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Prophylaxis For Deep Vein Thrombosis Tips

Deep Vein Thrombosis!

Dr. Paramjeet Singh 88% (1401 ratings)
MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Deep Vein Thrombosis!

Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most deep vein clots occur in the lower leg or thigh. If the vein swells, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. A deep vein thrombosis can break loose and cause a serious problem in the lung, called a pulmonary embolism.

Sitting still for a long time can make you more likely to get a DVT. Some medicines and disorders that increase your risk for blood clots can also lead to DVTs. Common symptoms are

  • Warmth and tenderness over the vein
  • Pain or swelling in the part of the body affected
  • Skin redness

Treatment includes medicines to ease pain and inflammation, break up clots and keep new clots from forming. Keeping the affected area raised and applying moist heat can also help. If you are taking a long car or plane trip, take a break, walk or stretch your legs and drink plenty of liquids.

1 person found this helpful

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 92% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)!

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Homeopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Psychotherapy Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Surgical Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Other Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
What is Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Causes of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Risk factors of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Complications of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Precautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Homeopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Homeopathic treatment of deep vein thrombosis helps to dissolve the blood clots and reduce the possibility of a recurrence. It can give the effective results in shortest possible time and prevent further clot formation without any side effects. It clears the defect in circulation, improves its viscosity and revert it back to normal healthy blood circulation. It also reduces pain, tenderness and swelling in the affected leg. Some common homeopathic medicines for deep vein thrombosis  are:

Calc F
Crot H

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Allopathic medications used to treat deep vein thrombosis include the use of anticoagulants. One group of medications is known as thrombolytics is also used such as tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), are given through an intravenous (IV) line to break up blood clots.

Surgical Treatment of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Common surgeries used to treat deep vein thrombosis are: 

Balloon Angioplasty
Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis
Stent Insertion
Vena Cava Interruption

What is Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. It is also known as Venous Thrombosis

Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Swelling in the affected leg
Pain in your legPrecautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Warmth over the affected area
Leg tenderness
Changes in your skin color, such as turning pale, red or blue

Causes of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

It when a blood clot forms in the veins that is deep in your body, often in your legs. Blood clots can be caused by many different things like anything that causes your blood not to circulate normally or clot properly.

Risk factors of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Being over age 60
Being overweight or obese
A family history of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
A pacemaker or a thin, flexible tube (catheter) in a vein
Injury to your veins or surgery
Prolonged bed rest, such as during a long hospital stay, or paralysis
Heart failure
Inflammatory bowel disease
Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy
Inheriting a blood-clotting disorder

Complications of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Pulmonary embolism
Postphlebitic syndrome 
Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) involves the following tests:

Blood test
CT or MRI scans

Precautions & Prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Exercise your lower calf muscles
Lose weight
Quit smoking
Control your blood pressure

1 person found this helpful

Vein Thrombosis

Dt. Kavita Agarwal 91% (1470 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, Diploma in Food & Nutrition & Diabetic Educator , B.Sc. - Home Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
Vein Thrombosis

To prevent deep vein thrombosis, some common preventive measures include the following:

  • Take any prescribed medications as directed. If you're having surgery, such as orthopedic surgery, you'll probably be given blood thinners while you're in the hospital. Your doctor may also prescribe aspirin or other medications that help prevent clots to be taken for a while after surgery.
  • Avoid sitting still. If you've had surgery or have been on bed rest for other reasons, try to get moving as soon as possible. If you're sitting for a while, try not to cross your legs because this can limit blood flow. If you're traveling a long distance by car, stop every hour or so and walk around.

    If you're on a plane, try to stand or walk occasionally. If you can't do that, at least try to exercise your lower legs. Try raising and lowering your heels while keeping your toes on the floor, then raising your toes while your heels are on the floor.

  • Make lifestyle changes. Lose weight and quit smoking. Obesity and smoking increase your risk of deep vein thrombosis.
  • Get regular exercise. Exercise lowers your risk of blood clots, which is especially important for people who have to sit a lot or travel frequently.
1 person found this helpful

What Is Thrombosis?

Dr. Lalit Raut 87% (28 ratings)
Fellowship In Leukemia & Stem Cell Transplant, DM - Clinical Haematology, MD - Medicine
Hematologist, Nagpur
What Is Thrombosis?


Thirteenth October is celebrated worldwide as the World Thrombosis day. The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis started this campaign from 2014. The aim is to create awareness about disorders of thrombosis (clotting).

What is thrombosis?

Thrombosis is local coagulation or clotting of the blood in a part of the circulatory system. This reduces or shuts the blood flow causing symptoms of thrombosis.

What are the disorders caused by thrombosis?

