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Pregnancy Symptoms Tips

प्रेगनेंसी कितने दिन में पता चलता है - Pregnancy Kitne Din Mein Pata Chalta Hai?

Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Singh 88% (192 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
प्रेगनेंसी कितने दिन में पता चलता है - Pregnancy Kitne Din Mein Pata Chalta Hai?

अक्सर लोग प्रेगनेंसी की जांच ये पता लगाने के लिए करते हैं कि कितने दिनों में प्रेगनेंसी का पता चलेगा. हालांकि कई बार दूसरे कारणों के होने से भी इनकार नहीं किया जा सकता है. आपको ये जानकर आश्चर्य होगा कि प्रेगनेंसी को आसानी से जांचा जा सकता है. इसे जांचने के कई उपाय उपलब्ध हैं. यहाँ तक की बाजार में कई तरह के प्रेगनेंसी कीट भी उपलब्ध हैं जो कि आसानी से आपको इसकी जानकारी दे सकते हैं.

आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम ये जानें कि प्रेगनेंसी का पता कितने दिनों में और किन किन तरीकों से लगा सकते हैं.
1. पेशाब से करें पता -
ये भी एक बेहद आसन तरीका है. इसमें आपको एक छोटी सी कटोरी या डिबिया लेनी है. इसक कटोरी या डिबिया में आपको अपना मूत्र भरकर 3-4 घंटों के लिए छोड़ देना है. ध्यान रहे डिबिया को हिलाना-डुलाना बिलकुल नहीं है. इसके बाद यदि पेशाब की सतह पर सफ़ेद रंग की एक पतली सतह बनती है तो समझिए कि आप गर्भ से हैं. लेकिन यदि पेशाब की सतह पर कोई परत नहीं है तो सझिए कि आप प्रेगनेंट नहीं हैं.

2. गेहूं और जौ-
यह एक परम्परागत तरीका है. इसमें प्रेगनेंसी जांचने के लिए आपको जौ और गेहूं का इस्तेमाल करना पड़ता है. कहा जाता है कि मुट्ठी भर जौ और गेहूं के दाने लेकर उनपर पेशाब करना होता है. उनपर पेशाब करने से यदि वो अंकुरित हो जाते हैं तो समझिए कि आप गर्भवती हैं. लेकिन यदि दोनों में से कोई भी अंकुरित नहीं होता है तो समझिए कि आप प्रेग्नेंट नहीं हैं.

3. सफ़ेद सिरका-
सफ़ेद सिरके की सहायता से भी आप अपनी प्रेगनेंसी की जांच कर सकती हैं. जाहिर है ये भी एक आसान तरीका है. इसमें आपको एक कटोरी में आधा कप सफेद सिरका लेना है और इसमें आधा कप सुबह का सफ़ेद मूत्र डालना है. इसके बाद इसका निरिक्षण करना है. इसमें देखना ये है कि इसका रंग बदलता है या नहीं. यदि रंग बदल जाता है तो आप प्रेग्नेंट हैं लेकिन यदि नहीं बदलता है तो इसका मतलब है कि आप गर्भ से नहीं हैं.

4. सरसों से जांचें, प्रेग्नेंट हैं कि नहीं-
आसानी से सबके घरों में उपलब्ध सरसों को पीरियड्स शुरू करने का एक कारगर नुस्खा माना जाता है. इसके लिए आपको करना बस इतना है कि एक टब में दो कप सरसों के बीज का पाउडर मिला लीजिए. फिर इस टब में कुछ देर तक अपना गर्दन डूबा कर रखिए. ध्यान रहे कि बर्दाश्त करने भर ही. इसके बाद गर्म पानी से स्नान कर लीजिए. ऐसा करने के एक या दो दिन में पीरियड्स फिर से शुरू हो जाए तो समझिए कि आप प्रेग्नेंट नहीं हैं और यदि दो हफ्ते तक भी पीरियड्स शुरू नहीं हुए तो समझिए कि आप गर्भ से हैं.

