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Shortness of Breath Tips


Dr. Rakesh Chawla 84% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine , Trained In Treating Sleep Disorder , Trained In Interventinal Bronchoscopy , Trained In Medical Thoracoscopy , Trained In Rigid Bronchoscopy
Pulmonologist, Delhi

Nebulisation guidelines will help to serve the patients better.

6 Ways To Treat Abnormal Heart Rhythm!

Dr. Abhishek Singh 94% (19 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Medicine, DNB - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
6 Ways To Treat Abnormal Heart Rhythm!

The term 'chest pain’ is a very common term and is usually used in day to day life. Basically, chest pain refers to the pain that may generate in your chest, shoulder and can travel to your ribs, jaws and towards your arms. The feeling of the pain can be sharp or dull, depending on the severity of your condition and cause.

There can be several reasons behind chest pain. You need to conduct a few tests to examine the real cause of the chest pain. It is always advised by health experts to take the symptoms of chest pain very seriously in order to avoid any serious problem in the future. Most of the severe and life-threatening diseases behind chest pain involve lung and heart problems. People having serious heart problems often feel discomfort, followed by pain in their chest area.

Chest pain which is related to any heart disease such as heart attack usually has symptoms like:

  1. Feeling of fullness and tightness in the chest region
  2. Vomiting
  3. Nausea
  4. Burning or crushing pain, which travels from the chest to jaw, hands and back region.
  5. Weakness
  6. Breathing problem

Usually, it is very tough to distinguish whether the pain is associated with a heart problem or not. But generally chest pains which are not related to heart problems involves symptoms like

  1. Sensation in your mouth
  2. Problem in swallowing food
  3. Pain that worsens when you cough
  4. Burning sensation in your chest

Common causes of chest pain

  1. Angina: Angina is a medical condition described as a feeling of discomfort or pain in the chest region. This situation occurs when your heart muscles don't receive blood, which contains rich oxygen. Angina is a symptom of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). The pain can take place in your shoulder, jaw, neck and arms also.
  2. Lung problems: People with lung disorders can encounter various types of chest pains. But some common causes are:
    • Pleurisy: It is a type of medical condition, which occurs due to inflammation of the lining of chest and lungs. Due to this, you feel a sharp pain at the time of breathing, coughing or sneezing.
    • Pneumonia: It is a type of lung infection, which causes chest pain.
    • Pneumothorax: It is a type of lung disorder, which occurs when a portion of your chest gets collapsed.
    • Asthma: It is a type of condition, which occurs due to shortness of breath and causes chest pain while coughing, sneezing and breathing.
  3. Gastrointestinal problem: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is also a common reason for chest pain such as burning sensation in your heart.
  4. Other causes of chest pain: There are several other reasons of chest pain such as muscle strain, ribs injury, shingles, anxiety and panic attacks. It is always important to visit a physician whenever you encounter any of such chest pain symptoms.
2880 people found this helpful

Diwali And Asthmatic Problems!

General Physician, Lucknow
Diwali And Asthmatic Problems!

Dam, Dama & Diwali

Asthma and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are most common morbidity and mortality causing respiratory airway disease. Patient of these disease present with shortness of breath, chest tightness, cough and wheeze etc first time or rise in intensity and frequency of these symptoms.

Diwali is festival of sweets, lights, candles and fire-crackles. The festival Diwali brings happiness, but also brings suffering for respiratory patients. Spike in respiratory problems happens during Diwali in our country due to several factors like changing weather pattern, an increase in allergens, smog combined with air pollution and unhealthy food.

The number of patients suffering from asthma and other respiratory disorders shows a sharp rising trend during Diwali. Smoke from colourful crackers increased symptoms of these during Diwali.

The rise of bronchial asthma and the role of pollution in respiratory disease need Awareness against exacerbation factor

It was observed that bursting crackers aggravates the condition among people with asthma. Most asthma patients continue to suffer from severe exacerbations despite being on their regular medication. The effective alternatives, such as inhalation therapy, are being employed as the mainstay of asthma treatment during exacerbation.

