Acanthosis nigricans is a pigmentation disorder, which leads to velvety, black patch formations on the skin. In some cases, the patch of skin may also give off a foul odour while itching is also a normal symptom of the condition. It can appear at several spots of the body, including the knees, elbows, palms, knuckles and neck. Here is a look at the diagnostic procedure for the condition as well as the treatment prescribed to patients.
Diagnosis of Acanthosis Nigricans
Acanthosis nigricans is more common in males than it is in females. Additionally, being overweight, having darker skin or diabetes are some of the risk factors. Here is how the disease is diagnosed-
Treatment for Acanthosis nigricans
Acanthosis nigricans is not a disease by itself but a symptom caused by an underlying condition affecting the patient. This is why the treatment of the skin condition involves dealing with the underlying ailment.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is the only long-term solution for the disorder. If you suffer from the same, make sure that you eat healthily and exercise regularly, if you want to stay free from the symptoms of the condition.
Skin Brightening products, also referred to as bleaching creams, whiteners, skin lighteners or for instance, fading creams, work by helping to reduce a pigment known as melanin that is present on the skin. Most people who make use of skin brighteners, do so in order to treat skin problems like freckles, spots due to aging, scars as a result of acne or skin getting discoloured that is mainly related to hormones.
This is an effective skin care regimen that has been particularly formulated to restore skin brightness as well as radiance due to the fact that it helps in reducing the appearance of dark spots and fine lines.
What Really Determines Colour of the Skin?
A person’s skin colour is mainly determined by the extent of melanin present in the skin. Melanin is a pigment that gets produced by some special cells known as melanocytes. People, who have dark skin, tend to contain more melanin.
Some of the factors that can affect production of melanin are:
Skin Brightening is also referred to as skin illuminating. This refers to an advanced skin care collection that seeks to address the different degrees of skin discolouration along with uneven texture and tone.
Skin Brightening assists in getting rid of the discolouration and dark patches on the skin in the following manner:
The primary role of a skin brightener is to maintain a bright as well as radiant complexion but not to whiten the skin up. It rather helps a woman to get their skin’s glow back.
As people tend to grow older, the skin turnover slows down as there is a decrease in the turnover of collagen. Hence, cells do not shed quickly enough and thus, create an extremely dull appearance along with the damage due to exposure to sunlight and stress. Skin Brightening is the ideal mode of treatment to brighten the skin up through exfoliation.
Brighteners Preferred by Dermatologists
Hydroquinone helps in fading out many spots when used on a consistent basis and also prevents the enzyme required for creating new spots. This along with a prescription retinoid, assists to lighten the patches within 4 to 6 weeks.
Dermatologists usually prescribe this for soothing out skins that are sensitive as well as rosacea-prone. Azelaic Acid targets only the excess amount of melanin that is present on the skin.
Researches carried out by scientists made them realize the fact that this helps to dissolve the melanin, which is present on the skin’s surface. Melanozyme works wonders within four weeks while most other brighteners take nearly two months.
A Q-switched laser is a non-invasive laser, which emits high-intensity pulsed beam light, and is used as a treatment for dermatological conditions. The laser beams are powerful enough to shatter small fragments of ink or pigmentation and stimulate the production of collagen.
Q-switched lasers, with advanced technology, can be used to rectify the following conditions –
Each type of dermatological condition is treated with a different type of Q-switched lasers.
Types of Q-switched lasers:
The most commonly used Q-switched lasers are –
• Q-switched Nd – YAG laser is used in laser toning, freckles, pigmentation, etc.
• Alexandrite Laser – Used for hair removal
How does laser treatment work?
The laser energy pulse releases the pigment into the skin so your body can reabsorb and discard it naturally. The laser energy may feel like several tiny hot dots tingling on the skin. However, the discomfort is reduced when a stream of cold air is directed at these spots immediately after the procedure.
If you are opting for Q-switched laser treatment for tattoo removal, you will likely be given anaesthetics on the particular area because the procedure is rather painful.
