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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Tips

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Causes Behind It!

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Causes Behind It!

Vaginal bleeding is something that most women experience between their periods when they are not due for a menstrual cycle. It is considered as an abnormal occurrence when you bleed before you are expecting your menstrual period, or after you are done with your monthly cycle. It is usually characterised by bouts of spotting where a thick brown reddish discharge may be experienced. Also, this kind of bleeding is considered abnormal if it occurs during pregnancy or menopause.

Here are a few causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding:

-  Hormones: An imbalance in the hormones like the estrogen and progesterone can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding. These are the hormones that help in regulation of the monthly menstrual cycles. An imbalance can occur due to side effects caused by birth control pills that may not suit the individual, a contraceptive patch, or even contraceptive implants and injections. Further, an intrauterine device may also be the cause for this kind of bleeding. The hormonal balance can also get affected due to internal ailments like a dysfunctional thyroid gland and ovaries.

-  Pregnancy and Delivery: Some amount of spotting is considered normal in the first trimester of one's pregnancy. Yet, severe bleeding and persistent spotting must be reported to the gynaecologist immediately. Women also bleed for a while after the delivery of the baby, in the post-partum period. This may also happen when an abortion takes place as the uterus may not have come back to its original size and due to remaining foetal tissues within. Complications during the pregnancy like an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage can also lead to such kind of bleeding. An ectopic pregnancy is one where the egg gets implanted in the fallopian tube instead of entering and implanting itself in the uterus.

-  Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are usually considered as non-malignant and non-cancerous growths within the uterus. These are common in many women who have gone through child birth. These fibroids can also cause some amount of bleeding and spotting.

-  Infections: When there is an infection in the reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus of the patient, there may be some amount of bleeding. An infection in this area can also cause inflammation, which is one of the primary causes of abnormal bleeding. This can also occur due to a sexually transmitted disease or STD, as well as painful intercourse and sexual abuse which can lead to scarring as well.

-  Cancer: One of the least common causes includes cervical, ovarian and other forms of cancer. 

Stress and diabetes can also cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in rare cases. It is best to see a doctor as soon as such bleeding takes place.
 

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Treating PCOD With Panchkarma Therapies!

Treating PCOD With Panchkarma Therapies!

Polycystic ovarian disease or PCOD is a disease of the ovary that is characterized by the larger size of the ovary, fluid-filled sacs in the ovary, multiple cysts etc. In this condition, the ovary is covered by a white, tough, and thick outer covering. PCOD can have many implications including hormonal imbalance, menstruation cycle related disorders, insulin production and its usage etc. Ayurveda explains PCOD as a Kapha disorder and aims at clearing the obstruction of Vata dosha of the pelvis, normalize the menstrual cycle and balance metabolism.

Ayurvedic approach in treating PCOD-
Ayurveda looks at a holistic approach of treatment wherein the mind and the body are treated as one. The first step towards treating PCOS disorder is to reduce body weight along with lifestyle modification. The next step aims at countering the condition of PCOD with Panchakarma - a century-old treatment mechanism of Ayurveda. Some of the Panchakarma methods used in treating PCOD include Vamana, Vasthi, Virechana, Nasya etc. Before applying the Panchakarma therapy, oral administration of medicated oil is necessary.

The flow of Panchakarma therapy for PCOD-
Administration of medicated oil: The oral medicated oil has fat burning capabilities. The medication is prepared using herbal decoction and suitable herbs. The oil clears the fat blockers created due to fat throughout the body.

