Do you feel disinterested in getting physically close to your partner? If yes, then it can be a sign of HSDD, that is Hypoactive sexual desire disorder. It is a sex disorder marked by disgust and disinterest towards sex. This disorder affects both men and women.
Men with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Men are generally perceived as highly sexual beings, but in reality, 1 out of 5 men may be suffering from HSDD.
Some possible causes of male HSDD include:
How it can be treated?
If the cause is psychological, then sex therapy (psychological counseling based on sexual issues) is used to treat HSDD. But if it is hormonal, testosterone supplements are used.
Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Female HSDD is more complicated and is difficult to diagnose. HSDD can affect women across all ages.
In women, this disorder can have a wider spectrum of causes, which include:
Sex therapy (therapy that concerns itself with counseling and addressing one’s physical or psychological hindrances to sex) medication changes, diagnosing underlying medical problems, vaginal estrogens and testosterone therapy (therapy that helps in managing the effects of low levels of testosterone) are mostly used to increase sexual desire in women.
Freud’s Psychosexual Stage Theory
The most famous figure of Psychology is also one of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the last century. Sigmund Freud’s work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, sexuality and therapy. Freud’s Psychosexual theory describes how personality develops over the course of childhood. According to this theory, children go through a series of psychosexual stages that lead to the development of adult personality.
This theory suggests that personality is mostly established by the age of five. The early experiences of life play a significant role in personality development and continue to influence behaviour later in life. Freud believed that there are five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital stages.
1. The Oral Stage (0-1 year old)
During this stage, the child derives pleasure from oral activities such as sucking and tasting. Successful fulfilment of the infant’s feeding needs along with proper weaning may result in the establishment of trust between the child and its caretakers. Too much, or too little gratification can bring about oral fixation for the adult individual, represented by a preoccupation with oral activities like drinking alcohol, smoking, or overeating.
2. The Anal Stage (1-3 years old)
The main source of gratification at this stage is the ability to control bladder movement and the elimination or retention of feces. If a positive experience is given to the child around toilet training, it can encourage competence, creativity and productivity in individuals. Otherwise, anal fixations can translate to an obsession with perfection and cleanliness or the opposite that is messiness and disorganization in adulthood.
3. The Phallic Stage (3-6 years old)
In this stage, the focus of pleasure is the genitals. Boys start to perceive their fathers as competitors for their mother’s affection while girls feel similarly toward their mother. In addition, the fear of punishment can lead to repression of feelings felt toward the opposite sex parent. Fixation at this stage may bring about sexual deviancy.
4. The Latency Period (6 years to puberty)
Now the sexual urges are repressed and the individual spends most of his time interacting with same sex peers, acquiring new skills and engaging in hobbies.
5. The Genital Stage (puberty onward)
At this stage, the focus is on the sexual urges that are reawakened and are directed toward the opposite sex peers, with genitals as the primary source of pleasure for the individual. Those who completed the earlier stages successfully become well-adjusted, caring and secure individuals.
Physical intimacy is a healthy sociobiological concept. It is a primary human need and we all are aware of it. However, it is linked to cultural norms, expectations and behaviour. In many societies, talking about sex is still a taboo and talking about sexual problems is simply out of question. Many people even in modern societies feel embarrassed to discuss their sexual behaviour, preferences or issues. The fact is that a sexual problem is just like any other normal issue requiring a medical and psychological intervention. Neglecting such issues not only impacts one’s health but also happiness and relationships.
The principle force behind this therapy is self help. Thus, partners are empowered to understand and deal with their own issues with the help of an expert who acts as a guide and facilitator. Many times, couples with sexual problems start drifting apart and losing feelings of love and intimacy. Such partners fight over no issues and are unable to deal with their growing intolerance and disconnect.
A sex therapist can look at relationship issues and help couples resolve some of their differences thus restoring a positive relationship, so vital for a healthy sexual life. Sex therapy is undoubtedly a safest and best way to discuss your difficulties, fears, anxieties, desires and even fantasies. Distressed over a sexual issue, seek help, check out a trained sex therapist in your area!
Sex therapy is like any other type of psychotherapy. You treat the condition by talking through your experiences, worries, and feelings. Sex therapy is a form of counseling intended to help individuals and couples resolve sexual difficulties, such as performance anxiety or relationship problems. A sex therapist will listen to you describe your problems and assess whether the cause is likely to be psychological, physical or a combination of the two.
If your therapist suspects the dysfunction you’re experiencing is the result of a physical sexual concern, they may refer you to a medical doctor. Each therapy session is completely confidential. You can see a sex therapist by yourself, but if your problem affects your partner as well, it may be better for you both to attend.
Lots of people have a problem with sex at some point in their life. Sexual dysfunction is common. Globally, 43 percent of women and 31 percent of men report experiencing some type of sexual dysfunction during their lifetimes. Some people deal with these problems themselves. For others, sexual problems can cause a lot of distress and unhappiness.
A sex therapist can help people with various sexual problems, including:
• Lack of interest
• Low confidence
• Low libido (Sexual Desire)
• Lack of response to sexual stimulus
• Inability to reach orgasm
• Distressing sexual thoughts
What happens during sex therapy?
