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Reconstructive Surgery Tips

What Are The Types Of Nasal Reconstruction Surgery?

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
What Are The Types Of Nasal Reconstruction Surgery?

A nasal reconstruction surgery is required to correct deformities in the nasal area formed as a result of birth defects, injuries, infections, cancer ,etc. Recent developments in techniques such as microsurgery, tissue expansion have helped surgeons improve the methods of nasal reconstruction surgery to a great extent. At this point, a patient has a great number of reconstruction methods to choose from, depending on his/her particular case.

Types of Nasal Reconstruction Surgery:

1. Local flaps
2. Regional flaps
4. Simple primary Suture closure
5. Skin grafts
6. One stage nasolabial flap
7. Two stage nasolabial flap
8. Forehead flap
9. Bone and Cartilage frame work reconstruction

Indications of Nasal Reconstruction Surgery:

1. One indicator of the need for this type of surgery is fractures in the nose that have changed the shape of the organ. Patients opt for this kind of surgery in order to improve their overall appearance.
2. Another indicator is fractures or other deformities that lead to breathing problems. Living with such problems is difficult; hence it is important to get nasal reconstruction surgery.
3. The presence of the Deviated Nasal Septum prevents proper breathing and increases vulnerability to ENT infections. Nasal reconstruction surgery can be used to fix this problem.
4. Deformities formed as a result of treatment of skin cancer can be fixed with the help of nasal reconstruction surgery.

Things to know about recovering from Nasal Reconstruction Surgery:

1. Medication taken orally help to counter the discomfort experienced after a nasal reconstruction surgery.
2. Usually, splints are used after the surgery. These are generally removed in a week.
3. Very soon normal daily activities may be resumed upon the doctor's instructions. 
4. swelling is commonly observed in the nasal area, but this goes away within few weeks.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - How Can Physical Therapy Help You?

Wellness Diploma, MBA (Healthcare), BPTh/BPT, Post Graduate Specialization In Preventive Health Care
Physiotherapist, Noida
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - How Can Physical Therapy Help You?

In general, anterior cruciate ligament injuries or ACL injuries, are understood as tears in any of the several knee ligaments joining the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone. This can vary from minor injuries, such as small ligament tears, to more serious cases like complete tears or when the ligament and one of the bones gets displaced from the other. These injuries usually occur during sports activities, like soccer, basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, etc. An untreated ACL injury can lead to a condition called an ACL deficiency. This can cause a lot of problems with regard to knee movements as the bones may rub against each other, causing a lot of pain. In some cases, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones may get damaged, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints.

Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of anterior cruciate ligament may include:

  1. You are unable to move properly.
  2. You experience immense pain while walking up and down stairs.
  3. You are unable to engage much in physical activities.
  4. Your knee begins to swell gradually.
  5. You can sense a loud popping sensation when moving your knee.
  6. You experience feelings of instability.

Causes:
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries generally occur during sports. Here are some common possible instances that might happen during a game:

  1. Sudden arrest in motion
  2. An unsteady landing from a jump
  3. Direct blows to the knee from tackles
  4. Sudden shifts in direction

Treatment:
Treatment of ACL injuries normally involves the following:
1. Immediate medical attention along with intense first aid care
2. Sincere adherence to the R.I.C.E model of self care

  • Rest: proper rest for a couple of weeks or months depending upon the severity of the injury
  • Ice: using ice packs to help cool the nerves
  • Compression: ice treatment further helps in compression
  • Elevation: when lying down in bed, it is strongly recommended that you keep your affected leg at a slightly higher position, through the use of pillows or cushions

3. Success rehabilitative therapy for several weeks
4. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery or reconstruction

2414 people found this helpful

Plastic Surgery - 5 Interesting Facts You Must Be Aware About!

The Esthetic Clinics 88% (30 ratings)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Plastic Surgery - 5 Interesting Facts You Must Be Aware About!

Plastic Surgery is a speciality that deals with reconstruction, alteration and restoration of certain parts in the human body. It improves a person's appearance and may also help in improving the functionality of various body parts. It can be classified as either re-constructive or cosmetic Surgery:

  1. Re-constructive Surgery: These type of surgeries are used to correct various defects in the body such as injuries as a result of trauma, physical birth defects, deformities in the ear and cleft lips.
  2. Cosmetic Surgery: Cosmetic Surgery is used to modify a part of the body for cosmetic reasons. The most common cosmetic surgery procedures are reconstructing the nose, removing fat from certain parts of the body and reshaping the breasts.