Benefits of Q-switched Laser Treatment:
The benefits of modern Q-switched laser treatment are umpteen. Here are a few ways the procedure will prove advantageous to you –
• Helps tighten loose, sagging skin
• Improves facial appearance by removing wrinkles and fine lines
• Gives your self-esteem a boost as stretch marks and birthmarks are eliminated
• Helps you get rid of skin conditions and improves skin tone
• A trusted treatment approach for tattoo and hair removal
• The results are long-lasting, usually three years
• Does not involve severe complications or side effects
• A single machine used to treat a range of skin conditions
• Non-invasive, painless procedure
• Can be used in combination with other cosmetic procedures
What to Expect after the Treatment?
Following the treatment, you can expect a few cuts and bruises on the area that has been treated. To speed up healing, your doctor or dermatologist may recommend petroleum jelly or plain Vaseline that you will need to apply on the treated area and cover it with bandages for a couple of days. Full recovery takes about a few days to 2 weeks, depending on the area being treated.
Q-switch laser treatment is a breakthrough procedure in the field of dermatology. If you are considering going for the treatment, talk to your doctor and discuss the details of the procedure beforehand.
Leucoderma in the medical world is also referred to as Vitiligo. Leuco means white and derma means skin. Leucoderma is an autoimmune skin disorder wherein parts of the skin start to lose colour. This leads to the appearance of patches of white skin. The human skin contains a pigment referred to as Melanin, which is produced by cells known as melanocytes. The pigment is dark in colour and gives the skin its colour. Melanin when present in our skin also helps to provide protection to the skin from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
When there is deficiency or destruction or loss of the melanin pigment the skin loses whatever colour it had initially and in its place leads to the appearance of the white patches. The patches have no fixed shape and size and over time they tend to keep growing in size unless due treatment is received.
The areas of the body that are most prone to losing skin colour are:
• Body fold areas such as the armpit or groin
• Body openings such as hands or face
The causes of Leucoderma’s occurrence are not definite. However, some of the most common associated reasons are:
• Mental Stress
• Poor Immune System
• Acute Gastric Disorder
• Hepatic functions such as jaundice
• Defective sweating mechanism
• Deficiency of either calcium, protein, or cupro minerals
• Presence of defective enzyme Tyrosinase
• Injuries sustained as a result of a burn
• Long-term disorders such as dysentery
• Diabetes mellitus
• Addison’s disease
• Hereditary factors
Homoeopathy Treatment of Leucoderma:
In the medical world homoeopathy treatment of Leucoderma has shown positive results because homoeopathy true to its nature goes to the root of the issue and tries to give holistic treatment. It aids in improving the immune system and in due time restores the lost pigment melanin back to the skin and in turn, the white patches disappear.
Homoeopathy believes that Leucoderma is merely the skin’s way of expressing that there is some system disturbance on about. In some cases, homoeopathy requires a detailed understanding of the patient’s medical history and mental condition.
The duration of treatment and as well as the success of Leucoderma is a long-drawn process and depends on the extent of the white patches and the time taken by the illness to persist. As logic would say the bigger patches take a longer time to disappear whereas the smaller ones disappear faster. Generally, the time taken to treat Leucoderma can range from one year to a couple of years and even a lifetime, if in the latter case, the white patches have spread to more than 60 per cent of the body.
The Treatment Procedure:
• Once the treatment has begun the white patch areas will turn pink and then brown and then will slowly begin repigmenting.
• As part of the treatment procedure, the white patch areas need to be exposed to the sun in the early morning for about half an hour.
• A mild medicated soap should be used.
• Avoid or limit the use of cosmetic products on the skin
• Ensure that your daily diet contains sufficient portions of vitamins and proteins derived from food
• Avoid consuming citrus fruits, red meat, prawns, crabs and sour food items such as tamarind
• Try to keep yourself stress-free as much as possible
• And maintain a positive attitude
If the above-mentioned rules are followed then over time it is possible that your Leucoderma condition can be treated.
Acupuncture is a very effective remedy for the treatment of facial hyperpigmentation, uneven skin tone, dark circles, fine lines.