Therapist may be able to help you reframe your sexual challenges and increase your sexual satisfaction. Together with the therapist, you then work out coping mechanisms to help improve your responses in the future so that you can have a healthier sex life. It’s normal for clients to feel anxious when seeing a sex therapist, especially for the first time. Many people have trouble talking about sex at all, so discussing it with a stranger may feel awkward.
However, most sex therapists recognize this and try to make their clients feel comfortable. Often, they start with questions about the client’s health and sexual background, sex education, beliefs about sex, and the client’s specific sexual concerns. It’s important to know that sex therapy sessions do not involve any physical contact or sexual activity among clients and therapists. Clients who feel uncomfortable with any aspect of therapy should speak up or stop seeing that particular therapist.
Some choose to attend sessions alone but if your problem affects your partner as well, it may be better for you both to attend. Session frequency and length usually depend on the client and the type of problem being addressed. Sex therapists usually assign you exercises and tasks to do with your partner in your own time. practical activities that clients are expected to complete in the privacy of their own home.
Such assignment might include the following:
• Experimentation: Couples who feel they’re experiencing sexual difficulties try different or new activities together to increase their desire. They can adjust their sexual routine or positions to make other person more accommodating.
• Sensate focus: This technique for couples is designed to build trust and intimacy while reducing anxiety. Sensate focus has been used to treat problems with body image, erectile dysfunction, orgasm disorders, and lack of sexual arousal. Couples progress through three stages, starting with nonsexual touching, progressing to genital touching, and, usually, ending with penetration.
• Education: Sometimes, clients do not receive adequate sex education while they are growing up. As a result, they may not be aware of anatomy and how the body functions during sexual activity. It leads to many misconception regarding their body image and sexuality.
• Communication strategies: Clients may practice asking for what they want or need sexually or emotionally in a relationship. Sex therapy can help individuals and couples find a way to have open, honest communication so that they can work through any concerns or challenges toward a healthy, happy sex life.
Over the last couple of decades, there has been a steady increase in the number of sex-related issues. While there are a variety of reasons attributed to it including more exposure to sex through media forums, the changing lifestyle of people is said to be a bigger reason.
With people connected to their work all through the day and multitasking on the rise, work is never complete. Even when retiring for the night, there are always things running about what next to do. In cases where both couples are working, there is no match of timings either. That being the case, sex has taken a backseat - almost the last seat.
In addition, the altered Indian lifestyle also has led to greater exposure to sex leading to increased cases of abuse (family/friends circle), past unpleasant experiences, relationship failures, etc. All these have changed the equations in relationships.
More and more couples are worried about a number of sexual issues, including:
- Loss of desire
- Anxiety about sex
- Erectile dysfunction
- Orgasmic disorder
- Premature or delayed ejaculation
- Conflicting sexual desires
- Past sexual abuse or assault
- Image issues
Sex therapy is on the rise, and 90% of the therapy consists of getting the couples to have a frank, open discussion. As much as it is a private topic, the problem can only be solved when an open discussion happens - both with the doctor and with the partner.
Whether it is past abuse or erectile dysfunction, the first step is to acknowledge the problem and discuss about it. If you are not able to confide in your partner or a good friend, it is advisable to seek a therapist. It is wise to pick a therapist who comes through referral. Some things to keep in mind are:
- Be open - Like any other counseling, sex therapy also involves a frank discussion with complete confidence in the person. The therapist will understand your concerns about anxiety or problem and help you how to communicate your desires and needs with your partner.
- It does not end with one discussion - Starting to work with a sex therapist is just the first step. It might take a while (a few months) to completely resolve the issue and identify the solution.
- Involve your partner - Though it is advisable to start talking alone with the therapist, after a couple of sessions, the partner may also be called in also to see if there is something that needs to be worked upon.
Sex therapy can definitely help to resolve the above noted issues and improve sex life, which is very essential for a healthy body and relationship.
In today's stress filled life, most of us struggle from a number of problems, be it physiological or psychological. Premature ejaculation is the uncontrolled ejaculation that occurs when a man experiences orgasm and expels semen soon after sexual intercourse. 1 out of the 3 men faces this problem. If it is happening on a regular basis then it is a cause of concern.
Causes for premature ejaculation:
1) Biological causes :
2) Psychological causes :
This problem can be treated using modern techniques like sex therapy, medication or cognitive behaviour therapy. Our ancient Indian literature like 'kamasutra' describes various methods of Ayurvedic treatment by combining various herbs and natural ingredients.
Following are some of the Ayurvedic ingredients for treating premature ejaculation:
1. Safed musli (Chlorphytum Borivillianum) - It is a small herbs rich in saponnins. It acts as natural source of antioxidants.
2. Kali musli (Curculigo Orchiodes) - It is a small herb rich natural tannins. It's a small shrub having thick leaves.
3. Semal musli( Salmalia Malabarica) - It is a herb the extracts of which contains tannic acid and gallic acid as active chemicals.
