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Skin Scars Tips

Know The Top Derma Treatments For Acne Scar Removal!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy, FRGUHS (Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Know The Top Derma Treatments For Acne Scar Removal!

Acne scars look bad and often interfere with your bright looks, as they make you feel embarrassed and unfresh. You use more makeup to cover them or avoid going out in order to hide them. However, instead of hiding your face or the scars, you may try these treatment options to remove the scars instead and feel brighter and better.

  1. Chemical peels: This method involves the application of a chemical peel on the skin. The acid in it removes the superficial skin layer to improve the appearance of the scar. This works well on lighter scars, and a licensed medical practitioner, nurse or cosmetologist can do this procedure.
  2. Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion: This technique involves using a high-speed brush on the skin to polish the portion of the scar and make that part of the skin even, so that the scar looks lighter. If your skin doctor feels that you don't need serious dermabrasion, then he may use a microdermabrasion where small crystals are sprayed onto the skin surface to remove the skin cells over the scar and improve appearance.
  3. Fillers: Fillers are used on the skin which gets depressed due to the acne or scars. There are some binding materials like collagen or Hyaluronic acid, which can be injected through an injection, and this keeps the skin smooth, scar free and elevated for some time after which the injection has to be repeated. This has to be a continuous treatment until your skin starts to appear normal again.
  4. Retinoid creams: The retinoid creams are especially beneficial on scars if applied patiently for a prolonged period. These creams come with little side effects like burning, drying or peeling of the skin, but over a medium to long-term application, all scars do get removed.
  5. Laser treatment: A combination of a few types of laser treatments or just one type depending on the acne stage or redness is used. This smoothens the skin and removes the acne scars by removing skin cells from the area.
  6. Punch Excisions and Skin grafting: This is a surgical technique. The acne scar can be removed by cutting a portion of the skin, and removing it. Normally, this procedure is combined with skin grafting, where the hole created by the acne is filled up either through stitches, or through grafting of the skin. This is actually the most invasive process to remove scars and only done when you have a serious, permanent and stubborn scar which can't be effectively removed by other techniques.

Dermatological Treatment Options For Acne Scars!

Dr. Meeta Mantri 92% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Dermatological Treatment Options For Acne Scars!

Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. Acne (pimples) are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell. 

Causes of Acne(pimples): 

Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons: 

In some cases, dairy products can worsen the condition. Simple tips to prevent scarring Wrong use of cosmetics which are comedogenic (clog pores) 

Acne scars can be categorized into three types: 

  1. Ice Pick scars which are small but have deep pits. 
  2. Boxcar scars have sharp edges, these can be shallow or deep 
  3. Rolling scar have a wavy look as they are wide and shallow. 

Some superficial acne scars fade with time to a very small extent. However, in case of majority deep scars the stigma remains for lifetime 

Tips to Prevent Acne scars 

  1. Reduce ocurrence of acne breakouts (pimples) 
  2. Don’t pick or squeeze pimples or acne as they can get inflamed. This inflammation can cause the bacteria to go further into the skin which would result in deeper scars. 
  3. Do not use of harsh cosmetic products as some products can increase the risk of acne and scarring. 
  4. Non-comedogenic, non-toxic, paraben-free, products free from irritants, synthetic dyes and colours should be used. 
  5. Getting enough sleep is important and necessary for the body to produce collagen which is a protein necessary for skin elasticity. Sleep also helps the body and skin to repair itself. 

Treatment of Acne Scars 
Acne scars can be treated to regain your smooth skin and confidence back. After accessing your scars a good dermatologist can suggest a proper treatment plan that suits your condition. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are: 

  1. Fractional Microneedle Radiofrequency: This treatment delivers radiofrequency energy to deeper layer of skin and stimulates repair and formation of new collagen in the dermis. The procedure has minimum downtime and is safe for all skin types and colours. It is very effective to treat acne scars. 
  2. Laser Skin resurfacing: Where the damaged skin is removed to help new skin to grow. The damaged skin can be removed by the use of a laser. However, it has a downtime after treatment. 
  3. Fillers: In this procedure, the doctor would inject a filler such as a collagen or fat into the damaged area. This helps the skin to become smooth. 
  4. Dermaroller: Also known as micro-needling, is a procedure where tiny needles are rolled over the skin to stimulate collagen to grow. 

A skin doctor or dermatologist would help you choose the right treatment plan depending on the type of your skin and severity of acne scars

1 person found this helpful

Hyperpigmentation & Scars - How Laser Treatment Can Help?

