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Renal Cell Carcinoma Tips

Elderly And Kidney Diseases - What Precautions You Should Take?

Dr. Kulwant Singh 87% (63 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DNB (Nephrology)
Nephrologist, Mohali
Elderly And Kidney Diseases - What Precautions You Should Take?

Elderly and Kidney Diseases - What precautions you should take.

The percentage of elderly people, classified as those above 60 years of age, is expected to go up in India from 8% in 2015 to 19 % in 2050. Various challenges including managing their health issues have been highlighted in a report released by UN Population Fund India titled ‘caring for our elders: Early response India Ageing Report 2017’. So in the country where we are already facing scarcity of health infrastructure, we have to be more aware regarding the increasing health problems and what steps we can take as primary prevention to decrease the burden of diseases in ourselves and our near and dear ones.

Like heart diseases and osteoarthritis of knees, kidney diseases are now recognized as a major medical problem worldwide. In India, Global Burden Disease 2015 kidney diseases are ranked as the eighth leading cause of death.

Diabetes and Blood pressure are major contributors of kidney diseases in India; others include long term pain killer intake, infections and renal stones.

Respect Your Kidneys – What we should do?

Kidney diseases are emerging as one of the important causes of morbidity which will largely affect your quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease.

Daily Exercise - Stay fit and active

Staying fit and active helps to reduce your blood pressure and achieve better sugar control and therefore reduces the risk of Chronic Kidney Disease. 20-30 min of brisk walking is recommended at least 5 days a week.

Keep good control of your Diabetes (Sugar)

Kidney damage from diabetes can be reduced or prevented if detected early. It is important to keep control of blood sugar levels as they decrease the progression of kidney damage.

Control Hypertension - Monitor your blood pressure

We all are aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack; very few know that it is also one of most common cause of progression of kidney damage. So it’s not important which or how many tablets you are taking, the goal is control of blood pressure as per your age.

Eat healthy and keep your weight in check

This can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with Chronic Kidney Disease.

Reduce your salt intake. The recommended sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt per day (around a teaspoon). In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food and do not add salt to food.

Maintain a healthy fluid intake

Although there is not a single measure we can prescribe all but we should consume sufficient water to maintain good hydration. Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins but consuming excess water can also lead to state of fluid overload. So, always consult your nephrologist for exact amount recommended for you. In addition, people who have already had a kidney stone are advised to drink 2 to 3 litres of water daily to lessen the risk of forming a new stone.

Quit Smoking

Smoking slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. When less blood reaches the kidneys, less amount of toxins are removed. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer significantly.

Do not take OTC (over-the-counter pills - pain killers and anti-acidity)on a regular basis

Common drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, diclofenac and even anti-acidity drugs like omeperazole are known to cause kidney damage if taken regularly and for long time. So, avoid taking these medicines for longer time without advice of your doctor.

 ‘High Risk’ factors – When you should get your kidneys evaluated

  • you have diabetes for long time (especially if you are also having diabetic related eye problems)
  • you have hypertension
  • you are obese
  • one of your parents or other family members suffers from kidney disease
  • you are of African, Indian, or Aboriginal origin

‘Early yet alarming Symptoms’

  • Froathing in urine
  • Decreased urine output
  • Increased frequency of micturition at night (Going for passing urine again and again at night hours)
  • Swelling under eye lids and on ankles

 

 

2 people found this helpful

Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

Dr. Shalabh Agrawal 96% (249 ratings)
DNB (Urology), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Gurgaon
Acute Renal Failure - Major Reasons That Can Lead To It!

Acute renal failure is an exceptional condition that befalls when the kidney loses the ability to eradicate salts, waste material and fluid from the blood. Since waste elimination is the core function of the kidney, failure to do so results in body fluids rising to dangerous levels. Acute renal failure is often witnessed by people who are already under medical supervision. The condition can aggravate in a matter of few days to few weeks. It is potentially a life-threatening condition and requires expert medical care under supervision.

Potential causes of acute renal failure: There could be a flurry of reasons for a renal failure. Some of the common ones include conditions that slow down the flow of blood to the kidney, kidney gets directly damage, the uterus gets blocked and the waste can’t leave the body through the urine etc. Here is more on the causes:

  1. Kidney failure due to slow blood flow to the kidney: Some diseases or conditions that might slow down the flow of blood to the kidney include fluid loss, heart attack, allergic reaction, infection, extreme dehydration, cardiac diseases, liver failure, consumption of blood pressure related medication, use of drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen etc., severe burns etc.
  2. Kidney failure due to a direct damage to the kidneys: Some of the agents/diseases or condition that can directly damage the kidneys include
    1. Cancer of the plasma cells
    2. Premature destruction of the RBC, a condition known as the Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome
    3. Certain medication including but not limited to chemotherapy drugs, dyes that are utilized in imagery tests, zoledronic acid etc.
    4. An inflammation of the blood vessels
    5. A disorder of the immune system leading to glomerulonephritis. This condition is known as lupus
    6. A rare disease affecting the connective tissues and skin, known as scleroderma.
    7. Inflammation of the kidney filters known as glomerulonephritis
    8. Consumption of certain toxins including but not limited to heavy metals, alcohol, cocaine etc
    9. A blood disorder, known as the Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Renal failure due to blockage of the urine: There are certain conditions, diseases that can block the passage of urine leading to acute renal failure. The urinary obstruction can result from an array of conditions including enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots in the tract of the urine, cancer in the bladder, cancer in the colon, damage of the nerve that controls the bladder, cancer-related to the cervics etc.
Some special condition: Apart from the condition mentioned-above, there are certain disorders that can lead to acute renal failure due to clotting of the blood vessels. Some of the conditions are malignant hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, transfusion reaction, ITTP, scleroderma etc.

2755 people found this helpful

Renal Cancer - Know The Possible Risk Factors!

Dr. Ravinder Singh 89% (10 ratings)
DNB (Nephrology), M.D ( Internal Medicine), MBBS
Nephrologist, Noida
Renal Cancer - Know The Possible Risk Factors!

Renal cancer is also known as hypernephroma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma. The kidneys are organs in your body that dispose off waste, while additionally regulating fluid balance. There are small tubes in the kidneys called tubules. These filter the blood, help in discharging waste, and make u rine. RCC happens when cancer cells start to grow out of control in the lining of the tubules of the kidney. Renal cancer is a progressive disease that spreads to the lungs and the organs around it.

Medical experts do not know the exact cause behind renal cancer. It is most commonly found in men between the ages of 50 and 70. There are some risk factors and signs that indicate one’s possibility of having renal cancer and these are as follows

  1. Family history of renal cancer
  2. Dialysis treatment
  3. Hypertension or high blood pressure
  4. Obesity
  5. Smoking cigarettes
  6. Polycystic kidney disease (a condition that causes cyst formation in the kidneys)


At a point when renal cancer is in its initial stages, patients might not see any symptoms. The symptoms are mainly seen in the later stages. Some of the most common symptoms are as follows:

  1. Blood in urineBlood in urine is called hematuria. As indicated by the Renal Cancer Association, hematuria is the most widely recognized indication of kidney cancer. In case you have blood in your urine, you may see pink, rust or even a red staining.
  2. Lower back painThe vast majority does not encounter pain until cancer is in later stages. Pain from renal cancer is felt on one side of the flank, the region over the pelvis, and beneath the ribs in the abdomen. This pain can go from a dull yearn to a sharp wound, frequently leaving the area blue. In case you have any sudden pain that continues for more than a couple of days, you need to see a specialist.
  3. A mass or lump: A mass or protuberance in the abdomen can be an indication of renal cancer. Kidney knots might be hard to feel since they are somewhere down in the abdomen. Once a bump is found, your specialist may arrange symptomatic tests such as an ultrasound or a CT scan. These tests may diagnose what your knot might be.
  4. Iron deficiency and fatigueWeakness and a fall in your iron levels are the most common symptoms of any type of cancer. Cancer exhaustion is not quite the same as simply feeling tired.
  5. Weight reduction, loss of appetite and feverAnother normal side effect of cancer is sudden and startling weight reduction. This happens quickly without any excessive workouts or dieting. A person diagnosed with cancer can also face a loss of appetite. In fact, even their most loved food items can get to be unappealing. Frequent fever is yet another common symptoms among most cancer patients.

In case your specialist suspects that you may have renal cancer, they will take some information about your and family’s medical history. They will then do a physical exam. Discoveries that can show renal cancer include swelling or irregularities in the stomach area. In case of men, augmented veins in the scrotal sac (varicocele) may be found. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3209 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Dr. Premitha R 89% (60 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Medical Radio Therapy, DNB
Oncologist, Bangalore
Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), 20qw revealed that renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults.

Possible Causes of Renal Cell Carcinoma
There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney.

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following:

  1. Old age
  2. Persistent smoking
  3. Exposure to substances such as herbicide, cadmium etc.
  4. A family history of renal carcinoma
  5. Hypertension
  6. Inherited syndrome such as Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome etc.
  7. Obesity
  8. An existing case of kidney failure

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma.

Feasible Treatment Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for.

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure.
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth.

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1839 people found this helpful

5 Possible Signs Of Renal Cancer!

MBBS, DM - Nephrology, DNB Nephrology, MRCP - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Hyderabad
5 Possible Signs Of Renal Cancer!

Renal cancer is also known as hypernephroma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma. The kidneys are organs in your body that dispose off waste, while additionally regulating fluid balance. There are small tubes in the kidneys called tubules. These filter the blood, help in discharging waste, and make urine. RCC happens when cancer cells start to grow out of control in the lining of the tubules of the kidney. Renal cancer is a progressive disease that spreads to the lungs and the organs around it.

Medical experts do not know the exact cause behind renal cancer. It is most commonly found in men between the ages of 50 and 70. There are some risk factors and signs that indicate one’s possibility of having renal cancer and these are as follows

  1. Family history of renal cancer
  2. Dialysis treatment
  3. Hypertension or high blood pressure
  4. Obesity
  5. Smoking cigarettes
  6. Polycystic kidney disease (a condition that causes cyst formation in the kidneys)


At a point when renal cancer is in its initial stages, patients might not see any symptoms. The symptoms are mainly seen in the later stages. Some of the most common symptoms are as follows:

  1. Blood in urineBlood in urine is called hematuria. As indicated by the Renal Cancer Association, hematuria is the most widely recognized indication of kidney cancer. In case you have blood in your urine, you may see pink, rust or even a red staining.
  2. Lower back painThe vast majority does not encounter pain until cancer is in later stages. Pain from renal cancer is felt on one side of the flank, the region over the pelvis, and beneath the ribs in the abdomen. This pain can go from a dull yearn to a sharp wound, frequently leaving the area blue. In case you have any sudden pain that continues for more than a couple of days, you need to see a specialist.
  3. A mass or lump: A mass or protuberance in the abdomen can be an indication of renal cancer. Kidney knots might be hard to feel since they are somewhere down in the abdomen. Once a bump is found, your specialist may arrange symptomatic tests such as an ultrasound or a CT scan. These tests may diagnose what your knot might be.
  4. Iron deficiency and fatigueWeakness and a fall in your iron levels are the most common symptoms of any type of cancer. Cancer exhaustion is not quite the same as simply feeling tired.
  5. Weight reduction, loss of appetite and feverAnother normal side effect of cancer is sudden and startling weight reduction. This happens quickly without any excessive workouts or dieting. A person diagnosed with cancer can also face a loss of appetite. In fact, even their most loved food items can get to be unappealing. Frequent fever is yet another common symptoms among most cancer patients.

In case your specialist suspects that you may have renal cancer, they will take some information about your and family’s medical history. They will then do a physical exam. Discoveries that can show renal cancer include swelling or irregularities in the stomach area. In case of men, augmented veins in the scrotal sac (varicocele) may be found. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1980 people found this helpful

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Dr. Veda Padma Priya 86% (46 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Surgical Oncology), MS - General Surgery
Oncologist, Delhi
Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults. 

Possible Causes of Renal Cell 
Carcinoma There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney. 

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma 
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following: 

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell 
Carcinoma Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma. 

Feasible Treatment 
Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for. 

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy. 
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure. 
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth. 

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2721 people found this helpful

Renal Cancer - Know Its Signs And Symptoms!

Dr. Siddharth Vinod Lakhani 92% (44 ratings)
DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology), MBBS , MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Mumbai
Renal Cancer - Know Its Signs And Symptoms!

Renal cancer is also known as hypernephroma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma. The kidneys are organs in your body that dispose off waste, while additionally regulating fluid balance. There are small tubes in the kidneys called tubules. These filter the blood, help in discharging waste, and make urine. RCC happens when cancer cells start to grow out of control in the lining of the tubules of the kidney. Renal cancer is a progressive disease that spreads to the lungs and the organs around it.

Medical experts do not know the exact cause behind renal cancer. It is most commonly found in men between the ages of 50 and 70. There are some risk factors and signs that indicate one’s possibility of having renal cancer and these are as follows

  1. Family history of renal cancer
  2. Dialysis treatment
  3. Hypertension or high blood pressure
  4. Obesity
  5. Smoking cigarettes
  6. Polycystic kidney disease (a condition that causes cyst formation in the kidneys)

At a point when renal cancer is in its initial stages, patients might not see any symptoms. The symptoms are mainly seen in the later stages. Some of the most common symptoms are as follows:

  1. Blood in urineBlood in urine is called hematuria. As indicated by the Renal Cancer Association, hematuria is the most widely recognized indication of kidney cancer. In case you have blood in your urine, you may see pink, rust or even a red staining.
  2. Lower back painThe vast majority does not encounter pain until cancer is in later stages. Pain from renal cancer is felt on one side of the flank, the region over the pelvis, and beneath the ribs in the abdomen. This pain can go from a dull yearn to a sharp wound, frequently leaving the area blue. In case you have any sudden pain that continues for more than a couple of days, you need to see a specialist.
  3. A mass or lump: A mass or protuberance in the abdomen can be an indication of renal cancer. Kidney knots might be hard to feel since they are somewhere down in the abdomen. Once a bump is found, your specialist may arrange symptomatic tests such as an ultrasound or a CT scan. These tests may diagnose what your knot might be.
  4. Iron deficiency and fatigueWeakness and a fall in your iron levels are the most common symptoms of any type of cancer. Cancer exhaustion is not quite the same as simply feeling tired.
  5. Weight reduction, loss of appetite and feverAnother normal side effect of cancer is sudden and startling weight reduction. This happens quickly without any excessive workouts or dieting. A person diagnosed with cancer can also face a loss of appetite. In fact, even their most loved food items can get to be unappealing. Frequent fever is yet another common symptoms among most cancer patients.

In case your specialist suspects that you may have renal cancer, they will take some information about your and family’s medical history. They will then do a physical exam. Discoveries that can show renal cancer include swelling or irregularities in the stomach area. In case of men, augmented veins in the scrotal sac (varicocele) may be found. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1993 people found this helpful

Stages Of Kidney Cancer - How They Can Be Managed?

Dr. Mahendra Mulani 92% (201 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Nephrology
Nephrologist, Ahmedabad
Stages Of Kidney Cancer - How They Can Be Managed?

Kidney cancer or renal cancer is when kidney cells grow uncontrollably and form a tumour. Kidney cancer often begins in the tubules (tiny tubes in the kidneys). The prognosis may depend on the stage of the kidney cancer.

Different Stages of Kidney Cancer
The TNM system helps to categorize each stage of the kidney cancer.
Tumour (T) – Describes the size and location of the tumour.
Node (N) – Describes the spread of cancer to lymph nodes.
Metastatis (M) – Describes the spread of cancer to other body parts.

These results combined with the five stages (0 and 1 to 4) can help to identify the right treatment option for every patient. Zero stage describes no cancer presence. For instance –
Stage 1 – Here the tumour is confined to kidneys and its size is smaller than 7 centimetres. (T1 or T1, N0, M0)
Stage 2 – Here the tumour is confined to kidneys and its size is more than 7 centimetres. (T2)
Stage 3 – Here the tumour is in kidneys or blood vessels or fatty tissues but also a lymph node; cancer spreads to major veins but doesn’t extend beyond renal or Gerota’s fascia (connective tissues surrounding adrenal glands and kidneys). (T3)
Stage 4 – Here the cancer is in the fatty tissues surrounding kidneys and adjacent lymph nodes; has spread to other nearby organs and beyond renal fascia. (T4)

Treatment and management of kidney cancer
Once your doctor has determined the staging of your kidney cancer, a treatment plan can be formulated for you.

  1. Surgery
    • Simple nephrectomy removes the affected kidney.
    • Radical nephrectomy is a common surgery for kidney cancer. It removes all affected parts such as the kidneys, adrenal gland, lymph nodes and surrounding tissues.
    • Partial nephrectomy is for small tumours and removes the kidneys and the surrounding tissues.
  2. Interventional radiology: This is a surgery aided by real-time images. An advanced surgery using a nano knife is minimally-invasive and is effective for inoperable kidney tumours.
  3. Targeted therapy: Drugs target specific tumour cells and destroy them.
  4. Immunotherapy: Used for kidney cancer that has spread to other organs, this therapy may use different types of drugs to either help immune cells find cancer growth or regulate the immune system activity to stop or slow cancer growth.
  5. Arterial embolization: It is a procedure to stop blood supply to the kidney tumour, in order to shrink it in size prior to surgery.
  6. Cryotherapy: This procedure involves using extreme cold to kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy is not very effective for treating kidney cancer. Talk to your doctor about all possible treatment options for your cancer. You can lower your risk of kidney cancer by eating healthy, maintaining your ideal body weight and managing your blood pressure. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2233 people found this helpful

Renal Transplant - What Should You Know About It?

Dr. Waheed Zaman 89% (295 ratings)
MCh Urology, DNB Urology, MS-General Surgery, MBBS, Diploma In Laproscopy & Urology, Basic & Advance Robotic Urology Training
Urologist, Delhi
Renal Transplant - What Should You Know About It?

The kidneys are primarily responsible for filtering blood and removing waste from the body. They also regulate the fluid and electrolyte balance. If the kidneys stop functioning, a patient may need to undergo dialysis or have a renal transplant. Many patients prefer undergoing a transplant as it offers a better quality of life in the long run.

A kidney transplant can be described as a procedure to replace one’s own kidneys with a donor's kidney. In case of kidney transplant, there are two types of donors. The human body can function with one healthy kidney and hence family members and friends of the patient may choose to donate a kidney. Else, a kidney may be sourced from recently deceased donors who have chosen to donate their organs after death. In both cases, it is important that the donor kidney match the patient’s blood and tissue type.

A renal transplant surgery usually takes about 3 hours. The donor kidney is placed in the abdominal cavity and connected to the patient’s arteries, veins and bladder. Usually, the donor kidney begins functioning immediately. The patient’s own damaged or diseased kidneys may not be removed unless there is a severe infection, cancer or a diagnosis of large polycystic kidneys.

The patient will need to be hospitalized for a few days after the surgery. In some cases, dialysis may be needed if the kidneys are unable to produce urine. In addition diuretics and other medication may be needed to remove excess water and salt from the body. Medication will also be prescribed to suppress the immune system so that the patient’s body does not reject the donor kidney. These medications typically need to be taken for the rest of the patient’s life.

A renal transplant is considered a relatively safe procedure. Less than 20 out of 100 people reject a donor kidney. However, there are a few other risks involved. These include:
Bleeding
• Severe infection
• Failure of the donor kidney
• Reaction to anesthesia
• Increased risk of infections due to suppressed immune system

Kidney transplant is not advised for people suffering from diseases such as cancer or any significant lung or heart disease. If the patient is suffering from an infection, he or she may be advised to wait until the infection subsides before undergoing a renal transplant. A renal transplant may seem to be an expensive procedure but in the long run, this can work out to be more budget friendly than dialysis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2930 people found this helpful

Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit 85% (37 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for 90 percent of all kidney cancers. Young children can develop another kind of kidney cancer termed as Wilms’ tumour. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), 20qw revealed that renal cell carcinoma has increased manifold over the past decade. The primary reason is the improvement of imaging techniques and the lack of healthy lifestyle practices by most adults.

Possible Causes of Renal Cell Carcinoma
There is still no conclusive evidence reported by any scientist about the exact cause of renal cell carcinoma. What doctors do know is the fact the introduction of renal cell carcinoma triggers when few cells of the kidney acquire a mutation in the DNA of a person. Mutation communicates the cell to divide and grow uncontrollably. This leads to an accumulation of cells that eventually forms one or multiple tumours and grows beyond the kidney.

Risk Factors For Renal Cell Carcinoma
Some of the common risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include the following:

  1. Old age
  2. Persistent smoking
  3. Exposure to substances such as herbicide, cadmium etc.
  4. A family history of renal carcinoma
  5. Hypertension
  6. Inherited syndrome such as Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome etc.
  7. Obesity
  8. An existing case of kidney failure

Typical Symptoms of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell carcinoma is hard to detect in its early stages. There is no routine test either that can readily diagnose this condition. However, certain symptoms such as blood in urine, fatigue, sudden loss of appetite, fluctuation of fever, pain in the shoulder or back area, sudden weight loss etc. can indicate renal cell carcinoma.

Feasible Treatment Options for Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most renal cell carcinoma is treated with surgery. There are several types of surgeries, and depending on the stage and spread of cancer, one of the types is opted for.

  1. Nephrectomy- This is a type of surgery that involves removing the entire kidney, some healthy tissues at the border, and other tissues such as adrenal gland, lymph nodes etc. The surgeon might perform an open or laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  2. Partial nephrectomy– Under this type of surgery, the surgeon removes a tumour and a part of the healthy tissue from the border of the kidney. This form of surgery can be done via a robotic, laparoscopic or open procedure.
  3. Cryoablation- This is a non-surgical method of treating renal cell carcinoma. Here, a needle is inserted into the kidney using image guidance, ultrasound, and cold gas. It freezes the cancer cells and limits their growth.

Apart from these, some other methods to counter advanced or recurring kidney cancer include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, partial surgery of the kidney, clinical trials etc.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4320 people found this helpful
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