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Pregnancy Symptoms Tips

Know About Gestational Hypothyroidism!

Dr. Amit Patil 86% (153 ratings)
Training in IVF / ICSI, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Know About Gestational Hypothyroidism!

During pregnancy, it is not uncommon for women to contract thyroid diseases like gestational hyperthyroidism and gestational hypothyroidism. The main problem, however, is that the symptoms of gestational hypothyroidism are very much similar to those which can be observed during a normal pregnancy. The difficulty in differentiating between the two is the sole reason why many pregnant women are caught unawares, eventually resulting in further complications after the first trimester.

If gestational thyroid diseases are left untreated, you and your baby may experience a ton of problems such as preeclampsia, low birth weight, miscarriage and pre-mature birth amongst others. Needless to say, if you already have a history of pre-existing hypothyroidism, then you will most certainly need more medical attention than is required.

Symptoms of gestational hypothyroidism, like high fatigue and excessive weight gain, are hardly distinguishable from those associated with a normal pregnancy. Other symptoms can also include:

  1. Severe constipation
  2. Goiter
  3. Muscle cramps
  4. Trouble sleeping
  5. Hair loss
  6. Dry skin
  7. Difficulty concentration
  8. Memory problems
  9. Anxiety
  10. Intolerance to cold temperatures

There may be a variety of causes that are responsible for the development of gestational hypothyroidism but the most common cause is usually an autoimmune disease known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, which stimulates the body's immune system to attack thyroid gland cells, leading to a deficiency in the number of active thyroid cells and enzymes, and ultimately resulting in a shortage of the thyroid hormone.

Treatment for gestational hypothyroidism is normally uncomplicated, and follows just two simple steps:-

  1. Proper diagnosis, via the use of a synthetic hormone called levothyroxine, which is very much similar to the hormone T4 produced by the thyroid.
  2. Continuous monitoring of thyroid function tests held every four to six weeks during pregnancy.

Anorgasmia And Its Symptoms!

Dr. Masroor Ahmad Wani 95% (4312 ratings)
Sexologist, Srinagar
Anorgasmia And Its Symptoms!

The reduced ability to orgasm or the inability to orgasm post sufficient stimulation is called anorgasmia. This disorder is quite common in women. In fact, most women cannot orgasm with vaginal stimulation alone. Some require clitoral stimulation by rubbing or oral sex.

What are the types of anorgasmia?

  1. Generalized anorgasmia: Orgasms are not achieved with any partner, be it in any situation
  2. Lifelong anorgasmia: No orgasms have ever been felt
  3. Acquired anorgasmia: You have climaxed before but due to certain factors, be it emotional or physical, you have stopped getting orgasms
  4. Situational anorgasmia: Here you may have been able to orgasm before but only in certain positions or a particular partner.

What may cause anorgasmia?
Orgasms can be complex things. It involves the combination of physical, emotional and psychological factors. Anorgasmia can occur if any of the above is affected.

Physical causes

  1. Medical illnesses: Diseases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis can result in anorgasmia.
  2. Medications: Medicines, for example, antidepressants, anti- histamines, cardio-vascular agents can meddle with climaxes.
  3. Smoking and Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption can mess with the ability to peak; smoking constraints the blood vessels, thus having a similar impact on both the sexes.
  4. Gynaecologic issues: Surgeries such as hysterectomy or surgeries of carcinoma can hamper with the capacity to accomplish climaxes.

Mental Causes:

  1. Poor self-perception
  2. Embarrassment
  3. Anxiety or dejection
  4. Financial issues and stress
  5. Fear of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) or pregnancy
  6. Past passionate or sexual mishandle

Relationship issues

  1. Fights or clashes in the relationship
  2. No fascination toward the partner
  3. Lack of association
  4. Infidelity
  5. Poor association with partner in regards to sexual needs

What are the symptoms of anorgasmia?
The symptom of anorgasmia is the inability to achieve orgasms in spite of sufficient sexual stimulation. It could be because of your partner or because of the position that does not really hit your spot.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6260 people found this helpful

6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!

Dr. Haritha Yalamanchili 82% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
6 Pregnancy Complications You Should Never Ignore!

Pregnancy is considered to be one of the most challenging and important phases in the life of a woman.

Pregnancy Complications are health problems that occur during pregnancy. They can involve the mother’s health, the baby’s health, or both. Some women have health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during the pregnancy. Keep in mind that whether a complication is common or rare, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.