The disorders caused by thrombosis depend on the site of thrombosis. The common disorders are:

Stroke (Brain attack), Heart attack, Deep Vein thrombosis, Retinal vein and artery thrombosis, Pulmonary thromboembolism, Renal vein or artery thrombosis, Portal vein thrombosis, Mesentric Vein thrombosis.

What are the common risk factors for thrombosis?

Immobility, Obesity, Hospitalization, Surgery, Cancers, Previous thrombosis, pregnancy, smoking, consumption of some mediations, dyslipidemia etc. are the common risk factors associated with thrombosis. There are also genetic risk factors causing thrombosis.

What are the common tests done during the evaluation of thrombosis?

The tests done for the evaluation of thrombosis depend on the site of thrombosis. Doppler scans, CT scans, CT angiography, MR angiography are the common tests to diagnose the site of thrombosis. Sometimes, scans are also done to see whether a part of the thrombus have migrated (embolised) to other body part. Blood tests are also done to assess the clotting system and to monitor the effects of drugs given for thrombosis. Tests to rule out the genetic risk factors are also recommended as per the clinical scenario.

What are the common medicines used in thrombosis?

Medicines commonly used in the treatment of thrombosis are Heparin, Warfarin and newer drugs like Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban etc. Patients are also prescribed medicines to treat the risk factors for thrombosis like statins, antihypertensives and medications for diabetes.

Can thrombosis be prevented?

Yes, thrombosis can be prevented with the help of preventive measures and medications.

What is the aim of World Thrombosis Day Campaign?

The purpose of this campaign is to create awareness about this deadly disease. The campaign aims at:

1)highlighting the burden of disease and the need of action.

2)increasing public awareness of the risk factors, symptoms and signs of thrombosis

3)empowering healthcare seekers to talk to healthcare providers about the disease

4)stimulating people to advocate systems of care to prevent, diagnose and treat venous thrombosis and atrial fibrillation.

Why 13th October?

The world thrombosis day is celebrated on the 13th October which is the birthday of Rudolf Virchow who first penned down the pathogenesis of thrombosis. To salute this great personality, we celebrate his birthday as the World thrombosis day.

Kindly talk to your doctor for information on risk factors of thrombosis.

5 people found this helpful

Dengue prophylaxis by Homoeopathy

Dr. Arpit Chopra 94% (519 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Indore
Dengue prophylaxis by Homoeopathy
For dengue prophylaxis take homoeopathic eupatorium perf 1 m two doses in single day as prevention is better than cure.
24 people found this helpful

PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis) in HIV

Dr. Ashutosh Upadhyay 94% (478 ratings)
General Physician, Delhi
PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis) in HIV

PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis) in HIV.

First of all we should know what PEP is?

PEP stands for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis. It means things to be done if anyone gets exposed to HIV. PEP consists of a combination of ARV (Anti-Retroviral) drugs which is given for a complete duration of 28 Days.

If any person (male/female/transgender) comes in contact with a person who might be having risk of HIV infection, then in such case the former have chance of getting HIV infection too. Such person falls in the category of clients who should start PEP depending upon the risk of transmission and mode of exposure.

What Are the Modes of Exposure?

  1. Sexual contact with a Commercial Sex Worker OR with an unknown person whose HIV status is not known. Examples.-
  1. In case of unprotected sex or
  2. Condom bursts while having protected sex
  1. Needle prick injury OR injury from sharp object (blades) from unknown source. Examples.-

  1. People taking drugs by sharing same needle/syringe or
  2. People working in laboratory and getting needle prick from infected blood or
  3. Accidental needle prick from an unknown source or
  4. Cut by used Blades in barber shop.

What to “DO” in such circumstances?

Previously there were no options available for persons who by any means gets exposed to HIV.

But due to recent advances, now we have a set of medicines available which are very much beneficial in such conditions.

So any person getting into such circumstances knowingly or unknowingly SHOULD visit a HIV Specialist for management as soon as possible (it should be within 72 Hours), because the PEP is beneficial only if started early (maximum within 72 Hours).

By doing this we can PREVENT patients from getting HIV infection.

Always Remember Prevention Is Better Than Cure.

6 people found this helpful

How Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Can Help With HIV?

Dr. Vikram Jeet Singh 84% (27 ratings)
MD - Physician, PG Diploma Diabetes, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Delhi
How Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Can Help With HIV?

When you are potentially exposed to HIV, and if there is a way to prevent from getting infected, you will seek to perform it. One such procedure is Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) which must be initiated within 72 hours of possible exposure to HIV.

What is PEP meant for?
The Human immune deficiency virus causes HIV infection that affects the immune system and is considered to be one of the deadly forms of infections. This virus spreads through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. There are chances of encountering the infection under the circumstances such as having sexual intercourse or sharing needles with an infected person by accident. In such a case, PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis) can come to your aid in preventing the infection.