  1. Vamana: Suitable herbal medication is prescribed to induce oral vomiting. It ensures that the toxin from inside the body comes out before the medication takes its effect on the source.
  2. Virechana: This is one of the cleansing methods that is prescribed in Panchakarma therapy. A patient is given herbal purgatives in the form of medicated oil to clear blockages of the Vata Dosha.
  3. Vasthi: This is the form of Panchakarma therapy that is meant for cleaning the alimentary canal. It has a calming effect on the Vata aggravation. This is the mode of medication where medicated herbal oil is injected through the anus. This procedure in Ayurveda is known as Anuvasana Vasthi. This is followed by another round of oil medication that has a mixture of herbal decoction, medicated oil, herbal paste, rock salt etc. This procedure is known as Nirooha Vasthi.
  4. Uthara Vasthi: This procedure is very different from normal Vasthi in terms of its administration, ingredients, and quantity. This medication is applied to the uterus through the vagina. This is one of the best therapy when it comes to treating polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  5. Nasya: Once all the above medication is administered, Nasya is applied to both the nostrils. This is the last stage of Panchakarma medication and is extremely important to treat the underlying condition. This is given in a specific dosage for a certain duration. The fact that it directly involves the pituitary gland, makes this medication even more useful.

Polycystic Ovarian Disease - What Are The Signs Of It?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease - What Are The Signs Of It?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease results from the disorder more commonly known as PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. A syndrome is starkly different from a disease, for the former entails a set of symptoms usually occurring in concurrence, while the latter means a particular biological condition with an identifiable reason behind it. A syndrome solicits your concern and forethought in order to eliminate or at least control the chances of an underlying disease. Trigger to a syndrome is undetectable and hence fighting it efficiently is fairly problematic. It is rare to find adolescent girls without hormonal problems. 

Hormonal imbalances are just too common to be a novel topic any further. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is faced due to imbalances in hormone secretions. It refers to the development of multiple cysts in your ovary. This condition usually affects women falling within the age group of 15 to 50. Eight among ten women, at a given point of time, are reported with PCOS. Symptoms of PCOS, when neglected, can lead to Polycystic Ovarian Disease. If you have been facing similar health issues, it is advisable to undergo a check-up and get diagnosed at the earliest possible. 

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

1. A receding hairline or increased hair fall can lead to thinning of scalp hair. Such a sign should not be taken lightly as it could be indicative of Polycystic Ovarian Disease.

2. Extremely painful menstruation, irregular periods or prolonged periods with heavy bleeding might be reason enough for worrying.  

3. Development of acne could be another sign. Acne is common to girls attaining puberty but an unprecedented growth should be a matter of concern. 

4. Patchy skin, pigmentation and discolouration of the skin are the other symptoms.

5. PCOS may also result in continual depression and anxiety.

6. Obesity is the most commonly noticed symptom. People suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Disease have a lower metabolism and thus reducing weight is an ordeal.
 
7. Many women tend to grow thick facial hair or chest hair. Such a condition discourages the person to go out in public. It leads to social ostracizing which further bears severe effects on one's mental health.

8. PCOS mostly affects women belonging to the childbearing age. As a result of this syndrome, females stop ovulating. Conception becomes extremely difficult as the syndrome may lead to infertility.

Polycystic Ovarian Disease can result in Type 2 diabetes or even cardiovascular problems. If not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, it might lead to ovarian cancer. There is hardly any preventive measure to counter the chances of such a syndrome but certain alterations in your diet under the guidance of a dietician and regular exercising can improve your health.

PCOS - What To Eat & What To Avoid!

PCOS - What To Eat & What To Avoid!

What to Eat & Avoid in PCOS 

A healthy lifestyle involves many choices.  Exercise and eating right is always top-most on that list.  As every disease condition has a few do’s and don’ts, choosing the right diet plan depending on your health issues is most important. If PCOS is your new-companion these small but important changes in your eating habits can help in alleviating your symptoms, increasing your energy levels and in maintaining your weight.

Ditch Processed and Refined Food: In PCOS, the crux of eating healthy is to consume food which is low in calories and is preservative free. Consuming food in its most natural state prevents our hormones from going berserk. In order to keep them in check cutting down on processed and refined food helps immensely.

Opt for whole gluten-free grains like oats, brown rice, millet and quinoa instead of white flour, pasta and bread.