5.चीनी से भी कर सकते हैं जांच-
जाहिर है कि चीनी भी बहुत आसानी से सबके घरों में उपलब्ध है. चीनी की सहायता से प्रेगनेंसी जांचने के लिए सुबह का पहला मूत्र तीन चम्मच लें और फिर इसे कटोरी में रखी एक चम्मच चीनी पर डालें. फिर कुछ देर तक इसका निरीक्षण करें. यदि चीनी कुछ समय बाद घुल जाती है तो आप प्रेग्नेंट नहीं हैं लेकिन जब नहीं घुले तो समझ जाइए कि आप गर्भवती हैं. इसके पीछे का लॉजिक ये है कि प्रेग्नेंट होने पर जो हार्मोन निकलता है वो वो चीनी को घुलने से रोकता है.

6. टूथपेस्ट भी आता है काम-
रोजाना इस्तेमाल होने वाला टूथपेस्ट भी आपके गर्भ की जांच कर सकता है. लेकिन इसमें एक बात का जरुर ध्यान रखना है कि टूथपेस्ट का रंग सफेद हो. यानी कि कोलगेट या पेप्सोडेंट जैसा. क्लोजप या मैक्स फ्रेश जेल नहीं चलेगा. आपको इस टूथपेस्ट को एक डिब्बी में डालना है और उसमें थोड़ी सी अपने पेशाब डालें. इसके कुछ घंटे बाद इसे देखें कि इसका रंग बदलता है या इसमें झाग बनता है या नहीं? यदि इसका जवाब हाँ में है तो आप गर्भवती हैं और यदि नहीं में है तो आप गर्भवती नहीं हैं.

7. ब्लीच से जांच-
ब्लीचिंग पाउडर के प्रयोग से भी प्रेगनेंसी को जांचा जा सकता है. इसके लिए आपको सुबह का अपना पहला मूत्र एक कटोरी में लेना है. इसके बाद इसमें थोड़ा सा ब्लीचिंग पाउडर मिलाना है. फिर इसका निरिक्षण कीजिए. यदि इसमें से बुलबुले उठते हैं या झाग बनती है तो समझिए कि आप प्रेग्नेंट हैं लेकिन यदि ऐसा कुछ नहीं होता है तो आप प्रेग्नेंट नहीं हैं.

8. गुप्तांग का रंग देखकर-
प्रेगनेंसी को जांचने का एक और भी आसान तरीका है. इसके अनुसार आपको अपने गुप्तांग का रंग देखना है. यदि आपके गुप्तांग का रंग गहरा नीला या बैंगनी लाल है तो इसका मतलब ये हुआ कि आप गर्भवती हैं. इसका कारण ये है कि गर्भ के दौरान खून का दौरा तेज हो जाता है. लेकिन यदि ऐसा नहीं है तो चिंता करने की कोई बात नहीं है.

9. प्रेगनेंसी किट-
हलांकि सबसे बेहतर उपाय यही है कि आप बाजार से प्रेगनेंसी किट ले आएं और उसकी सहायता से ही जांच करें. इसकी कीमत भी कोई बहुत ज्यादा नहीं होती है. इसका परिणाम सबसे ज्यादा विश्वसनीय है.

Gestational Diabetes

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Gestational Diabetes

 

What is Gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. It is a condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. In gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery.

Symptoms of Gestational diabetes-

It doesn’t cause noticeable signs or symptoms.

Causes of Gestational diabetes-

Doctors don’t yet know exactly why some women develop gestational diabetes.

Risk factors of Gestational diabetes-

  • Family or personal health history
  • Women older than age 25
  • Overweight
  • Nonwhite race

Complications of Gestational diabetes-

  • Excessive birth weight
  • Early (preterm) birth and respiratory distress syndrome
  • Low blood sugar
  • Jaundice
  • Type 2 diabetes later in life 

Diagnosis of Gestational diabetes-

Diagnosis of Gestational diabetes involves the following tests:

  • Test for diabetes at your first prenatal visit
  • Screening test for gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy
  • Tests to monitor your baby’s well-being include Nonstress test, Biophysical profile (BPP) and Fetal movement counting.
  • Blood sugar testing after you give birth

Precautions & Prevention of Gestational diabetes

  • Eat foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories.
  • Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains
  • Lose excess pounds before pregnancy
  • Exercising before and during pregnancy

Treatment of Gestational diabetes

  • Homeopathic Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Psychotherapy Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Surgical Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gestational diabetes
  • Other Treatment of Gestational diabetes


