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Prostate Cancer Surgery Tips

All About Prostate Cancer

Dr. Abhinav Agarwal 87% (56 ratings)
MBBS, M.S. (General Surgery), MBA (Healthcare), M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Gurgaon
All About Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a cancerous tumor in a man’s prostate gland, a small gland that is responsible for producing the seminal fluid which transports and nourishes the sperm. It is a very common type of cancer among men. A few cases of prostate cancer tend to develop slowly while others may progress very fast.

Symptoms

In the initial stages, prostate cancer may not show any symptom. However, in the latter stages, there may be symptoms such as:

  1. Pain in the bones.

  2. Erectile dysfunction.

  3. Urination can get troublesome.

  4. Presence of blood in the semen.

  5. Pain and discomfort in the pelvic region.

Causes-

The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known. It starts to develop when certain cells in the prostate gland start to mutate. These mutations cause these cells to multiply at a very fast rate and thus, soon form tumors. Although the causes are not known, certain factors tend to aggravate this condition; them being:

  1. Color: According to certain medical reports, a darker skin may mean increased chances of suffering from prostate cancer.

  2. Age: The risk of developing prostate cancer tends to increase with age.

  3. Genetics and Family History: Faulty genes could be another cause of this condition. Also, having some member in the family who is diagnosed with this type of cancer only increases the risks of you suffering from them.

  4. Obesity: If you are obese, then you are more likely to develop prostate cancer.

Treatments-

The treatments for prostate cancer include:

  1. Radiation Therapy: In this procedure, high energy rays are used to target and destroy cancer cells. Usually X-rays or protons are used to treat the cancer cells.

  2. Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is a type of treatment wherein certain medications are administered to prevent your body from producing testosterone.

  3. Surgery: If the other treatment methods do not produce desired results, then a surgery is carried out for the removal of the prostate gland. In addition to the prostate gland, some adjoining lymph nodes and tissues are also removed.

  4. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is method of destroying cancer cells by injecting chemicals into the body. The medicines are injected into the veins in the arms.

If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a specilized oncologist and ask a free question.

1841 people found this helpful

All About Prostate Cancer

DNB (Urology), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
All About Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects men. The prostate is basically a small gland that sits in the male pelvic cavity and is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. The testosterone hormone controls this gland.

Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour. More about this cancer:

  • Risk Factors: The various risk factors involved in this kind of cancer are many. Advanced age, a family history of the same disease, obesity as well as genetic changes can lead to the development of this kind of tumour.
  • Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type.
  • Symptoms: It is possible to not have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer. The symptoms usually begin to show up when the cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, most significantly. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation and suffer from sexual dysfunction as well. Pain in the chest, pelvic area and back are also common symptoms of prostate cancer, which may gradually turn into numbness in the said areas as well.
  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the issue will be done by a specialist from the urology department. After a physical examination where a diagnosis of the symptoms and other check ups will happen, the doctor may conduct lab tests to check the blood, urine and other samples. Further, imaging tests like MRI and CT scans will also be conducted. A digital rectal exam and prostate biopsy will also help in effective diagnosis.
  • Treatment: The treatment of this kind of cancer usually depends on the severity of the symptoms and the spread of the tumour. Besides active observation, the doctor may also recommend radiation, chemotherapy and surgery based on the age and health condition of the patient. If you happen to find even subtle symptoms which could point towards this disease, do not hesitate to get in touch with the doctor.

Related Tip: "Foods That May Cause Cancer"

4395 people found this helpful

Know More About Prostate Cancer!

Dr. Shailendra Kumar Goel 88% (47 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M. Ch. (Urology), DNB (General Surgery), MBA
Urologist, Noida
Know More About Prostate Cancer!

Know more about prostate cancer Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects aging men commonly. The prostate gland is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. Its function is under control of testosterone hormone produced by testicles. Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour. 

More about this cancer: 

Risk Factors: The various risk factors are studied for the development this cancer. Advancing age, a family history of the same disease, obesity, western diet and black race are the risk factor for the development of this cancer. 

Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type. 