Skip the SugarWomen with PCOS have high insulin levels and eating too much sugar will add to their existing problem. Not only that, it also makes losing weight more difficult. Eating fewer sugars and simple carbohydrates can help you lose weight and reduce your risk for diabetes. Avoid sweetened juices, cakes, cookies, sodas and those delectable desserts in your refrigerator

Opt for food that has natural sugars like fruits, jaggery, honey and dates instead of artificial sugar.

Limit the Liquor: Alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing PCOS by 50% and adds to the hormonal imbalance by upping the oestrogen levels. Apart from that alcohol gets converted to sugar immediately in our body, thereby raising the already high blood sugar levels even further. So alcohol is definitely a no-no as far as PCOS is concerned.

If you feel like letting your hair down and a drink is a must, limit yourself to just one glass of wine once in a while.

Stay Away From Salt: One teaspoon of salt contains more than a day’s requirement of Sodium and high sodium leads to excessive water retention in our body. Women suffering from PCOS have a lot of water retention anyway, so excessive salt adds to their problem. S

Stay clear of salty snacks through the day. Opt for nuts, fruits instead. Not only does it give you the important nutrients but also helps you keep your sodium levels under control.

Up Your Intake of Veggies and Fruits: Vegetables and fruits are packed with a lot more nutrients per calorie than any other food. Most fruits and veggies are rich in iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium. They also have ample of vitamin K, C, E and many of the B-complex group. All these are known to help in reducing PCOS symptoms.

Though medical intervention is an absolute necessity in PCOS, these small but important changes in your daily dietary intake can help you increase your energy and help maintain your weight.

 

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PCOD In Women!

PCOD In Women!

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOS/PCOD) is an endocrinal disorder that has become increasingly prevalent across the world. The defining feature is instead the imbalance of hormones, which can result in a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms.

PCOD can affect your body in a variety of ways, causing a wide range of symptoms-

Irregular Periods: Menstrual irregularities are a common feature of PCOS, along with missing periods or painful periods. Changes in flow can also be connected to thickening of the uterine lining or endometrium.

Weight Gain: Studies show that up to 80% of women affected by PCOS also suffer from weight gain, which increases the risk of more serious conditions.

Hair Growth and Loss: Growth of facial and body hair is another common change that women with PCOD have to contend with. Many women suffer from hair loss on the scalp as well, which is similar to male pattern balding.

Acne: The increase in male hormone levels with PCOD causes an increase in adult acne on the face and back.

Infertility: There are lower chances of conception as the ovaries are less likely to release eggs. Lifestyle changes with diet, exercise, and Ayurvedic medications can improve the chances of conception.

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Ovarian Cysts - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

Ovarian Cysts - Understanding The Causes & Symptoms Of It!

The ovaries are the egg producing organs, an essential part of the female reproductive system, they are responsible for the production of estrogen and release an egg every month. If the egg is fertilized with a sperm it can result in a pregnancy.

Ovarian cysts are quite common among women. Ovarian cysts are known to be small sacs filled with fluid that are situated in the ovaries.

Causes of ovarian cysts: Among ovarian cysts, the most common one is called the 'functional cyst'. This type of cyst is generally formed during the process of ovulation, wherein either the eggs do not successfully release from the sac or the sac (follicle) fails to disintegrate properly after the release of the egg.

Certain factors that can cause ovarian cysts are:

  1. Age that is ovarian cysts are more likely to occur in women who have reached menopause
  2. Smoking
  3. Being overweight or obese
  4. Consumption of fertility drugs
  5. Hormone replacement therapy
  6. Family history of ovarian cysts and cancer
  7. Early menstruation, that is, the onset of the period before the age of 11
  8. Hypothyroidism

Symptoms related to ovarian cysts: Generally, ovarian cysts show no specific symptoms and are generally located during a physical examination or an ultrasound. But, in case you suffer from large cysts or those that have ruptured, you may experience certain signs like:

