Piles are also known as haemorrhoids. These are swellings that occur inside the rectum or anus, or even outside. In many cases, this condition does not lead to symptoms. As a result, many people don’t even know that they have haemorrhoids. However, when they do cause symptoms, the condition can be quite painful. It can lead to bleeding every time a stool is passed, soreness, swelling, itchiness, redness, pain, and lumps. Fortunately, there is an effective treatment for piles.
In some cases, piles can resolve themselves. They may occur due to something in the diet and resolve themselves within just a few days, eliminating the need to seek out treatment. However, this is not always the case. If the piles cause severe itching, but no other symptom, then you will be given an ointment or cream that can resolve the itching. These ointments and creams can be used internally and externally as well. If the haemorrhoids are caused due to constipation, then the treatment depends largely on controlling the diet.
Piles surgery is recommended if the symptoms of piles are severe and do not go away on their own. The surgery involves removing each and every swelling and sealing them. It is conducted under general anaesthesia and this ensures that the patient does not suffer excruciating pain while it’s going on.
Once piles has been diagnosed and it is determined that no other treatment can help, then surgery is the right course of action. The surgery for removing piles is known as a haemorrhoidectomy. During this surgery, you will first be given a general anaesthetic. In case you have blood pressure problems or heart conditions, an ECG will first be required to clear you for surgery. Once that is done, the doctor will go ahead and administer the anaesthesia.
The anus will then be opened up with the help of an instrument that can stretch it open and leave it that way while the doctor works on it. The haemorrhoids are then cleared out with a scalpel. Internal stitches are used to close any open wounds. These stitches dissolve within the system and you do not have to schedule an appointment to get them removed. The anus will then be closed once all the piles have been removed.
Once the area is disinfected once more, then you will be taken back to your room to recover. The entire procedure does not last very long and the anaesthesia is given in accordance to that. You can expect to wake up soon after you are in your room.
If your piles have severe symptoms such as itching, pain, blood during bowel movements, swelling, or any lumps, then you should seek out treatment so that you can be more comfortable.
If your piles do not hurt or have any symptoms and are simple just there, you do not have to seek out treatment. In this case, the treatment is mostly out of an aesthetic need rather than a medical one or one for comfort.
With surgery, the side effects include pain, bruising, and swelling. It might be difficult to pass a bowel movement after surgery, though it is important that you do so as soon as you need to instead of holding it in.
Piles can often reoccur if you end up getting severe constipation again. This is why controlling your diet will be the most important thing you can do for the rest of your life. Soft foods are extremely important. Furthermore, food groups that are rich in fibre are important too as they facilitate bowel movements and prevent constipation. If you feel constipated, then you can always have some castor oil. This can help soften the stool and make it easier to pass.
You will have to take a week off from your work in order to recover. However, it can take a total of two weeks or more for the pain to subside entirely.
The price of getting this surgery starts at Rs. 50,000 and goes up to Rs. 1,00,000, depending on where you are getting it from.
The results of the treatment are permanent however you must control your diet to prevent a new case of piles from coming up again.
There are no home remedies to piles.