Symptoms: It is possible not to have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer at early stage. The symptoms usually begin to show up when cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, like poor flow, frequency, frequent need to wake up for urination during the night time. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation. Pain in the back bone and pelvic are also common symptoms of prostate cancer when it spread into bones. Spine involvement may gradually turn into numbness in lower limbs with paralysis. Blockage of ureters may lead to kidney failure

Diagnosis: The diagnosis of prostate cancer is suspected by digital rectal examination and PSA blood test. If any nodule or hard area is suspected on digital rectal examination or PSA is high, then prostate biopsy is done to confirm the cancer. When in doubt, Multiparametric MRI of prostate may guide the necessity of biopsy. 

Treatment: Early cancer limited to prostate can be cured by surgery (Radical Prostatectomy) or Radiotherapy. Advancement in surgical techniques due to robotics and laparoscopy, has made Robotic radical prostatectomy as the first choice of treatment for localized prostate cancer. The advance cancer is treated by hormonal manipulation of testosterone blockade. It can be achieved medically by various injections or surgically by removing both testes. If cancer still grows despite hormonal manipulations, chemotherapy helps in rescue. 

Prostate cancer is a treatable disease. We should not fear with it rather fight with it. Ultimately, we can win over cancer.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2961 people found this helpful

Prostate/ BPH / Cancer Prostate

Dr. Nitesh Jain 93% (78 ratings)
MCh - Urology, MBBS
Urologist, Chennai
Prostate/ BPH / Cancer Prostate

Don't shy away from urinary complains: It can be treated. Enlarged prostate in elderly.

We live in a country of excess where size often matters most. Supersize, grand, max, king size - but is bigger always better? Certainly not when it comes to male health and an enlarged prostate.

Enlarged prostate what we medically call as bph (benign prostatic hyperplasia) is a disease of old age, starts presenting usually after 50 years of age. It is non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate which is a walnut sized gland seen in men located beneath the bladder forming a channel through which stored urine in bladder can flow into the urethra. As we grow the prostate also enlarges in size (usually after 50 yrs). This enlarged prostate squeezes or partially blocks the surrounding urethra the tube that carries the urine from the bladder out of the body. This can lead to bothersome urinary symptoms that may include a weak stream, trouble starting and stopping, the frequent feel to urinate, inability to hold back the urine when desire comes, leaking or dribbling, and the sense that the bladder isn't empty after urination.
Complete emptying of the bladder may not occur due to obstruction in the flow of urine and as such can make an individual more susceptible to urinary tract infections, bladder stone formation, and if obstruction is prolonged and severe can lead to kidney function impairment.

The symptoms of bph will often bring patients to their doctor, although the enlarged prostate can also be diagnosed during a routine digital rectal examination (internal examination) or ultrasonography. Other common tests used to diagnose bph include a urinalysis (to check for infection or other causes of bph-like symptoms); a urine flow study, which uses a device that measure the speed of the stream; a ultrasound, which measures the size of the prostate gland and evaluate the kidney along with psa (blood test) to rule out cancer.


It is seen that most men feel uncomfortable talking about prostate, since the glands play an important role in sex and urination. Many older men live in this situation believing that it is age related. While it is indeed age related but it could be due to enlarged prostate for which there is relief available through treatment.
Age is the primary cause for enlargement of the gland. A clinical examination, uroflow and sonography helps to determine the severity of the problem. Regular medication helps to solve the problem and can prevent dreaded complications and only patient with bothersome symptoms or with some complication related to prostate needs surgery.

Elderly men should not feel shy to share their urinary problems as prostate enlargement is a common part of ageing alike grey hair or wrinkles. Visit the doctor and regain confidence and lead healthy life again. And remember, earlier you address this, better your chances of relief without surgery.

5 people found this helpful

Prostate Cancer - Causes And Symptoms

Dr. Sachin Pahade 86% (15 ratings)
MBBS, D.N.B. (General Surgery), D.N.B. (Genito Urinary Surgery)
Urologist, Mumbai
Prostate Cancer - Causes And Symptoms

Prostate cancer is a cancerous tumor in a man’s prostate gland, a small gland that is responsible for producing the seminal fluid which transports and nourishes the sperm. It is a very common type of cancer among men. A few cases of prostate cancer tend to develop slowly while others may progress very fast.

