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Pigmentation Tips

4 Best Cosmetic Procedures For Advanced Skin Care!

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
4 Best Cosmetic Procedures For Advanced Skin Care!

Is your skin pigmentation becoming uneven because of certain changes going on in your body? This condition is quite common in pregnant women. There are several forms of treatments that are available for the management of this issue and for restoring pigmentation and skin complexion. You can choose from various procedures according to your requirements, and desired results. It is possible to completely diminish the appearance of skin pigmentation. These advanced skin care techniques for pigmentation are suitable for all skin types.

The top skin care treatment procedures for pigmentation are as follows:

Carbon laser peel

  1. This advanced laser peel is much more effective than chemical peels.
  2. This is a safe and fast facial treatment, which does not involve a long recovery time. It is ideal for any skin tone or type.
  3. The damaged outer layers of your skin are removed and the production of collagen in the underlying layers is promoted.
  4. Skin pores are also minimized as a result.
  5. The procedure is like a purifying process for deep cleansing of the skin.
  6. It is also important for controlling acne, inflammation, and sebaceous secretion.

Microdermabrasion

  1. This is a non invasive procedure used for resurfacing your skin, and does not involve much downtime.
  2. During the process, the superficial upper layers of dead skin get exfoliated using a flow of crystals.
  3. Your cell and collagen production gets stimulated which reduces the appearance of large pores.
  4. Dead skin cells, dirt, oil, and bacteria are also removed, giving you healthy skin devoid of acne and bacteria.

Enhanced microdermabrasion

  1. This treatment procedure is effective in providing healthy and good looking skin.
  2. This treatment is enhanced with the addition of a certain facial peel.
  3. It is a three-stage peel that involves an activator that stimulates your skin, a detoxifier for cleansing your skin, and an oxygenator for leaving your skin clear and clean.

Tri Fractional Resurfacing treatment

  1. This is another effective treatment procedure that is meant for improving your skin pigmentation and overall skin health.
  2. This noninvasive procedure rapidly improves the appearance of your skin that is scarred by acne.
  3. By using three-pulse fractional technology for resurfacing your skin effectively and safely, this procedure improves your skin’s appearance dramatically.
  4. The procedure involves minimal discomfort and the recovery time is quite less.
  5. Micro wounds created in the target area of your skin triggers your body to heal naturally.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

8659 people found this helpful

Botox & Fillers - Get A Rejuvenated Skin!

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Botox & Fillers - Get A Rejuvenated Skin!

With age, the skin begins to deteriorate and gradually lose its function and appearance.  The underlying layers of collagen, which give it the firmness and elasticity begin to gradually break down, leading to sagging of the skin, dark spots and pigments, and dull, lusterless skin.  

This causes cosmetic and psychological concerns, given that most people (especially women) become extremely conscious about these and want to avoid these ageing effects of skin. Over the past few decades, skin fillers and Botox have begun to play a major role in skin rejuvenation, especially from the various ageing effects.  

Let us look at these two methods and how they have worked their magic around skin care.

Botox: The neurotoxin from botulinum A was actually used for treating muscular disorders to cause paralysis and prevent repeated twitching. However, it was later realised that the same effect could be used in the skin to reduce ageing effects.  Used commonly in the crow’s feet area, forehead and frown lines, the injected Botox causes paralysis of the underlying muscles.  

This reduces the muscular activity and so the muscles relax and soften.  This produces a younger looking appearance.  In addition, these paralysed muscles also give some time for the elastin and collagen to recover.

The Botox injections are usually done in the outpatient setting and require about half an hour to an hour. The areas for injection are marked and after the procedure, the patient can go back to a regular schedule, including working.  It might require repeat injections, about 4 to 6 months later, depending on how well the skin responds and the expectations of the patients.

