Prostate cancer is a condition triggered by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth and division of some cells of the prostate gland. Today, incidences of prostate cancer are alarmingly rising in India. In fact, some reports suggest that the cases of prostate cancer are likely to double by the year 2020, all the more reasons to manage and control the condition on time.
Like the other forms of cancer, prostate cancer can also metastasize and affect the other vital organs of the body (Secondary Cancer). One of the body parts where prostate cancer is most likely to metastasize first are the bones. As per the American Cancer Society, bone metastasis can give rise to a host of complications and discomfort including Hypercalcemia (elevated levels of blood calcium levels). There will also be severe bone damage with frequent bone fractures which can be quite painful. Thus, it is essential that the spread of prostate cancer is somehow controlled or slowed down. In this regard, Bone Directed therapy deserves a special mention.
The Osteoclasts are cells in the bone that plays a pivotal role in bone reabsorption, ensuring that the bones stay healthy and disease free. The metastasis of prostate cancer to bones results in the osteoclasts becoming over-reactive. This, in turn, can result in a myriad of problems affecting the bones. The Prostate Bone Directed Therapy involves the use of drugs and medications that will help to regulate and slow down the over-reactive osteoclast cells. For this purpose, the drug that is commonly used is Zometa or Zoledronic acid, which is a type of Bisphosphonate.
The use of this drug can go a long way to ensure that the bones remain healthy by
However, if the prostate cancer had already metastasized the bone, the use of the drug Prolia (intravenous injections are often used) may provide fruitful results. The dosage of the drug may vary among individuals depending on the extent of the damage.
However, the drug comes with its share of side effects which may range from a sharp dip in the calcium level to allergic reactions, backaches, or even jaw bone complications.
Thus, the drug should be used with great care and under strict medical supervision.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer in the geriatric age group. Males above the age of 45 years should undergo screening for prostate cancer.
As men enter their middle age, many of them develop issues with their prostate gland. There are certain symptoms that would tell you that your prostate glands have stopped functioning smoothly. It is recommended that you opt for a thorough check-up when you suspect something wrong. This is because untreated prostate issues can lead to prostate cancer later in life. To avoid such a situation, it is best to get it treated as soon as possible.
Here are certain common symptoms which would make you aware of the issues that might affect your prostate gland.
Hence, these are the major symptoms which reflect that the functioning of your prostate gland is not as smooth as it is supposed to be. If you can relate with any of these symptoms, ideally you must immediately consult your medical practitioner and take an expert opinion. Medical science has progressed a lot in contemporary times and prostate disorders are very much treated by medicines and procedures. It is a very much curable problem provided you get the right help at the right time.
The urinary system is responsible for getting rid of the urine and waste fluid out of the human body. It keeps in check the level of potassium and sodium in the body and helps the body to get rid of excess fluid waste. The urinary system consists of kidney, urinary bladder, and urethra. Cancer in any part of the urinary system comes under the classification of Genitourinary Cancers.
The male reproductive system is responsible for maintaining potent sperms and healthy reproduction. It manages the sex hormones in the system and hence connected to the fertility in men. It consists of the prostate, testicles, and penis. Genitourinary cancers in men are generally connected with the cancer cell growth in the reproductive system.
Cancer is the abnormal mass in the organ of the human body where the cells are growing abnormally and cannot be controlled.
Types of Genitourinary Cancer:
Following are some of the types of Genitourinary Cancer are:
Kidney cancer is very dangerous and generally found in the adult. The cell grows rapidly in kidney cancer and leading to the death of the patient if not treated in time. The symptoms include bloody urine, pain in the back, and loss of appetite. There are no specific causes of kidney cancer. However, patients who are persistently facing symptoms should consult expert oncologist and get yourself treated. The prevention you can take is quit smoking, maintain a healthy weight, and control high blood pressure.
Urinary Bladder Cancer
Urinary Bladder cancer also comes under the study of Genitourinary cancer where cancer is grown primarily in the urinary bladder of the patient. The early symptoms of urinary bladder cancer are bloody urination, irritation while urinating, pain in urination, and change in urinary bladder habits. These symptoms are often mixed with UTI, and sometimes the patient does not know if these are the symptoms of cancer.