Symptoms

In the initial stages, prostate cancer may not show any symptom. However, in the latter stages, there may be symptoms such as:

  1. Pain in the bones.

  2. Erectile dysfunction.

  3. Urination can get troublesome.

  4. Presence of blood in the semen.

  5. Pain and discomfort in the pelvic region.

Causes-

The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known. It starts to develop when certain cells in the prostate gland start to mutate. These mutations cause these cells to multiply at a very fast rate and thus, soon form tumors. Although the causes are not known, certain factors tend to aggravate this condition; them being:

  1. Color: According to certain medical reports, a darker skin may mean increased chances of suffering from prostate cancer.

  2. Age: The risk of developing prostate cancer tends to increase with age.

  3. Genetics and Family History: Faulty genes could be another cause of this condition. Also, having some member in the family who is diagnosed with this type of cancer only increases the risks of you suffering from them.

  4. Obesity: If you are obese, then you are more likely to develop prostate cancer.

Treatments-

The treatments for prostate cancer include:

  1. Radiation Therapy: In this procedure, high energy rays are used to target and destroy cancer cells. Usually X-rays or protons are used to treat the cancer cells.

  2. Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is a type of treatment wherein certain medications are administered to prevent your body from producing testosterone.

  3. Surgery: If the other treatment methods do not produce desired results, then a surgery is carried out for the removal of the prostate gland. In addition to the prostate gland, some adjoining lymph nodes and tissues are also removed.

  4. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is method of destroying cancer cells by injecting chemicals into the body. The medicines are injected into the veins in the arms.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2301 people found this helpful

How To Treat Prostate Cancer?

Dr. Shrinivas R.P 87% (105 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB
Urologist, Bangalore
How To Treat Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a cancerous tumor in a man’s prostate gland, a small gland that is responsible for producing the seminal fluid which transports and nourishes the sperm. It is a very common type of cancer among men. A few cases of prostate cancer tend to develop slowly while others may progress very fast.

Symptoms

In the initial stages, prostate cancer may not show any symptom. However, in the latter stages, there may be symptoms such as:

  1. Pain in the bones.

  2. Erectile dysfunction.

  3. Urination can get troublesome.

  4. Presence of blood in the semen.

  5. Pain and discomfort in the pelvic region.

Causes-

The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known. It starts to develop when certain cells in the prostate gland start to mutate. These mutations cause these cells to multiply at a very fast rate and thus, soon form tumors. Although the causes are not known, certain factors tend to aggravate this condition; them being:

  1. Color: According to certain medical reports, a darker skin may mean increased chances of suffering from prostate cancer.

  2. Age: The risk of developing prostate cancer tends to increase with age.

  3. Genetics and Family History: Faulty genes could be another cause of this condition. Also, having some member in the family who is diagnosed with this type of cancer only increases the risks of you suffering from them.

  4. Obesity: If you are obese, then you are more likely to develop prostate cancer.

Treatments-

The treatments for prostate cancer include:

  1. Radiation Therapy: In this procedure, high energy rays are used to target and destroy cancer cells. Usually X-rays or protons are used to treat the cancer cells.

  2. Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is a type of treatment wherein certain medications are administered to prevent your body from producing testosterone.

  3. Surgery: If the other treatment methods do not produce desired results, then a surgery is carried out for the removal of the prostate gland. In addition to the prostate gland, some adjoining lymph nodes and tissues are also removed.

  4. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is method of destroying cancer cells by injecting chemicals into the body. The medicines are injected into the veins in the arms. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an urologist.
1847 people found this helpful

Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer And Its Treatment!

Dr. Kuldip Singh 93% (199 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS
Urologist, Delhi
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer And Its Treatment!

Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects men. The prostate is basically a small gland that sits in the male pelvic cavity and is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. The testosterone hormone controls this gland.

Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour. More about this cancer:

  • Risk Factors: The various risk factors involved in this kind of cancer are many. Advanced age, a family history of the same disease, obesity as well as genetic changes can lead to the development of this kind of tumour.
  • Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type.
  • Symptoms: It is possible to not have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer. The symptoms usually begin to show up when the cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, most significantly. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation and suffer from sexual dysfunction as well. Pain in the chest, pelvic area and back are also common symptoms of prostate cancer, which may gradually turn into numbness in the said areas as well.
  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the issue will be done by a specialist from the urology department. After a physical examination where a diagnosis of the symptoms and other check ups will happen, the doctor may conduct lab tests to check the blood, urine and other samples. Further, imaging tests like MRI and CT scans will also be conducted. A digital rectal exam and prostate biopsy will also help in effective diagnosis.
  • Treatment: The treatment of this kind of cancer usually depends on the severity of the symptoms and the spread of the tumour. Besides active observation, the doctor may also recommend radiation, chemotherapy and surgery based on the age and health condition of the patient. If you happen to find even subtle symptoms which could point towards this disease, do not hesitate to get in touch with the doctor. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.
2085 people found this helpful

Prostate Cancer - All You Should Know About It!

Dr. Gautam 88% (29 ratings)
MS - General Surgery, Mch - Urology
Urologist, Darbhanga
Prostate Cancer - All You Should Know About It!

Prostate Cancer is a form of cancer that affects men. The prostate is basically a small gland that sits in the male pelvic cavity and is responsible for producing seminal fluid or semen, from its position under the bladder, surrounding the urethra. The testosterone hormone controls this gland.

Prostate cancer refers to the growth of a malignant mass of cells which can also be called a tumour. More about this cancer:

  • Risk Factors: The various risk factors involved in this kind of cancer are many. Advanced age, a family history of the same disease, obesity as well as genetic changes can lead to the development of this kind of tumour.
  • Types: There are basically two types of prostate cancer, including fast growing or aggressive, and slow growing or non-aggressive. Yet, it is also important to remember that not every abnormal growth in this gland can be termed as a tumour, or is a sign of prostate cancer. A malignant growth signifies prostate cancer. This tumour can grow at a fast pace for aggressive prostate cancer, while it can grow and spread slowly for the non-aggressive type.
  • Symptoms: It is possible to not have any kind of obvious symptoms when suffering from this kind of cancer. The symptoms usually begin to show up when the cancer has reached a more advanced stage. These include urinary problems, most significantly. The patient may go through pain and difficulty when it comes to urinating. This pain may also occur during ejaculation. The patient may also find blood discharge in the semen upon ejaculation and suffer from sexual dysfunction as well. Pain in the chest, pelvic area and back are also common symptoms of prostate cancer, which may gradually turn into numbness in the said areas as well.
  • Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the issue will be done by a specialist from the urology department. After a physical examination where a diagnosis of the symptoms and other check ups will happen, the doctor may conduct lab tests to check the blood, urine and other samples. Further, imaging tests like MRIand CT scans will also be conducted. A digital rectal exam and prostate biopsywill also help in effective diagnosis.
  • Treatment: The treatment of this kind of cancer usually depends on the severity of the symptoms and the spread of the tumour. Besides active observation, the doctor may also recommend radiation, chemotherapy and surgery based on the age and health condition of the patient. If you happen to find even subtle symptoms which could point towards this disease, do not hesitate to get in touch with the doctor.
2601 people found this helpful

5 Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer!

Dr. Udai Singh 92% (492 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology
Urologist, Jaipur
5 Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer!

The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ at the base of the urinary bladder and urethra is a thin tube that carries urine out of the penis. It runs through the prostate gland. A fluid produced by this gland helps to carry sperms produced by the testes outside during intercourse.

Cause of urinary problems in men

Men experience urinary symptoms either due to inflammation of the prostate gland or prostatitis or symptoms may be the result of a blockage of the passage due to enlargement of the prostate gland.

Symptoms of urinary problems

Urinary symptoms commonly experienced with prostate problems include;

  1. The need to urinate frequently during the night.
  2. Urinating more often during the day.
  3. Urinary urgency is the urge to urinate can be so strong and sudden that one may not reach the toilet in time.
  4. The urine stream is slow to start.
  5. Urine dribbling for some time after finishing urination.
  6. A sensation that the bladder is not fully emptied after urination.
  7. A lack of force to the urine flow, which makes directing the stream difficult.
  8. The sensation of needing to go again soon after urinating

Treatment

  1. A long course of antibacterial medication (for bacterial prostatitis) is prescribed, because infection is difficult to get rid of, the antibacterial medication will need to be taken for many weeks.
  2. Medication to improve urine flow and other symptoms (for obstruction caused by an enlarged prostate).
  3. Surgical procedures (for blockage caused by an enlarged prostate), such as Transurethral Resection of the prostate(TURP), Laser Resection of prostate, Transurethral Incision of the prostate(TUIP).