The medical term PEP refers to the intake of ARV or antiretroviral medicines after being exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus. To be more specific, PEP is a short-term antiretroviral treatment that works towards reducing the symptoms and likelihood of the HIV infection after being exposed to it.

Who should opt for PEP treatment?
PEP can be ideal for everyone who comes in contact with the HIV and is an HIV negative. Whether one is exposed to HIV through a needle stick injury during his/her work as a health care professional, or whether it’s unprotected sex that has exposed one to HIV, or the sharing of used needles or through sexual assault, opting for the PEP can be the next best step as it is particularly meant for emergency situations.

When and how long PEP can be taken?

As per the research, PEP should be taken within 3 days or 72 hours from the possible time of being exposed to HIV. If taken after 72 hours, the PEP most likely cannot help in preventing the HIV infection, hence the sooner, the better in this case. The course of PEP involves 3 ARV or more per day for almost 28 days. Along with taking the ARV medications, one must visit his/her health care professional at certain intervals for HIV testing and other related tests.

Are there any side-effects of taking PEP?
When opting for PEP treatment, some people may experience a few side effects due to it, which varies from person to person, such as vomiting, nausea, headaches, diarrhea, fatigue, etc. However, none of the side effects are life-threatening and can be easily treated. Often, it is due to the reaction of the PEP medications with other drugs that one is taking at the same time that the side-effects start showing. Moreover, as PEP can potentially prevent HIV infection, this benefit certainly outweighs the inconvenience caused as side effects.

PEP is considered to be one of the most effective and promising treatments available for preventing HIV infection if taken correctly and within the certain time duration. In case one thinks he or she has been exposed to HIV somehow, talking to a health care professional regarding PEP becomes crucial.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2976 people found this helpful

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - How It Can Help You?

Dr. R.Pavan Kumar 89% (39 ratings)
General Physician, Nalgonda
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - How It Can Help You?

Pre-exposure prophylaxis is a treatment method for people who do not have the HIV infection but who might be facing a considerable risk of contacting the disease. It is done by taking one pill daily. The pill comprises of two medicines i.e. tenofovir and emtricitabine. These two are combined with other drugs in order to treat HIV. When a person is exposed to HIV, be it through sexual intercourse or shared needles, these drugs help in stopping the infection from reaching an advanced stage.

Dosage and use
When the drug is consumed on a regular basis, pre-exposure prophylaxis has been observed to decrease the risk of HIV infection in individuals with increased risk by up to 92%. Pre-exposure prophylaxis is not as effective when not taken on a consistent basis.


  1. It can actually help patients: While many still consider it to be a farce, pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to reduce the risk of HIV infection transmitted from unprotected sex. Recording a success rate of over 90% in that field, Pre-exposure prophylaxis has been proven to show a success rate of 70% in people who inject drugs in their body. These results could be a reflection of individuals on being consistent in this treatment method. For people who are forced to limited possibilities to protect themselves from the HIV virus, pre-exposure prophylaxis permits them to control their risk of contacting HIV.
  2. Affordable: The PrEP drug costs are lesser than HIV treatment when analyzed at both per-dose and duration of use levels. Furthermore, PrEP is prescribed on a consistent basis, only when an individual is facing a heightened risk of HIV. But if an individual contracts HIV, they will be required to be a part of the Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) process for the rest of their lives in order to stay in good physical shape. A PrEP program is projected to cost less than 5% of an average HIV program’s entire budget.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!


3370 people found this helpful

What Is Post Exposure Prophylaxis?

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (6207 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi

Post exposure prophylaxis(PEP) is a systemic treatment in which we can save life of a patient and help him to prevent from being HIV positive. Any possible exposure which will lead to HIV infection including sexual intercourse with sex worker and during that condom get burst or having intimate massage at massage parlor, the person is exposed to direct contact that can lead to the possible exposure to HIV.

2 people found this helpful

What Is Post-exposure Prophylaxis?

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (6207 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
What Is Post-exposure Prophylaxis?

What is post-exposure prophylaxis?

With PEP, an HIV-negative person who may have been exposed to HIV takes anti-HIV drugs prescribed by a doctor to prevent infection. These are the same drugs that people living with HIV take. PEP involves taking two or three of these drugs for a period of one month. To effectively reduce a person’s risk of becoming HIV-positive, PEP must be taken within 72 hours of possible exposure to HIV but ideally as early as possible.  

In the world of PEP, exposure to HIV is often divided into two categories: occupational exposure and non-occupational exposure. “Occupational” exposure refers to exposure to HIV at work, in a healthcare setting. For example, a healthcare provider could be exposed to HIV through a needlestick injury at work. “Non-occupational” exposure refers to exposure to HIV through sex or drug use, for example, when a person shares a needle or has sex without a condom.