Some complications that might occur during pregnancy are discussed below:

  1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting: It is common for nausea and vomiting to occur during a pregnancy. In order to avoid this condition, one should consume several small meals throughout the day and completely avoid spicy and fatty foods.
  2. A persistent abdominal pain, severe headache, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester: This can be a fatal condition and often is a sign of high blood preeclampsia (pregnancy complication involving high blood pressure as well as damage to another organ system). It can be diagnosed early using good prenatal care which essentially comprises of frequent check-ups with the doctor and all the necessary treatment during pregnancy.
  3. Flu Symptoms: It is recommended that flu vaccine should be administered to pregnant women as they usually tend to develop the disease during their pregnancy.
  4. Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can increase the chance of a larger baby at birth and create delivery complications, increase your risk for high blood pressure and cause the baby to have blood sugar problems after birth. If you are diagnosed, it’s important to consult your gynecologist to control your blood sugar level, which can often be done through diet and exercise.
  5. Baby’s activity level significantly declines: Sometimes, the activity of a previously active baby might decline. This can be felt by reducing the number of the kicks by the baby. The doctor has specific equipment that aids in identifying and resolving the problem.
  6. Bleeding: Heavy bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain and menstrual-type cramps during the first trimester might indicate an ectopic pregnancy (embryo is implanted outside one’s uterus) or a miscarriage while occurrence in the third semester indicates placental abruption (characterized by the placenta separating from the womb’s walls). Any form of bleeding warrants the immediate attention of the doctor. Steps to avoid bleeding include bed rest, avoiding heavy work, and keeping yourself hydrated.

A Healthy Pregnancy-

The best way to ensure a healthy pregnancy is to focus on the things you can control and don’t obsess about what could happen. Take good care of yourself and your developing baby and talk with your healthcare provider when you have concerns. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2408 people found this helpful

Gestational Diabetes - Signs You Cannot Afford To Ignore!

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Gestational Diabetes - Signs You Cannot Afford To Ignore!

Gestational diabetes is also known as gestational mellitus diabetes (GDM). It is a prevalent disorder which affects pregnant women and the main cause of this condition is the imbalance in the functioning of the insulin, which mainly happens due to the presence of human placental lactogen. Expecting mothers show a raise in their blood sugar level, especially during the last trimester of their pregnancy. Women who do not have a medical history of diabetes can also be affected with this condition.

Prominent symptoms of gestational pregnancy include:
Gestational diabetes does not have any prominent symptoms; it can only be diagnosed through proper and professional screening of blood sugar level. You should immediately consult a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:
1. Increased level of blood sugar
2. Trouble to concentrate
3. Recurrent headaches
4. Increased thirst
5. Blurry vision
6. Sudden weight loss
7. Decrease in low blood sugar level
8. Anxiety
9. Dizziness
10. Pangs of hunger
11. Pale skin and dry skin
12. Excessive sweating
13. Persistent weakness

How can you manage gestational diabetes?
Modification of lifestyle pattern, healthy food habits and moderate physical exercise can help minimize the risk of gestational diabetes in expecting mothers. In order to manage gestational diabetes, the following things should be followed:
1. The treatment when accompanied with balanced diet and routine exercises, reduces the occurrence of health problems in both mother and child.
2. A routine screening for type ii diabetes should be conducted throughout the pregnancy, to ensure early detection and treatment of the same.
3. A diet rich in fiber and whole grains minimizes the risk of diabetes in pregnancy, fresh fruits and vegetables are also known to check the blood sugar level in expecting mother, minimizing the occurrence of health problem in both mother and child.
4. Giving up the use of cigarettes and other forms of tobacco may reduce the chances of gestational diabetes in female smokers.

How Does Gestational Diabetes affect Pregnancy?
Gestational diabetes is harmful for both the expecting mother and the child. It increases the risk of complications in pregnancy that can prove to be fatal. Potential risks of gestational pregnancy include:
1. Increased risk of needing a C-section
2. Miscarriage
3. Preeclampsia and high blood pressure
4. Preterm chance of birth

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4511 people found this helpful

3 Ways You Can Treat Ectopic Pregnancy!

Dr. Ashwini Talpe 94% (3442 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
3 Ways You Can Treat Ectopic Pregnancy!

An ectopic pregnancy takes place in the case when the completely fertilized egg attaches itself to a place instead of the inner side of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy is also called tubal pregnancy because in most cases, it takes place in the Fallopian tube. Usually, the Fallopian tubes are not responsible for holding an embryo which keeps on growing. Hence, the egg has no scope to develop in the Fallopian tube. This problem must be treated as soon as possible to avoid further complications.

Here are several ways of treating ectopic pregnancy.