Fillers: Another routinely and commonly used way to manage wrinkles are the dermal fillers. The elastin, collagen and hyaluronic acid in the skin are lost with age and these filler injections replace the lost substances in very quick time and thereby restore youthful skin quickly.  Unlike Botox, the muscles are not touched.  There is a loosening of the collagen and elastin, which produces loose skin and sagging.  The fillers occupy the space left behind by the lost collagen and elastin and actually ‘fill’ up the extra available space. This gives a firmer, younger looking skin.  The lines and creases are actually eliminated. They can also be used to produce thicker lips, lifting cheeks and plumping temples.

So, if you are worried about ageing effects of skin, talk to your dermatologist to find out if Botox or fillers can do the trick for you!!

3457 people found this helpful

Advanced Skin Care - 4 Best Cosmetic Procedures For It!

MD , MBBS
Dermatologist, Jaipur
Advanced Skin Care - 4 Best Cosmetic Procedures For It!

Is your skin pigmentation becoming uneven because of certain changes going on in your body? This condition is quite common in pregnant women. There are several forms of treatments that are available for the management of this issue and for restoring pigmentation and skin complexion. You can choose from various procedures according to your requirements, and desired results. It is possible to completely diminish the appearance of skin pigmentation. These advanced skin care techniques for pigmentation are suitable for all skin types.

The top skin care treatment procedures for pigmentation are as follows:

Carbon laser peel

  1. This advanced laser peel is much more effective than chemical peels.
  2. This is a safe and fast facial treatment, which does not involve a long recovery time. It is ideal for any skin tone or type.
  3. The damaged outer layers of your skin are removed and the production of collagen in the underlying layers is promoted.
  4. Skin pores are also minimized as a result.
  5. The procedure is like a purifying process for deep cleansing of the skin.
  6. It is also important for controlling acne, inflammation, and sebaceous secretion.

Microdermabrasion

  1. This is a non-invasive procedure used for resurfacing your skin, and does not involve much downtime.
  2. During the process, the superficial upper layers of dead skin get exfoliated using a flow of crystals.
  3. Your cell and collagen production gets stimulated which reduces the appearance of large pores.
  4. Dead skin cells, dirt, oil, and bacteria are also removed, giving you healthy skin devoid of acne and bacteria.

Enhanced microdermabrasion

  1. This treatment procedure is effective in providing healthy and good looking skin.
  2. This treatment is enhanced with the addition of a certain facial peel.
  3. It is a three-stage peel that involves an activator that stimulates your skin, a detoxifier for cleansing your skin, and an oxygenator for leaving your skin clear and clean.

Tri Fractional Resurfacing treatment

  1. This is another effective treatment procedure that is meant for improving your skin pigmentation and overall skin health.
  2. This noninvasive procedure rapidly improves the appearance of your skin that is scarred by acne.
  3. By using three-pulse fractional technology for resurfacing your skin effectively and safely, this procedure improves your skin’s appearance dramatically.
  4. The procedure involves minimal discomfort and the recovery time is quite less.
  5. Micro wounds created in the target area of your skin triggers your body to heal naturally.

It is important for you to consult a doctor after thinking of undertaking any of these advanced treatment procedures for improving your skin health and pigmentation. A doctor will analyze your skin and suggest you the procedure that is most suitable for you.

1570 people found this helpful

Hyper Pigmentation - Things You Should Be Aware Of!

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Thane
Hyper Pigmentation - Things You Should Be Aware Of!

Every girl dreams of blemish-free skin that glows and can remain youthful forever. However, this remains a dream for many. Most people are unhappy with their skin as they combat various common issues such as dark spots, hyperpigmentation, etc. 

The skin has a pigment known as melanin in the underlying layers, which gives our skin its color. Greater the amount of melanin, darker is a person’s complexion. Hyperpigmentation is when there are some areas of the skin that are darker than the other. This is not just an aesthetic issue but also an issue that can affect a person’s morale and self-esteem.