4. Gokshur( Tribulus Terrestris) - It is a herb that acts as a urinary bladder cleanser.
5. Shatavari( Asparagus Racemosus) - It is a herb that helps overcome physical weakness.
6. Ashwagandha( Withania Somniferum) - It is a dense and hairy shrub that boosts stamina, gives rejuvenation and helps in secretion of semen.
7. Akarkara( Anacyclus Pyrethrum) - It is a hairy shrub that improves the level of stamina.
8. Jaiphal( Myristica Fragrans) - The barks and leaves of jaiphal boosts energy and fights microbial infections.
The above mentioned ingredients can be combined together in form of a churan and can be taken to overcome the problem of premature ejaculation. Ayurveda is one of the oldest forms of medicine providing natural solution with no side effects. Hence it should be given a preference over the modern techniques.
Female sexual dysfunction occurs when a woman is not able to fully, healthily, and pleasurably experience some or all of the various physical stages the body normally experiences during sexual activity.
Symptoms of Female sexual dysfunction-
Causes of Female sexual dysfunction-
Risk factors of Female sexual dysfunction-
Diagnosis of Female sexual dysfunction-
Diagnosis of Female sexual dysfunction involves the following tests:
Precautions & Prevention of Female sexual dysfunction
Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Homeopathic Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Homeopathic treatment of female sexual dysfunction has helped multitudes of women to overcome their suffering and lead a normal sexual life once again. Lack of libido and inability to become aroused show good response to treatment with homeopathy. Some of the homeopathic medicines for female sexual dysfunction are:
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Acupuncture involves the insertion of extremely thin needles in your skin at strategic points on your body. By inserting needles into specific points along these meridians, acupuncture practitioners believe that your energy flow will rebalance. It may have positive effects on women with sexual pain disorders. It also helps to improve libido in women with low desire.
Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Psychotherapy treatment includes education about normal sexual response, ways to enhance intimacy with your partner, and recommendations for reading materials or couples exercises. It may helps you gain a better understanding of your sexual identity, beliefs and attitudes, relationship with your partner, communication and your overall emotional health. Hypnotherapy quickly resolves deep psychological issues and help in regaining normal sexual function. Sex therapy is very helpful in having a good sex life.
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
The allopathic treatment of female sexual dysfunction involves treating thyroid problems or other hormonal conditions, optimizing treatment for depression or anxiety. Treatment also includes estrogen therapy and Androgen therapy.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
Other Treatment of Female sexual dysfunction-
What is Female sexual dysfunction?
Sexual problems are something that can be born due to physical ailments, stress, anxiety and even relationship problems where intimacy and the culmination of the various phases of sexual activity from stimulation to excitement and peak, cannot be possible in a satisfactory manner. So what are the routine sexual problems recognised and treated as per Ayurveda? Read on to know more.
- Erectile Dysfunction: This condition is also known as impotence and it usually occurs when male patients cannot muster up and retain an erection for long enough to enjoy sexual intercourse. This problem can be fixed with various herbs and condiments including Sanda Oil massage on the testicles and nearby areas in order to increase the blood flow. Also, one can have ginger, honey, drumsticks, milk and other such ingredients for better achievement and retention of an erection for a prolonged period of time during sexual intercourse.
Sanda oil is not available in its pure form and simple branding of this name is not useful. Sanda is a wild reptile which was boiled in ancient times and fats taken out to make Sanda oil. This is not possible now a days. Instead various 'Tilas' (penis massage oils) prepared by valuable herbs and vegetable oils such as Seasame oil should be used. Tila using Mall (purified arsenic) and egg are also effective. Preparation and use should be as per instructions in classic Ayurveda. Tila is selected as per history, present condition and duration of pt. specific problem, by Ayurveda doctor.
OTC or advertisement products are general products which do not benefit all. Post application directions are also important otherwise there may be adverse effect of Tila application
- Premature Ejaculation: Premature ejaculation is a condition when the male patient may face ejaculation as soon as the intercourse begins, or upon insertion. This happens in an unplanned way and is a sudden occurrence that usually puts a damper on the sexual mood and activity. In Ayurveda, there are various herbs including Ashwagandha and a variety of oil massages that can help in treating this problem.
- Sexual Weakness: Sexual weakness is a condition when the female or male patient may not have the energy to go through with sexual intercourse and may even complain of pain during intercourse. This problem is especially common among women, and may be caused due to fatigue, stress or even low pelvic strength following child birth or miscarriage. The best way to treat this issue is with the help of proper counselling and therapy that will help in introducing Yogic poses that can strength the pelvic area so as to have better sexual strength.
- Infertility: This problem may be found in both men and women. Ashwagandha, Basantkusumakar Ras, Shilajeet and Labub Kabir are some of the herbs and concoctions that can help in increasing virility and the chances of conception by creating better sperm quality and quantity, as well as more effective ovulation.
Most of the sexual problems in Ayurveda are recognised as factors that arise from stress and anxiety. These are recognised as temporary issues that can be fixed with the help of a proper routine of eating, resting and exercising, as well as a healthy diet where the patient stays away from smoking, excessive drinking as well as drug abuse. Before taking any herbal medicines, one will have to consult the doctor and find out about side effects for patients suffering from chronic ailments like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and others.