It may be noted that days before Diwali, the Supreme Court has banned the sale of firecrackers in Delhi-NCR and fixed the hour of cracker as a measure to control pollution levels. It should be followed in all over country to reduce suffering for respiratory patient.

What action should be taken to avoid exacerbation attacks?

  1. Stay away from smoke: The best way to keep the celebration fun and safe is to avoid fire-crackers and smoke.
  2. Exercise: Avoid outdoor exercise in early morning. Instead, exercise indoors.
  3. Stay indoors, keep windows and doors closed - this is even more important for pregnant women, newborns, kids, and the elderly, and those with chronic conditions, such as asthma, COPD, heart disease, etc.
  4. Face masks: While stepping out of home prefer N95 face masks or handkerchief, wear protective eye gear to prevent entry of particles into the eye and irritation by fumes and should avoid prolonged or heavy exertion.
  5.  Inhalers: patient should take their medicines & inhaler regularly during this period to keep their symptoms under control as well as prevent severe attacks.
  6. Diet: Eat healthy, balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables and Drink plenty of water to keep your body hydrated.
  7. Every patient should have their asthma action plan.
  8. Seek medical help in case of any sign of increased breathlessness.

On the festival of Diwali, we wish you all a very safe, healthy and prosperous Diwali


1 person found this helpful

About 1 Lakh Children Died Of Air Pollution in 2016 - Wake Up Now!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
About 1 Lakh Children Died Of Air Pollution in 2016 - Wake Up Now!

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, out of 194 countries, India recorded the highest death rate of children below five years due to indoor and outdoor air pollution. This report also estimated that India has the second highest death rate overall due to air pollution, after Nigeria.

Another report, titled, "Air Pollution and Child Health", estimated that in 2016 approximately 100,000 children (below 5 years) died due to respiratory complications caused by outdoor and indoor air pollution.

According to WHO, about 98% of children below 5 years are exposed to PM 2.5 pollutants in India that exceed normal pollutant levels. These small particles are capable of entering the bloodstream and cause many acute lower respiratory diseases.

This study also estimated that high levels of Polycyclic Aromatic, Carcinogenic Compound and Hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been seen in the sample of women's breasts. This is one of the reasons behind pollutants entering bodies of lactating children.

Diseases Caused Among Children Due to Air Pollution

The report also stated that most of the children who are exposed to these pollutants have respiratory diseases like Leukaemia, Retinoblastoma, Otitis Media, Asthma, Nutritional Deficiency, Vitamin D Deficiency, etc. WHO reports have also established that exposure to these pollutants can lead to many behavioural disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, insulin resistance, and obesity.

  1. Deficiency of Vitamin D: Children who are continuously exposed to air pollutants are at risk of deficiency of Vitamin D. Deficiency of Vitamin D caused many diseases and lower the nutritional level of the body.
  2. Weak Immune System: Exposure to pollutants can even affect the immune system. High pollutants can alter the ability of the Immune System and lead to disturbance in the Hormonal System.
  3. Asthma: One of the main problems that occur in adults as well as children due to pollution is Asthma. It lowers the breathing rate of children. 
  4. Pneumonia: Inhaling air with pollutants can block the nasal passage and cause Pneumonia.
  5. Leukaemia and Retinoblastoma: Exposing a high concentration of pollutants may also lead to many serious issues like Leukaemia (Blood Cancer) or Retinoblastoma (Eye Cancer). 
  6. Lung and Brain Development: Weak immune systems and nutritional deficiencies can also affect the development of organs like Lung and Brain. High pollutant concentration in bloodstream may destroy nerve cells and lead to many behavioural disorders.

How to Protect Children from Air Pollution?

There are many ways to protect children from air pollution. It is also very important to protect the mother if the child is infant.