Treatment of Gestational diabetes-

Homeopathic Treatment of Gestational diabetes-

Homeopathy treatment works on pancreas and triggers the body’s ability to naturally regulate and synthesize blood sugar. It can regulate glucose metabolism while resolving metabolic disturbances that lead to diabetes. Some of the homeopathic remedies for gestational diabetes are:

  • Phos
  • Syzygium
  • Murex
  • Zinc
  • Podo

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Gestational diabetes-

In the allopathic Treatment of Gestational diabetes, you may need insulin injections to lower your blood sugar. An oral blood sugar control medication, such as glyburide may also be prescribed.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Gestational diabetes-

  • Eat foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories.
  • Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains
2 people found this helpful

Prenatal Care Checkups - What To Expect

Dr. Meenakshi Yelvantge 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Pune
Prenatal Care Checkups - What To Expect

What is Prenatal care?

It is crucial for a woman who is on her way to becoming a mother to pay special attention to her health. Health care offered to a pregnant woman is also known as prenatal care or antenatal care. It is a very important phase in a woman's life, so go for regular prenatal checkups as they go a long way in reducing risks of complications during pregnancy and child birth. This, in turn, increases the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby.
Contrary to popular belief, prenatal care does not begin when a woman is told that she is pregnant. Prenatal care should ideally be started at least three months before you try to conceive a child. This prepares your body and mind for the changes that pregnancy will bring. Some healthy habits to follow during this period include:

  • Quit Drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Consult a gynecologist about any existing medical conditions, medication you may be on and what supplements you should start taking
  • Avoid contact with chemicals and toxic substances

Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you will need to visit the doctor regularly for checkups.

Prenatal checkups are meant to keep an eye on your health and the health of your baby. In most cases, you will be asked to come in every month for the first two trimesters and every two weeks during the seventh and eighth month of your pregnancy. During the ninth month, your doctor may want to see you once a week until the delivery. In cases where a pregnancy is considered high risk because of existing medical conditions, the age of the mother or any other factors, the doctor may ask a for more frequent checkups.

A prenatal checkup involves a physical examination, tests, screenings and dietary consultations. Some of the common tests include blood tests to check for HIV, the mother’s blood type and anemia. Your blood pressure will also be monitored. When it comes to the baby’s health, determining the rate at which the baby is growing and heart rate are most important. In the later stages of your pregnancy, the position of the baby will also be noted. It is important to not skip these checkups even if you are feeling fine.

Keep your doctor informed about any changes you may notice in your health. Do not take any medication without consulting your doctor even if it is for something as simple as a cold. Do not feel shy about talking to your doctor and ask him or her anything you would like to about your pregnancy and childbirth.

 

2582 people found this helpful

What Are The Signs Of Pregnancy?

Dr. Gursimran Dhaliwal 91% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Amritsar
What Are The Signs Of Pregnancy?

Early indications of pregnancy are not generally perceived, but the modest changes in your body capacity might be telling you something. Here are some signs, which mean, perhaps you are pregnant.

  1. Missed Period or Late Period: The clearest indication of pregnancy is a missed period. However, a missed period doesn't always mean you are pregnant. If your period is late when your menstrual cycle is quite regular, it might be an indication of pregnancy.
  2. Swollen breasts: Soreness or shivering in your breasts is one of pregnancy's most basic symptoms. Right on time in pregnancy, the breasts will round out and change shape as they get ready to deliver milk.
  3. Nausea: Nausea is among one of the most well known symptoms of pregnancy. It's brought about by an increase in the hormone levels. Almost 80 percent of women experience "morning sickness" during the initial three months of pregnancy. For some, this sickness is not just confined to the mornings and may take place throughout the entire day.
  4. Spotting: After 5 to 10 days of conceiving, light spotting might be found when the embryo implants itself in t"he uterus.
  5. Enhanced Urine Frequency: If you're pregnant, your uterus puts pressure directly on the bladder prompting more urination. The additional weight and intestinal changes may bring about a blockage.
  6. Fatigue: Women feel exceptionally tired and drained during pregnancy. Fatigue is one of the primary indications of pregnancy.
  7. Mood Swings: Avid emotional mood swings occur in women during pregnancy. If your temper is always fluctuating or going up and down, it may be an indication that you might be pregnant.
  8. Enhanced Sensitivity to Smell: Women during pregnancy develop an enhanced smell sensitivity. Any common or normal smell may seem to be intense and long lasting. This is a genuine signal.
  9. Darkening of the areolas: Areolas are the circles around your nipples. During pregnancy, due to increased hormone secretion, the areolas become dark and wide. This is a common indication.
  10. Enhanced Craving For Food: Pregnancy increases the drive for food craving in women. Pregnant women find themselves consuming a huge amount of food, which is abnormal.
  11. HeadacheHeadaches due to migraine increase during pregnancy. This is more common during early pregnancy.
  12. Strange Metallic Taste In The Mouth: Some women may feel an odd metallic taste in their mouth, which may signify pregnancy.
  13. Constipation: Added pressure on the kidneys and bladder may lead to constipation in pregnant women. This is another indication.
4142 people found this helpful

