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Pre Pregnancy Diet Tips

Pre And Post Conception Care - Why It Is Important?

Dr. Sangeeta Raodeo 91% (160 ratings)
Diploma In Obstetrics & Gynaecology, FCPS - Mid. & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pre And Post Conception Care - Why It Is Important?

Conceiving a baby is one of the most joyous experiences for a couple and it can be a healthy one as well if the couple is aware of pre- and post-conception care. While it is true that these days couples are more aware of family planning and pregnancy than they were in the earlier days, it still makes sense to make pre- and post-conception care a part of life when going for a baby.



It is important because:

  • It helps one get pregnant faster – Many times, couples looking to get pregnant think that getting off the pill is sufficient to get pregnant but this is not true. Getting off the pill is just the first step towards conceiving and it has to be supplemented with other steps such as keeping a tab on the ovulation cycle, having intercourse at the most favorable time and with the right technique, eating a nutritious diet, saying no to unhealthy habits such as smoking and drinking and much more. It is only when a couple follows these other steps that the woman can get pregnant and this is why it is important to be aware of these pre-conception care steps as they ensure quicker pregnancy.
  • It ensures healthy pregnancy – The nine months of pregnancy are a delicate time for the mother-to-be and she needs to take care of her health to make sure that her baby is also fine. She needs to eat healthily and abstain from harmful lifestyle activities, before as well as after conceiving. Pre-conception care makes sure that the fetus is healthy right from the beginning. The practice of healthy habits and lifestyle prior to and after conception makes the uterus fit to carry the fetus. It ensures that the mother-to-be is also in the right state of mind and body to sail through the pregnancy.
  • It minimizes the chance of miscarriage and post-delivery complications – Miscarriage is something that creates fear in the minds of women and if they have had a history of abortion then they are even more concerned. However, if they know necessary things about pre - and post-conception care and follow it, they can minimize the chances of miscarriage and also deliver the baby safely. Also, proper care makes sure there are no birth defects in the child and the mother and the baby are healthy after the delivery.

Basic few blood tests need to be done prior to planning pregnancy so that if any variation found, it can be corrected. Also, those women who are already on certain pills, need to reassure that medications that they are taking are safe.

Pre-conception care is vital not just for women but also for men. The latter also need to follow a healthy lifestyle in order to make conception a reality. Healthy lifestyle results in increased sperm count and healthier sperm, which when fertilizes with the eggs, results in a healthy embryo. As for post-conception care, it rests with the woman but being the father-to-be, the man also needs to be educated and mentally prepared for the pregnancy.

He needs to give emotional support to the mother of his child and look after her during the nine months. So, pre- and post-conception care is for the man as well as the woman and therefore, both should learn and get themselves educated about the same.

Diet in pregnancy

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta 92% (1763 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Diet in pregnancy
A pregnant woman should take utmost caution of what she eats. A nutritious diet rich in proteins, iron, calcium and omega 3 fatty acids is recommended. Overall besides normal food make sure she takes a big glass of milk daily, 2-3 eggs in a week, chicken/ fish twice a week, take 2 helping of fruits and salads daily. Taking 5-6 almonds alone a piece or two of walnuts daily should overall take care of your nutritional requirements. Hope this helps you.
10 people found this helpful

Pregnancy Diet

Dr. Imran Khan 84% (3746 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGD(Sexual Medicine & Councelling)
Sexologist, Panaji
Pregnancy Diet

Eating fish during pregnancy can make your child smart and brainy.

Diet in Pregnancy

Dr. Vidya Bisla 92% (17 ratings)
MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Diet in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very special time in a woman's life when there is an added focus to take care of yourself and your unborn child. The adage 'you are what you eat' takes on a whole new meaning during this period as it becomes the soon to be mother's responsibility to pack in extra nutrition to nourish her growing bump. Doctors often add in a dose of vitamins to ensure that the both mother and child are well nourished. But beyond that, the food choices you make will maintain a healthy weight gain for you and your baby and eventually even help when you want to shed the extra weight after your child is born.