Read on to know some of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation and ways to manage them: 

  1. Acne scars: While every girl has to go through teenage years with hormone surges and cheeks adorned with pimples, for some, the trauma does not seem to end with teenage. People who suffer from acne even in their 20s and 30s will have acne marks which can be darker than their natural skin tone. Acne scars can be treated by a combination of topical creams, laser, and changes in diet to reduce the further incidence of acne. 
  2. Sun exposure: There is no escape from the sun; however, the exposure can be reduced as most skin problems are caused by excessive unprotected exposure to the sun. From sunburn to melasma to melanomas, hyperpigmentation is the first indication of sun damage and can even be cancerous. It is essential to adequately protect from the sun including the use of sunglasses, sunscreen, long sleeves, scarf, and a cap or hat. 
  3. Dermatitis: Skin infection, most commonly caused by fungal infections, can also be present as darker areas on the skin that start off as small patches and then increase in size. Some dermatitis conditions are autoimmune but present as dark patches that gradually increase in size and shape and progress to cover various parts of the body. 
  4. Skin cancers: Melanomas are more common in white skin and brown and black skin types are relatively protected from this particular type of cancer due to the presence of a pigment called 'melanin' which is responsible for the specific complexion. While acne is treatable, but starting a good skin care regimen early on in life has its benefits. Avoid excessive use of chemicals, eat healthy and fresh, avoid excessive oils and junk food, and see your skin change.
  5. Freckles: These are caused by clusters of melanin. These get accumulated or concentrated in clusters on being exposed to sunrays.
  6. Melasma: This is usually found in pregnant women. It occurs due to the over-activation of melanocytes as there is a hormonal imbalance.
  7. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: This refers to inflammation as a result of inflammation caused by trauma.

Consult your dermatologist to know the exact reason for pigmentation and the best way to treat it.

3505 people found this helpful

Skin Pigmentation - What Should You Know?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology
Dermatologist, Delhi
Skin Pigmentation - What Should You Know?

Most skin problems develop due to external damage. However, skin problems may also occur due to internal problems, such as an unhealthy diet and lifestyle issues. One of the fairly common problems is skin pigmentation.

What is skin pigmentation?
Skin pigmentation primarily refers to the change in skin colour in patches across the body. These could occur all over the body including your face. Skin pigmentation problems primarily include:

  • Hyperpigmentation: The darkening of the skin in specific areas
  • Hypopigmentation: The lightening or development of paler spots on the skin.

Both of these disorders are caused by anomalies in the levels of melanin (the pigment that imparts colour to the skin, hair) with either overproduction or underproduction of the pigment.

Primary causes of hyperpigmentation:
Although both problems affect the skin in a multitude of ways, the excess deposition of melanin causing skin darkening is much more common than the hypo-pigmentation variety. Some of the causes of hyperpigmentation are described as follows:

  1. Sun damage: This is one of the obvious factors that will cause skin pigmentation as sun exposure causes melanocytes or melanin-producing cells within the skin to become hyperactive and thus cause dark patches.
  2. Hormonal issues: Another common issue which results in patches are hormonal changes or issues within the body such as spikes in estrogen or progesterone levels or even problems with insulin.
  3. Other factors: Diet and lifestyle are also other factors which may cause internal changes that reflect on your skin. Even using certain skin care products and using certain medications can result in skin hyper pigmentation.

Skin brightening techniques:
Some of the common skin brightening techniques that are used to deal with skin hyper-pigmentation are:

  1. Chemical methods to brighten skin: Chemicals such as peels, exfoliates and other brightening products change the skin colour by affecting the epidermis or the top layer of the skin. Some of these medications and products are made with retinol and tretinoin and other chemicals which push vitamin A into the skin to lighten the tone.
  2. Prevention of pigmentation: The best method to fight pigmentation is to not let it happen in the first place and sunscreen is a great way to go about it. Sun damage is by far the most common cause for pigmentation issues. Also dietary and other lifestyle changes, such as excessive alcohol consumption may cause skin pigmentation. Keep off tobacco and limit your alcohol consumption.
  3. Use of Mechanical means: Mechanical means, such as dermabrasion (cosmetically removing the skin’s superficial layers), microdermabrasion (removal of dead skin cells from the face) and lasers and other means actually skim away a thin layer of skin to allow for new skin to grow back which results in the elimination of pigmentation.

