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Restless Child Health Feed

How To Prevent ADHD During Pregnancy?

Dr. Vikas Jain 90% (144 ratings)
MD, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
How To Prevent ADHD During Pregnancy?

The tendency for the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which is more popularly known as ADHD, during the months of pregnancy is growing with each passing day. The main reason behind this is the increased exposure to the digital devices. This disorder is characterized by some specific characteristics, the most common ones being the inability to concentrate on anything and being hyperactive at all times of the day. People tend to show impulsive actions in all cases.

But the good news is that the researchers have come up with some possible solutions to ADHD during pregnancy with the help of which it can be prevented-

  1. Curb the intake of sugars: One of the main steps that you can take towards preventing the development of ADHD during your pregnancy is going on a low sugar diet. Several types of research have proved that when the mother has a high sugar diet, it directly correlates to the development of ADHD. The reason behind this is quite simple. It is because there is a particular gene in the human body called the IGF2 and this gene is responsible for the development of the brain. But when there is a high amount of sugar in the diet, the IGF2 levels are compromised which ultimately leads to the development of ADHD. So, don’t take too much of processed proteins and stick to a healthy diet. If necessary, approach a dietician who can give you a proper diet chart to follow.
  2. Get the proper probiotics for yourself: Probiotics have a major role in many of the health conditions and one of them is the development of ADHD in pregnancy. Adding the necessary probiotics to a pregnant woman is not only good for her overall health but also enhances the growth and development of the fetus. Not only does the application of the right probiotics prevents the chances of development of ADHD in newborns, but it also reduces the risk of development of conditions like autism, bipolar disorder, mood disorders, and even schizophrenia.
  3. Keep your cell phones away from you: All forms of digital devices create a heavy impact on the fetus leading to ADHD in many cases. Mobile phones are no doubt an important part of your lifestyle but you can keep them away from yourself when they are not needed, especially, keep them away from your pockets.
  4. Drink filtered water: Unfiltered water contains many chemicals and other unhygienic substances. You should refrain from consuming unfiltered water especially in your months of pregnancy.

In the months of pregnancy, when your body is vulnerable to the outside factors that are harmful, you must stay extra vigilant and take all the precautions necessary to ensure that your child does not develop ADHD. Maintain your diet and don’t skip your checkups. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2479 people found this helpful

I need to know where I could go and get a diagnosis done for ADD /ADHD. I have been facing similar or the same symptoms ever since I was in 3rd or 4th grade. I've lost everything at this point, I've been kicked out of the house and I would just like to know if there's something wrong with me, or it's a common problem that many people have and can be resolved with whatever means necessary. I'm a 20 year old man and I don't have a slightest idea where to get help. I've tried calling medical tycoons like Apollo hospitals, Sahyadri hospitals and Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital, but got minimal to no help.

Dr. Mohit Kurundwadkar 89% (24 ratings)
MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Chandigarh
I need to know where I could go and get a diagnosis done for ADD /ADHD.  I have been facing similar or the same sympt...
Hello sir, first of all ADHD is a clinical diagnosis which we phisicians make dere is no test for dat, the essential criteria for diagnosis of ADHD is dat it should be present in less than 7 years old person. Your age is 20 doesn't fit dat diagnosis. Kindly mention your complaints in details feel free to consult me in private online.
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Depression In Children & Young Adults - What Is The Right Way To Manage It?

Consultant Dyslexia, Autism & Child Psychologist. Consultant Clinical & Mental Health Psychologist., Post Masters Doc in Behavioural Medicine , Post Masters Doc Psychology
Psychologist, Noida
Depression In Children & Young Adults - What Is The Right Way To Manage It?

Depression in children and young people affect people from ages 5 to 18. About one in four children in India suffer from childhood depression. Boys and girls up to the age of 10 and 16 respectively, are more prone to depression. As per the report released by WHO, among 10 South-East Asian countries, India has the highest suicide rate. An estimated rate of suicide per 1 lakh population of the age group of 15-29 is 35.5 percent.



Definition and Signs 
According to Thompson (1995), depression is an overall lowering of normal functions which is not specific to any one component of the mind. Clinically, the signs and symptoms of depression have the following components:

  1. Mood Changes: sadness, irritability, sense of loss of interest even in cherished activities
  2. Cognitive changes: inefficient thinking, poor self-esteem, a feeling of hopelessness, loss of concentration, poor attention span, indecisiveness. Rarely, suicidal tendencies, delusions, hallucinations.
  3. Physical changes: low energy, apathy, tiredness, increase or decrease in appetite, disturbed sleep, low emotional responsiveness. Children in primary school stage may report of headaches and stomach aches, limb pain.
  4. Impairment in personal and/or social functioning: Self-harm, deterioration in school work without any specific reason, sudden and persistent levels of aggression and irritability.

