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Sealant: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Pit and fissure sealants, fissure sealants, dental sealant

How is the treatment done?

Sealants, also known as dental sealants, are terms used to designate a plastic coating which can be painted on the occlusal (chewing) surface of the molars and premolars (the permanent back teeth) in order to protect them from further decay due to the actions of bacteria and other acids. Putting on sealants, in a dental clinic, is nearly simple and painless. They are usually painted as a liquid which quickly dries and hardens to form a shield over the tooth.

Grooves and fissures present on the chewing surface of molars and premolars make them more susceptible to decay. Such fissures may be quite deep and narrow. Regular and thorough brushing and flossing are important to keep the smooth surfaces of teeth clean and free from food particles and plaque. However, toothbrushes fail to reach quite a few depressions and fissures to remove every single speck of food and plaque. Dental sealants provide added protection to your teeth against tooth decay in addition to fluorides present in your toothpaste, especially to the places which cannot be reached by the bristles of your toothbrush.

These sealants generally stay for a number of years. However, your dentist may recommend for checking them regularly in order to be sure whether the seal is still intact. Sealants may wear away with time and your dentist may sometimes feel the need for replacing or adding some sealant, so as to be sure that no tooth decay occurs underneath it.

The first dental sealant is applied generally on the fissure of molars and premolars, once their chewing surface has been worn out beyond the gum. So, if you are having tooth decay and cavities, consult your nearest dentist for having your decayed tooth sealed.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

There are basically two types of sealants that are used in modern days. They are resin based sealant and glass ionomer sealants. Hybrid materials like polyacid modified resin, which is also known as "compomer”, lies between these two categories.

The exact technique for this treatment depends upon the material used and a proper method is highly necessary to increase the retention of sealants for a longer time. The patient is recommended to wear safety glasses for protection against chemicals and curing light. Once the patient is ready, the surface of the tooth must be cleaned for allowing maximum contact of the etch and the sealant with the surface of the enamel. In order to prevent saliva from contaminating the desired area to be sealed, a rubber dam may be used. However, for younger children such rubber dams are not preferred. Moisture control is more important for resin based sealant than glass ionomer sealants. The intended surface to be sealed should be thoroughly cleaned and dried.

Once the tooth is dried, this is followed by etching. Etching is done to create microscopic pores, which in turn increases the retention and the bond strength between the sealant and the enamel. The tooth is then rinsed and dried once again. The sealant is then applied to the desired tooth and either left to dry or set with a curing light. Applying fissure sealant is a quick and painless process. Overfilling on the tooth with the sealant ought to be avoided in order to minimize occlusal adjustment. The material is then allowed to rest for about 10 seconds prior to curing. This is done for allowing optimum penetration of the sealant material into the pores which were created by etching. This is followed by curing, which is done for 20 to 30 seconds.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If any person is having tooth decay and cavities reaching beyond their gum, then he/she is eligible for this treatment. Sealant provides protection to the worn out tooth against further decay.

Are there any side effects?

People, who have healthy teeth with no problems of tooth decay or cavities, are not eligible for this treatment. Moreover, the sealant is placed by a dentist only when the cavities reach beyond their gum.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Dental sealants are not known to have any significant side effects as such. This treatment for tooth cavities is considered as safe. However, only a few cases have been reported where a person undergoing this treatment, may have allergic reactions due to the ingredients of the sealant. In such cases, care should be taken so as to check the ingredients of the sealant. Some ingredients of sealants are also known to cause cancer.

How long does it take to recover?

With proper care, sealants help in protecting the teeth for several years. The success of sealants depends on certain post treatment guidelines. These guidelines include maintaining oral hygiene and brushing teeth regularly with fluoride containing toothpaste, reducing sugar intake and sticky food items such as chocolates and candies, avoiding chewing on any hard material that can cause harm to the sealant. Sealant may feel a bit uncomfortable during the first few days, but with time an individual gets used to it.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The treatment of tooth cavities with sealant is an easy process. These sealants can be put on in a dental clinic and the process is quite simple and painless. They are usually painted as a liquid which quickly dries and hardens to form a shield over the tooth. This treatment takes only a few hours and the patient can go home on the same day itself.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of treatment of tooth cavities with sealant varies in different parts of India. On an average, the price of this treatment varies from Rs. 1,960 to Rs. 3,910 per tooth. This treatment Is easily available in almost all dental clinics in India.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Sealants protect teeth from further decay and may last for several years. However, sealants may wear away with time and dentists may feel it necessary to replace or add sealant later, in order to prevent further decay underneath it.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have teeth deacay, so dental sealant is good for teeth or not. What is the cost of dental sealant?

MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Dentist, Chennai
Kindly consult a dentist in person for further suggestion. We need more investigations to decide upon treatment. You may need filling. Sealants are preventive measures for decay. You may visit me.
26 people found this helpful

Hi. My tooth is sealant 8 months back.. But it's very sensitive.. I used sensitive toothpaste. But that's just temporary effect.. Please advise final solution as I suffer sensitivity while eating n drinking tap water too. Doctor said tooth nerve is perfectly fine. But its close to surface hence this is become sensitive tooth.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Homoeopathic tooth paste HYPERICUM 1X ( Wilmar Schwabe India ) Chew 1 tab twice daily Homoeodent tooth paste ( SBL) HEKLALAVA TOOTH POWDER ( WHEEZAL) Use at night Precautions 1.Afways scrub teeth with above powder before sleep at night 2.Avoid ext...
1 person found this helpful

How to prevent teeth from decaying tell some medicine that will prevent. And which is the best paste to use for teeth so that there.

Dentist, Delhi
No medicine keeps cavities away. You can get pit & fissure sealant application and fluoride application done to avoid cavities. Use any white toothpaste and soft toothbrush for brushing twice daily. Try following 'Modified Bass toothbrushing Techn...
1 person found this helpful

My daughter is 3 yrs. How do I prevent tooth decay. She brushes her teeth all by herself. Eats chocolate. Is there any way I can save her from blacken teeth that I see in other preschoolers.

Dentist, Bangalore
Every kids like chocolates.. Best way to avoid decay brush teeth twice a day in proper way....make sure that your daughter doing it in right techniques of brushing in kids is circular motion...and make sure also that she brushes her chew...
1 person found this helpful

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