UroLift: A new method of treatment for men, where medication has not been successful, but their prostates are not so enlarged that they need more invasive surgery. It involves the Transurethral Insertion of staples to separate the lobes of the prostate. It has minimal side effects and preserves ejaculatory and erectile function.

A number of other procedures that have been developed to reduce urinary symptoms.

Medication for urinary problems

Various medications to help ease your urinary problems, including;

  1. Medications to reduce the tone of the muscles of the urethra and prostate to minimize any obstruction to urine flow caused when these muscles contract.
  2. Medication to reduce the size of the prostate gland. These drugs work by blocking the action of male hormones produced by the prostate gland.
  3. Medications to relax the bladder, making unwanted contractions less likely and reducing the symptoms of urgency and frequency of urination.
  4. Over-the-counter medicine 'Saw Palmetto' (Serenoa repens) is used sometimes. This may help some men, especially if frequent urination at night is a problem. However, recent reviews of the evidence for using Saw Palmetto as a treatment for mild or moderate urinary symptoms did not show any improvement compared to no treatment, in men with BPH.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2122 people found this helpful

Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

Dr. Nikunj K Vithalani 92% (17 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Surgical Oncology
Oncologist, Surat
Prostate Cancer - How Biological Therapy Will Help?

The prostate is a vital organ that located between the penis and the bladder. The prostate is involved in the release of the prostate fluid that keeps the sperm properly nourished. Prostate cancer, as the term indicates, is characterized by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the prostate. Though the incidences of prostate cancer are low in India, necessary precautions and diagnostic steps should be carried out to prevent the condition from jeopardizing our lives.

Prostate screening includes two tests known as the Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and Prostate-Specific Antigen test (PSA). PSA combined with DRE helps to identify prostate cancer at a very early stage. If any of the tests show an abnormality, a doctor might prescribe an ultrasound such as MRI Fusion or Prostate Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

  • Immediate treatment may not be necessary
  • For low-risk prostate cancer, doctors often recommend active surveillance that includes periodic blood tests, rectal exam, and biopsies.
  • Active surveillance helps a doctor to continuously track the growth of cancer cells and the possibility of their spread to other areas of the body.
  • Surveillance is fit for those who are already suffering from a serious condition or for those patients who are above the age of 60.
  • A surgical procedure to remove prostate cancer
  • Surgery is considered when the cancer has metastasized to surrounding tissue and the lymph nodes. There are two kinds of surgeries that a patient can go through- a Robot-Assisted surgery and a Retropubic surgery.
  • Radical Prostatectomy might have risks involved. It is, therefore, wise to discuss the pros and cons of the surgery with the doctor well in advance.

Understanding the treatment options

  • Radiation therapyRadiation therapy involves the use of high-powered and high-frequency energy beams to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is often used to shrink the size of the cancer cells. There could be two types of radiation therapy-Brachytherapy and External beam radiation. Radiation therapy too can have its side effects. Doctors prescribe several medicines during therapy.
  • Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy helps to stop the production of a male hormone known as testosterone. This treatment option includes medication that completely stops the production of testosterone, the medications may also block the flow of testosterone on the cancer cells, and surgery to remove the testicles. Hormone therapy is used in advanced cancer stages.
  • ChemotherapyChemotherapy is a drug that goes into the body and kills rapidly growing and metastasizing cancer cells. It is administered through IV (intravenous), or orally as pill or both. This treatment option is employed when cancer spreads to a remote body location and does not respond to hormone therapy.
  • Biological therapy: Biological therapy involves the usage of the body’s immune system to fight cancer. A type of biological therapy known as the sipuleucel-t is used to treat patients with advanced cancer stage and recurring cancer as well. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
1984 people found this helpful
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