  1. Expectant management: In case you are not experiencing any symptoms of pregnancy or the pregnancy cannot be found, close observation is required. This is known as expectant management. You should conduct regular blood tests and follow them up in order to detect, whether the hCG level in your blood is ascending or descending. You are likely to have vaginal bleeding. Use pads and towels instead of tampons. Pain in your tummy is also indicated.
  2. Proper medication: In case ectopic pregnancy is detected at an early stage and constant monitoring is not suitable for you, a medicine by the name of methotrexate can be used for treatment. The medicine stops this pregnancy from developing. It is usually injected into your buttocks. Regular blood tests must be carried out to know how the treatment is taking shape on your condition. Trusted contraception measures should be taken for three months following the treatment as methotrexate is very harmful for an infant in case you become pregnant. Keep away from alcohol, as the combination of methotrexate with alcohol is harmful to the liver.
  3. Surgical means: The most common mode of surgery for removing ectopic pregnancy during an early stage is laparoscopy or keyhole surgery. While a laparoscopy is carried out, you will be in a state of anesthesia. A narrow tube or the laparoscope is inserted through surgical cuts in the tummy. The Fallopian tube which had the ectopic pregnancy is totally removed in case the other Fallopian tube is functioning well. Else the pregnancy has to be somehow removed without cutting off the Fallopian tube. Removal of the Fallopian tube is the best remedy for treating ectopic pregnancy and getting pregnant again is also possible. It takes a normal woman almost six weeks to recover after the surgery. Laparotomy is another kind of surgery carried out to repair a ruptured Fallopian tube.
3 people found this helpful

Women's Health

Dr. Richa Sharma 92% (216 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Women's Health

Spotting or implantation bleeding after 6-12 days of conception is the first sign of pregnancy. Some women fail to notice this change, which is only natural.

Signs Of Pregnancy

Dr. Richa Sharma 92% (216 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
IVF Specialist, Mumbai
Signs Of Pregnancy

A missed period is one of the most prominent signs of pregnancy.

7 people found this helpful

Miscarriage - 4 Signs You Should Never Ignore!

Dr. Aaditi Sharma Acharya 87% (31 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Miscarriage - 4 Signs You Should Never Ignore!

Miscarriage basically refers to the phenomenon, when a developing embryo or the fetus in a pregnant woman dies a natural death before it can manage to survive on its own. The common signs of miscarriage are vaginal bleeding accompanied by pain. It leads to depression, anger and guilt. The reasons for miscarriage are many. Some of them are tobacco smoking, diabetes, extreme obesity, drug or alcohol addiction. Here are some important signs that indicate you might be miscarrying:

  • Bleeding: Recurrence of bleeding, which keeps on starting and stopping indicates the downfall of your hormonal balance. You must get your pregnancy hormone levels checked. Very intense bleeding, which accounts for soaking your pad within an hour is an indication of the beginning of a miscarriage. However, bleeding is a common factor in normal pregnancy as well.
  • Cramps: Severe cramps in the vaginal region, accompanied by very heavy breathing and suffocation are other signs that you might be headed for a miscarriage. Sometimes, bleeding occurs along with the cramping.
  • Disappearance of Pregnancy SymptomsIf you are pregnant, but the signs and symptoms of pregnancy start disappearing, a miscarriage may be indicated. However, it might not be the first major signal. For normal pregnant women, the signs of pregnancy do not appear for many days. You may not feel nauseated or your breasts do not get sore. For ten to fourteen weeks, this phenomenon is a normal one. However, in case it continues for a more prolonged duration, it might be an early sign of miscarriage.
  • Pregnancy test results vary between positive and negative: Results of a pregnancy test done very early may vary between positive and negative. This is completely normal. In case of obtaining the same results when you are already over two weeks pregnant, it may indicate a miscarriage. You might be having an ectopic pregnancy. Spotting is also noticed in the vaginal region. If you had a pregnancy test showing positive results, but the results come negative after re-taking the test a few weeks later, it is high time for you to consult a gynaecologist. You have to deal with ectopic pregnancy before choosing a surgical path. Varying results signify that something is wrong. The urine produced by the body is less concentrated.

A case of miscarriage is very painful for the pregnant woman as well as her family. You should keep healthy, and avoid all bad habits to keep away from a miscarriage.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2683 people found this helpful

Multiple Gestation Pregnancy - Know What It Is!

Dr. Anjuli Dixit 88% (586 ratings)
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Multiple Gestation Pregnancy - Know What It Is!