  1. Pain while having sex. Great discomfort may be felt, particularly when deep penetration is attempted.
  2. Pain in the lower abdominal and pelvic region. This pain may be intermittent or persistent. It can also vary from being mild to quite sharp.
  3. Irregularity in the menstrual cycle.
  4. An uncomfortable pressure in the lower abdominal and pelvic area.
  5. Acute pain in the pelvic area and the lower back all throughout the menstrual period.
  6. Pain in the pelvic area after a session of vigorous exercise or strenuous physical activity.
  7. A feeling of discomfort or pain while urinating or during bowel movements.
  8. Nausea, followed by vomiting.
  9. Pain in the vaginal area, or light bleeding.
  10. Infertility
  11. Problems with healthy bowel movements.
  12. Bloating
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Polycystic Ovarian Disease - Know Characteristics Of It!

Polycystic Ovarian Disease - Know Characteristics Of It!

It is a common female endocrine disorder occurring in reproductive age group from 15 to 45 years

It affects 1 in every 5 women. Insulin resistance is central  to the pathogenesis of PCOS and Indians are known to have a high prevalence of insulin resistance

THREE MAIN FEATURES OF PCOS:

IRREGULAR PERIODS:  

Which means ovaries don’t regularly release eggs (ovulation)

EXCESS ANDROGEN:

High levels of male hormone in your body which may cause physical signs such as excess facial or body hair

POLYCYSTIC OVARIES:

Your ovaries become enlarged and contain many fluid-filled sacs which surround the egg (follicle)

If you have at least two of these features you may be diagnosed with PCOS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  1. Irregular or no periods

  2. Difficulty getting pregnant

  3. Excessive hair growth on face, chest, back

  4. Weight gain

  5. Hair loss from the scalp

  6. Oily skin or acne

PCOS is associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic problems like:

  1. Type 2 Diabetes

  2. Hypertension

  3. High cholesterol

  4. Heart disease

  5. High uric acid

WHAT CAUSES PCOS

The exact cause is not known, it may have a multifactorial cause like insulin resistance, hormonal imbalance, genetics

RESISTANCE TO INSULIN:

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control the amount of sugar in the blood. It helps to move glucose from the blood to the cells where it is broken down to produce energy.

Insulin resistance means body’s tissues are resistance to the effects of insulin. The body, therefore, has to produce extra insulin to compensate.

High levels of insulin cause ovaries to produce too much testosteron, which interferes with the development of the follicles and prevents normal ovulation.

Insulin resistance can also lead to weight gain which can make PCOS symptoms worse because having excess fat causes the body to produce even more insulin

HORMONE IMBALANCE:

Many women with PCOS are found to have an imbalance in certain hormones that includes increase estrogen, decrease FSH , decrease progesterone, increase LH, increase testosterone, low levels of SHBG, raised levels of prolactin

The exact reason is why these hormonal changes occur is not known. It’s been suggested that problem may start in the ovary itself, in other glands that produce these hormones or in the part of the brain that controls their production. The changes may also be caused by the resistance to insulin

GENETICS:

Sometimes PCOS runs in families.

DIAGNOSIS

  1. From symptoms

  2. Hormonal evaluation

  3. Ultrasound scan

  4. Blood test to screen for diabetes and cholesterol

TREATMENT:

PCOS can’t be cured but the symptoms can be managed

LIFESTYLE CHANGES:

In overweight women by losing excess weight by exercise and healthy balanced diet

MEDICATION:

For irregular periods contraceptive pills to induce regular periods or induce period every 3-4 months to reduce long term risk of developing endometrial cancer

FERTILITY PROBLEMS:

Short course of ovulation induction medication.If no response then IVF

METFORMIN:

For insulin resistance

PCOD - A Rising Issue!

PCOD - A Rising Issue!