Some of the air pollution prevention methods are listed below:  

  • Less use of vehicles. Prefer walking or cycling
  • Maximize the use of renewable energy
  • Grow plants in houses and surroundings
  • Use protection mask while stepping out of the house
  • Keep the environment neat and clean
  • Routine checkup of lactating mother and child
  • Reduce the usage of plastics
  • Stop stubble and garbage burning

It's a major cause of concern that India has recorded the highest number of child deaths due to pollution in 2016. We need to come together as a country and start following sustainable practices so as to reduce this menace of pollution and provide a healthy environment for our children.

1 person found this helpful

Breathing Problem - What Are The Common Causes?

Dr. Shivram Bhonagiri 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Pune
Breathing Problem - What Are The Common Causes?

Breathing is life, without breathig, there is no life. Who knows this better than an asthmatic or someone with breathing problems like wheezingcoughing and shortness of breath 24/7? If you have breathing problems, read on about possible causes and treatments for them


  • There can be a number of causes of breathing problems. They can happen due to colds, acute sinusitis or inflammation of sinuses. This usually subsides in a week or two with the inflammation going down and the sinuses draining out.
  • But if you are still experiencing breathing problems, you could be in more dangerous territory.
  • Breathing difficulties can happen in a case of asthma, allergies, and infections of the lungs, bronchitis and even heart problems especially if you feel a shortness of breath during exertion. These can all be long-term problems that need proper management.

Chronic issues that cause breathing problems, especially asthma and allergies have a number of symptoms likeg is life, without breathig, there is no life. Who kno

  1. Nasal and chest congestion
  2. Runny nose
  3. Itchy or watery eyes
  4. Cough
  5. Wheezing
  6. Laboured and/or shallow breathing.

A number of virus and allergens like pollen reach the lungs via the nasal passage. Any inflammation in the nasal passage due to an allergy is a major cause for concern because the number one trigger for asthma is allergies. If left undiagnosed and untreated, these can make life hell for you.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, also causes breathing problems. Breathing issues can also stem from other serious diseases like lung cancertuberculosis, and pneumonia. Most of these can be diagnosed by a specialist.

How are breathing problems treated?

  1. Breathing problems caused due to asthma and allergies are usually treated by avoiding allergy triggers like air pollutants, pollen, dog hair, dust, mites or dander.
  2. Wearing masks, avoiding peak traffic, staying indoors during low air quality days, all make a significant difference to allergy and asthma sufferers.
  3. Medications are another way to treat breathing problems due to asthma and allergies. Allergy drugs such as antihistamines and decongestants can make it easy to breathe for some.
  4. Inhaled steroids are also given to people with chronic allergies and sinusitis for reducing inflammation in the airways. Allergy shots to reduce sensitivity to allergens are another option.
  5. Asthma is treated with inhaled or oral drugs that help open nasal airways and reduce inflammation. These cut down on breathing difficulties because the airways are cleared of excess mucus and inflammation.
  6. If you have more serious issues like cancers, heart disease and lung diseases, the medication will vary according to your diagnosis. Your specialist will diagnose the problem first and set you on a proper course of medication.

The last piece of advice before we go, don’t ignore breathing difficulties especially if they persist beyond 2-3 weeks, get yourself a doctor’s appointment.

2 people found this helpful

Treatment of Exercise-induced Asthma!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Exercise-induced Asthma!

Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma

Homeopathic Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Psychotherapy Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Surgical Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
Other Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma
What is Exercise-induced asthma
Symptoms of Exercise-induced asthma
Causes of Exercise-induced asthma
Risk factors of Exercise-induced asthma
Complications of Exercise-induced asthma
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Exercise-induced asthma
Precautions & Prevention of Exercise-induced asthma
Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma 

Homeopathic Treatment of Exercise Induced Asthma

Homeopathy improves exercise capacity and respiratory function. It gives relief from cough, difficult breathing and tightness of chest. Homeopathy has capacity to cure asthma. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for exercise induced asthma are:

Ferr I

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment for Exercise Induced Asthma

Acupuncture promotes free energy flow. It improves respiratory capacity and relieves respiratory difficulty, cough and other complaints.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Exercise Induced Asthma

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can resolve underlying psychological issues. They can help in reducing stress and other negative emotions. Hypnotherapy gives quick response in improving body capacity.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma

Allopathic Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma involves the following medications:

Short-acting beta agonists
Inhaled corticosteroids
Leukotriene modifiers
Long-acting beta agonists (LABAs)
Combination inhalers
Allergy medications
Immunotherapy injections

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Exercise-induced asthma

Try to limit salt intake
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
Eat Omega-3 fatty acids which is found in fish like salmon, and omega-3 fortified foods like bread and eggs

What is Exercise-induced asthma?

When asthma attacks happens during or after exercise, it is known as exercise-induced asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm.

Symptoms of Exercise-induced asthma

Coughing and wheezing
Tightness of chest
Shortness of breath
Fatigue during exercise
Poor athletic performance

Causes of Exercise-induced asthma

It isn’t clear exactly what causes exercise-induced asthma

Risk factors of Exercise-induced asthma

Being a child
Exposure to air pollution or pollen
Hay fever or other allergies
Parent or sibling, with asthma
Chemicals, such as chlorine in swimming pools
Participating in sports that make you breathe harder and faster
Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke

Complications of Exercise-induced asthma

Poor athletic performance
Permanent narrowing of the airways
hospitalizations for severe asthma attacks 

Diagnosis of Exercise-induced asthma

Diagnosis of Exercise-induced asthma involves the following tests:

Physical exam
Lung function test (spirometry)
Exercise challenge
Peak flow measurement
Methacholine (Provocholine) challenge
Allergy skin tests

Precautions & Prevention of Exercise-induced asthma

Do your best to avoid colds and other respiratory infections
Keep your mouth and nose covered during exercise in cold weather.
Warm up for about 10 minutes before strenuous exercise
Avoid allergens when exercising

1 person found this helpful

Is You Kid Facing Issues While Breathing - Why Consult A Doctor?

Dr. Sushma Narayan (Aiims) 92% (308 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Child Health (DCH), Pediatric Gastroenterology
Pediatrician, Delhi
Is You Kid Facing Issues While Breathing - Why Consult A Doctor?

Is your child getting exhausted after a bout of cough? Does he or she suffer from constant wheezing and tightness of the chest? Does your child feel drained out after climbing a flight of stairs? Do you know a child who always seems to run out of breath and cannot participate in school sports tournaments or play outside for a long time? The child could be suffering from asthma, which is a serious breathing problem. Most children are affected by asthma. Staying in a polluted city just makes the condition worse.

Asthma - Know the disease

  1. Asthma is a condition that causes inflammation of the airways, known as trachea and bronchioles.
  2. The muscles around the airways constrict and prevent the smooth flow of air.
  3. The lining of the bronchioles swell and block the airways.
  4. Asthma is mostly triggered by an allergic reaction.
  5. There is a difficulty in breathing out. Exhalation of air is often accompanied by a wheezing, that is, a whistling sound.
  6. There is a constant shortness of breath, feeling out of breath and gasping for air.
  7. There is an uncomfortable tightness in the chest, the feeling of not breathing in enough air.
  8. Coughing bouts in the middle of the night, that leave the child feeling exhausted and completely out of breath.

Causes of Asthma 

Asthma is mostly triggered by asthma allergens. These allergens are mostly pollens and animal fur.

  1. Exposure to pollution, such as dust and smoke
  2. Heredity
  3. Obesity
  4. History of heartburn, GERD and acid reflux
  5. Inflammation of sinus and airways
  6. History of bronchial disorders and pneumonia
  7. Viral infections
  8. Chronic rhinitis
  9. Low immunity causing constant cold and blockage of nose

Treatments of asthma

  1. A nebulizer that turns asthma medicine into a mist can then be inhaled easily
  2. An inhaler can be used to take in inhaled steroids into the lungs or a bronchodilutor
  3. Try and avoid asthma triggers and allergens as much as possible
  4. Avoid physical stress and heat
  5. Get sufficient rest of about 7-8 hours every day

Psychogenic Breathlessness - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of It!