It is however, advisable that you visit your dermatologist first and then decide on the best course of action to deal with skin pigmentation problems as well as devise a strategy to halt further skin darkening.

1357 people found this helpful

Hyperpigmentation - Know Ways Of Tackling It At Home!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Hyperpigmentation - Know Ways Of Tackling It At Home!

Hyperpigmentation of the skin can lead to dark patches and uneven skin colour, and it is caused by excessive melanin production. It can affect any part of the body, including the arms, legs, hands and even face. The root cause behind excessive melanin production is normally due to hormonal alterations in the body and other health issues. External factors like skin injury, burning, stress, chemical contact and even excessive sun exposure may lead to hyperpigmentation.

But there is nothing to worry about; you can easily eliminate these with some natural techniques.

  1. Lemon: This is the most common yet effective home treatment to eradicate hyperpigmentation. The natural bleaching agent helps in fading away of blemishes present on the skin. But in case you have sensitive skin, it is recommended to dilute the lime juice with some water before application.
  2. Raw potato: Spots and blemishes can be easily removed by applying raw potato juice on the affected area. Potatoes are rich in catecholase, an enzyme which is believed to help in skin lightening. So you may apply raw potato juice twice daily on the affected area to aid fading of hyperpigmentation.
  3. Apple cider vinegar: When it comes to lessening the hyperpigmentation of your skin, nothing can beat the efficacy of apple cider vinegar. If you have been suffering from dark patches all over your skin, then consider applying apple cider vinegar to the affected area owing to its astringent properties, which may restore the natural colour of your skin.
  4. Vitamin E: Referred to as skin vitamin, this is an obvious way to treat hyperpigmentation. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant, and it aids in neutralizing the harmful effects of sun rays while repairing and protecting the skin. You can put the contents of the Vitamin E capsules in a bowl and mix it with ripe papaya or fuller’s earth or rose water and mix to form a paste with a thick consistency. Then you will have to apply it on the affected areas and wash it off after complete drying.
  5. Turmeric: This natural ingredient has bleaching properties that help in eliminating hyperpigmentation of the skin. In addition to this, turmeric helps in keeping the skin protected from infections. You can mix turmeric paste with lemon juice and apply on the pigmented area. Alternatively, you can apply turmeric paste with milk and then wash it with lukewarm water after some time.

With these few natural treatments, you will be able to curb down the hyperpigmentation of your skin. However, if you see no commendable results, then it’s probably time to visit a dermatologist.
 

1916 people found this helpful

Pigmentation - How To Tackle It?

Dr.Nivedita Dadu 91% (180ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), DNB (Dermatology), MNAMS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Pigmentation - How To Tackle It?

Our skin gets its colour from melanin. This is a pigment that is produced by a special kind of skin cells. When these cells get impaired then melanin production is also affected. This leads to discolouration of the skin which is called pigmentation. Pigmentation can manifest in many ways. Production of excessive melanin, excessive exposure to the sun, pregnancy and Addison's disease - all these make the skin darker.

On the other hand, too little melanin production leads to the lightening of the skin. This condition is also called Vitiligo. Albinism is a medical condition where the skin colour is light because of genetic reasons.

How can Pigmentation be treated?

There are a few advanced skin care procedures that treat pigmentation. Please consult a dermatologist before you go in for one of these procedures.

1. Laser Facial Rejuvenation:

  • Q Switched Laser: Q switched laser is a type of laser toning used for facial rejuvenation

​2. Laser Facial Resurfacing:

  • YAG laser: YAG laser is used o improve the surface and texture of the skin and remove wrinkles, fine lines, acne, dark spots etc.