Here are some tips to have a perfect diet during your pregnancy

  1. Load up on the good stuff: Even if you've always been eating healthy, it is time to crank things up a notch and include more proteins, vitamins, minerals especially folic acid and iron and some extra calories for energy and increase it as you progress in your pregnancy. But eating to get more nutrients doesn't have to mean eating more in general. If you are already at a healthy weight, then you don't need extra calories in the first trimester. In the second trimester, you need about 340 extra calories a day and about 450 extra calories a day in the third trimester. The numbers will change if you are underweight or overweight.
  2. Say no to some: During pregnancy, give a skip to food items like raw seafood and undercooked meat and poultry. This could lead to potentially dangerous infections. Other foods to steer clear from include unpasteurized milk and soft cheese. All of these are possible sources of bacteria that can be harmful to an unborn child. It is always good to give your fruits and veggies a good extra wash, as always. Try to avoid the known culprits like popular local fruits that may be laden with artificial ripeners. Also avoid food with excess oil or preservatives. You will also have to say a complete no to alcohol or smoking during this period. While most sites suggest that you also ditch your caffeine fix, you can best keep it less than 200 mg or 12 ounces in a day. Stick to decaffeinated tea and sodas when possible. Some other foods that have to be avoided during pregnancy are packaged food, cold drinks, preserved food items as they contain preservatives, which are harmful. Also, chinese food should be avoided as it contains monosodium glutamate, which is again harmful due to teratogenic chemical.
  3. Diet a big no: Another big no during pregnancy is dieting or controlling the intake of food to lose weight. Pregnancy is the time you actually, for once, get to legally gain weight and be happy about. Don't mess up your natural system with forced diets.
  4. Keep the food coming: Pregnancy is the time for food craving at all odd hours and the time to give into them without an ounce of guilt! If you are dealing with nausea and food aversion, try to stick to small meals throughout the day. Replace the chips with carrot sticks and the pizza slice with soup. If that sweet tooth starts acting up, give it a frozen fruit dessert or shake.
3189 people found this helpful

How Pregnancy Happens

Dr. Rahman 91% (820 ratings)
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Sexologist, Chennai
How Pregnancy Happens
How Pregnancy Happens


How pregnancy happens at a glance:

Pregnancy is caused by semen (ejaculate or cum) or pre-cum getting inside the vagina.
You can avoid pregnancy by not having sex or using both condoms and birth control every time you have sex.
Emergency contraception (the morning-after pill) can prevent pregnancy up to five days AFTER unprotected sex.

How do you get pregnant?

Here's what CAN cause pregnancy: semen (ejaculate) or pre-ejaculate (pre-cum ) getting inside the vagina. Most often, this happens from vaginal sex (penis-in-vagina). Less often, it happens when semen gets on the vulva.

Semen comes out of the penis during orgasm, and it's chock full of sperm. Pre-ejaculate (pre-cum) is a much smaller amount of fluid (usually just a few drops) that's sometimes released from the penis before and during sex. It's usually such a small amount that it can be hard to tell if any has come out, but it can have a little bit of sperm in it. The chance of getting pregnant from pre-cum is much less than the chance of getting pregnant from semen, but it still might be possible.

Since guys can't control when pre-cum comes out, and it can happen anytime, you need to put on a condom BEFORE you start having sex and wear it the entire time.

Here's what CAN'T cause pregnancy (unless sperm somehow comes into contact with the vagina or vulva):

kissing
masturbation
body rubbing
oral sex
anal sex

Pregnancy can also happen with the aid of doctors and fertility treatments, like IVF and alternative insemination. People may choose these treatments if they have health conditions that make getting pregnant more difficult, because they are single, because they are in a relationship with another woman, or lots of other reasons. Learn more about fertility treatments.

How can I avoid pregnancy?

There are two ways to avoid pregnancy:

Don't have sex.
Use both a condom AND birth control every time (and the entire time) you have sex.

Can I get pregnant if his penis gets near my vagina but not in it?

Pregnancy can happen when sperm (from cum or pre-cum) gets in the vagina or on the vulva. This usually happens when two people have vaginal (penis-in-vagina) sex.

If sperm comes in contact with the vagina or vulva during body rubbing/dry humping without clothes, there’s a small chance of pregnancy (even if you don't actually have his penis in your vagina).

If you’re concerned about the risk of pregnancy, use birth control like the pill or IUD. And use condoms along with the birth control to reduce the risk of STDs.