Causes:

  1. Marital or family disharmony
  2. Divorce and separation
  3. Physical and sexual abuse
  4. Domestic violence
  5. Problems at school: bullying, social isolation, exam failure
  6. Severe personal assault
  7. Children with parents suffering from depression

Diagnosis of Childhood Depression
Any child suffering from symptoms of depression for at least 2 weeks, should be scheduled to visit his health care provider. Parents and guardians should eliminate any physical reasons for the symptoms before visiting a mental health professional. There are no specific medical or psychological tests that can clearly diagnose childhood depression. Following measures can help to make an accurate diagnosis:

  1. Questionnaires for both the child and parents.
  2. Interviews and study of the patient's history by a mental health professional.
  3. Information from friends, teachers, and classmates can be useful to detect early symptoms of childhood depression.

Treatment

  • To alleviate depressive disorder
  • To reduce concurrent related conditions like ADHD (attention deficit hyperactive disorder) and learning disabilities
  • To promote normal social and emotional development and school performance
  • Relieve family distress
  • To prevent or reduce the risk of relapse


Psychological therapy is the first line of treatment and includes:

  1. Cognitive behavioural therapy in group and individual format
  2. Interpersonal psychotherapy focuses on interpersonal issues like interpersonal conflicts, grief and loss and its effect on current feelings and problems
  3. Psychodynamic child psychotherapy where children are given a way to express their issues through playing, drawing, talking
  4. Family therapy deals with solving family-related issues and management of crisis
  5. Art therapy is an approach to vent out your negative feelings using creative expression as an outlet.
  6. Guided self-help helps you in understanding the core of the problems and finding ways to manage the same with the help of a professional.
  7. Relaxation and self-modelling can go a long way in dealing with depression. Relaxation techniques like exercising, meditating and yoga help your mind soothe and reduce stress and anxiety which in turn elevates the mood and reduces depression.
  8. Counselling has help people overcome loneliness and discuss the things that make them feel low openly. This helps in seeking a solution for that particular cause.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2469 people found this helpful

Hello, my son is 9 years old. He is facing the problem of ADHD. His mind does not work completely as compared to the normal child but he has sharp memory. Please suggest what to do for him.

Dr. Shripad Kulkarni 93% (887 ratings)
M.D.( Pediatrics), DCH
Pediatrician,
Hello, my son is 9 years old. He is facing the problem of ADHD. His mind does not work completely as compared to the ...
Visit developmental pediatrician in your area for assessment and advice. It requires multidisciplinary (team) approach. That is the right place for your child to be taken care of.
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ADHD: What You Need To Know?

Dt. Neha Suryawanshi 94% (13631 ratings)
M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
ADHD: What You Need To Know?

ADHD: What You Need To Know?

Autism And Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?

Dr. Sonia Gupta 89% (620 ratings)
BHMS, MD - Homeopathy, Gold medallist
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
Autism And Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - How Homeopathy Plays A Role In Treating Them?

Autism-
Autism is a spectrum disorder that encompasses abnormalities in the development of the brain. It is characterized by under-developed cognitive abilities and difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication. Repetitive behavioral patterns are also symptoms of autism.

Symptoms Of Autism:

  1. Less or no eye contact while communication
  2. Annoying obstinacy in behavior
  3. Abnormal behavior like excessive possessiveness to certain objects or repetitive acts
  4. Prefers solitude
  5. The child shrieks and screams. There are mood swings, such as crying and laughing without any reason.
  6. Physical under-activity or hyperactivity
  7. Under-developed fine motor skills, such as writing, reading, drawing, and others. 
  8. The child repeats the same words (echolalia). 
  9. Oversensitivity or low sensitivity to pain
  10. Such children cannot express themselves intellectually but can reciprocate if shown affection.

The causes of Autism, though not definitively known, are believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There are some structural and functional changes in the brain in case of autism, however, the exact cause is still unknown. It is a complex disorder where the causes are presumed at the genetic level, such as some contraindicated medicines consumed during pregnancy, exposure to environmental chemicals, metabolic imbalance, vaccination, and others. However, vaccination is the most uncommon cause of autism.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurological disorder that affects the executive functions of the brain which help us assess and plan. ADHD manifests itself as an inability to concentrate and follow instructions in order to complete a task. A difficulty in organizing activities and reluctance in engaging in tasks are also symptoms of ADHD. Being easily distracted, speaking excessively and intruding conversations can also be symptoms of the condition.

These are the common symptoms seen when a child is evaluated for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-

  • Distractibility & difficulty with focus and concentration
  • Procrastination
  • Short-term memory lapses
  • Tardiness, impulsiveness
  • Weak planning and execution – symptoms to look for in adults
  • Problem in organizing the ideas and belonging

Common causes to be linked:

  1. Genetic disorder
  2. Head injury
  3. Tobacco smoking during pregnancy
  4. Malnutrition

Since both Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder affect the cognitive and behavioral patterns and development of the child, an overlap between the two is understandable. Physicians are extremely careful when they diagnose a child with either of the neurological disorders.