3. Chemical PeelsTo exfoliate the dark skin, a special kind of chemical is applied to the skin which leads to the regeneration of new skin. The patient must be aware that the new skin is temporarily sensitive to the sun. Chemical peels are used to treat the same skin conditions that are treated by dermabrasion.

4961 people found this helpful

Acanthosis Nigricans - Know More About It!

MBBS, MD - Skin & VD
Dermatologist, Pondicherry
Acanthosis Nigricans - Know More About It!

Acanthosis nigricans is a pigmentation disorder, which leads to velvety, black patch formations on the skin. In some cases, the patch of skin may also give off a foul odour while itching is also a normal symptom of the condition. It can appear at several spots of the body, including the knees, elbows, palms, knuckles and neck. Here is a look at the diagnostic procedure for the condition as well as the treatment prescribed to patients.

Diagnosis of Acanthosis Nigricans
Acanthosis nigricans is more common in males than it is in females. Additionally, being overweight, having darker skin or diabetes are some of the risk factors. Here is how the disease is diagnosed-

  1. Diagnosis of the condition is easy since examination with the naked eyes reveals the patchy black areas of skin on the patient.
  2. Doctors will perform tests to understand what is causing the condition. There can be two primary causes, namely, insulin resistance or diabetes. Usually, a test to measure the blood glucose levels in the blood is conducted.
  3. Doctors will also check if any medication is acting as a contributing factor for causing the problem.
  4. The doctor may also order a biopsy test if he/she feels that the issue is being caused by something other than Acanthosis nigricans. However, such a test is rarely performed during the diagnosis of the skin condition.

Treatment for Acanthosis nigricans
Acanthosis nigricans is not a disease by itself but a symptom caused by an underlying condition affecting the patient. This is why the treatment of the skin condition involves dealing with the underlying ailment.

  1. If your excess body weight is causing the appearance of the black patches on the skin, doctors will advise you to lose weight and get back in shape.
  2. The help of certain medications may also be taken in such a case to keep the blood glucose levels under check.
  3. Cosmetic treatments such as chemical peels, Laser, etc are used to treat the condition.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the only long-term solution for the disorder. If you suffer from the same, make sure that you eat healthily and exercise regularly, if you want to stay free from the symptoms of the condition.

1324 people found this helpful

Q-Switched Laser - What Should You Know?

Dr.Nivedita Dadu 91% (180ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), DNB (Dermatology), MNAMS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Q-Switched Laser - What Should You Know?

A Q-switched laser is a non-invasive laser, which emits high-intensity pulsed beam light, and is used as a treatment for dermatological conditions. The laser beams are powerful enough to shatter small fragments of ink or pigmentation and stimulate the production of collagen.

Q-switched lasers, with advanced technology, can be used to rectify the following conditions –

Tattoo removal
• Treatment of toenail fungus
• Sunspots
Age Spots
• Freckles
Birthmarks
Moles
• Spider veins
• Angiomas
Skin rejuvenation
• Port wine stains

Each type of dermatological condition is treated with a different type of Q-switched lasers.

Types of Q-switched lasers:

The most commonly used Q-switched lasers are –

• Q-switched Nd – YAG laser is used in laser toning, freckles, pigmentation, etc.
• Alexandrite Laser – Used for hair removal

How does laser treatment work?

The laser energy pulse releases the pigment into the skin so your body can reabsorb and discard it naturally. The laser energy may feel like several tiny hot dots tingling on the skin. However, the discomfort is reduced when a stream of cold air is directed at these spots immediately after the procedure.

If you are opting for Q-switched laser treatment for tattoo removal, you will likely be given anaesthetics on the particular area because the procedure is rather painful.

