity and produces younger-looking skin, removing all blemishes.

All these are equally proven ways to treat blemishes. The decision of choosing one particular method should be completely based on your expectations.

2510 people found this helpful

Microneedle Radiofrequency In Acne & Stretch Marks!

Dr. Kanu Verma 90% (334 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Microneedle Radiofrequency In Acne & Stretch Marks!

Over the last few decades, the demand for aesthetic procedures has escalated. Everyone wants to look the best. The skin can be ravaged over time, with age, exposure to the sun and rising levels of pollution. More and more people are willing to undergo treatment using energy based devices.

What is microneedle radiofrequency treatment?

Many forms of laser treatment leave scars on the skin and also have long-term side effects. But, Microneedle radio frequency is a highly efficient way to treat acne, stretch marks and other skin disfigurements.

Microneedles are microscopic needles that can penetrate the skin up to a certain depth. Radio frequency devices employ insulated microneedles and radiofrequency energy to deliver heat to the dermis layer of the skin. This reduces the risk of damaging the epidermis of the skin because this technology offers greater depth control.

Scars and stretch marks can cause a variety of scars depending on the inflammation. These can include the atrophic scarring of the epidermis, ice pick scars, boxcar scars, rolling scars, etc. all of which can be treated with microneedle radio frequency. Treatment sessions of MNRF are spaced around 5 to 6 weeks. Usually, 4 to 5 sessions are required for smoothening of scars. In case of stretch marks, it takes some more sittings.

What is the success rate of micro needle radio frequency treatment?

The amount of energy to be delivered depends on the severity of the scarring. Patients have reported improvement after just four sessions spaced out over four months. 85% of the people who undergo this procedure notice 75% improvement in acne scarring within months of the commencement of the procedure.

Why do doctors prescribe microneedle radiofrequency?

Microneedle radio frequency is a method preferable to other laser-guided technology because recovery does not take long and the risks of pigmentation, scarring and infection and the procedure can be conducted without anaesthesia. As the treatment is done inonPD basis under the effect of numbing gel, the person is discharged on the same day. Moreover, this procedure can be carried out on all skin types, even those that are highly sensitive.

The procedure is a safer alternative to laser treatments for scar and stretch marks leaving behind no post inflammatory pigmentation.

2780 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - What Should You Know?

Dr. Manoj Kumar 87% (72 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery, FRCS, Fellowship In Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Noida
Scar Revision Surgery - What Should You Know?

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures, such as scar excision to non-invasive procedures like cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy.

However, none of these has perfect results. The main aim of scar revision surgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and the cause for dissatisfaction: 

  1. Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  2. Patient's expectations
  3. Location of the scar
  4. Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons, such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an overproduction of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  1. Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  2. Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  3. Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics sent after editing should be considered as approved.
3327 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - Know Things Of Consideration!

Dr. Vikas Jain 92% (79 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Hisar
Scar Revision Surgery - Know Things Of Consideration!

Almost everyone has scars on their body that tell tales of falls, accidents or surgeries. However, in some cases, these scars can mark a person’s appearance and affect their self-confidence. In such cases, the person may consider scar revision surgery. As the name suggests, this surgery aims to minimise a scar and make it more consistent with the surrounding skin colour and texture. Anyone can undergo scar revision treatment. Some of the factors to be kept in mind while considering such treatment are:

  1. Location of the scar on the body
  2. Functional impairment resulting from the scar
  3. Likelihood of functional impairment after scar revision surgery
  4. Quality and skin type of the affected area
  5. Availability of surrounding tissue

Scars can be revised surgically as well as non-surgically depending on the type of scar. Non-surgical treatment for scars includes the use of skin lightening creams. Microdermabrasion and skin resurfacing. Dermal fillers may also be injected into the skin to reduce fine lines and deep creases.

In case creams or others do not work, surgery in the form of Scar revision is required. It involves removal of scar and re-adjustments of tissues nearby. The results are very satisfactory. And wherever the re-adjustments is not possible, rarely skin grafting or flaps are required. The ultimate result will be far better than the scar usually.

  • Skin grafting: This is a procedure that is used to treat small but deep scars. It involves the removal of skin from one part of the body and it is placed over the affected area to hide the scar. This new tissue promotes the growth of new healthy skin cells in the injured area. Skin grafts may also be used for injuries that scar improperly or injuries that do not heal well on their own.
  • Skin flap surgeryTreatment of larger scars is better suited to skin flap surgeries. This procedure involves a large transplant of skin, fat, blood vessels, nerve tissues and muscle from one part of the body to another. This is used only in extreme cases.

When it comes to scar revision, no form of treatment, if perfect and multiple treatments may be required. The main goal here is to make the patient more comfortable with his or her appearance even if the scar is not completely removed. Hence, it is very important to have a realistic expectation from the surgery in terms of both aesthetics and functionality. For this, the patient and cosmetic surgeon need to understand each other and have a common view of the desired results.

2947 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - All About It!

Dr. Sumit Agrawal 87% (89 ratings)
MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Scar Revision Surgery - All About It!