Are you facing troubles, such as unwanted facial hair, excessive weight gain, irregular periods, and acne on face or sudden hair loss? If you are experiencing any two symptoms, you might be suffering from Poly Cystic Ovarian Disorder / Syndrome. Affecting at least 1 in 10 Indian women it is the most common issue facing us today. It is also a leading cause of infertility. Many women ignore the signs and symptoms and fail to consult specialists. PCOS can manifest in many ways - it can have a single symptom or it can be associated with many aspects.

The common signs and symptoms are:

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods.
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding: As the cycle gets delayed in PCOS, the uterus lining becomes thicker (a condition known as hyperplasia). When a woman starts her periods after a long time, she can experience heavy and prolonged bleeding.
  • Oily skin and acne on face and back.
  • Darkening and thickening of certain areas of the skin, especially in skin folds of the neck, armpits, and groin.
  • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, or thighs.
  • Thinning of hair on the crown of the head.
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Cardiovascular problems, including high cholesterol
  • Multiple tiny ovarian cysts; some women with PCOS have a large number of tiny follicle cysts (visible by ultrasound) on their ovaries.

The cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but genetics may be a factor. It seems to run in families, so your chance of having it is higher if other women in your family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes.
If you are experiencing any of the given symptoms, it is advisable that you consult a Gynecologist or an Endocrinologist.

PCOS on the rise in adolescents

Adolescent PCOS is on the rise these days due to change in lifestyle, academic load and lack of physical exercise. In many girls the symptoms commence with irregular periods and weight gain, followed by hair loss and acne. It is imperative that PCOS be diagnosed early so that its secondary issues - insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease can be controlled medically.

How PCOS is diagnosed?

It can easily be diagnosed through a physical examination, simple inexpensive blood tests and most importantly an ultrasound. You should consult a Gynecologist or an Endocrinologist.

How can PCOS be prevented or controlled?

PCOS cannot be prevented but weight control is the key to prevention of metabolic syndrome at a young age. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.
Even post diagnoses exercise, diet control and adherence to medication are essential. One should also document their menstruation cycles dates for clinical aspects.

In some older women who wish to conceive surgical treatment known as laparoscopic drilling of the cysts can be done.

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PCOD - Ayurvedic Herbs & Techniques To Get Rid Of The Problem!

PCOD - Ayurvedic Herbs & Techniques To Get Rid Of The Problem!

Are you suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome and are looking for an ideal remedy? Polycystic ovarian disease or PCOD is a common female health condition. It is a complex disorder and involves several factors which include insulin resistanceobesity, irregular menstrual bleeding, insufficient ovum production, and abnormal menstrual cycles. PCOD commonly occurs during the reproductive age of a woman and accounts for being a major cause of infertility.

According to Ayurvedic principles, PCOD occurs primarily due to the imbalance state of your doshas. The dosha vaishanmya is linked to the symptoms of PCOD, and the equilibrium of the tridosas especially vata and kapha, which results in formation of excess medho dhatu which in turn result in cyst formation.

Treatment:

PCOD is associated with stri beeja and rajah formation, along with medho dhantu to some extent. These should be attended to while the condition is being treated. The Ayurvedic treatment of PCOD aims at providing ideal care by correction of the ama dosha. By this, you achieve koshta shuddi, which in turn regularizes your tridoshas. Some of the most common symptoms of PCOD are weight gain and abnormal growth of hairs over face (hirsutism) and blackish brown pigmentation at the nape of neck.

The management is to breakdown the conglomeration of the dosas and medho dhatu. And thereby letting no nidus for the disease pathology. This can happen only through the ayurveda detox therapies, which totally reverses ill health to health with medicines that are safe from side effects.