MD - Dermatology, FMC (Fellow In Med.Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Coimbatore
Hyperpigmentation & Scars - How Laser Treatment Can Help?

Acne is a troublesome condition not only when it is active, but even after it heals. This is because it leaves behind unpleasant scars and pigmentation. many young people affected by it get depressed due to the effects of severe acne and scarring. although chemical peels, medical management has all been proven effective for the treatment of acne, Laser therapy is the best-known way of dealing with these scars and pigmentation issues. It is a misconception that laser treatment is a new form of skin therapy.

The laser is being used to treat pigmentation scars since 1964, however, the procedures have evolved significantly and become much more improved and effective even in dark skinned induviduals.

How does laser therapy work?

Lasers direct intense amounts of monochromatic light at precise points on the skin. This light is emitted in short pulses. When this light hits the skin it heats the target melanin cells. The precision with which lasers direct this light ensures that surrounding cells are not affected.

By changing the amount of light, lasers can be used to address cells at varying depths of the skin and can also boost collagen production. this principle is made use of in its treatment for scarring. In most cases, lasers used to treat skin issues are carbon dioxide or argon lasers. These are known as CW lasers.

Laser therapy may be shortly pulsed or long pulsed. The difference between the two lies in the rest period between emitting bursts of light. The type of laser therapy used depends largely on the degree of scarring or hyperpigmentation.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Laser treatment

  1. One of the biggest advantages of this form of therapy is its precision. Laser therapy does not affect the surrounding cells. It is also a bloodless form of therapy that does not require any hospitalization. As compared to other forms of skin therapy for scarring such a dermabrasion, laser therapy does not increase a person’s risk of infection. Also the overall texture of the skin is improved and generally patients are very happy with the results.
  2. On the flip side, multiple sessions are required for results to be noticeable. In cases of scarring on dark skin, laser lights can wound the capillaries in the skin. As the skin in this area heals, it may become lighter than the surrounding skin, making home care extremely important and necessary. Laser treatment is also a little more expensive compared to other forms of therapy.
  3. If you choose to undergo laser treatment to remove scars and pigmentation, it is important to have realistic expectations. Do not expect your skin to be perfect after the procedure. While there will be an improvement, do not assume that 100% of scarring will be removed.
10 people found this helpful

Microneedle Radiofrequency Treatment For Acne Scar!

Dr. Meeta Mantri 92% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS, DNB (Dermatology)
Dermatologist, Pune
Microneedle Radiofrequency Treatment For Acne Scar!

Acne is a common skin condition that usually affects people in their teens. Sometimes they are also seen in slightly older people between the ages of 25-35. And even though these usually go away on their own, most of the time they leave your skin with uneven brittle holes or scars. Microneedle Radiofrequency is an innovative treatment procedure that is used to heal acne scars, wrinkles and pores on the face.

Here’s how it works-
Microneedle Radiofrequency penetrates your skin using tiny microscopic needles to a certain depth. It directs heat and radio wave energy to a particular area within the dermis of your skin. The energy from the radio frequency stimulates natural regeneration of collagen in the skin. It gives your skin a smoother appearance and helps fill in the imperfections caused by acne scars.

Besides acne scars, this procedure also works well for large pores, sagging skin, fine lines, melasma (dark pigmentation) and wrinkles. Your dermatologist will clean and anesthetize the area that has to be treated before penetrating it with needles.

How safe is the treatment?
Many people consider laser treatments to be unsafe. They feel heat or energy waves may damage your skin instead of repairing it. But with Microneedle Radiofrequency treatment, you can rest assured that the results are extremely safe and effective. According to a recent study, 3-4 sessions of Microneedle Radiofrequency treatment can effectively improve your acne scars by up to 75%.

Are there any side effects for the treatment?
The greatest advantage of a Microneedle Radiofrequency treatment is that, it comes with very little or no side effects. Since it’s not a surgical procedure, your skin does not take long to heal. Once the treatment is done, you can expect recovery in no time. The side effects are typically short-lived. You may only feel a temporary tingling or numbness.

Microneedle Radiofrequency treatment yields best results in about 90% of the cases. The remaining 10% depends on the skin condition of the individual. If you’re prone to allergy or breakouts, then consult your doctor for proper medications.

511 people found this helpful

Cystic Acne - 6 Effective Remedies To Hep You Treat It!