Dr. Vikas Mittal 88% (12 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases / Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Psychogenic Breathlessness - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of It!

Psychogenic breathlessness or pseudo-dyspnea is a condition where the patient suffers from shortness of breath time to time. This disease is often confused with a similar breathing disorder called Chronic Dyspnea. While there are a lot of factors involved in chronic dyspnea, like allergens and pulmonary diseases, psychogenic breathlessness has more to do with the current state of mind.

One of the most challenging factors is the diagnosis and differentiation between both conditions. Sometimes, the psychogenic breathlessness is so concentrated that there is no way to differentiate between the two.

Procedure of Diagnosis of Psychogenic Breathlessness:

Here are the steps that doctors typically follow to diagnose Psychogenic Breathlessness

  • To differentiate between the two diseases (Chronic Dyspnea and Psychogenic Breathlessness), the doctor will ask the patient to try breathing harder. A patient with chronic dyspnea will find it even harder to take a breath when he or she tries to. However, a person with psychogenic dyspnea will show improved conditions when they try to breathe harder

  • A thorough examination of the chest will be done

  • Blood tests and lung function test (spirometry) will also be conducted to rule out pulmonary diseases

Causes of Chronic dyspnea:

Allergens causing allergic bronchitis (also known as asthma) is the main reason behind Chronic Dyspnea. Other common causes of the true or chronic dyspnea are heart diseases, COPD which occurs because of smoking. Then there are rare disorders like ILD (sarcoidosis), neuromuscular diseases, infections, anemia, obesity/deconditioning.

Causes of Psychogenic dyspnea or psychogenic breathlessness:

  • Acid reflux: Acid reflux can cause certain sensation on the inner lining of the esophagus (esophagitis). The esophagus has several nerve endings on the inner linings, when the acidic reflux touches these nerve endings, a temporary breathlessness occurs.

  • Anxiety: People with anxiety can also develop breathlessness. Though exercises help for a short period of time, a patient needs to see a psychiatrist for this condition.

  • Panic Attacks: These are also a cause for breathlessness. The temporary feeling of choking is common in people who experience panic attacks.


  • Medication: Medicine for acidity is prescribed to patients having Pseudo-Dyspnea, due to acid reflux.

  • Anxiety pills and Talking therapy: People suffering from anxiety are recommended to see a psychiatrist for better evaluation of their problem. Medications (anxiety pills) prescribed by the psychaitrist may help in controlling the breathing pattern in a person. Psychological therapies (Talking therapy) have been effective for people suffering from breathlessness due to anxiety.

  • Placebo: If the problem remains unsolved and unknown, sometimes doctor prescribes placebo medication, for example sweetened aerosol. Doctors believe that if the patient thinks he/she is taking a real medication, his/her condition can be controlled by eluding the mind.

It is important to remember that Psychogenic Breathlessness is as real as chronic breathlessness and patient doesn’t pretend to have this condition. When the first symptoms of it start appearing, a specialist doctor (pulmonologist) should be consulted who after confirming the diagnosis of psychogenic breathlessness, may refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist for further treatment.

2790 people found this helpful

What Is Asthma ?

Dr. Sathish Erra 87% (9280 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Homeopath, Hyderabad
What Is Asthma ?

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
For some people, asthma is a minor nuisance. For others, it can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities and may lead to a life-threatening asthma attack.
Asthma can't be cured, but its symptoms can be controlled. Because asthma often changes over time, it's important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust treatment as needed.