Benefits of Q-switched Laser Treatment:

The benefits of modern Q-switched laser treatment are umpteen. Here are a few ways the procedure will prove advantageous to you –

• Helps tighten loose, sagging skin
• Improves facial appearance by removing wrinkles and fine lines
• Gives your self-esteem a boost as stretch marks and birthmarks are eliminated
• Helps you get rid of skin conditions and improves skin tone
• A trusted treatment approach for tattoo and hair removal
• The results are long-lasting, usually three years
• Does not involve severe complications or side effects
• A single machine used to treat a range of skin conditions
• Non-invasive, painless procedure
• Can be used in combination with other cosmetic procedures

What to Expect after the Treatment?

Following the treatment, you can expect a few cuts and bruises on the area that has been treated. To speed up healing, your doctor or dermatologist may recommend petroleum jelly or plain Vaseline that you will need to apply on the treated area and cover it with bandages for a couple of days. Full recovery takes about a few days to 2 weeks, depending on the area being treated.

Q-switch laser treatment is a breakthrough procedure in the field of dermatology. If you are considering going for the treatment, talk to your doctor and discuss the details of the procedure beforehand.

4114 people found this helpful

Leucoderma - How Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopathy Doctor, Surat
Leucoderma - How Can Homeopathy Resolve It?

Leucoderma in the medical world is also referred to as Vitiligo. Leuco means white and derma means skin. Leucoderma is an autoimmune skin disorder wherein parts of the skin start to lose colour. This leads to the appearance of patches of white skin. The human skin contains a pigment referred to as Melanin, which is produced by cells known as melanocytes. The pigment is dark in colour and gives the skin its colour. Melanin when present in our skin also helps to provide protection to the skin from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.

When there is deficiency or destruction or loss of the melanin pigment the skin loses whatever colour it had initially and in its place leads to the appearance of the white patches. The patches have no fixed shape and size and over time they tend to keep growing in size unless due treatment is received.

The areas of the body that are most prone to losing skin colour are:

• Body fold areas such as the armpit or groin
• Body openings such as hands or face

Leucoderma is neither infectious nor does it cause any pain.

Causes:

The causes of Leucoderma’s occurrence are not definite. However, some of the most common associated reasons are:

• Mental Stress
• Poor Immune System
• Acute Gastric Disorder
Hepatic functions such as jaundice
• Defective sweating mechanism
• Deficiency of either calcium, protein, or cupro minerals
• Presence of defective enzyme Tyrosinase
• Injuries sustained as a result of a burn
• Long-term disorders such as dysentery
Diabetes mellitus
• Addison’s disease
• Hereditary factors

Homoeopathy Treatment of Leucoderma:

In the medical world homoeopathy treatment of Leucoderma has shown positive results because homoeopathy true to its nature goes to the root of the issue and tries to give holistic treatment. It aids in improving the immune system and in due time restores the lost pigment melanin back to the skin and in turn, the white patches disappear.
Homoeopathy believes that Leucoderma is merely the skin’s way of expressing that there is some system disturbance on about. In some cases, homoeopathy requires a detailed understanding of the patient’s medical history and mental condition.
The duration of treatment and as well as the success of Leucoderma is a long-drawn process and depends on the extent of the white patches and the time taken by the illness to persist. As logic would say the bigger patches take a longer time to disappear whereas the smaller ones disappear faster. Generally, the time taken to treat Leucoderma can range from one year to a couple of years and even a lifetime, if in the latter case, the white patches have spread to more than 60 per cent of the body.

The Treatment Procedure:

• Once the treatment has begun the white patch areas will turn pink and then brown and then will slowly begin repigmenting.
• As part of the treatment procedure, the white patch areas need to be exposed to the sun in the early morning for about half an hour.
• A mild medicated soap should be used.
• Avoid or limit the use of cosmetic products on the skin
• Ensure that your daily diet contains sufficient portions of vitamins and proteins derived from food
• Avoid consuming citrus fruits, red meat, prawns, crabs and sour food items such as tamarind
• Try to keep yourself stress-free as much as possible
• And maintain a positive attitude

If the above-mentioned rules are followed then over time it is possible that your Leucoderma condition can be treated.


 

3916 people found this helpful
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