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Multiple Sclerosis - Understanding Its Effects!

DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine
Neurologist, Pune
Multiple Sclerosis - Understanding Its Effects!

Multiple Sclerosis or MS is an ailment that is mainly caused due to the degeneration of nerves in the body. The central nervous system is the main area affected by multiple sclerosis and it has been diagnosed that it occurs more in women than men. The main areas that are affected include optic nerves, brain, and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis in other words also means scar tissues in multiple areas. There are 4 types of multiple sclerosis which include clinically isolated syndrome, relapse remitting, primary progressive, and secondary progressive.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple sclerosis is regarded as an autoimmune disorder and its exact cause is not known by the doctors. The disease causes demyelination of the brain cells and spinal cord.
  2. People in the age group of 15-60 are the ones affected by this disease. According to scientists, the four main factors that cause this disease are virus, genetic, environmental and immunological.
  3. It is a long-lasting disease that causes disturbances in the body functions.
  4. The condition is examined by the doctors by checking the patient’s medical history, conducting neurological exams, and imaging scans.
  5. The spinal fluid analysis is also a procedure that can rule out the possibility of multiple sclerosis.

Symptoms Caused by Multiple Sclerosis

  • Some of the symptoms that are caused due to this disease include impaired coordination, pain, vision loss, and fatigue.
  • The nerves in our body are coated with myelin sheath that protects the nerves.
  • The myelin sheath also aids in the conduction of impulses all through the body.
  • Inflammation is caused due to multiple sclerosis which eventually results in thinning and destroying of the sheath.
  • The nerve without a coating is left with a scratch and this results in the nerve not functioning properly.
  • Severe chronic symptoms are faced by patients so at times pain occurs in the eyes and back. In some patients the symptoms are mild thus the disease is not noticed in the early stages.
  • The main symptoms include problems with thinking, memory, muscle weaknessnumbness, and tingling. Many people even find trouble in walking due to multiple sclerosis.

Effects of Multiple Sclerosis

2737 people found this helpful

Cloudy Vision - Can It Be Because Of Cataract?

MBBS, DOMS, Felowship in Medical Retina
Ophthalmologist, Bangalore
Cloudy Vision - Can It Be Because Of Cataract?

Cataract is clouding of clear natural lens present inside the eye, this is a major cause of decreased vision in elderly. Cataracts can occur in one or both eyes, usually developing very slowly. Things look blurry, hazy, less colourful and less sharp with cataract.

Most cataracts are related to ageing, however many other factors can either increase the rate of formation or cause cataract formation. 

Causes of Cataract Formation-

  1. Ageing: Most common cause. As the proteins present in the lens of the eye degenerates over the years ( just like any other organ) cataract is formed. If you are having Diabetes or hypertension, the rate of formation gets accelerated.

  2. Radiation: Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays, especially UV-B rays, results in cataract in your eyes. Wearing sunglasses in the daytime helps in slowing down the process of cataract.

  3. Genes: Many genetic disorders can result in congenital cataract ( cataracts present since birth) or early formation. Like in Lowe syndrome or Down's syndrome

  4. Lifestyle Choices: Cigarette smoking, long hours of sun exposure regularly, antioxidant, poor diet etc. are responsible for the onset of cataract.

How To Detect Cataract?

Certain signs and symptoms suggest the existence of cataract in the eye. Depending on the type and level of cataract, problems in vision occurs. The main symptom is foggy cloudy vision as if seeing through a dirty glass window. 

Other Symptoms are- 

  1. inability to see clearly in bright light (during the day) which becomes better in dim light ( evening and night) and vice versa. 
  2. watery, tired eyes - mild pain in and around eyes. 
  3. yellow tinge in vision
  4. Halos around light bulbs or bright light. 

If you are experiencing above symptoms and having problems in viewing things clearly, visit an ophthalmologist and get your eyes checked.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2815 people found this helpful

My 4 year old daughter has a power in eyes as a mother I do not want to put glasses as she is too small. Please suggest any natural remedy to increase her eye sight.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (18079 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
Homoeopathic treatment will help to reduce the numbers... but it is not like it will be normal again... so glasses may be required... Don't be rigid.. You can start treatment.. As numbers goes down you can keep changing the glasses..
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I am 17 years old and I am using a spectacle my spectacle no is - 12 what should I do to reduce it?

Dr. Jatin Soni 92% (40121 ratings)
General Physician, Mumbai
After 20 years of age we can reduce your refractive error but not fully with lasik surgery after clinical examination
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I am 22 year old student my eyesight is very week -6.50 and -7.00 how can I improve my eyesight by naturally?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (6997 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
Normally myopia doesn't correct,,it can be static after 25 yrs of age,u need Lasik surgery for this purpose
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I am 25 year old, suffering from a crazy rare problem called palinopsia related to eyes I see afterimage from past 2 years I can't see bright computer screen I took many medicines but dint work .how to come out from this?

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 90% (29788 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
For illusory palinopsia, treatment can involve medications that decrease the excitability of neurons, such as clonidine, gabapentin, acetazolamide, magnesium, or calcium channel blockers
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How to increase eyesight? I use lenses of which power is 3.25 How can I get rid of it?

Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Namaste Eye sight can be improved with nutritious diet and methodological eye exercise. Metabolism need to keep maintained. Some very common drugs and herbs are found effective in improving eye sight. Eg Triphala.
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I am suffering from eyesight problem and doctor suggest me to use specs but I don't like it. Is there any way to get back my eyesight?

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (6997 ratings)
Homeopath, Hooghly
There is no second option,u have to wear spec,,after that when ur power will be stable u can go for Lasik surgery
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