Homeopathy Treatments-
Homeopathic treatments methods do not involve chemicals and thus can be administered for a long time. They also do not carry any risk of side effects. Since homeopathic therapies are tailored to individual needs, each remedy is targeted for different patients depending on each person's needs and requirements. Also, since they have a direct impact on the nervous system, they produce effective results.

Homeopathic treatments can remedy either the entire constitution of the child or target individual symptoms. These remedies will help the child concentrate and develop his cognitive abilities.

Benefits of Homeopathic Treatments-

  1. Individuality- No two children are the same and a neurological condition, be it Autism or ADHD, will not manifest itself in the same way in any two of them as well. The symptoms may be similar but how they respond to the treatment will vary. And practitioners of homeopathy allow the individuality of a child be the driving factor when any treatment option is prescribed.
  2. Safety- Homeopathic medicines are extremely safe and have no adverse side effects. And since these medications are administered to children with Autism and ADHD, both neurological disorders, their safety is a vital benefit that needs to be taken into account.
7 people found this helpful

ADHD in Adults - How Best It Can Be Diagnosed?

Dr. Dolly Anadkat 90% (511 ratings)
Ph. D - Psychology, Professional Certified Coach
Psychologist, Ahmedabad
ADHD in Adults - How Best It Can Be Diagnosed?

Concentration problems and trouble in focusing on one task at a time can be termed as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD, in rare and severe cases. While most of the cases are identified in one's childhood, it has been seen that many cases persist into adulthood while still others go completely undiagnosed. This mental health disorder comes with a number of symptoms and management methods. Read on to know more.

Symptoms: While many patients suffering from this disorder may not display any obvious symptoms at a young age as children are supposed to be brimming with energy, the symptoms for adult ADHD, start to show up in a more obvious fashion. Wavering concentration and low levels of focus along with disorganised living with impulsiveness are the first signs of adult ADHD. Such adults also have trouble when it comes to finishing one task at a time, or even focusing on a task for a prolonged period of time. Bouts of impatience and excessive activity can also show up as symptoms, while restlessness is a quality that most of these patients seem to possess.

Diagnosis: The diagnosis of this condition is slightly difficult because most adults may complain of some or the other symptoms related to this condition at some point in their lives. Anxiety and mood swing related symptoms can help in diagnosing the condition in a better manner. If the condition ends up disrupting your normal life, work, socialising and behaviour in general, then you may want to see a doctor regarding the same, so that proper diagnosis may take place.

Causes: While genetic predisposition is said to be the foremost cause of this condition, especially when it continues well into adulthood, there are various environmental factors that may also have a significant bearing on the onset of the condition. Exposure as a child increases the risk of falling prey to this condition. Also, when there are problems with the central nervous system during the developing years, the patient may start to develop symptoms connected with this disorder later on.

Treatment: Stimulants and other medication like anti-depressants, nonstimulant amphetamine are also used for treating this condition along with therapy and psychological counselling for better organisation in life.

15 people found this helpful

ADHD - Understanding Its Prevalence!

Dr. Jaydeepsinh Gohil 86% (14 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Vadodara
ADHD - Understanding Its Prevalence!

ADHD refers to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is a brain-related condition found among preschoolers, children, teenagers and in many cases extends well into adulthood. These individuals have significant impairment in academics as well as social situations and interpersonal relations. The child has difficulty sustaining attention, phases of hyper activeness and cannot control his/her impulses which make their day to day life at school and home difficult.

ADHD Symptoms

The symptoms of this disorder among children can be categorized under three headings.

 


 

 

Hyperactivity which includes

  1. Fidgets often
  2. Restlessness
  3. Inability to stay at one place runs around and tries to climb things
  4. Trouble playing quietly
  5. Excessive talking

 Inattention, which can be divided into symptoms like

  1. Getting easily distracted
  2. Tendency to loose things
  3. Daydreaming
  4. Facing problems related to organizing things
  5. Not listening carefully
  6. Forgetting about daily activities, carelessness

Impulsiveness

  1. Interrupts others as they speak and talks out of turn
  2. Answers questions without listening to what has been asked
  3. Not being able to wait for their turn to come

Prevalence :
10-12% of school children before puberty are affected by one or more types of ADHD. ADHD especially hyperactivity is more prevalent in boys than in girls, with the ratio up to 9:1. Inattention and poor concentration are more commonly seen amongst girls. The rate of ADHD in parents and sibling of children with ADHD is 5-10 times higher than in the general population.