Treatment of Habitual Abortion!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Habitual Abortion!

Treatment of Habitual Abortion

Homeopathic Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Psychotherapy Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Surgical Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Habitual Abortion
Other Treatment of Habitual Abortion
What is Habitual Abortion
Symptoms of Habitual Abortion
Causes of Habitual Abortion
Risk factors of Habitual Abortion
Complications of Habitual Abortion
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Habitual Abortion
Precautions & Precautions & Prevention of Habitual Abortion

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Habitual Abortion

Acupuncture can be used throughout the whole period of pregnancy. It will prevent abdominal pain, fetal excessive movement also smooth the labor process. Acupuncture helps in facilitating labor so that the women can give birth in less pain.

Psychotherapy Treatment of Habitual Abortion

Psychological treatment such as counseling or psychotherapy may be indicated for help in coping with the loss of the pregnancy. Some women may also benefit from attending support groups with other women who have experienced a Abortion Habitual.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of  Habitual Abortion
 

Bacterial vaginosis should be treated daily for one week with the antibiotics metronidazole (Flagyl), Protostat) or clindamycin (Cleocin), either as pills taken orally or in a gel or cream form inserted into the vagina. Trichomoniasis is treated with either a large single dose of metronidazole or with a smaller dose taken twice daily for one week.

Surgical Treatment of  Habitual Abortion

Salphingostomy – making an incision on the unruptured ectopic pregnancy site and milking out the disease.
Radical surgery – complete removal of the fallopian tube on the affected site.
Laparoscopy – opening the abdomen surgically.
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of  Habitual Abortion
Avoid refined carbohydrates, sugars, non-vegetarian food, coffee and tea.
Avoid oily and fried foods.
Avoid Smoking, chewing tobacco and alcohol.
Other Treatment of  Habitual Abortion
Yogic asanas such as sarvangasana, vajrasana, bhujangasana, shalabhasana, dhanurasana, paschimottashana and trikonasna are very useful.

What is  Habitual Abortion?

Habitual abortion is a form of infertility. When miscarriage occurs repeatedly at a certain period of pregnancy, it is termed ‘habitual abortion’. It is sometimes due to chromosome abnormalities or other genetic causes. It is one of the most perplexing problems of gynaecology and a major cause of maternal mortality. A woman who has suffered two or more terminations of this sort -consecutively is said to be a case of habitual abortion.

Symptoms of  Habitual Abortion

There are the two main symptoms of Habitual abortion.

Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.
Pains of the same character as labour pains.

Causes of  Habitual Abortion

Deficient functioning of the thyroid.
Congenital malformation of the uterus.
Faulty implantation of the fertilized ovum.
Chronic constipation.
Hypertension, chronic nephritis and diabetes
Blood group incompatibility of husband and wife.
Syphilis infections and fibroid tumors.

Risk factors of  Habitual Abortion

Hyperhomocysteinemia
Obesity

Complications of  Habitual Abortion

Bleeding
Excessive vomiting
Abortions
Ectopic pregnancy
Molar pregnancy

Diagnosis of  Habitual Abortion

Diagnosis of spontaneous abortion is based on :

Expulsion of uterine contents
Pelvic examination
Laboratory Test
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood or urine confirms pregnancy; decreased hCG levels suggest spontaneous abortion or tubal pregnancy. Pelvic examination determines the uterus’size and whether this size is consistent with the pregnancy’s length. Tissue histology indicates evidence of products of conception. Laboratory tests reflect decreased hemoglobin levels and hematocrit due to blood loss.