Dr. Preeti Jaiswal 93% (414 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma In Nutrition & Diet Planning , ICR, M.D. Alternative Medicine
Homeopath, Thane
Cystic Acne - 6 Effective Remedies To Hep You Treat It!

Cystic acne is a serious form of acne, which is characterized by deep, inflamed acne breakout. Red cysts are developed under the surface of the skin, which cause great pain. Cystic acnes are not only painful, but also affect your appearance and self-confidence.

Hence, effective steps should be taken to get rid of them. Here are 6 effective remedies to treat cystic acne.

  1. Do not pop: Avoid popping the acne which appear on your skin. Cystic acnes should never be popped because of their depth and popping or squeezing will make them worse. The more you touch them, the more they tend to worsen, and permanent scars may be left.
  2. Ice: Applying ice cubes directly to the acne affected area for some time constricts the blood vessels in the cyst. By applying ice, the size and redness of the acne get reduced.
  3. Proper skin careYou should maintain a simple skin care routine and avoid scented moisturizers. Before applying any lotion, ensure that your skin is clean and exfoliated. Use oil free and non-scented moisturizers.
  4. Do not get obsessed: Avoid spending hours looking at the cystic acne in the mirror. The more obsessed you, the more negative thoughts will come into your mind, making you feel even worse.
  5. Towels and pillowcases: Do not let other people use your towels and pillows. Abstain from washing these items with strong detergents and use natural, non-scented laundry products. Change your pillowcases and towels regularly.
  6. DietIn case of cystic acne, you should take several diet precautions. Cut down the use of dairy products, excessive sugar, grain products and caffeine. Fried food and fast food should be avoided as well.

For better healing of cystic acne, you should consume probiotic rich foods, foods high in zincprotein and fiber. You can consume several supplements as well, such as probiotics, zinc and Omega-3 fatty acids.

  1. Relax: Stress makes the condition of cystic acne worse. You should undertake relaxation techniques to reduce stress as hormones released due to stress can make the acne worse. You should try natural stress relievers.
  2. Sleep: Having proper sleep at night regularly improves your health and reduces inflammation due to cystic acne.
  3. Exercise: Regular exercise benefits the lymphatic system and detoxifies the body. Your mood and self-esteem are improved, which have been hampered due to acne.
  4. Essential oils: Essential oils such as lavender and tea tree help in treating cystic acne. With anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, these oils are effective and can be applied to the acne directly.

Cystic acne is a severe form of acne, which requires proper care and treatment. Several simple remedies can be used to treat the same.

1 person found this helpful

Burn Repair Surgery - How Can It Help To Reduce Deformities & Scars?

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Burn Repair Surgery - How Can It Help To Reduce Deformities & Scars?

Burning your skin is a very traumatic experience and can leave behind scars that remind one of the traumatic incident. Scarring caused by burns may fade a little with time but are usually permanent. Apart from affecting your appearance severe burns can also affect the functioning of the body. Burns can make a person withdraw socially by making him or her afraid of how people will accept them with their scars as well as make them depressed about their appearance.

Burn repair surgery can be categorised under two headings: Acute and Reconstructive

  1. Acute repair surgery happens immediately after the burn and deals with large burns and deep burns that affect critical areas. The focus here is to aim for saving of life of burn patient with earliest wound healing with various surgical means.
  2. Reconstructive burn surgery addresses the deformities & scars after the initial burn wounds have healed. The goal here is to improve the appearance of the scars and ensure improvement of functioning. 

There are many types of reconstructive surgeries for burns and the type of surgery best suited to a patient is based on the location of the scar, the extent of scarring and the patient’s personal goals.

  • Skin grafts: This involves the removal of healthy skin from one part of the body and transplanting it to the burn site. This split thickness skin graft include only a few outer layers of skin & full thickness graft involve the entire dermis. This is used in cases of deep burns where full thickness of dermis is affected. Also skin grafts are used for defects following release of burn contracture . 
  • Flaps: These are thick skin tissues with its own blood supply, used to cover exposed vital structures like vessels , tendons, nerves, bones, etc especially in deep electrical burns of extremities. 
  • Free flap procedure: In this Microvascular Surgery , muscle, bone or skin is transferred from one part of the body to another to reconstruct huge defects after contracture release or for cosmetic improvement of ugly burn scars. 
  • Tissue expansion: This involves the insertion of a balloon expander under the skin near the burn scars & deformities. As the balloon is filled with saline, the skin stretches and grows. Once the skin has stretched enough, the expander is removed and the skin can then be used to replace the burn scars & deformities.