Testicular cancer refers to cancer in the testicles which are in the scrotum of the male reproductive system. The main symptoms of testicular cancer are feeling of a lump in the scrotum, feeling heaviness in the testicles, back pain, and pain in the penis. It is advisable to see an oncologist when you feel swelling or pain in the scrotum area. The cause for this type of Genitourinary cancer is unknown and but they are treatable even when cancer has advanced.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men. However, this type of Genitourinary cancer is not harmful and may even not need any treatment. Cancer grows very slowly and does not need advanced medicines. The prostate cancer may die with time. Some of the common symptoms of prostate cancer are blood in semen, trouble urinating, bone pain, and erectile dysfunction.
Cancer patients with Genitourinary cancers need special care and medication. The cancer is difficult to determine, but should be treated within time else can be life-threatening. Visit genitourinary cancer specialists for better assessment and correct treatment procedure.
Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects men. The prostate is basically a small gland that sits in the male pelvic cavity and is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. The testosterone hormone controls this gland. Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour.
More about this cancer:
Risk Factors: The various risk factors involved in this kind of cancer are many. Advanced age, a family history of the same disease, obesity as well as genetic changes can lead to the development of this kind of tumour.
Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast-growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type.
Symptoms: It is possible to not have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer. The symptoms usually begin to show up when cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, most significantly. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation and suffer from sexual dysfunction as well. Pain in the chest, pelvic area and back are also common symptoms of prostate cancer, which may gradually turn into numbness in the said areas as well.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the issue will be done by a specialist from the urology department. After a physical examination where a diagnosis of the symptoms and other check-ups will happen, the doctor may conduct lab tests to check the blood, urine and other samples. Further, imaging tests like MRI and CT scans will also be conducted. A digital rectal exam and prostate biopsy will also help in effective diagnosis.
Treatment: The treatment of this kind of cancer usually depends on the severity of the symptoms and the spread of the tumour. Besides active observation, the doctor may also recommend radiation, chemotherapy and surgery based on the age and health condition of the patient. If you happen to find even subtle symptoms which could point towards this disease, do not hesitate to get in touch with the doctor.
A gland that produces a liquid which mixes with sperm and is ejaculated as semen during sexual activity, is the prostate gland and is located under the bladder of a man. Cancer in the prostate is one of the most common cancers that occur among men.
The risk of developing prostate cancer increases progressively with age. Although there is no absolute prevention of prostate cancer, evidence and doctors suggest that a healthy diet can play a key role. Here are a few tips that can go a long way in the prevention of prostate cancer:
It is important to look after yourself and start taking essential steps to prevent prostate cancer rather than trying to manage it once you get it.
In recent years, there has been the emerging trend of resorting to customized treatment for different types of cancer. These treatments vary from individual to individual, depending on the severity of their condition. PSMA PET scan and DOTA scan are two such procedures used in the treatment of prostate cancer.
Before identifying the benefits of these scans, let us have a look at the risks of prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer- What is it?
Prostate cancer shows up in the prostate gland of men, which produces the fluid that transfers and nourishes the sperm. It is a very commonly occurring condition in men and early treatment can cure it completely.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:
Prostate cancer starts showing its symptoms from the middle stages. One should seek medical help if he observes the following warning signs-
With increasing age and obesity, there remains a high chance of developing prostate cancer.
What is PSMA PET scan?
It is an effective and reliable mode of diagnosis to identify the extent of prostate cancer. It is also known as Prostascint scan. This scan is recommended for patients in the early stage of cancer and to determine whether the disease has spread to the pelvic lymph nodes.
In this process, the patient is injected with an antibody and a radioactive material that can be detected by cameras. The doctor then sees a three-dimensional picture of the affected area on the monitor. The complete process takes three days to finish.
Benefits of PSMA PET scan:
• Helps to determine the position and range of a tumour
• Helps the doctor to plan effective methods of treatment to eradicate a tumour completely
• Helps to predict the result of treatment up to a certain extent, unlike other imaging tests
What is DOTA scan?
It is a highly advanced scan used to detect the spread and sensitivity of tumours concerning prostate cancer. The molecules injected during the scan attaches itself to the neuroendocrine tumours known as carcinoids.
Benefits of DOTA scan:
• Helps to detect the exact location of a tumour
• Helps the doctor to plan for effective radioactive therapies
• Helps to identify the exact stage of a cancerous tumour
Both PSMA and DOTA scans are the fruits of modern scientific research and go a long way in eradicating cancerous cells from the body. Early detection of the disease with these scans increases the chance of being cured of the disease.