Precautions & Prevention of  Habitual Abortion

More frequent prenatal visits
Follow recommended medical advice carefully.
Eat well-balanced diet.
Avoid alcohol and smoking.
Avoid using non-prescription drugs without medical advice.

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Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy!

Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

Homeopathic Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Psychotherapy Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Surgical Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Other Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
What is Ectopic Pregnancy
Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy
Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy
Risk factors of Ectopic Pregnancy
Complications of Ectopic Pregnancy
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy
Precautions & Prevention of Ectopic Pregnancy
Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy   

Homeopathic Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

Homeopathy can help in eliminating chances of ectopic pregnancy. It promotes implantation of ovum at normal place. It treats the person as a whole. Treatment is constitutional. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. It balances the energy system, improves immunity and body functions. It naturally cures the root cause of disorder. Some of the homeopathic medicines for treatment of ectopic pregnancy are:

Calc
Cimic
Sabina
Sulph
Caulo
Kali C

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

Acupuncture promotes energy flow and promotes normal and healthy pregnancy. Acupuncture has good reputation in promoting healthy reproductive body functions.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief. Hypnotherapy can work on deep psychological issues that may play a key role in correcting deranged function.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

In the allopathic treatment of ectopic pregnancy, an injection of the drug methotrexate is sometimes used to stop cell growth and dissolve existing cells.

Surgical Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy

The surgical treatment for ectopic pregnancy is laparoscopic surgery. In this procedure, a small incision is made in the abdomen, near or in the navel. Then your doctor uses a thin tube equipped with a camera lens and light (laparoscope) to view the area. Other instruments can be inserted into the tube or through other small incisions to remove the ectopic tissue and repair the fallopian tube. If the fallopian tube is significantly damaged, it might need to be removed.

What is Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy typically occurs in one of the tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus (fallopian tubes). With an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized egg implants somewhere outside the uterus. In some cases, however, an ectopic pregnancy occurs in the abdominal cavity, ovary or neck of the uterus (cervix).

Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy

Missed period
Breast tenderness
Nausea
Light vaginal bleeding
Abdominal or pelvic pain

Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy

Abnormal fetal development
Fallopian tube is inflamed, damaged or misshapen

Risk factors of Ectopic Pregnancy

Inflammation or infection
Fertility issues
Surgery to reconstruct the fallopian tube
Previous ectopic pregnancy

Complications of Ectopic Pregnancy

A ruptured fallopian tube could lead to life-threatening bleeding. 

Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy

Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy includes the following tests:

Pelvic exam
Physical exam
Blood tests
Ultrasound

Precautions & Prevention of Ectopic Pregnancy

You can decrease certain risk factors by taking following precautions:

Limit your number of sexual partners
Use a condom when you have sex to help prevent sexually transmitted infections

Treatment of Edema!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 84% (13 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Edema!

Treatment of Edema

Homeopathic Treatment of Edema
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Edema
Psychotherapy Treatment of Edema
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Edema
Surgical Treatment of Edema
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Edema
Other Treatment of Edema
What is Edema
Symptoms of Edema
Causes of Edema
Risk factors of Edema
Complications of Edema
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Edema
Precautions & Prevention of Edema
Treatment of Edema

Homeopathic Treatment of Edema

Homeopathic Treatment of Edema reduces swelling especially in legs and ankle. It is also helpful when puffy swelling develops below the eyes or in the extremities. Homeopathy improves the root cause of swelling thus prevents it developing further. Some of the homeopathic remedies for treatment of edema are:

Apis mellifica
Calcarea carbonica
Graphites
Ledum palustre
Kali carbonicum
Pulsatilla

 

Acupuncture and Acupressure Treatment of Edema

Acupuncture improves energy flow, removes blocks and relieves edema. It cures underlying blockage of energy channels to stop edema from occurring.

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Edema

Psychotherapy and hypnotherapy can help in stress relief. They can help in better coping and early relief.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Edema

Allopathic Treatment of Edema involves the use of drugs that help your body expel excess fluid in the form of urine. One of the most common diuretics is furosemide (Lasix).