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures, such as scar excision to non invasive procedures like cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy. However, none of these have perfect results. The main aim of scar revisionsurgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and the cause for dissatisfaction: 

  1. Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  2. Patient's expectations
  3. Location of the scar
  4. Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons, such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an overproduction of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  1. Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  2. Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  3. Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics that sent after editing should be considered as approved.
3678 people found this helpful

Know Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

Dr. Sunil Sabhnani 93% (140 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, Fage, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Know Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

You may have heard a lot about teen acne and things related to it, especially its nature and solutions to cure this skin condition. However, there are several misconceptions about acne. Many facts regarding the cause and remedy for acne, which are commonly talked about, are incorrect. Here are some myths and facts about teen acne you should know about:

  1. Tanning clears the skin: A tan may act as a temporary mask to prevent acne. However, the sun dries up the skin and irritates it. This may further lead to acne breakout. There is no link between exposure to the sun and acne prevention, and the rays of the sun can cause damage to the skin. You should always use a sunscreen while going out in the sun.
  2. Wash your face to prevent acne breakouts: Washing your face helps in removing the dirt and oil from the pores of the skin. However, too much washing may cause dryness and irritation, triggering more acne breakout. You should not scrub your face and use a mild soap or a facewash to wash your face.
  3. Popping pimples will help in faster elimination: Popping pimples makes them less noticeable for some time, but it causes the pimples to last longer. When you squeeze a pimple, you push bacteria, dead skin cells and oil back into the skin. This causes increased swelling and reddening. It might also cause a red or brown scar, which takes a lot of time to disappear. Some of these scars last forever.
  4. Stress leads to acne: The normal daily stress a teenager faces does not lead to acne. However, in the case of stressful periods, such as dealing with the death of a loved one or facing parent’s divorce, the skin produces extra oil or sebum. This does not always mean that you will get more zits and pimples.
  5. Pimples occur overnight: Another common misconception regarding acne is that pimples occur overnight. The truth is that a pimple takes weeks to develop but it may surface while you are asleep. The process of acne development is a complicated one and involves four steps.

Many people think that applying cold water closes pores and hot water opens pores. This is not true as the pores present all over your face do not have muscles. They cannot open and close.

2574 people found this helpful

Scar Revision Surgery - More About It!

MS - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Hyderabad
Scar Revision Surgery - More About It!

While some scars are negligible, others can mar your beauty. With cosmetic surgery, today, it is easy to remove scars and make them less prominent. Scar revision surgery can range from invasive procedures such as scar excision to non invasive procedures such as cryotherapy, laser therapy and topical silicone therapy. However, none of these have perfect results. The main aim of scar revision surgery is to make the scars blend in as much as possible with the surrounding skin in terms of colour, texture and elevation.

Picking a scar revision procedure is a matter of weighing the pros and cons of each type of procedure and - the cause for dissatisfaction

  • Functional limitations of the scar and likelihood of functional impairment after surgery
  • Patient's expectations
  • Location of the scar
  • Quality of skin type and surrounding tissue

Scars are formed due to a number of reasons such as acne, cuts, burns, surgery and infection in a wound. Scars created by an over production of collagen are the most difficult to treat. In most cases, a patient requires multiple surgeries for scar revision.

Some of these surgeries are:

  • Surgical Excision: This procedure is usually performed on large scars that do not respond to medication. Here the surgeon shaves and cuts down scar tissue to minimize the size of the scar.
  • Laser Surgery: This is used to smoothen the scars with raised or uneven surfaces. It involves the removal of the top layer of skin and tightening of the layer below it.
  • Z plasty and W plasty: These surgical treatments aim to reduce the visibility of the scar by repositioning them along the natural lines and creases of the skin. All topics that sent after editing should be considered as approved.
2641 people found this helpful

Skin Incisions - Know Its Common Types!

Dr. Amit Patel 92% (301 ratings)
Diploma in Dermatology Venereology, MD - Physician
Dermatologist, Surat
Skin Incisions - Know Its Common Types!

Ideally, surgical incisions are primarily designed to allow for easy access to the desired areas in addition to possibilities of extension, if required. Further, they should be designed to split muscles rather than cut them, with minimal scarring along with the aim of boosting regenerative and healing qualities.

Incisions can be classified under these three groups; vertical, transverse and oblique incisions.

Vertical Incision

1. Midline incision: Almost all abdominal incisions can be performed using this technique. Starting from the midline of the abdomen, it can extend all the way down to the umbilicus.

Advantages:

Disadvantage:

  • Midline scar

2. Paramedian incision: This technique provides more laterality to midline incisions, allowing access to such lateral organs such as spleen, kidney and adrenals.

Advantages:

  • Easy access to lateral structures
  • Closure between incisions in anterior and posterior sheath is more secure
  • Rectus muscle remains undivided

Disadvantages:

  • More time consuming
  • Difficulty in extension
  • Can result in atrophy of the muscle medial to the incision
  • Mayo-Robson incision: This incision is typically a paramedian incision but which bends towards the xiphoid process and consequently allows for a larger and wider opening.

3. Transverse Incision

Transverse incision: This type of incision is made just above the umbilicus, and can dissect either one of the rectal muscles.

Advantages:

  • Least amount of pain and damage
  • Muscular segments can be reattached
  • Easier access to upper GI structures

Disadvantages:

  • Limited lateral access
  • Higher risk of wound infections

4. Subcostal Incision

Also referred to as the Kocher subcostal incision, this type of incision starts from the midline and runs parallel to the costal margin. A double Kocher incision is known as a rooftop of Chevron incision and allows for access to the esophagus, kidney, stomach and liver. The Mercedes incision is yet another variant, characterized by a vertical incision from the rooftop incision to form the shape of a Mercedes sign.

Advantages:

  • Heals faster
  • Less risk of post-operative complications

Disadvantage:

  • Lengthy and time-consuming

5. Oblique incisions

Also called Thoraco-abdominal incisions, these incisions may either be situated in the RUQ or the LUQ. They provide entry to the liver, lings and spleen, as well as to the stomach and esophagus.

6. Laparoscopic Incision

This technique comprises of tiny cuts in the skin that allow laparoscopic tools and instruments access into the abdominal cavity.

2856 people found this helpful

Scar - Know More About It!

Dr. Clinic Eximus 87% (19 ratings)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Scar - Know More About It!

Worried about Scars? They are definitely treatable.

7 people found this helpful
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