What is the rationale for PEP?

In the first one to three days following exposure to HIV, there is a ‘window of opportunity’ when taking PEP might prevent an HIV infection from occurring.1 During this ‘window of opportunity,’ the virus is busy infecting cells at the site of exposure (such as in the anus, penis or vagina). Once the virus is inside a cell, it starts replicating to produce more HIV (also known as virions). After a few days, these new HIV virions start to spread throughout the body; once this happens, infection is permanent. The theory is that if PEP is given to a person early enough, it can stop the virus from replicating at the initial site of exposure, preventing virions from spreading throughout the body – stopping the infection from becoming permanent. The cells that initially became infected would eventually die out and the virus would not be able to replicate.   

What is the evidence on PEP?

There is some evidence that suggests that providing PEP after a potential exposure to HIV can help reduce a person’s risk of HIV infection. However, we also know that PEP is not 100% effective, meaning that it will not prevent all HIV infections.

Learn more about the evidence on PEP

What does someone need to know to access PEP?

People at risk need to know that PEP exists. If people are unaware of PEP, they won’t know that PEP is an option in the event of a high-risk behaviour that could result in being exposed to HIV. Very little research has been done to determine how many people are aware of PEP; however, based on the research that has been done, it seems that only a small proportion of gay and heterosexual men and women, even in cities with well-established PEP programs, are aware of PEP.9,10,11,12

People at risk need to know that time is of the essence. The later someone starts PEP, the less likely it is to prevent HIV infection. The best time to start PEP is immediately after exposure. However, PEP has some ability to prevent HIV infection up to 72 hours after infection.

People at risk need to know where to go. PEP must be prescribed by a doctor. Since time is of the essence, people need to be able to access services that are always open, such as emergency rooms. As a service provider, it may be important for you to know if there is a physician or healthcare facility in your area willing to prescribe PEP. If there isn’t, perhaps your organization can inform local clinicians of PEP and push for access to PEP for your clients.

Anyone accessing PEP will be tested for HIV. PEP is used to prevent HIV, not to treat it. People who go to a healthcare facility for PEP will be tested for HIV. They will still be prescribed PEP while the test results are pending; however, if the result is positive, PEP may either be discontinued or the anti-HIV drugs may be changed to HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) to treat the person’s HIV infection.

PEP can be costly and it may have to be paid for out of pocket. The cost of a full course of PEP is approximately $1100 to $1500. PEP may be covered by some private insurance plans and some public health insurance plans, depending on the province and the nature of the exposure. However, many at-risk individuals may not have access to any drug coverage and may not be able to afford it. There may be a need for advocacy in your area or province to fight for universal access to PEP.  

People on PEP may experience side effects. Depending on the anti-HIV drugs prescribed, people may experience side effects from PEP, such as fatigue, nausea or diarrhea. This can cause people to stop taking their PEP drugs as prescribed, which can decrease the ability of the medications to prevent HIV infection and increase the likelihood of being infected with a drug-resistant strain of HIV.

People on PEP have to be monitored by a doctor. Testing for toxicity will be required to make sure the drugs are not causing harm to the body. The type of tests may differ depending on the anti-HIV drugs that are prescribed but would likely include liver and kidney tests.

PEP can fail to prevent HIV infection if someone doesn’t take the anti-HIV drugs as prescribed. Taking the anti-HIV drugs exactly as prescribed (also known as adherence) is central to the success of PEP. If someone doesn’t take their PEP as prescribed, then HIV infection could occur. There are two issues with adherence:

Some people might start PEP but stop using it early (before the four weeks are over). In research studies 24% to 78% of people who started PEP stopped taking it early.13
Some people may not take their PEP exactly as prescribed. For example, some people may occasionally forget doses, or take only every second dose.  
Drug resistance can develop if a person doesn’t take the anti-HIV drugs as prescribed. If a person becomes HIV-positive due to non-adherence, they may develop drug resistance. When someone does not take PEP as prescribed, the amount of anti-HIV drugs in the blood can be too low to suppress the HIV, which can allow the virus to evolve and develop resistance. It is important to understand that infection with a drug-resistant strain of HIV limits a person’s future treatment options. If a person with a drug-resistant strain of HIV subsequently infects someone else with HIV, drug resistance spreads within the community.

Community agencies can provide adherence support for people on PEP by providing ongoing consultation and encouragement to help people take PEP exactly as prescribed and to complete their treatment.

PEP may fail to prevent HIV infection due to drug resistance. If a person is exposed to a drug-resistant strain of HIV and the person is prescribed the drug they are resistant to, as part of their PEP regime, then PEP may fail to prevent HIV infection. Unfortunately, there is no way to know within the first one to three days if someone has been exposed to drug-resistant HIV.


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