The scalp is the anatomical territory circumscribed by the human face at the front, and by the neck along the edges and back. Scalp is an essential part of the body. The scalp is covered generally by hair and when the scalp upper skin becomes dry then it may cause various kinds of scalp related problems like dandruff, dry hair, hair fall etc. Each of these can turn out into serious problems and thus require proper care and treatment. Scalp treatment thus is set of various care and treatment procedures that aim to ensure healthy scalp for healthy body.
There are various types of allergies and diseases which can affect the scalp or its outer skin and each of them has a specific treatment. Some of them are as follows:
The most common problems are the hair fall and dandruff. Hair lice are again a very common problem. These problems can be treated with the help of treatments like scalp massage, conditioning treatment, dietary treatments etc. Seborrhoeic dermatitis requires dermatologist examination and treatment includes medication. For severe cases like tumours there is a need to have examinations like CT scan and MRI scan and then surgeries.
The treatment of the scalp differs from the condition of the patient and the disease the patient is suffering from. Below are the treatments mentioned for the scalp diseases:
Following is the eligibility criteria for the treatment:
Itching and redness are very common symptoms that may occur due to our untidy lifestyle or unhealthy eating. Also, due to considerable high pollution levels some these may be just normal day to day symptoms that can be relieved by basic care. These minor issues need not to go for a high profile treatment. Good lifestyle will work for it the best. Moreover problems like dry scalp, hair lice can be treated from home through maintaining proper lifestyle and hygienic practices. As far as other scalp based diseases are concerned person from high blood pressure, diabetes may be asked to avoid taking medication for seborrhoeic dermatitis and the surgery can be delayed for such patients.
Some of the side effects of the treatment are as follows:
Apart from the above, if the patient feels any discomfort during the treatment the patient is advised to consult the doctor immediately.
The post treatment guidelines are as follows:
For dandruff and other fungal and bacterial infections in the scalp can be treated in about two to three weeks after proper application of the ointments and shampoos recommended by the doctor. In the case of cradle cap the recovery takes place fast as the baby is in the growing stage. For the psoriasis the disease recovery may span to about six to eight months after its detection and proper diagnosis by the dermatologist. For hair loss laser treatment may give results in just a few weeks but using natural methods like oils and creams will take about four to six months. A proper water intake and balanced diet is a must for the healthy functioning of the hair and scalp after treatment.
The cost of the various shampoo’s and scalp conditioning products is around Rs.200 to Rs; 12,00/- which is quite affordable. The price range for the antidandruff shampoos is typically between Rs. 300 to 500 for about 400 ml which is a little bit on the higher side.
As per the laser surgeries are concerned the costs are very high starting from Rs.15,000 to Rs.2,00,000 starting from basic level. The photo light therapy costs about Rs. 5000 per sessions amounting to about Rs.20,000 for the whole treatment. The surgery can cost in the range of 50,000/- INR to Rs: 3 lakhs INR.
Generally the treatment for hair lice, dandruff is effective but since these are recurrent in nature, the treatment can be availed at any time. Dandruff and allergies have no permanent solution. Only a proper hygiene will help. The laser treatment may give permanent results to the patients who take proper care as advised by the dermatologist after the treatment. For the ultraviolet ray therapy the results are unlikely to be permanent but if a routine therapy is taken after cure then the conditions may not develop again. Surgeries outcome can be positive but not permanent in nature if the tumour is cancerous in nature.
The alternatives to the treatment are as follows: