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Renal Agenesis Tips

Know More About Renal Stones!

Dr. Paras Shah 91% (140 ratings)
MBBS, FAACS(USA)
Sexologist, Ahmedabad
Know More About Renal Stones!
  • The common misconception that people have is that kidney stones happens only in old age. But in reality, it can happen to anyone. 
  • Lack of fluid intake is by large a major reason for kidney stones. Adequate care taken to maintain the desired level of water intake can help prevent the formation of stones. 
  • Our state-of-the-art urology unit offers minimally invasive, scarless options for urologic procedures and medical management of kidney stone. 
1 person found this helpful

Renal Stone

Dr. Sunil Tiwari 90% (380 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), PGD IN NATURO & YOGA SCIENCE
Ayurveda, Katni
Renal Stone

I appeal to this type of patient that don't go for surgery, it can be removed by proper ayurvedic treatment. 

If you go for surgery, re-occurrence chances are very high.

All About Renal Hypertension

Dr. L.K. Jha 87% (687 ratings)
DM in Nephrology, MD in Internal Medicine, MBBS
Nephrologist, Ghaziabad
All About Renal Hypertension

Renal hypertension is a disorder, which is characterized by a rise in the blood pressure that results from kidney disease. The blood flow to the kidney is impaired due to the narrowing of the arteries and this leads to renovascular hypertension. 

Symptoms
The various symptoms of renal hypertension are: 

  1. You may experience symptoms of high blood pressure.
  2. Your kidneys may not function properly due to the impaired supply of blood
  3. It may lead to presence of blood in your urine
  4. You may be affected by pulmonary edema that results in accumulation of fluid in the lungs
  5. It may result in severe headaches and confusion
  6. You may experience blurred vision
  7. You may have nosebleeds
  8. The impaired kidney function may also lead to chronic kidney damage. 

Causes
The various causes of renal hypertension are: 

  1. Accumulation of cholesterol in the body may lead to blockage of the artery due to plaque buildup
  2. Smoking may increase your chances of getting affected by narrow arteries

The narrowing of the arteries causes a reduction in the blood supply to the kidneys. This results in the kidneys to release various hormones that instruct the body to hold on to water and sodium. This causes the fluid to accumulate in the blood vessels, thus resulting in high blood pressure. 
The various risk factors renal hypertension are: 

  1. Excessive alcohol consumption
  2. Substance abuse
  3. Diabetes
  4. High blood pressure
  5. High cholesterol
  6. Aging

Treatment
Medications used to treat high blood pressure are used to treat renal hypertension. It is important that you get your blood pressure levels checked on a regular basis. You need to make certain lifestyle changes such as: 

  1. Exercise on a regular basis to keep your heart and body healthy
  2. Limit consumption of alcohol and reduce smoking
  3. Eat well balanced meals to keep obesity at bay
  4. Keep your mind free of stress
  5. Restrict consumption of salt
  6. Maintain optimal weight levels
3470 people found this helpful

Renal Stone

Dr. Paras Shah 91% (140 ratings)
MBBS, FAACS(USA)
Sexologist, Ahmedabad
Renal Stone

Do you know lack of fluid intake is by large a major reason for kidney stones? Adequate care taken to maintain the desired level of water intake can help prevent the formation of stones.

We strongly believe not only health care but life care.

1 person found this helpful

Renal Transplant: Three Types of Renal Rejection and Their Causes

Dr. Ashok Gupta 90% (5463 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon, Delhi
Renal Transplant: Three Types of Renal Rejection and Their Causes

Living with a renal transplant constantly exposes you to the risk of organ rejection. Although it might sound scary, it usually happens because the medication needs to be tuned according to the requirements of your body. A change in medication usually solves the problem of a possible rejection, and a rejection becomes less likely if it doesn't happen within a year of the transplant. Some obvious signs of rejection are a pain on the region of transplant, fever, change in weight or low urine discharge.

The causes behind a renal rejection vary on the basis of the type of rejection that takes place. Here are three different types of renal rejection and their causes:

  • Hyperacute Rejection - Hyperacute rejection occurs within 24 hours of the transplant. It can have an immediate effect and occurs as the existing antibodies act against the grafted material, causing irreversible destruction. The immune system may recognize it as a foreign body and destroy it. Hyperacute rejection is common for patients who have received multiple blood transfusions or have suffered from transplant rejection earlier. The tissue must be removed immediately before it becomes fatal for the recipient. This type of rejection can generally be avoided if the doctors type or match both the receiver and the organ donor. The organ is less likely to be rejected if there are similar antigens between donor and receiver.
  • Acute Rejection - Acute rejection generally occurs after the first week of transplantation. Acute rejection is common in most recipients. Since a perfect match of antigens is rare to find, except in the case of identical twins, some amount acute rejection occurs in the case of all recipients. It can cause complications like bleeding and inflammation. The risk of acute rejection is highest in the first three months of the transplant.
  • Chronic Rejection - Chronic rejection occurs months later after the transplantation. This happens over time when the immune system of the body reacts against the transplanted tissue and slowly damages the organ. In such a case, the kidneys can suffer from scarring or fibrosis and damaged blood vessels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general surgeon.
3135 people found this helpful

Ways Renal Colic Can Be Treated!

Dr. Anand Bhageria 88% (17 ratings)
MCh Urology, MS - General Surgery
Urologist, Jaipur
Ways Renal Colic Can Be Treated!

Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic

What exactly is renal colic? 

Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine

How kidney stones are related to renal colic? 

Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term. 

Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic - 

  1. Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic 
  2. Nausea & vomiting 
  3. Frequent urinary tract infections 
  4. Fever with chills 
  5. Foul smelling urine 
  6. Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination 
  7. Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue) 
  8. Passage of small stones in urine 

Treatment of renal colic 

Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal. 

  1. Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention. 
  2. Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis. 
  3. Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia
  4. RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission. 
  5. Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1938 people found this helpful

Renal Stone Prevention

Dr. Jagmati Singh 86% (34 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Delhi
Renal Stone Prevention

It is advisable to take homeopathy for renal stone removal but at same time take care of things to avoid formations of stones again in kidneys as it is common.

Renal Stones and its prevention:

Diet and supplements: How to prevent kidney stones naturally?

  • Stay hydrated. Drinking more water is the best way to prevent kidney stones.
  • Eat more calcium-rich foods. Low-calcium diets may increase your kidney stone risk and your risk of osteoporosis.
  • Eat less sodium. Avoid canned foods, processed foods, such as chips and crackers.
  • Eat fewer oxalate-rich foods. Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, and colas are rich in phosphate, both of which can contribute to kidney stones.
  • Eat less animal protein.
  • Avoid vitamin C supplements. ...not dietary vitamin c intake.
  • Explore herbal remedies.
  • Avoid frequent urinary tract infections.
  • Do not postpone urine urge frequently.
  • Drinking green tea and cranberry juice helps to prevent renal stones.

 

1 person found this helpful

Renal Biopsy - When Should You Go For It?

Dr. Sudeep Singh Sachdev 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DM - Nephrology, MD-General Medicine
Nephrologist, Delhi
Renal Biopsy - When Should You Go For It?

Kidneys play an important metabolic role and are essential for balancing salt, minerals and water in the body. They also play a significant role in removing waste products from the body. They make urine, which contains all the waste materials that are eliminated from the body. They also play an important role in blood pressure regulation and in maintaining the balance of various minerals in the body. Any suspected kidney damage should be confirmed by a kidney biopsy, which will reveal the exact disease, thereby directing towards the appropriate treatment. 

Why and when is it done? 