Outlined below are 5 facts about plastic surgery:

  1. Liposuction is popular among males: The most common plastic surgery among men is liposuction. So far, out of the 1 million plastic surgeries that men have undergone, most have been liposuction. The other popular cosmetic surgeries for men are face lifts and Rhinoplasty.
  2. 35-50 year old undergo the maximum number of plastic surgeries. In 2014, over 4 million procedures were performed on people whose ages were in the range of 35-50 years. The most common concerns were sagging skin and fine lines. Liposuction was the most popular surgery in this age group.
  3. Most women opt for breast augmentation: Breast augmentation often requires correcting various issues such as post-op sagging and various other tweaks like modifying the size of the implants. The number of revisions in breast surgeries has actually gone up compared to the initial breast surgeries.
  4. Asian double eyelid surgery: A surgery where the eyelids are altered to make your eyes look bigger and attractive. It is a popular surgery among Asian women.

Hymenoplasty - Knowing The Procedure & Benefits Of It!

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Mumbai
Hymenoplasty - Knowing The Procedure & Benefits Of It!

These days everything is available, including a new body. You can get a new nose, jaw, perky breasts and yes, a brand new hymen as well, all through plastic surgery. The procedure of hymen restoration or reconstruction is called hymenoplasty, hymenorrhaphy, virginity surgery or just hymen reconstruction surgery. The hymen, as you know is a ring-like membrane in a woman’s vagina. It usually ruptures due to vigorous exercise or sexual penetration. This is also usually the reason many women, egged on by families, decide to go for the reconstruction of their hymen because certain cultures value female virginity and losing one’s virginity before marriage is a taboo.

Benefits: The benefits of hymenoplasty , if any, are that it allows women to take control of their futures in conservative societies. If she has been sexually active pre-marriage, she can still decide to go for a traditional marriage without the fearof ostracization. Hymenoplasty surgery restores the ability of the hymen to bleed at intercourse on the wedding night. Victims of sexual assault can also use the procedure to get over the traumatic event and its memories. Some women like to get a hymen rejuvenation to feel young again.

Procedure: Hymenorrhaphy can be done months or years after a woman loses her virginity. It must be performed only by a plastic surgeon. In this procedure, the torn edges of the hymen are sutured back together. If done correctly, the touched-up hymen appears as good as new and bleeds on sexual penetration. Sutures dissolve by themselves after a few days. Hospital stay is only 5-6 hours post hymenorrhaphy. The procedure is done under anesthesia and it usually takes less than an hour to finish. Patients are discharged from hospital the same day and are advised not to do any vigorous activity like playing games, climbing stairs, and of course sex.

Risk involved: There are no documented risks of hymenoplasty and there are no complications either, if the surgeon is good. If an adverse reaction occurs, it’s temporary. Usually any discomfort in the private parts and swelling in the outer parts of the vagina usually subsides within days.

Recovery: The recovery time is minimal and the patient can return to work next day, if she wants. Complete healing, though, takes approximately 4 weeks. Good hygiene is important to avoid infection. Patients are advised to contact their doctor immediately after a hymenorrhaphy if there is feverabdominal painbleeding from vagina or the reconstructed hymen.

3329 people found this helpful

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - What Should You Know?

Dr. Sunil Kumar Dash 88% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Orthopedics, Fellowship, Depuy Joint Replacement
Orthopedist, Bhubaneswar
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury - What Should You Know?

In general, anterior cruciate ligament injuries or ACL injuries, are understood as tears in any of the several knee ligaments joining the upper leg bone and the lower leg bone. This can vary from minor injuries, such as small ligament tears, to more serious cases like complete tears or when the ligament and one of the bones gets displaced from the other.

These injuries usually occur during sports activities, like soccer, basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, etc. An untreated ACL injury can lead to a condition called an ACL deficiency. This can cause a lot of problems with regard to knee movements as the bones may rub against each other, causing a lot of pain.

In some cases, the cartilage covering the ends of the bones may get damaged, eventually tearing and trapping the cushion pads supporting the knee joints.

Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of anterior cruciate ligament may include:

  1. You are unable to move properly.
  2. You experience immense pain while walking up and down stairs.
  3. You are unable to engage much in physical activities.
  4. Your knee begins to swell gradually.
  5. You can sense a loud popping sensation when moving your knee.
  6. You experience feelings of instability.

