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Retinitis Pigmentosa Health Feed

Retinitis Pigmentosa: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS, MD - Ophthalmology, Vitreoretina and Uvea
Ophthalmologist, Gurgaon
Retinitis Pigmentosa: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Are you losing your sight day by day? Does it make difficult to see you at night? Is this the onset of Blindness? Get to know about Retinitis Pigmentosa with these tips.

What actually is Retinitis Pigmentosa?
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) refers to a group of diseases, which causes a slow, but progressive vision loss. It is a genetic disorder that affects the ability to respond to light.This inherited disease causes a slow loss of vision, beginning with decreased night vision and loss of peripheral (side) vision and eventually results in blindness.

Causes: Retinitis pigmentosa is often hereditary (runs in families). If you or your partner has retinitis pigmentosa, there may be up to a 50 percent chance that you will pass it on to your children. Ask your ophthalmologist about genetic counseling if you are planning to have children.

Symptoms

  1. Slow loss of vision
  2. Beginning of decreased night vision
  3. Loss of peripheral vision
  4. Difficulty in identifying colours

Diagnosis: If you have poor night vision or a loss of side vision or if there is a history of retinitis pigmentosa in your family, your ophthalmologist will conduct a comprehensive eye exam to determine if you have retinitis pigmentosa. Your ophthalmologist will dilate your eyes to look at the back of them for signs of disease.

Treatment: Currently there is no known cure for retinitis pigmentosa. However, research has shown that vitamin A palmitate may slow the progression of certain forms of RP. Your ophthalmologist can advise you about the risks and benefits of vitamin A palmitate and how much you can safely take. Taking too much vitamin A palmitate can be toxic, and evidence of vitamin A palmitate effect on RP progression is not substantial.
Another recommendation for slowing vision loss from RP is to wear sunglasses to protect your retina from harmful ultraviolet (UV) light.

Retinal prosthesis is also an important area of exploration because the prosthesis, a man-made device intended to replace a damaged body part, can be designed to take over the function of the lost photoreceptors by electrically stimulating the remaining healthy cells of the retina.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3557 people found this helpful

My relatives has been diagnosed as suffering from retinitis pigmentosa in both eyes. Is there any treatment for retinitis pigmentosa in both eyes in allopathy?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 86% (22288 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
My relatives has been diagnosed as suffering from retinitis pigmentosa in both eyes. Is there any treatment for retin...
RP is an inherited disorder that results from harmful changes in any one of more than 50 genes. These genes carry the instructions for making proteins that are needed in cells within the retina, called photoreceptors. Some of the changes, or mutations, within genes are so severe that the gene cannot make the required protein, limiting the cellís function. Other mutations produce a protein that is toxic to the cell. Still other mutations lead to an abnormal protein that doesnít function properly. In all three cases, the result is damage to the photoreceptors.A number of services and devices are available to help people with vision loss carry out daily activities and maintain their independence. In addition to an eye care professional, itís important to have help from a team of experts, which may include occupational therapists, orientation and mobility specialists, certified low vision therapists, and others. NEI has more information on living with low vision.
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Q.1-What are the treatment regarding retinitis pigmentosa in all type medicines? Q.2-Name a good doctor to whom I would consult for retinitis pigmentosa?

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 92% (5399 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Q.1-What are the treatment regarding retinitis pigmentosa in all type medicines?
Q.2-Name a good doctor to whom I wou...
Consult a homoeopath.. and cant name the medicine as there r many and only after details i will be able to select.
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Usher Syndrome - Things You Must Know!

Dr. Priyanjana Acharyya Sharma 92% (37 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT ( Gold Medalist Honors )
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
Usher Syndrome - Things You Must Know!

Usher syndrome is a genetic disorder that is characterized by complications in vision and hearing; the most common of them being partial/complete loss of hearing and retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa is characterized by progressive deterioration of the retina, resulting in deprivation of peripheral vision and subsequent night blindness.

The symptoms and its rate of progression usually vary among people. Usher syndrome is classified into three types:

  • Type 1: In this type, children are born with balance issues and hearing loss problems. The symptoms of night blindness and loss of peripheral vision associated with ‘Retinitis Pigmentosa’ only appear in the early stages of adolescence.
  • Type 2: In type 2, children are born with moderate to mild hearing loss problems. Retinitis Pigmentosa develops soon after the child reaches adolescence.
  • Type 3: In type 3 Usher Syndrome, children are usually born with normal hearing skills, however, loss of hearing and Retinitis pigmentosa occur soon after puberty.

Causes
Hearing loss in Usher syndrome occurs when the nerve cells that are present in the cochlear (inner ear’s spiral cavity) are affected by genetic mutation. A similar problem occurs in the cells of the retina leading to loss of vision. These cells allow conversion of light into electrical signals for the brain to interpret them. Both the parents need to pass the mutated gene to the child for it to be affected. If the child has only one gene, then he/she rarely develops the symptoms.

Treatment
This disorder does not have any prescribed course of treatments. The vision loss that occurs in this disorder can be slowed down by nutritional therapy. This therapy involves providing the body with essential amounts of vitamin A which can help in reducing vision loss. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

2806 people found this helpful

Sir my friend suffering from retinal pigmentosa he wants to know at what age he will be almost blind did you saw any of retinal pigmentosa patients can able to maintain their vision is all retinal pigmentosa patients are same or they are different from losing their vision early can he can able to maintain vision upto 60 years of age is it possible please give advice how to maintain the vision.

Dr. Vaibhev Mittal 90% (3207 ratings)
Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
Sir my friend suffering from retinal pigmentosa he wants to know at what age he will be almost blind did you saw any ...
Hello 1. Retinitis pigmentosa is a progressive disease 2. Speed of progression varies from person to person. I have seen patients going bling at young age of 30 years and I have seen patients having good vision even at age of 50 yrs. So, you can go for 6 months perimetry test and that will guide you the rate of progression.
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I have affected by hereditary eye problems like retinitis pigmentosa due to my parents close relation marriage. I'm very difficult to manage evening travel with low lights and my side vision is also poor. Is any treatment?

Dr. Vaibhev Mittal 90% (3207 ratings)
Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
I have affected by hereditary eye problems like retinitis pigmentosa due to my parents close relation marriage. I'm v...
Hello....I am sorry but there is no treatment but please dont loose hope 1. there is research going on and scientists have discovered BIONIC eyes for people like you...But this is early stage and probably take some more years to be freely available in market 2. For the time being You can use LOW VISION AIDS...these will help in ur daily routine
2 people found this helpful
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