A renal or kidney biopsy is done in the following situations: 

  1. When there is abnormal protein in the blood or urine, which is indicative of a kidney disease, and the exact cause needs to be found out
  2. When kidney failure is suggested by blood tests but cause is not clear 
  3. To find the cause of bleeding in the urine (haematuria) 
  4. To identify and/or confirm diagnosis after a CT scan or ultrasound 
  5. To check how well a transplanted kidney has been received 

Know about the procedure 

A renal biopsy is mostly done as an outpatient procedure and is a type of biopsy known as percutaneous biopsy (biopsy where a needle is inserted through the skin into the renal tissue). Very rarely, it may be combined with the CT scan or ultrasound and be done in the radiology department. This may be done on inpatients. The patient is made to lie on his/her back and a local anesthetic is used on the area of the injection. A thin, long needle is directed towards the area of the kidney from where some kidney tissue is removed for sampling.

In some cases, the direction of the needle may be decided by a CT scan or ultrasound. While this is a closed biopsy procedure, in some cases, as a part of the surgery, open biopsies may also be obtained, where a sample of tissue is extracted for analysis. 

Recovering from a biopsy 
The person would need some time to recover from the procedure, as there would be some discomfort at the site of a needle insertion. Vital signs would be monitored for the next couple of hours during which the person would also be monitored for internal bleeding. A pain reliever can be used if required. Haematuria or blood-tinged urine can be seen disappearing within the next 12 hours. Very rarely the bleeding can be severe and require angiography and further procedures. The person should also avoid strenuous activities for the next few days. 

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2942 people found this helpful

Renal Transplant - What Should You Know About It?

Dr. Waheed Zaman 89% (295 ratings)
MCh Urology, DNB Urology, MS-General Surgery, MBBS, Diploma In Laproscopy & Urology, Basic & Advance Robotic Urology Training
Urologist, Delhi
Renal Transplant - What Should You Know About It?

The kidneys are primarily responsible for filtering blood and removing waste from the body. They also regulate the fluid and electrolyte balance. If the kidneys stop functioning, a patient may need to undergo dialysis or have a renal transplant. Many patients prefer undergoing a transplant as it offers a better quality of life in the long run.

A kidney transplant can be described as a procedure to replace one’s own kidneys with a donor's kidney. In case of kidney transplant, there are two types of donors. The human body can function with one healthy kidney and hence family members and friends of the patient may choose to donate a kidney. Else, a kidney may be sourced from recently deceased donors who have chosen to donate their organs after death. In both cases, it is important that the donor kidney match the patient’s blood and tissue type.

A renal transplant surgery usually takes about 3 hours. The donor kidney is placed in the abdominal cavity and connected to the patient’s arteries, veins and bladder. Usually, the donor kidney begins functioning immediately. The patient’s own damaged or diseased kidneys may not be removed unless there is a severe infection, cancer or a diagnosis of large polycystic kidneys.

The patient will need to be hospitalized for a few days after the surgery. In some cases, dialysis may be needed if the kidneys are unable to produce urine. In addition diuretics and other medication may be needed to remove excess water and salt from the body. Medication will also be prescribed to suppress the immune system so that the patient’s body does not reject the donor kidney. These medications typically need to be taken for the rest of the patient’s life.

A renal transplant is considered a relatively safe procedure. Less than 20 out of 100 people reject a donor kidney. However, there are a few other risks involved. These include:
Bleeding
• Severe infection
• Failure of the donor kidney
• Reaction to anesthesia
• Increased risk of infections due to suppressed immune system

Kidney transplant is not advised for people suffering from diseases such as cancer or any significant lung or heart disease. If the patient is suffering from an infection, he or she may be advised to wait until the infection subsides before undergoing a renal transplant. A renal transplant may seem to be an expensive procedure but in the long run, this can work out to be more budget friendly than dialysis. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2930 people found this helpful

Kidney Stones (Renal Stone)

Dr. Hisham Wandoor 90% (314 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath,
Kidney Stones (Renal Stone)
  • The stone presents mainly in kidney, bladder, ureters. 
  • Calicium, oxalate, and uric acid stones are mainly seen. 
  • And patients complainting mainly like severe pain on groin, loin, lower back, and painfull urination, etc.
  • You can control this by taking proper and adequate water intake and avoiding calcium containing foods. 
  • And to treat kidney stones properly for permanant without side effects 
  • You can go for homeopathic method. 
2 people found this helpful
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