This procedure has many advantages as the skin colour and texture are a near perfect match thus reducing scarring to a large extent. However, it is a very slow procedure and can take a few months.

3493 people found this helpful

Acne Scars - Dermatological Treatment Options For Them!

Dr. Seema Yadav 91% (21 ratings)
MBBS-Venereology and Leprosy, PG Diploma In Clinical Cosmetology (PGDCC) & PGDMT
Dermatologist, Gurgaon
Acne Scars - Dermatological Treatment Options For Them!

Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. These scars are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell.

Acne scars can be categorized into three types:

  1. Ice Pick scars which are small but have deep pits.
  2. Boxcar scars have sharp edges, these can be shallow or deep
  3. Rolling scar have a wavy look as they are wide and shallow. This type of scarring is usually caused by damage to the skin.

Causes of acne scars
Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons:

  1. Hormonal imbalance during or after the onset of puberty
  2. Medicines that contains lithium, androgen or corticosteroids
  3. Oil and greasy food items and those rich in carbohydrates can trigger acne. In some cases, dairy products can worsen the condition.

Simple tips to prevent scarring
Some acne scars fade with time. In the early stages, the scars might look pink as blood vessels in the damaged area of the skin provide it with nourishment. With time the collagen in the skin would fill the injured or damaged portion of the skin. In some cases, it might take up to a year for scars to fade.

  1. Don’t pick or squeeze pimples or acne as they can get inflamed. This inflammation can cause the bacteria to go further into the skin which would result in deeper scars.
  2. Use mild cosmetic products as some products can increase the risk of acne and scarring. Non-toxic, paraben-free products free from synthetic dyes and colours should be used sparingly.
  3. Getting enough sleep is important and necessary for the body to produce collagen which is a protein necessary for skin elasticity. Sleep also helps the body and skin to repair itself.

Treatment of acne scars
Mild acne can be treated with simple home remedies such as the use of fenugreek extract and lemon juice. Face packs made from sandalwood and orange peel are also very effective in reducing acne scars. But in some extreme cases, you might need proper treatment at a hospital. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are:

  1. Skin resurfacing: where the damaged skin is removed to help new skin to grow. The damaged skin can be removed by the use of a laser, dermabrasion or a chemical peel.
  2. FillersIn this procedure, the doctor would inject a filler such as a collagen or fat into the damaged area. This helps the skin to become smooth.
  3. Rolling: Rolling also known as needling, is a procedure where tiny needles are rolled over the skin to stimulate it to grow
  4. SurgeryIn a few very extreme cases the scars would need to be cut away and the area repaired with the use of skin grafts obtained from another part of the body.

Any scars and especially acne scars can be unsightly. A skin doctor or dermatologist would help you choose the right treatment plan depending on the type of damage done to the skin.

4585 people found this helpful

Who Needs A Craniofacial Surgery?

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Who Needs A Craniofacial Surgery?

A craniofacial surgery is done deformities or abnormalities present in the head or face area of the patient. Depending on the type of deformity, a craniofacial surgery is done to repair or reconstruct it. The areas that come under a craniofacial surgeon's domain are the cranium (skull), the face, skin on the face, facial bones, and the facial nerves.

For this reason, in order to conduct craniofacial surgery, a neurosurgeon and a cosmetic surgeon may often work together. The time taken for completing a craniofacial surgery may vary between one hour to twelve hours. 

Why do you need a craniofacial surgery?

There may be multiple reasons why a patient would require craniofacial surgery. These are: Tumors in the head or face region are one of the most common causes behind this type of surgery. The surgeries conducted to remove these tumors may sometimes lead to the formation of deformities in the region. 

A craniofacial surgery is conducted in order to correct them. This kind of surgery can also be used to correct abnormalities formed as a result of injuries or wounds on the face, the jaw or the head. Some patients may also undergo a craniofacial surgery in order to correct defects that they were born with. Such defects include Apert Syndrome (a syndrome characterized by the premature fusion of certain bones in the skull), cleft palate or cleft lip and craniosynotosis (premature fusion of certain bones in the skull). 

Risks related to Craniofacial Surgery: 

Certain risks are associated with this type of surgery. These are: 

1. A craniofacial surgery is conducted after putting the patient under general anesthesia. As a result of this, the patient may suffer from complications related to anesthesia.
2. After the surgery, patient may also lose their bone grafts partly or wholly. 
3.The formation of permanent scars is another possible risk of a craniofacial surgery. 
4.Some patients, especially children who are of growing age, may need a follow up surgery later on.
5. Certain patients can face more risks of delayed healing as compared to other patients. These include patients who are malnourished or smokers.