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Edema

Reduce your sodium intake
Eat foods high in vitamin B such as dark leafy greens, oatmeal, lima beans, and asparagus.
What is Edema

Edema is swelling caused by excess fluid trapped in your body’s tissues. It usually occurs in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body.

Symptoms of Edema

Swelling of the tissue directly under your skin
Stretched skin
Skin that retains a dimple after being pressed for several seconds
Increased abdominal size

 

Causes of Edema

Sitting or staying in one position for too long
Eating too much salty food
Kidney disease
Liver disease
Premenstrual signs and symptoms
Weak or damaged leg veins
Pregnancy
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Estrogens
Congestive heart failure
Cirrhosis

 

Risk factors of Edema

Taking certain medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, estrogens, calcium channel blockers and diabetes medications

Complications of Edema

Difficulty in walking
Decreased blood circulation
Decreased elasticity of arteries, veins, joints and muscles
Painful swelling
Stiffness
Stretched skin,
infection in the swollen area
Scarring between layers of tissue
Increased risk of skin ulcers 
Diagnosis of Edema

Diagnosis of Edema involves the following tests:

Physical exam and medical history
X-rays and ultrasound exams
Blood tests or urine analysis
Precautions & Prevention of Edema

Know the Facts About Placental Insufficiency!

Dr. Shilpa Dhameja 89% (383 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Diploma In Gynaecology & Obstetrics, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Felloship In Minimal Access & Surgery
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Know the Facts About Placental Insufficiency!

The placenta is a link between you and your baby during pregnancy. It helps your baby to grow normally by providing it with food and oxygen. When the placenta is not able to do its work properly, the condition is called placental insufficiency or dysfunction.

Placental insufficiency is a serious complication of pregnancy and can happen when the placenta does not develop properly or is damaged. If this condition develops, the baby doesn’t get the nutrition and oxygen it needs to grow and can develop complications like low birth weight, premature birth, and birth defects. The mother can also develop dangerous complications if it’s left undiagnosed. Thus placental insufficiency must be diagnosed as early into the pregnancy to avoid these complications.

Causes of placental insufficiency
Actually, placental insufficiency is a blood flow disorder which happens due to a reduction in the mother’s blood supply. It can be triggered by vascular disorders, medications, lifestyle and  the following:         

  1. Diabetes
  2. Chronic hypertension
  3. Blood clotting disorders
  4. Serious anemia
  5. Blood thinners
  6. Smoking
  7. Drug abuse 

Other causes of placental insufficiency are cases where the placenta doesn’t attach properly to the uterine wall or if the placenta breaks away from it.

Symptoms
Unfortunately, there are no symptoms of this dangerous condition in the mother except that she may notice that the size of her uterus is smaller than in previous pregnancies.  She may also notice that the fetus is moving less than before.  As far as symptoms of placental abruption or disruption go, there may be vaginal bleeding or pre-term labour contractions. In case placental insufficiency is not diagnosed, the mother can experience a serious fatal condition called Preeclampsia, which means high BP and protein in the urine as well as disruption of the placenta and pre-term birth. The picture for the baby is pretty dim too. The earlier placental insufficiency happens, the more grave the risk for the baby. The baby can suffer from:

  1. Cerebral palsy and learning disabilities
  2. Low body temperature 
  3. Low blood sugar 
  4. Premature birth
  5. Cesarean delivery
  6. Stillbirth
  7. Death

Placental insufficiency can’t be cured, but it can be managed. Once diagnosed, it can be managed through proper prenatal care like treating maternal high blood pressure or diabetes, education on preeclampsia and ways to self-monitor for the disease, frequent doctor visits, bed rest to conserve energy for the baby and consultation with a specialist. These can improve the baby’s chances of normal growth. 

Proper prenatal care of pregnant women is thus, very important as it can diagnose placental insufficiency early. A simple ultrasound can diagnose this dangerous condition by measuring the baby's size and growth, and assessing the size and placement of the placenta.

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Prenatal Appointments: What To Expect During Each Trimester

Dr. Rekha Anand 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DGO
Gynaecologist, Navi Mumbai
Prenatal Appointments: What To Expect During Each Trimester

What is Prenatal care?