The way or approach towards Ayurvedic treatment for PCOD includes the following:

  1. Treatment of agnimandya at both dhatwagni and jataragni levels.
  2. The alleviation of sroto avarodha is an essential part of PCOD treatment using Ayurveda. You should undertake purificatory therapies which are based on the grade of your doshic vitialation, and the exact area of affliction. These should be followed by rasayana drugs, which are free radical scavenging agents.
  3. The regularization of the apana Vata is essential as well. You must firmly avoid vihara and kaphkara ahara.
  4. Yoga and meditation are very important for the Ayurvedic treatment of PCOD. You should perform yoga asanas regularly. Some of the ideal postures for PCOD management include sarvangasana, matyasana, and shavasana.
  5. It is also very important for you to work out regularly, undertake different physical exercises. This will make your overall life much healthier.
  6. You must follow a healthy, balanced diet regularly, which should consist of fresh vegetables and fruits.

Ayurvedic herbs for the treatment of PCOD:

  1. The varuna crataeva nurvala is an effective herb which helps in the clearance of channels, which reduces your cyst’s size.
  2. You can try hareetaki because of its amazing laxative effects, which reduce the morbidity of your body.
  3. Bilva or aegle marmelos heps in reducing the size of your growth, via its digestive effect.
  4. Strotasshuddhi is required and herbs likes Punarnava, kaphhar medicines are advised.
  5. Phytooestrogen sources and female tonic Shatavari is very much advised.
  6. Agnimantha, similar to lions. Lake er dhareyjata
  7. Guduchi is another effective remedy for PCOD and has a rejuvenating effect.
  8. Kanchnar is the drug of choice for Thyroid as per AYURVEDA, Strotasshuddhi is done by using Trikatu, Punarnava and other medicines. Rasayan like Shatavari are advised for enhancing female hormones.

If you are experiencing any symptom of PCOD, it is recommended for you to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner. This ensures that proper diagnosis is undertaken so that you can start treating the condition as early as possible.

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Polycystic Ovarian Disease - How To Detect It?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease - How To Detect It?

Polycystic Ovarian Disease results from the disorder more commonly known as PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. A syndrome is starkly different from a disease, for the former entails a set of symptoms usually occurring in concurrence, while the latter means a particular biological condition with an identifiable reason behind it. A syndrome solicits your concern and forethought in order to eliminate or at least control the chances of an underlying disease. Trigger to a syndrome is undetectable and hence fighting it efficiently is fairly problematic. It is rare to find adolescent girls without hormonal problems. 

Hormonal imbalances are just too common to be a novel topic any further. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is faced due to imbalances in hormone secretions. It refers to the development of multiple cysts in your ovary. This condition usually affects women falling within the age group of 15 to 50. Eight among ten women, at a given point of time, are reported with PCOS. Symptoms of PCOS, when neglected, can lead to Polycystic Ovarian Disease. If you have been facing similar health issues, it is advisable to undergo a check-up and get diagnosed at the earliest possible. 

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

1. A receding hairline or increased hair fall can lead to thinning of scalp hair. Such a sign should not be taken lightly as it could be indicative of Polycystic Ovarian Disease.

2. Extremely painful menstruation, irregular periods or prolonged periods with heavy bleeding might be reason enough for worrying.  

3. Development of acne could be another sign. Acne is common to girls attaining puberty but an unprecedented growth should be a matter of concern. 

4. Patchy skin, pigmentation and discolouration of the skin are the other symptoms.

5. PCOS may also result in continual depression and anxiety.

6. Obesity is the most commonly noticed symptom. People suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Disease have a lower metabolism and thus reducing weight is an ordeal.
 
7. Many women tend to grow thick facial hair or chest hair. Such a condition discourages the person to go out in public. It leads to social ostracizing which further bears severe effects on one's mental health.

8. PCOS mostly affects women belonging to the childbearing age. As a result of this syndrome, females stop ovulating. Conception becomes extremely difficult as the syndrome may lead to infertility.

Polycystic Ovarian Disease can result in Type 2 diabetes or even cardiovascular problems. If not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, it might lead to ovarian cancer. There is hardly any preventive measure to counter the chances of such a syndrome but certain alterations in your diet under the guidance of a dietician and regular exercising can improve your health.

2 people found this helpful
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