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Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension - How To Identify It?

Reviewed by
Dr.Shantha Rama Rao 90% (127ratings)
Gynaecologist, Chennai  •  48years experience
Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension - How To Identify It?

Pregnancy is a thrilling time period for every woman, but at times things can go wrong and turn out to be scary due to certain complications. Pregnancy-Induced Induced Hypertension or Pre-eclampsia is a high blood pressure disorder of pregnancy. It is a major problem that occurs in women during their pregnancy, and it has an effect on nearly 7% of first-time mothers. The Pregnancy Induced Hypertension causes serious complications and in severe cases, it is dangerous for the baby as well as the mother. Pregnant women suffering from this condition are induced with labor early if they suffer from PIH or pregnancy 

Induced hypertension.

The Three levels of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension include:

- Only High Blood Pressure
- High Blood Pressure and Protein in Urine or swelling
- High Blood Pressure, protein in urine, convulsions and swelling

Common Symptoms of Preeclampsia

The main symptoms that occur are:

- Blurred vision
- Upper right Abdominal Pain
- Headaches
- Swelling in the Face and Hands
- Infrequent Urination
- Rapid weight gain


Preeclampsia occurs in women with a history of hypertension in parents, high proteinuria, BMI or Body Mass Index and family history of diabetes. It is by using a partial set of maternal characteristics that pregnant women are at an increased risk of developing Pregnancy Induced Hypertension.

The rise in systolic blood pressure of 30 mm diastolic 15 mm, with or without urinary protein is diagnostic and sudden swelling of feet, headache, epigastric pain, vaginal bleeding followed with decreased fetal movements are alarming signals.
The cure for this condition-preeclampsia is delivery and in many cases, doctors insist their patients for a caesarian section. Sometimes the Doctors suggest for an early delivery as it includes an additional threat of loss of the mother to be due to prematurity. 

The inflammatory disorder is characterized by anti-angiogenic protein in high levels and soluble forms like tyrosine kinase in the maternal circulation. It is very important that pregnant women adopt the process of self-evaluation to safeguard from the risk of high blood pressure. They must monitor their blood pressure from time to time as it would empower them to care for their pregnancy and reduce the chances of complications during pregnancy.

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