People who are afflicted with chronic constipation can develop piles due to the exertion of pressure while passing stools. This exertion of pressure causes swelling in the anus and the anal canal which are known as hemorrhoids. It occurs when there is an inflammation in the hemorrhoids. The factors that increase one’s risk of developing the condition include old age, genetics, pregnancy and chronic constipation.
The condition may occur either inside or outside the anus. Depending upon the place it is classified into two types:
Internal piles occur more commonly than external piles. This condition is more common in males and generally affects men who are 25 years and above. In India, more men in cities are affected by this medical problem than in villages.
The symptoms of piles include:
Piles generally occur because of the following reasons:
Once piles have been diagnosed and it is determined that a range of treatments and procedures are available to treat the condition. Piles treatments are divided mainly into two types; surgical and non-surgical. Patients can be afflicted by this condition at different degrees. Therefore, they can opt for any treatment as per the doctors prescription.
Surgical procedures for the treatment of piles:
The two main piles surgeries are hemorrhoidectomy and hemorrhoid stapling.
Non- Surgical procedures for the treatment of piles:
Non-surgical piles treatment includes the use of over the counter medicine as well as certain advanced out-patient procedures which effectively help deal with the problem.
Non-surgical piles treatment generally helps treat the condition effectively. But if it occurs even after such treatments are undergone, surgery should be considered.
Both the hemorrhoidectomy as well as the hemorrhoid-stapling surgery are highly efficient in treating piles. Surgery to remove hemorrhoids would be recommended in the following cases:
People who are not eligible for this treatment are:
The post-treatment guidelines that you should follow after hemorrhoid removal surgeries are:
The recovery depends on the success of the treatment procedure. In most cases, recovery from a hemorrhoid removal surgery can take up to two to three weeks. Most of the patients are fit to leave the hospital on the day of the surgery itself. But some of them may be asked to remain under observation for a few days.
The complications and side effects that can arise after a hemorrhoidectomy or a hemorrhoid-stapling surgery are as follows:
The price of a hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoid stapling surgery in India ranges from around Rs 15,000 to up to Rs 50,000.
In some cases the results of the treatment for piles is permanent. But in certain cases, there is a recurrence of the condition. Studies show that in 5 out of 100 cases the hemorrhoids and piles recurred.
Some alternative methods of treatment that are recommended before resorting to surgery include:
Relative Risk: Medium
Side Effects: Low
Recovery Time: Low
Price Range: Rs. 15000 - Rs. 50000