3291 people found this helpful

Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Really Beneficial?

Diploma In Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Pune
Acne - Is Laser/Light Procedure Really Beneficial?

Acne is one of the major problems faced by teenagers and young adults. When active, acne causes burning and pain on the skin. Once they dry off, they leave the scars and marks. However, with advancement in cosmetic surgery, there are a number of options available which can make the scars disappear almost completely.

How is it done?

  1. Laser/light procedure is used in a number of skin conditions, in addition to acne scar treatment. During the procedure, a beam of intense light is focused on the skin, which removes the acne scar without damaging the surrounding tissue.
  2. Laser is used in all kinds of acne, such as papules, pustules, whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, and nodules. Acne is caused by bacteria, and when a beam of laser is applied, these get activated, which damages the bacterial wall and kills the bacteria. The reduced amount of bacteria also reduces the severity of the acne. Laser also helps reduce the amount of sebum production, thereby reducing incidence of acne. Most people require about three settings with a month’s break in between. However, the exact treatment plan will depend on the location and intensity of acne and skin type.

Prior to the procedure:
Have a detailed talk with your surgeon on what to expect after the procedure, including potential risks and outcomes. It is important to keep the following things in mind to achieve the best outcome:

  1. Avoid sunbathing, waxing, and collagen injections for at least 10–15 days before the procedure.
  2. Avoid irritants in the area, including perfumes and deodorants while the treatment is on.
  3. Avoid medicines like aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements 2 weeks before the procedure, which may increase risk of bleeding .

Post treatment
Once you leave the clinic, the treated area may be pink or red for about 4 to 8 hours. There could be a slight prickly sensation on the treated area, with mild swelling, which will subside over the next few days. Cool packs or moist cloths can be used to reduce the sensation. A good moisturizer can also be used twice a day to soothe the skin. Makeup is to be used only after the redness and prickly sensation have subsided. The recovery period may take about weeks to months after the procedure, depending on the type of skin and acne.

Benefits
More and more people are choosing to go for laser therapy to get rid of their acne scars because of the following benefits—minimally invasive, is done in one sitting, reduced recovery time, reduced pain, and can be clubbed with other acne therapy modes. With the latest advancements, laser definitely is useful and has been successful in treating acne. So, your acne marks are sure to reduce!

2517 people found this helpful

Dermatology Treatments for Acne Scarring!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DNB - Dermatology & Venereology
Dermatologist, Chennai
Dermatology Treatments for Acne Scarring!

Acne scars look bad and often interfere with your bright looks, as they make you feel embarrassed and unfresh. You use more makeup to cover them or avoid going out in order to hide them. However, instead of hiding your face or the scars, you may try these treatment options to remove the scars instead and feel brighter and better.

  1. Retinoid creams: The retinoid creams are especially beneficial on scars if applied patiently for a prolonged period. These creams come with little side effects like burning, drying or peeling of the skin, but over a medium to long-term application, all scars do get removed.
  2. Chemical peels: This method involves the application of a chemical peel on the skin. The acid in it removes the superficial skin layer to improve the appearance of the scar. This works well on lighter scars, and a licensed medical practitioner, nurse or cosmetologist can do this procedure.
  3. Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion: This technique involves using a high-speed brush on the skin to polish the portion of the scar and make that part of the skin even, so that the scar looks lighter. If your skin doctor feels that you don't need serious dermabrasion, then he may use a microdermabrasion where small crystals are sprayed onto the skin surface to remove the skin cells over the scar and improve appearance.
  4. Microneedling: Microneedling therapy or percutaneous collagen induction is one of the latest techniques being widely used to treat such scars and is known as simple and effective in atrophic acne scar treatment. Skin microneedling and all its therapeutic possibilities are now being widely discussed.
  5. Laser treatment: A combination of a few types of laser treatments or just one type depending on the acne stage or redness is used. This smoothens the skin and removes the acne scars by removing skin cells from the area.
  6. Fillers: Fillers are used on the skin which gets depressed due to the acne or scars. There are some binding materials like collagen or Hyaluronic acid, which can be injected through an injection, and this keeps the skin smooth, scar free and elevated for some time after which the injection has to be repeated. This has to be a continuous treatment until your skin starts to appear normal again.
4107 people found this helpful
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