ADHD Causes

The probable causes of ADHD among children are,

1. Neurodevelopmental changes - Poorly developed activity of the brain particularly in the areas that control attention and concentration cause ADHD. This causes an imbalance in the neurotransmitters or the chemicals important for brain functioning and development.

2. Genetic Factors - genetic studies show that ADHD is largely hereditary in nature with a heritability of 75% approximately.

'Consult'.

Tip: Gonorrhea is Contagious. But is it Only Sexually Transmitted? In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2324 people found this helpful

How To Tackle Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Dr. Kedar Tilwe 92% (10 ratings)
D.N.B. Psychiatry, Diploma In Psychological Medicine (Psychiatry), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Navi Mumbai
How To Tackle Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

ADHD is one of the commonest behavioral disorders that are found in mostly school going kids. In fact, this kind of trouble might affect kid's ability quite adversely. There are a few signs with the help of which ADHD in kids can be easily detected and some of the commonest ones are emotional turmoil, unfinished tasks, squirm and fidget, low focus careless mistakes and other related ones. 

Both interpersonal relationship and schooling success can be hampered to a great extent with this kind of mental disorder. This is why the kids facing the mentioned signs need to be thoroughly diagnosed medically so that the doctors can recommend best treatments that can provide fastest recovery and that too safely and easily. 

Best tips for tackling ADHD in kids:

  1. Setting behavior limits: If you make your kids learn how to lead a disciplined life, then appropriate behavioral limits are established. Arrogant child is mostly exposed towards ADHD. 
  2. Staying calm: Child anger should be efficiently controlled otherwise. ADHD cannot be cured. If the kids remain calm and quiet, then only their concentration level will increase, and they can show productive outcomes. 
  3. Setting pressure free structure: sensible routines and scheduled charts are to be prepared so that unwanted risks can be easily avoided. If the kids are under tremendous pressure, then they might face different kinds of behavioral troubles. 
  4. Allow kids to make wise choices: If you let your kids free, then only they will be able to take right decisions. Kids with a cool mind can take wise decisions that are very much appropriate for upgrading their performances. 
  5. Advocating child: Child advocating is highly needed for maintaining a good and healthy balance. But too much strictness should be avoided so that your kids' behavior can be controlled with ease.  This should be done either by parents or tutors so that they can choose the best direction in life. 
  6. Avoid muting any headstrong child: Communicate with your child so that a proper interaction can be maintained. If your child remains silent for too long, then they might face different behavioral troubles. 
  7. Acquiring knowledge about ADHD: Both parents and kids should have equal knowledge about ADHD and then only the probable signs can be easily avoided, and the necessary treatments can be known. 
  8. Being persistent: Persistent behavior is to be maintained, and if you find any deviation in your kids, then you should take them to a doctor.
4483 people found this helpful

ADHD - Best Amazing Ways It Can Be Managed!

Ms. Amrita Agarwal 86% (11 ratings)
Masters In Counselling Psychology
Psychologist, Guwahati
ADHD - Best Amazing Ways It Can Be Managed!

ADHD i.e. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a mental disorder that is commonly characterised by attention problems, excessive activity or difficulty in controlling one’s inappropriate behaviour, given his/her age. If ADHD occurs in an adult, the person might face significant issues in maintaining a job, managing time or being in a relationship.

In spite of being the most regularly studied and analysed mental issue in kids and teenagers, the cause, in most of the cases, remains unknown. The symptoms of ADHD might develop as one gets old. Apart from the common symptoms, the person might show signs typical to ADHD such as hyperactivity, inattention, impulsivity and disruptive behaviour as well as relationships and academic difficulties. The symptoms of ADHD need to last for about six months to be diagnosed as a disorder.

The typical management methods of ADHD include counselling or medicines, either used separately or in combination.

  1. Behavioural Therapies: Some of the psychological therapies used are:

    • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): Focuses on changing the thinking patterns of a person that ultimately alters the way he/she generally feels
    • Interpersonal Psychotherapy: IPT is a focused form of psychotherapy that involves symptomatic recovery and resolving interpersonal problems.
    • Social Skills Training
    • Family Therapy: Focuses on providing therapy to the individual as well as the family
    • School-Based Interventions
    • Parent Management Training
  2. Medication: Stimulant medications are the more preferred forms of medications for ADHD. They have short-term effects on the symptoms of ADHD. One such example is that of Methylphenidate. Non stimulant medicines are administered for people who indulge in compulsive or recreational stimulant use. Examples include atomoxetine, guanfacine, bupropion and clonidine. Although these medications are usually safe, over dosage can cause side-effects and contraindications.
  3. Diet: Modification in diet can prove beneficial for children suffering from ADHD. The benefits are usually confined to children having food sensitivities or those who are being medicated using ADHD medicines simultaneously.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2559 people found this helpful
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