Reconstruction of nasal septum
Septoplasty is a procedure where the deviated septum of your nose is restructured. Septum is a displacement of the bone and the cartilage that separates the two nostrils. During this procedure, the septum is straightened and restructured in the middle of your nose. During this surgery, some parts of the septum may be removed before they are restructured. The deviation in the septum causes trouble breathing and the physical structure of your nose appears to be abnormal. Having a deviated septum is common and if they are left untreated for a long time then it might lead to crusting or bleeding. This procedure straightens the cartilage of the nose or the bone and sometimes both. This deviation of your septum may be caused by any previous injury or it may be present since birth. However, with this procedure there might be some risks involved such as bleeding, change in the shape of your nose, a temporary numb feeling in the upper gum and the teeth. There might be some other complications with this procedure such as bleeding, scarring, perforation of your septum or maybe even an altered nose shape. In some cases one can also have a decreased sense of smell. If you face these symptoms after your surgery then seek medical help as soon as possible.
The procedure begins with various tests and physical examinations. The surgeon might also look into your medical history to avoid any complications after the procedure. Any surgery requires anesthesia, in this procedure you require a local anesthesia where the anesthesia is limited to your nose. The anesthetic injection is introduced in your nasal tissues. This anesthesia makes you drowsy but you are not fully unconscious. There is a process of trimming, repositioning and replacement of the cartilage or the bone. There is an incision in the nose, and there might be cuts in the bones of the nose in order to reposition the deformed structures. There is also a procedure of grafting where the crooked cartilage is straightened. During the surgery, the incision is then closed by with the help of an absorbable suture and soft splints are attached inside to support the nostrils and the septum. Bandages are also placed to prevent internal bleeding. After this procedure if you are not cautious then you might suffer bleeding from the operated are for which you need to seek medical help as soon as possible. It is advised that you do not strain yourself or blow your nose in a harsh manner in order to recover properly.
If you experience symptoms like difficulty in breathing and if you notice that the physical structure of your nose is crooked then you are eligible for this procedure.
If you have already undergone many past surgeries then you may not be eligible for the surgery as it can trigger many complications. However, there are no specific conditions where you are not eligible for the treatment but you should consult with your medical expert to be on the safe side.
Some side effects of the procedure might be internal bleeding, certain infections and temporary numbness in the gum and teeth. You might also have a deviated septum and some individuals might have a decreased smell sensation as well.
To prevent further swelling and bleeding you should avoid heavy activities such as jogging and aerobics so that the blood flow does not get elevated which might result into nose bleeding. You should not blow your nose and elevate your head while sleeping.
The first two days after the surgery is the hardest and it takes about a week to completely remediate the pain, swelling and the numbness. There is a chance of bleeding from the operated area for which you need to be cautious and seek medical help as soon as possible.
The average cost of this procedure ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 45,000 in India.
The results of the treatment is known to be permanent unless and until you face any injury in the affected area.