While getting pregnant and conceiving a baby is a perfectly normal physical function that most women go through, there are certain conditions that may lead to untoward complications. In most cases, there are various treatments and precautionary measures once that happens. Yet, there are conditions like multiple gestation pregnancy, that may be difficult to contain and manage. A multiple gestation pregnancy is when a mother is carrying more than one fetus in her womb. This is a very rare condition that affects a few women and not all. Most of the multiple gestation pregnancies usually involve twins. However, others could include triplets or even quadruplets. One can know about the multiple pregnancies through an ultrasound exam.

There are women who are more likely to have more than one baby. These women include the following:

  1. Women over the age of 30
  2. Women with a family history of multiple gestation pregnancy
  3. Obese women
  4. Those who have undergone treatments for fertility
  5. Caucasian women

There are certain signs and symptoms to a multiple pregnancy that separates it from a regular one. These include the following:

  1. Highly sore breasts
  2. Simultaneous foetal movements in separate areas of the womb
  3. An enlarged uterus
  4. High levels of morning sickness
  5. Rise in the human chorionic gonadotropin and alpha-fetoprotein substances
  6. Multiple heartbeats

There are certain risks and complications that come along with a multiple gestation pregnancy. Complications with the babies include the following:

  1. Premature birth is the most common among those, i.e. delivery before 37 weeks.
  2. These infants incur health problems.
  3. Sometimes it could also lead to cerebral palsy or even certain learning or behaviourism problems.
  4. Spina bifida and congenial heart defects
  5. Unequal growth in either of the babies
  6. Underweight infants
  7. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome where the twins might have adjoined body parts.

There are many other complications that may lead to this condition. Other complications in the mother include the following:

  1. Diabetes
  2. Anemia
  3. Pre-term labour
  4. Excessive amniotic fluid
  5. Miscarriage
  6. Post-partum depression
  7. Post-partum haemorrhage
  8. Premature birth

Women who are undergoing a multiple gestation pregnancy should be taken care of more efficiently. There are certain things that need to be taken care of. These include the following:

  1. Diet: Having a healthy diet is very important for a pregnant woman. Additional folic acid, calcium and iron are required. Also, a diet rich in protein is mandatory.
  2. Exercising: Yoga, walking and breathing exercises are great for women with multiple pregnancies. However, in the later stage, she should do lesser activities and indulge in some amount of bed rest.
  3. Genetic testing: If you have health problems that may be hereditary, tests like chorionic villus sampling are very important since one fetus might acquire the health problem while the other may not.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3712 people found this helpful

Symptoms And Treatment Of Ectopic Pregnancy!

Dr. Aprajita Singh 89% (72 ratings)
MBBS, MD, Registrar, DNB, MNAMS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Symptoms And Treatment Of Ectopic Pregnancy!

What is ectopic pregnancy?

Ectopic pregnancy is also known as tubal pregnancy, is a complication wherein, the fertilised eggs attach themselves outside the uterus. In most cases, it causes severe internal bleeding and serious infections. It is a very serious condition that warrants prompt medical attention as soon as it is diagnosed. Mostly, in this type of pregnancy, the fertilised egg attaches itself to the fallopian tube inside the body; the reason why it is known as tubal pregnancy. In rare cases, the egg might attach itself to the cervix, ovary or parts of the abdomen.  

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include:

  1. Appendicitis
  2. Salpingitis (inflammation and infection of one’s fallopian tubes)
  3. Rupture of the corpus luteum cyst (a kind of ovarian cyst)
  4. Miscarriage
  5. Urinary tract infection
  6. Severe abdominal pain
  7. Excessive vaginal bleeding
  8. Pelvic pain
  9. Nausea and vomiting
  10. Peritonitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdomen cavity)
  11. Rupture in the fallopian tubes which can lead to fainting and excessive pain
  12. Pain on one side of the body

Treatment for ectopic pregnancy
This complication in pregnancy can be diagnosed by an ultrasound as the doctor sees the growth on the fallopian tube. A pregnancy test or a pelvic exam also helps in detecting ectopic pregnancy. If not treated on time, ectopic pregnancy can prove to be fatal.
Listed below are a few treatment options for ectopic pregnancy:

  1. A particular medication known as methotrexate is used to end an ectopic pregnancy.
  2. In some cases, one might need surgery to get rid of the pregnancy. In certain complicated cases, it might be necessary to remove the tube with the foetus. This kind of surgery which removes the foetus and the tube is calling salpingectomy. The surgeon usually makes a small incision near the navel and removes the tube using a laparoscope.
  3. Having an abortion due to this complication can be heartbreaking and emotionally distressing for the mother as it is just like an abortion where the entire tissue is removed from your fallopian tube. To get over the trauma of losing a baby, you could join pregnancy loss groups or avail help from a therapist.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2550 people found this helpful

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