Main Causes of Asthma:

-Other Co-existing Conditions
-Sport and exercises
-Occupational Hazards


Asthma varies in its severity. Some people experience asthma symptoms continuously, while others experience symptoms only if exposed to triggers. Regardless of the severity, typical asthma symptoms include:
chest tightness
shortness of breath
With more severe asthma, these symptoms may occur at night.
Wheezing is the best-known asthma symptom, but not everyone with asthma wheezes. Some people only have a cough that doesn't seem to go away.


Your doctor will review your medical and family history, and he or she will ask you about your symptoms and if something seems to trigger them. Your doctor will examine your nose, listen to your lungs, and may measure your lung function with tests called pulmonary function tests. Your doctor may also suggest blood, sputum, or other tests to eliminate other possible conditions such as throat infection or cystic fibrosis.

An allergist or other doctor can identify your triggers by scratching the skin with tiny amounts of various allergens to see which ones may be triggers in your asthma.

Role of Homeopathy:

Homeopathic remedies for asthma are very effective and can cure asthma permanently . Homeopathic medicines are natural medicines and work by moderating our immune system which usually becomes over reactive in asthma .

Diet and non-Diet:

-Eat to Maintain A Healthy Weight.
-Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
-Avoid Allergy-triggering food.
-Take in Vitamin-D.
-Avoid Sulfites.
It's also possible that eating less salt (sodium) or eating foods rich in oils found in cold-water fish and some nuts and seeds (omega-3 fatty acids) may reduce asthma symptoms. But more research is needed to verify this.

Making informed choices about what foods to eat and what foods to avoid won't cure asthma. But eating a balanced diet and avoiding known trigger foods may improve your symptoms and your overall health.

3 people found this helpful

Shortness in Breath - Why It Actually Happens?

Multi-Speciality Clinic
Cardiologist, Hyderabad
Shortness in Breath - Why It Actually Happens?

There are different types of heart problems like coronary artery disease, congenital heart failure and cardiomyopathy, but their warning signs are the same i.e. shortness of breath. This is the reason why shortness of breath should never be taken lightly and should always be investigated for heart diseases.

Why does shortness of breath happen?
You may not be able to get in enough air while experiencing shortness of breath. Known medically as dyspnea, shortness of breath is often described as an intense tightening in the chest and a feeling of suffocation. This is one of the most frightening conditions experienced by a patient. You can experience dyspnea without any serious medical problems in these conditions

  1. After strenuous exercise
  2. In extreme temperatures
  3. Due to obesity and
  4. In high altitudes

But if you are not in any of these conditions, then shortness of breath is a sign of a serious medical problem usually involving your heart or lungs. These two vital organs transport oxygen to the rest of your body and remove carbon dioxide; hence problems with either of these organs can affect your breathing. Shortness of breath that comes on suddenly called acute, can be due to other causes too like:

  1. Asthma
  2. Excess fluid around the heart
  3. Low BP
  4. Heart failure
  5. Blood clot in an artery in the lung
  6. Collapsed lung
  7. Pneumonia

If you have had shortness of breath that has lasted for weeks, then we call it chronic and its causes can be various diseases of the heart apart from asthma and COPD. There is no doubt that your heart may be in trouble, if you have chronic shortness of breath. You may be suffering from these heart conditions:

  1. Cardiomyopathy or problems with the heart muscle cause symptoms like shortness of breath after physical exertion as well as fatigue, and swelling of legs and abdomen. Patients suffering from cardiomyopathy are at risk of sudden death due to cardiac arrest.
  2. Heart arrhythmias is also called irregular heartbeat, and can cause slow or fast heartbeats. These also have symptoms like shortness of breath. Arrhythmias can cause strokes, heart failure and cardiac arrest.
  3. Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently to meet the needs of the body. This is a potentially fatal condition. One of the most common symptom is shortness of breath with exercise and while lying down. Fatigue is another common symptom.
  4. Pericarditis or swelling of membranes around the heart is also characterised by shortness of breath.

Treatment of breathlessness can start after you are referred to a heart specialist for further tests to confirm the likely cause.

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