If you’re thinking about having vaginal sex, talk about what kind of birth control you want to use with your boyfriend/girlfriend. It’s also a good idea to talk with a parent or another trusted adult, and then visit a doctor, nurse, or health care provider to choose a method and get on birth control. The staff at your local Planned Parenthood health center can help. You can also take our quiz to find out what method of birth control may be best for you.
85 people found this helpful

Post Pregnancy Care

Dr. Richa Sharma 92% (216 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
IVF Specialist, Mumbai
Post Pregnancy Care

Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet post pregnancy is as equally important. Abstain from alchohol, if you are breastfeeding your baby.

2 people found this helpful

Pregnancy And Post Pregnancy Weight Loss Diet!

Dt. Ashfa Shaikh 90% (19 ratings)
B.Sc - Home Science, - SNDT Women's University, Mumbai
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Thane
Pregnancy And Post Pregnancy Weight Loss Diet!

Losing the post-pregnancy weight can easily be one of the most difficult and dreadful things for a woman to do. The sheer joy of having a child of your own is quickly overshadowed by postpartum blues. Losing those extra pounds assumes topmost priority. Although getting into the habit of eating healthy should always be followed, it is important to note that your body needs adequate time to recover from labor as well.

In order to achieve that fit and healthy body you keep dreaming of, a perfect post pregnancy diet is to be strictly followed. A healthy diet is a key element of getting back in shape. You need to be careful about the food you intake after pregnancy. Being callous about eating can lead to more problems of weight gain and obesity in the future. Therefore, keeping track of your eating habits and following a diet plan is given utmost importance.

The Golden Rules of Getting Back In Shape
We know that eating right is the first step towards getting the perfect post-pregnancy body; however, certain rules are to be followed in order to see a significant change in yourself.

  1. Remaining stress-free is the solution to all your health-related problems. From mental stability to getting back in shape, following this commandment will give you the desired result in every sphere of life.
  2. Detoxifying your body from everything unhealthy helps you tremendously. You need to avoid smoking and limit your alcohol intake to get fitter quickly.
  3. Vitamin B6 and Zinc are necessary for the body to balance the hormones. Eating red meat, nuts, broccoli, bananas, egg yolks and oats can all be extremely helpful.
  4. You need to balance your blood sugar level with the help of low glycemic foods as well.

Begin With The Right Breakfast – We all know that the first and the most important meal of the day is breakfast. Breakfast gets you all charged up and provides you with the energy required for the upcoming day. For women who just went through labor, eating an omelet with a whole grain toast is ideal. Apart from that, a berry smoothie made with berries, nuts and seeds and porridge made with cinnamon, flaxseeds and coconut milk can also be helpful.

Sustain With the Right Lunch: Eating grilled chicken, baked sweet potatoes, cottage cheese with a generous serving of green vegetables and plenty of herbs can satisfy your taste buds and help you shed those extra pounds at the same time.

The Prefect Dinner to End Your Day: Who said you have to give up on your happiness to get rid of the extra weight from your body. With the help of these delicacies, you can end your day feeling content and happy. Eating Salmon with mashed sweet potatoes or beef stir-fry with a serving of rice can be an absolute delight for all those new mothers who wish to get healthy. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2246 people found this helpful

Pregnancy

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta 92% (1763 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Pregnancy
Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.
2 people found this helpful

gum care during pregnancy

Dr. Veena Chavan-gawand 91% (183 ratings)
BDS
Dentist, Jalgaon
gum care during pregnancy
Many women can notice swollen gums during first trimester of pregnancy. This is common and is related to hormonal changes that occurs during first three months. Many women may even notice nodule like growth in gum. This is called as pregnancy tumour. Please dont go on name it donot mean any cancerous lesion. You need not to worry. The reason is poor oral hygiene. One need to undergo a routine scaling that is cleaning of teeth. And yes maintain good oral hygiene thereafter. So brush twice daily. Gargle with warm water after every meal. And take a healthy nutritional diet. Do visit your dentist every six months. Wish you a happy motherhood.
1 person found this helpful

Hypertension In Pregnancy

Dr. Sameer Maheshwari 92% (117 ratings)
MBBS, PGDCC
Cardiologist, Delhi
Hypertension In Pregnancy

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is defined as blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm hg. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are a major cause of maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, both in developing and developed countries. Hypertension is the most common medical problem in pregnancy.
If high blood pressure continues after 20 weeks of pregnancy, preeclampsia and other complications can develop.

