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Last Updated: September 03, 2019
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Piles Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What are Piles? What are the symptoms of piles? What causes piles? How to treat piles? What are the side effects of piles surgery? What is the price of the treatment in India? How long do piles last? What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Piles Treatment - Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What are Piles?

People who are afflicted with chronic constipation can develop piles due to the exertion of pressure while passing stools. This exertion of pressure causes swelling in the anus and the anal canal which are known as hemorrhoids. It occurs when there is an inflammation in the hemorrhoids. The factors that increase one’s risk of developing the condition include old age, genetics, pregnancy and chronic constipation.

The condition may occur either inside or outside the anus. Depending upon the place it is classified into two types:

  • Internal piles: Which are located 2 cm to 4 cm inside the anus opening.
  • External piles: Which occur just around the edge of the anus.

Internal piles occur more commonly than external piles. This condition is more common in males and generally affects men who are 25 years and above. In India, more men in cities are affected by this medical problem than in villages.

What are the symptoms of piles?

The symptoms of piles include:

  • Development of coagulated blood, resulting in a lump near the anus. It can cause severe pain.
  • The appearance of blood during a bowel movement.
  • Pain and itching near the anus.
  • Soreness and redness near the anus.

What causes piles?

Piles generally occur because of the following reasons:

  • Excessive spicy food intake.
  • Chronic constipation and diarrhoea.
  • Women generally suffer from piles during pregnancy.
  • This problem can also be hereditary and with age the risk of developing this problem increases.

How to treat piles?

Once piles have been diagnosed and it is determined that a range of treatments and procedures are available to treat the condition. Piles treatments are divided mainly into two types; surgical and non-surgical. Patients can be afflicted by this condition at different degrees. Therefore, they can opt for any treatment as per the doctors prescription.

Surgical procedures for the treatment of piles:

The two main piles surgeries are hemorrhoidectomy and hemorrhoid stapling.

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: The procedure of the hemorrhoidectomy for the treatment of piles begins with an administration of general or even spinal anaesthesia. This means that the patient will be unconscious during the procedure and will not experience any pain. The surgeon gently opens the anus and then removes the hemorrhoids or the excess tissue that is causing the bleeding. This surgery helps to successfully eliminate the condition of piles. But it is possible certain complications, such as a urinary tract infection or constipation, to arise post-surgery.
  • Hemorrhoids: While this procedure is less painful than a hemorrhoidectomy, it has a higher risk of complications. The patient is administered with either local or general anaesthesia before the hemorrhoid-stapling surgery. The procedure involves the removal of the excess hemorrhoid tissue as well as repositioning the internal hemorrhoids using surgical staples. In this procedure, a disposable surgical stapler is used to staple the hemorrhoids within the anal canal. This decreases the supply of blood to the hemorrhoids, causing them to shrink and pass out of the body.

Non- Surgical procedures for the treatment of piles:

Non-surgical piles treatment includes the use of over the counter medicine as well as certain advanced out-patient procedures which effectively help deal with the problem.

  • A proper diet plan and lots of fluid intakes help to cure piles at home to a great extent.
  • Intake of fruits and vegetables is generally increased and body fluid levels need to be maintained.
  • Regular exercises and controlling the consumption of caffeine are two of the major principles of the treatment process.
  • Painkillers, laxatives, ointments and creams are prescribed to relieve discomfort and reduce swelling. The medicine is generally prescribed for a week.
  • In the case of 2nd and 3rd-grade piles, one can opt for sclerotherapy. In this case, an injection is given to help reduce hemorrhoid inflammation.
  • A laser treatment, which involves the removal or shrinking hemorrhoid through a laser machine, can also be opted for.
  • Infrared coagulation is another treatment option, which uses a device that emits infrared rays to burn the piles' tissue.
  • Radiofrequency coagulation works in the same manner and degree.

Non-surgical piles treatment generally helps treat the condition effectively. But if it occurs even after such treatments are undergone, surgery should be considered.

Who needs piles treatment?

Both the hemorrhoidectomy as well as the hemorrhoid-stapling surgery are highly efficient in treating piles. Surgery to remove hemorrhoids would be recommended in the following cases:

  • For those who have both internal as well as external hemorrhoids.
  • There are four degrees of intensity in the condition of piles. But a general physician or surgeon may recommend either of these surgeries to people who suffer from third and fourth-degree hemorrhoids.
  • If you have any such severe symptoms then you should seek out treatment.

Who is not eligible for the piles treatment?

People who are not eligible for this treatment are:

  • Patients who have first and second-degree hemorrhoids are less severe and can be treated without surgery.
  • Pregnant women.
  • People who suffer from other conditions that are severe which might lead to complications.
  • People whose hemorrhoids are small and can be treated with dietary or lifestyle changes instead.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The post-treatment guidelines that you should follow after hemorrhoid removal surgeries are:

  • Apply an ice pack to the affected area to get relief from the pain.
  • Eat food that is simple and bland just after surgery. Then gradually include food that is rich in fibre into your diet.
  • Your doctor may prescribe pain relief medications along with antibiotics to prevent infection.
  • Doctors recommend a follow-up examination to monitor the side effects as well as the improvements.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery depends on the success of the treatment procedure. In most cases, recovery from a hemorrhoid removal surgery can take up to two to three weeks. Most of the patients are fit to leave the hospital on the day of the surgery itself. But some of them may be asked to remain under observation for a few days.

What are the side effects of piles surgery?

The complications and side effects that can arise after a hemorrhoidectomy or a hemorrhoid-stapling surgery are as follows:

  • Some side effects can occur just after the anesthesia wears off, like problems with urinating and pelvic spasms and swelling.
  • Bleeding especially after the first bowel movement.
  • Incontinence or weak bladder control.
  • Hemorrhoids may recur at a later stage.
  • A protruding rectum, due to rectal prolapse is possible after a while.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of a hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoid stapling surgery in India ranges from around Rs 15,000 to up to Rs 50,000.

How long do piles last?

In some cases the results of the treatment for piles is permanent. But in certain cases, there is a recurrence of the condition. Studies show that in 5 out of 100 cases the hemorrhoids and piles recurred.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Some alternative methods of treatment that are recommended before resorting to surgery include:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Laxatives
  • Change in diet and lifestyle alterations
  • Non-surgical procedures to remove hemorrhoids such as infrared coagulation, banding or sclerotherapy.

Key Highlights

Safety: High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Medium

Side Effects: Low

Recovery Time: Low

Price Range: Rs. 15000 - Rs. 50000

Popular Questions & Answers

Couple years ago I have piles problem, I get treatment by local Dr, now I don't have any problem but little mussel part I have to push insight after natural call every day, suggest if any treatment requires.

You seem to be having 3rd stage internal Piles. Usually surgery is advised in this stage of Piles but it is not a good choice for the reason of failure of treatment and recurrence of problem. However this problem can be completely treated without ...

Sir mujhe last 4 din se piles ki problem start hui hai mujhe ab tak kabhi bhi piles ki problem nahi thi thodi si skin bahar aa gayi hai aur bathroom jane ke bad bleeding nahi hoti par pain hota hai.

I think its fissure not piles, anyways do sitz bath bd take plenty of fluids, fruits green salads and some lactulose to avoid constiaption if not feel better then visit a surgeon.
9 people found this helpful

Mujhe piles ki shikayat hai, letrwin saaf nahi aa rahi hai aur letrein karte time dard hota hai please kuch treatment bataye jisse relief mil sake.

If its pain then its fissure which is possibly due to chronic constipation, do sitz bath, drink plenty of fluids orally eat green vegetables, fruits and salads.
1 person found this helpful

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