Causes:
Anterior cruciate ligament injuries generally occur during sports. Here are some common possible instances that might happen during a game:

  1. Sudden arrest in motion
  2. An unsteady landing from a jump
  3. Direct blows to the knee from tackles
  4. Sudden shifts in direction

Treatment:
Treatment of ACL injuries normally involves the following:
1. Immediate medical attention along with intense first aid care
2. Sincere adherence to the R.I.C.E model of self care

  • Rest: proper rest for a couple of weeks or months depending upon the severity of the injury
  • Ice: using ice packs to help cool the nerves
  • Compression: ice treatment further helps in compression
  • Elevation: when lying down in bed, it is strongly recommended that you keep your affected leg at a slightly higher position, through the use of pillows or cushions

3. Success rehabilitative therapy for several weeks
4. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery or reconstruction

Who Needs A Craniofacial Surgery?

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, DNB (Plastic Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Aurangabad
Who Needs A Craniofacial Surgery?

A craniofacial surgery is done deformities or abnormalities present in the head or face area of the patient. Depending on the type of deformity, a craniofacial surgery is done to repair or reconstruct it. The areas that come under a craniofacial surgeon's domain are the cranium (skull), the face, skin on the face, facial bones, and the facial nerves.

For this reason, in order to conduct craniofacial surgery, a neurosurgeon and a cosmetic surgeon may often work together. The time taken for completing a craniofacial surgery may vary between one hour to twelve hours. 

Why do you need a craniofacial surgery?

There may be multiple reasons why a patient would require craniofacial surgery. These are: Tumors in the head or face region are one of the most common causes behind this type of surgery. The surgeries conducted to remove these tumors may sometimes lead to the formation of deformities in the region. 

A craniofacial surgery is conducted in order to correct them. This kind of surgery can also be used to correct abnormalities formed as a result of injuries or wounds on the face, the jaw or the head. Some patients may also undergo a craniofacial surgery in order to correct defects that they were born with. Such defects include Apert Syndrome (a syndrome characterized by the premature fusion of certain bones in the skull), cleft palate or cleft lip and craniosynotosis (premature fusion of certain bones in the skull). 

Risks related to Craniofacial Surgery: 

Certain risks are associated with this type of surgery. These are: 

1. A craniofacial surgery is conducted after putting the patient under general anesthesia. As a result of this, the patient may suffer from complications related to anesthesia.
2. After the surgery, patient may also lose their bone grafts partly or wholly. 
3.The formation of permanent scars is another possible risk of a craniofacial surgery. 
4.Some patients, especially children who are of growing age, may need a follow up surgery later on.
5. Certain patients can face more risks of delayed healing as compared to other patients. These include patients who are malnourished or smokers.

3291 people found this helpful

Know The Benefits And Procedure Of Hymenoplasty!

MBBS, M.S - General Surgery, MCh - Plastic Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Jaipur
Know The Benefits And Procedure Of Hymenoplasty!

These days everything is available, including a new body. You can get a new nose, jaw, perky breasts and yes, a brand new hymen as well, all through plastic surgery. The procedure of hymen restoration or reconstruction is called hymenoplasty, hymenorrhaphy, virginity surgery or just hymen reconstruction surgery. The hymen, as you know is a ring-like membrane in a woman’s vagina. It usually ruptures due to vigorous exercise or sexual penetration. This is also usually the reason many women, egged on by families, decide to go for the reconstruction of their hymen because certain cultures value female virginity and losing one’s virginity before marriage is a taboo.

Benefits: The benefits of hymenoplasty , if any, are that it allows women to take control of their futures in conservative societies. If she has been sexually active pre-marriage, she can still decide to go for a traditional marriage without the fear of ostracization. Hymenoplasty surgery restores the ability of the hymen to bleed at intercourse on the wedding night. Victims of sexual assault can also use the procedure to get over the traumatic event and its memories. Some women like to get a hymen rejuvenation to feel young again.

Procedure: Hymenorrhaphy can be done months or years after a woman loses her virginity. It must be performed only by a plastic surgeon. In this procedure, the torn edges of the hymen are sutured back together. If done correctly, the touched-up hymen appears as good as new and bleeds on sexual penetration. Sutures dissolve by themselves after a few days. Hospital stay is only 5-6 hours post hymenorrhaphy. The procedure is done under anesthesia and it usually takes less than an hour to finish. Patients are discharged from hospital the same day and are advised not to do any vigorous activity like playing games, climbing stairs, and of course sex.

Risk involved: There are no documented risks of hymenoplasty and there are no complications either, if the surgeon is good. If an adverse reaction occurs, it’s temporary. Usually any discomfort in the private parts and swelling in the outer parts of the vagina usually subsides within days.

Recovery: The recovery time is minimal and the patient can return to work next day, if she wants. Complete healing, though, takes approximately 4 weeks. Good hygiene is important to avoid infection. Patients are advised to contact their doctor immediately after a hymenorrhaphy if there is fever, abdominal pain, bleeding from vagina or the reconstructed hymen.