What causes high blood pressure during pregnancy?
According to the national heart, lung, and blood institute (nhlbi), there are several possible causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
These include:
- being overweight or obese
- failing to stay active
- smoking
- drinking alcohol
- first-time pregnancy
- a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
- carrying more than one child
- assistive technology (such as ivf)
- maternal age is also a factor, with pregnant women over the age of 40 being more at risk.

BP measurement:
# use a sitting or semi-reclining position so that the arm to be used is at the level of the heart.
# do not take the bp in the upper arm with the woman on her side, as this will give falsely lower readings.

What are the complications of high blood pressure during pregnancy?
- if high blood pressure continues after 20 weeks of pregnancy, there can be complications. Preeclampsia can develop.

What is preeclampsia?

This condition can cause serious damage to your organs, including your brain and kidneys. Preeclampsia is also known as toxemia or pregnancy-induced hypertension. Preeclampsia with seizures becomes eclampsia. This can be fatal.

Thorough prenatal care, including regular doctor’s visits, should be able to address preeclampsia symptoms. Symptoms include:

@protein in a urine sample
Abnormal swelling in hands and feet
@persistent headaches

Preventing high blood pressure during pregnancy:
Common risk factors for high blood pressure, such as obesity and a history of high blood pressure, can be minimized through diet and exercise. Of course, during pregnancy, it is inevitable that you will gain some weight. It’s recommended that pregnant women consult with their doctor to identify a weight gain target that is healthy for them.

Dietary guidelines for pregnant women vary from person to person. Speak with a nutritionist who will keep your specific height and weight in mind when creating a nutrition plan for you.

The nhlbi emphasizes that it’s important to take steps to lessen your risk of high blood pressure. You should steer clear of smoking and drinking alcohol, both of which have been known to raise blood pressure.

Pregnancy causes hormone shifts, as well as psychological and physical changes. This can bring on stress, which can make high blood pressure harder to manage. Try stress reduction techniques such as yoga and meditation.

 

Management:
Management depends on the woman's bp, gestational age and blood flow in the placenta. Non-pharmacological management is recommended for many women but is not recommended when there is the presence of associated maternal and fetal risk factors. Non-pharmacological management includes close supervision, limitation of activities, and some bed rest in the left lateral position.

All pregnant women should receive antenatal education so that they are aware of the symptoms associated with pre-eclampsia, its importance, and the need to obtain medical advice.


Such symptoms include:
Severe headache.
Visual problems: blurred vision or flashing before the eyes.
Severe epigastric pain.
Vomiting.
Sudden swelling of the face, hands or feet.
 

Women who are at high risk of pre-eclampsia are recommended to take 75 mg aspirin daily from 12 weeks of gestation to delivery. Such women are those with:

- hypertension or pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in a past pregnancy.
- chronic kidney disease.
- autoimmune disease (eg, systemic lupus erythematosus (sle) or antiphospholipid syndrome).
- diabetes mellitus (both type 1 or 2).
- chronic hypertension.


Women should also take 75 mg aspirin daily from the 12th week if they have any two of the following features:- in their first pregnancy.
- aged ≥40 years.
- previous pregnancy >10 years ago.
- body mass index (bmi) of ≥35 kg/m2 at booking.
- family history of pre-eclampsia.
- multiple pregnancy.

Medication for high blood pressure during pregnancy:
Some traditional blood pressure medications can cause problems in pregnant women should be avoided when you are pregnant:

-ace inhibitors
-renin inhibitors
-angiotensin receptor blockers
These drugs in particular will be passed through the bloodstream to the developing baby. They can negatively impact the baby’s health. These medications may also cause blood to thin, which can compromise the mother’s ability to carry the baby to term.

Methyldopa and labetalol are both drugs that have been deemed safe for use to manage blood pressure during pregnancy.

Talk to your doctor about how to control your blood pressure if you develop hypertension during pregnancy.

Summary:
High blood pressure during pregnancy doesn’t usually lead to serious problems. However, if it goes untreated, hypertension can become life-threatening for both mother and baby.

8 people found this helpful
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