It is crucial for a woman who is on her way to becoming a mother to pay special attention to her health. Health care offered to a pregnant woman is also known as prenatal care or antenatal care. It is a very important phase in a woman's life, so go for regular prenatal checkups as they go a long way in reducing risks of complications during pregnancy and child birth. This, in turn, increases the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby.
Contrary to popular belief, prenatal care does not begin when a woman is told that she is pregnant. Prenatal care should ideally be started at least three months before you try to conceive a child. This prepares your body and mind for the changes that pregnancy will bring. Some healthy habits to follow during this period include:

  • Quit Drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Consult a gynecologist about any existing medical conditions, medication you may be on and what supplements you should start taking
  • Avoid contact with chemicals and toxic substances

Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you will need to visit the doctor regularly for checkups.

Prenatal checkups are meant to keep an eye on your health and the health of your baby. In most cases, you will be asked to come in every month for the first two trimesters and every two weeks during the seventh and eighth month of your pregnancy. During the ninth month, your doctor may want to see you once a week until the delivery. In cases where a pregnancy is considered high risk because of existing medical conditions, the age of the mother or any other factors, the doctor may ask a for more frequent checkups.

A prenatal checkup involves a physical examination, tests, screenings and dietary consultations. Some of the common tests include blood tests to check for HIV, the mother’s blood type and anemia. Your blood pressure will also be monitored. When it comes to the baby’s health, determining the rate at which the baby is growing and heart rate are most important. In the later stages of your pregnancy, the position of the baby will also be noted. It is important to not skip these checkups even if you are feeling fine.

Keep your doctor informed about any changes you may notice in your health. Do not take any medication without consulting your doctor even if it is for something as simple as a cold. Do not feel shy about talking to your doctor and ask him or her anything you would like to about your pregnancy and childbirth.

 

4654 people found this helpful

Pregnant - Warning Signs You Shouldn't Ignore!

Dr. Sudha Jetly 87% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Post Graduate Diploma in Ultrasonography
Gynaecologist, Noida
Pregnant - Warning Signs You Shouldn't Ignore!

If you want to have a safe pregnancy by curtailing all sorts of complications, then you have to promptly respond to warning bells. There are certain warning symptoms that should not be neglected at all as that might put your pregnancy in danger. 

  1. Bleeding: This kind of situation cannot be ignored as that often leads to serious issues like placental abruption or miscarriage. In this case, you are definitely in need of the assistance of any expert doctor.
  2. Swollen face or hands: Slightly swollen face or hands in pregnancy are normal, but if you observe excessive puffiness, especially on your feet and ankles, then it is a warning sign as it might lead to toxaemia or PIH. Therefore, consulting a doctor is very much needed in this regard.
  3. Abdominal pain: Round ligament pain is quite normal, and you do not have to worry about the same. But if the pain is accompanied by bleeding, then the danger of miscarriage might come into being, and thus you should be very much alert about the same.
  4. Blurring vision: Both blurring vision and dizziness are the commonest pregnancy symptoms. But if they get increased suddenly, visit your doctor. 
  5. Itching: Itching is common during pregnancy mostly due to stretching of the skin. Your skin also becomes dry. But if it continues for long, then you should check the same with your doctor for avoiding liver disorder. 
  6. Fever: Exposure to flu and cold viruses increases during pregnancy, as a result of which fever occurs. But if the fever lasts for more than 48 hours, then viral conditions can be expected, which are pretty dangerous. 
  7. Unwanted back pain: Normal pain in pregnancy is alright, but excessive pain might indicate bladder or kidney infections, preterm labour, miscarriage or cyst. All these conditions should be essentially avoided to ensure a healthy pregnancy. 
  8. Gushing of fluid: If you are not in labour, but are feeling wet constantly, then it is better to see a doctor. There might be a great possibility of breaking of water, and this is quite dangerous in the advanced stage of pregnancy. 
  9. Less movement of baby: Experiencing baby kicking is quite natural during pregnancy, and if stops suddenly, then there is something wrong. Kicking patterns should be followed and then only you will be able to realize whether the baby is normal or not. If you are facing any of the above symptoms, then immediately visit your doctor.
2526 people found this helpful
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