1860 people found this helpful

Frequently Asked Questions About ACL Reconstruction Surgery!

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Orthopedics & Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Frequently Asked Questions About ACL Reconstruction Surgery!

ACL which stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament is a common form of injury for people involved in sports. Tear of ACL can be an extremely painful and debilitating injury. The prospect of having to undergo a surgery for reconstruction will definitely have certain concerns and questions.

Here are some brief questions and answers that are commonly asked and can offer an insight into the topic.

Q1. Who should undergo an ACL reconstruction surgery?
ACL reconstruction surgery is the most suitable treatment option for patients who are physically active. It is especially recommended for athletes who play sports requiring pivoting. If you have an injury in more than one ligament or have knee instability, then ACL reconstruction surgery may be recommended. Patients who lead an active lifestyle are prone to injuring their knees again and therefore, an ACL reconstruction surgery can be of immense help.

Q2. What are the different types of ACL reconstruction surgery?
There are several variants of ACL reconstruction surgery for an ACL tear. In these surgeries, the damaged tendons are replaced from tendons taken from some other parts of the body. This can constitute portions of your own tendon, patellar tendon, hamstrings, quadriceps or a combination of these areas. Each of the various types of ACL reconstruction surgery has pros and cons and which type would be most suitable for you depends on the specifics of the injury as well as the type of graft and other factors.

Q3. How long does it take to recover from an ACL reconstruction surgery take?
Though the recovery time is different from one person to another, the ACL reconstruction surgery indicates a recovery period of several months that may last up to a year. A rehabilitation program can ensure optimum recovery since it focuses on restoring the range of motion and subsequently, strengthening the affected parts.

Q4. When to start therapy after the ACL reconstruction surgery?
It is important to start the therapy right after the first post-operative visit. The therapy can be done at any place that is convenient for the patient. It could be at the therapist’s office or at the patient’s home as well.

Q5. Is it possible to injure the ACL by bending the knee?
Since the ACL graft is positioned in an isometric manner, it means that the length of the graft would not change its position regardless of whether a knee is bent or straightened. It is, therefore impossible to injure the ACL grafting by bending the knee.

Q6. Is it important to use crutches after the surgery?
Most patients are able to bear full weight right after the operation but it may not be the case for all patients. There is no need to use crutches since it is crucial to maintain strength and boost the healing process.
For further clarifications, it is best to discuss the pros and cons with your doctor before opting for the procedure.

4847 people found this helpful

Vaginal Rejuvenation: Why You Should Try It?

M Ch., MS - General Surgery, DNB Plastic surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Delhi
Vaginal Rejuvenation: Why You Should Try It?

What is vaginal rejuvenation?

Vaginal rejuvenation is also called vaginoplasty or vaginal tightening. It is an elective surgical procedure done under general anesthesia/local anaesthesia with an aim to tighten the inner and outer muscles of the vagina that become loose from vaginal childbirth and normal aging process.

Reconstructive Surgery vs Cosmetic Surgery

Reconstructive surgery is a surgery used to restore form and function of the body affected by congenital defects, tumor, trauma, infection or disease.

Cosmetic surgery is a branch of plastic surgery focused on enhancing appearance through surgical techniques. It is done mainly to improve aesthetics and is elective as treated areas have normal function. Vaginoplasty as reconstructive surgery is performed in the following cases:

  1. After treatment of malignancy or abscesses to restore form and function of vagina
  2. To correct vaginal and uterine prolapse
  3. Repair of vagina after trauma
  4. To correct protrusion of urinary bladder or rectum into the vagina
  5. To repair birth defects in cases of vaginal agenesis and vaginal hypoplasia where the vagina is absent or malformed. It enables normal menstruation, urination, and intercourse of the affected girl.
  6. In transgender or trans-sexual women.

Vaginoplasty/vaginal rejuvenation as cosmetic surgery is performed for the following reasons:

  1. To improve the youthful look of the vaginal region
  2. To enhance vaginal muscle tone, strength, and control
  3. Improved sexual gratification and increased friction during intercourse.

Suturing In Facial Plastic Surgery!

Dr. Punit Dubey 90% (122 ratings)
MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Ghaziabad

Sutures in facial reconstruction forms the most essential part of any surgery specifically for face as it is our center of attention in whole body.

Improper suturing and knowledge related to facial anatomy can give unpleasant results.

 This could be best avoided if you choose a right surgeon with expertise and updated skills in facial plastic surgery which requires years of training and experience of placing thousands of them.

Trust your face to facial plastic surgeon.

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